Revolutionary government of zanzibar



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ANNEX C: ZEMA FORMAT FOR ESIA



Cover Page:

The cover page must display important information prominently and facilitate referencing. It should therefore contain information such as:-



  • Title of the Environmental & Social Impact Statement

  • Location (s) of the proposed Project’s activities

  • Project Proponent

  • Lead Consultant(s)

  • Contact Addresses – post office box number, fax and phone numbers, and email

  • Reviewing Authority

  • Approving Authority

  • Date of completion of the report


Table of Contents:

The page of contents should contain the following:-



  • List of major sections of the report

  • List of Tables

  • List of figures (including maps, graphs and plates) and illustrations

  • List of appendices

  • Page numbers of the report


List of Acronyms
Definitions of technical terms
Non-Technical Executive summary of the Environmental & Social Impact Statement in both English and Swahili
Chapter 1: Introduction

  • Brief description of the project – name, nature, size, location of the project, its

  • importance and justification, etc

  • Land description - Project location, Shehia, District, etc.

  • Profile of the project proponent, organization, project consultants, etc.

  • Objectives, Scope, and Study Methodologies

  • ToR


Chapter 2: Project Description

  • Project Feasibility Study and references from Detailed Project Document

  • Details about description of the project site, geology, soil, topography, hydrological survey, ground water survey, wetlands, biodiversity, socio-cultural environment of the surrounding area, economic aspect of the project for the local communities and for the country, etc. should be included.

  • Quantity of raw materials involved during the construction phase along with their source of origin.

  • Use of existing public infrastructure such as other road networks, water supply lines, electricity lines, built-up environment, etc in the construction activities should be elaborated.

  • Cost and budget, financial projection, etc of each project component should be highlighted

  • Details of land acquisition, compensation, resettlement, incentives.

  • Resources, manpower and time frame involved, etc

  • Monitoring and Evaluation of the construction phase, etc.

It is extremely important that the following maps and drawings be presented:



  • Maps specifying project locations

  • Land Use Map showing activities of the surrounding areas

  • Site layout plan showing all details of design, construction and operations.


Chapter 3. Description of the Environment:
This section should include a detailed biophysical profiles of the project location.

  • Topography of the proposed site should be clearly stated.

  • Geology of the proposed site including soil profile and quality;

  • Meteorological Data of the study area;

  • Hydrological and Ground water survey of the project sites.

  • Water quality assessment of surface and ground water in the project zone.

  • Soil quality and atmospheric pollution assessment in the zone.

  • Drainage and watershed survey.

  • Biological Environment (Baseline data of flora and fauna, whether there are endangered species in the surrounding areas)

  • Socio-economic and occupational health hazards (socio-economic survey, demography of the surrounding human settlements, health status of the communities, existing infrastructural activities, employment status, etc.)


Chapter 2: Policy, Legislative and Regulatory Framework
This Chapter will cover all the relevant and existing policy, legislative, and the regulatory frameworks associated with the proposed project. The project proponent also will be required to show relevant legislative and administrative linkages with other sectorial plans and programs. And other relevant policies, acts, guidelines as may be required in the process. Moreover, the consultant shall cite national policy provisions and institutional set-up on relevant issues and matters concerning the proposed project activities.
Chapter 3.0 Public Consultations and Stakeholder Analysis
The project proponent shall present the findings of all the stakeholders consulted in the stakeholder analysis process. These stakeholders shall include the following:

  • Zanzibar Environmental Management Authority (ZEMA)

  • Department of Environment, Zanzibar.

  • Department of Forestry and Non-Renewable Natural Resources, Zanzibar.

  • Department of Lands and Registration

  • Department of Rural and Urban Planning

  • Department for Roads Construction, Zanzibar

  • Department of Health and Health Education

  • Zanzibar Water Authority (ZAWA)

  • Zanzibar Electricity Corporation (ZECO)

  • Zanzibar Municipal Council

  • Central District Administrative Office

  • Communities from Shehias forming boundaries with the proposed site.

  • People whose lands, plots, crops, trees, etc directly affected by the project


Chapter 4.0. Evaluation of Predicted Impacts
The following considerations should be included for each identified impact:-

  • Statement of impact or effect;

  • Brief description of the impact or effect;

  • Group(s) affected,

  • including land owner(s);

  • Statement of criteria for determining significance (could include magnitude, geographic extent, duration, frequency, risk or uncertainty, size of group affected)

  • Significance of or effect without mitigation

  • Suggested measures for mitigation or optimization

  • Significance of impact with mitigation or optimization measures.

The predicted impacts should reflect key issues highlighted during the findings of the ZEMA scoping study.


Chapter 5.0 Analysis of the Project Alternatives

This chapter should include analysis of issues such as the design, location, cost-benefit

analysis, or any other feasible alternative to the current arrangement.
Chapter 6.0. Mitigation Measures

This section will show how the mitigation measures proposed against the identified

impacts. For each of the environmental effect identified in the evaluation of impacts, the

mitigation measure should be elaborated.


Chapter 7.0. Environmental and Social Management Plan

This section will show how the proponent is committed to implementing the mitigation

measures proposed against the identified impacts. Responsibility for carrying out

monitoring by other institutions has to be shown under this section as well


Chapter 8.0. Environmental and Social Monitoring Plan

This section will show how the proponent will finance the implementation of the

Environmental and Social Management Plan. For each of the identified environmental

effect, the project proponent should show how the mitigation measure should be

implemented under specified cost and budget.
Chapter 11.0 Conclusion and Recommendations
Technical Appendices


  • Input into the logical framework planning matrix of the project design – intervention logic, indicators, assumptions and preconditions.

  • Maps of the project area and other illustrative information not incorporated into the main report.

  • Other technical information and data, as required.

  • Records of stakeholder engagement.


Other appendices

  • Study methodology/work plan (2–4 pages).

  • Consultants’ Itinerary (1–2 pages).

  • List of stakeholders consulted or engaged (1–2 pages).

  • List of documentation consulted (1–2 pages).

  • Curricula vitae of the lead consultants (1 page per person).

  • ToR



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