Table 1 supplementary material



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Table 1 supplementary material. Checklist of the Sub-Saharan African melolonthine white grub and leaf chafer taxa (Scarabaeidae: Melolonthinae) recorded from agricultural crops, including the life stage involved, larvae (L) or adult (A), locality (if stated), and source reference. Locality abbreviations include: Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC), KwaZulu-Natal (KZN), South Africa (SA), North (N), South (S), East (E) and West (W). For non-taxonomists, cf. is short for ‘confer’ meaning ‘compare with’ and is used when taxonomists have a specimen that is close to a species, but not being absolutely confident they indicate via cf. that it might also be another closely related species. Consequently, it is best to regard these as genus level, rather than species level identifications. Taxonomy of the Ablaberini, Sericini and Trochalina courtesy of Dr Dirk Ahrens, including the endnotes for this section of the table.





Taxon

Crop

Life stage/s

Locality

Reference/s

ABLABERINI Blanchard, 1850













Ablabera Dejean, 1833













A. pellucida Burmeister, 1855

Carnations

A

Pretoria, SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

A. pellucida

Roses, Carnations, Dahlias etc.

A

SA

Oberprieler et al., 1990















Camenta Erichson, 1847













C. innocua Boheman, 1857

Roses

A

Pretoria, SA

Harrison (pers obs)

C. cf. innocua

Raspberry

L

Hermanus, George, SA

Tim Sobey (pers comm 2012)

Camenta sp.

Sugarcane

L

KZN Midlands, SA

Dittrich-Schröder et al., 2009
















Idaecamenta Péringuey, 1904













I. eugeniae Arrow, 1932

Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata)

L

Zanzibar

Arrow 1932

I. eugeniae

Clove (Eugenia caryophyllata)

L

Zanzibar

Andrea Moutia 1941

I. eugeniae

Sugarcane

L

Uganda

Conlong & Mugalula 2003
















Paracamenta Péringuey, 1904













P. suturalis Péringuey, 1904

Wattle

A

Southern Africa

Hepburn 1966
















DIPLOTAXINI Kirby, 1837













Apogonia Kirby, 1819













A. nitidula Thomson, 1858

Cacao or cocoa bean (Theobroma cacao L.)

A

Southern Nigeria

Peacock 1913

A. nitidula

Coffea robusta

A

Gabon

Lepesme & Paulian 1944
















HOPLIINI Latreille, 1829













Hopliini sensu lato

Compositae esp. marigolds

A

Pretoria, SA

Smit 1964

Anisonyx Latreille, 1807













Anisonyx ursus (Fabricius, 1775)

Garden flowers

A

Cape, South Africa

Oberprieler et al., 1990

Anisonyx nasuus Wiedeman in Germar, 1821

Proteaceae (Protea)

A

W. & S. Cape, SA

Myburgh & Rust 1975
















Congella Péringuey, 1902













C. valida Péringuey, 1902 i

Pineapple

L

Eastern Cape, SA

Smith et al., 1995
















Diaplochelus Burmeister, 1844













Diaplochelus karnkowskii Dombrow, 2006

Protea sp.

A

W. Cape, SA & Poland ii

Dombrow 2006b

Diaplochelus olseni Dombrow, 2006

Protea sp.

A

N. Cape, SA & USA iii

Dombrow 2006b

Diaplochelus longipes (Fabricius, 1787)

Protea repens (L.)

A

Cape, SA

Coetzee & Giliomee 1985
















Eriesthis Burmeister, 1844













E. stigmatica (Billberg in Schönherr, 1817)

Maize

A

Fort Beaufort, SA

Omerod & Janson 1889

E. stigmatica

Carnation

A

Pretoria, SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

E. stigmatica

Roses, Carnations, Dahlias etc.

A

SA

Oberprieler et al., 1990

E. vestita Burmeister, 1844

Dahlia

A

Pretoria, SA

Annecke & Moran 1982
















Heterochelus Burmeister, 1844













H. connatus Burmeister, 1844

Carnation

A

Pretoria, SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

H. connatus

Roses

A

SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

H. rufimanus (Castelnau, 1840)

Proteaceae (Protea)

A

W. & S. Cape, SA

Myburgh & Rust 1975

Heterochelus sp.

Wattle (Acacia mearnsii)

A

SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

Heterochelus sp.

Wattle (Acacia mearnsii)

A

SA

Swain & Prinsloo 1986

Heterochelus sp.

Wattle

A

Southern Africa

Hepburn 1966
















Monochelus Serville, 1825













M. calcaratus Burmeister, 1844

Wattle

A

Southern Africa

Hepburn 1966

M. calcaratus

Black wattle

A

SA

Wang 1997

M. calcaratus

Wattle (Acacia mearnsii)

A

SA

Swain & Prinsloo 1986
















Platychelus Burmeister, 1844













Platychelus sp.

Proteaceae (Protea)

A

W. & S. Cape, SA

Myburgh & Rust 1975
















HOPLIINA Latreille, 1829













Hoplia Illiger, 1803













H. coffeae Arrow, 1925

Coffea sp. Shoots & young leaves

A

Kenya

Arrow 1925

H. sordida Burmeister, 1844

Wattle

A

Southern Africa

Hepburn 1966

H. sordida

Wattle (Acacia mearnsii)

A

SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

H. sordida

Wattle (Acacia mearnsii)

A

SA

Swain & Prinsloo 1986
















PACHYDEMINI Burmeister, 1855













Aegosthetha Dejean, 1833













A. cf. ciliata Herbst, 1790

Turfgrass

L

Mossel Bay, SA

Omer-Cooper et al., 1948
















Macrophylla Hope, 1837













Macrophylla

Turfgrass

L

E. Cape, SA

Smit 1964

M. ciliata (Herbst, 1790)

Turfgrass

L

Mossel Bay, SA

Omer-Cooper et al., 1948

M. ciliata iv

Pineapple

L

SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

M. ciliata

Pineapple

L

SA

De Villiers et al., 1987

M. maritima Blanchard, 1851

Turfgrass

L

Port Alfred, SA

Omer-Cooper et al., 1948

M. maritima

Lawn grasses

L

SA

Annecke & Moran 1982

M. nigricollis Péringuey, 1904













M. pubens Péringuey, 1904

Turfgrass

L

Humewood, SA

Omer-Cooper et al., 1948

M. pubens

Turfgrass

L

Humewood, SA

Fenwick 1947
















Pseudachloa Péringuey, 1904













P. leonina Péringuey, 1904

Turfgrass

A

Pretoria, SA

At Schoeman (pers comm)
















MELOLONTHINI Leach, 1819













Sparrmannia Laporte, 1840













S. acicularis Evans, 1989

Pistachio nut

A

Prieska, N. Cape, SA

Louw 2001

S. flava Arrow, 1917

Pistachio nut

A

Prieska, N. Cape, SA

Louw 2001

S. transvaalica Péringuey, 1904

Pistachio nut

A

Prieska, N. Cape, SA

Louw 2001
















SCHIZONYCHINA Burmeister, 1855













Entyposis Kolbe, 1894













E. impressa Kolbe, 1894

Castor & caladiums

L

Zanzibar

Mansfield-Aders 1920
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