The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

asterias

0.75

LC

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

brachyura

0.36

DD

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

clavata

0.63

NT

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

miraletus

0.55

LC

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

montagui

0.62

LC

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

polystigma

0.63

NT

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

radula

0.42

DD

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

rondeleti

1

N.E.

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Raja

undulata

0.69

DD

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rajidae

Rostroraja

alba

0.78

CR

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rhinobatidae

Rhinobatos

cemiculus

0.11

EN

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Rajiformes

Rhinobatidae

Rhinobatos

rhinobatos

0.11

EN

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Centrophoridae

Centrophorus

granulosus

0.07

VU

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Dalatiidae

Dalatias

licha

0.18

DD

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Echinorhinidae

Echinorhinus

brucus

0.22

DD

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Etmopteridae

Etmopterus

spinax

0.54

LC

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Oxynotidae

Oxynotus

centrina

0.23

CR

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Somniosidae

Centroscymnus

coelolepis

0.25

LC

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Somniosidae

Somniosus

rostratus

0.76

LC

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Squalidae

Squalus

acanthias

0.15

EN

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Squalidae

Squalus

blainville

0.53

N.E.

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squaliformes

Squalidae

Squalus

uyato

0.17

N.E.

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squatiniformes

Squatinidae

Squatina

aculeata

0.04

CR

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squatiniformes

Squatinidae

Squatina

oculata

0.05

CR

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Squatiniformes

Squatinidae

Squatina

squatina

0.67

CR

1

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Torpediniformes

Torpedinidae

Torpedo

marmorata

0.56

LC

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Torpediniformes

Torpedinidae

Torpedo

nobiliana

0.22

DD

0

Chordata

Elasmobranchii

Torpediniformes

Torpedinidae

Torpedo

torpedo

0.37

LC

0

Chordata

Holocephali

Chimaeriformes

Chimaeridae

Chimaera

monstrosa

0.44

NT

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Carnivora

Phocidae

Monachus

monachus

0.81

CR

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Balaenopteridae

Balaenoptera

acutorostrata

0.24

LR/nt

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Balaenopteridae

Balaenoptera

borealis

0

EN

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Balaenopteridae

Balaenoptera

physalus

0.17

EN

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Balaenopteridae

Megaptera

novaeangliae

0.2

VU

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Delphinus

delphis

0.22

LR/lc

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Globicephala

melas

0.16

LR/lc

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Grampus

griseus

0.32

DD

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Orcinus

orca

0.3

LR/cd

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Pseudorca

crassidens

0.25

LR/lc

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Stenella

coeruleoalba

0.64

LR/cd

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Steno

bredanensis

0.19

DD

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Delphinidae

Tursiops

truncatus

0.39

DD

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Kogiidae

Kogia

sima

0.09

LR/lc

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Phocoenidae

Phocoena

phocoena

0.05

VU

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Physeteridae

Physeter

catodon

0.26

VU

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Ziphiidae

Hyperoodon

ampullatus

0

LR/cd

1

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Ziphiidae

Mesoplodon

bidens

0.02

DD

0

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Ziphiidae

Mesoplodon

densirostris

0.09

DD

0

Chordata

Mammalia

Cetacea

Ziphiidae

Ziphius

cavirostris

0.24

DD

1

Chordata

Myxini

Myxiniformes

Myxinidae

Myxine

glutinosa

0.36

NL

0

Chordata

Reptilia

Testudines

Cheloniidae

Caretta

caretta

0.49

EN

1

Chordata

Reptilia

Testudines

Cheloniidae

Chelonia

mydas

0.36

EN

1

Chordata

Reptilia

Testudines

Cheloniidae

Eretmochelys

imbricata

0.18

CR

1

Chordata

Reptilia

Testudines

Cheloniidae

Lepidochelys

kempii

0.22

CR

1

Chordata

Reptilia

Testudines

Dermochelyidae

Dermochelys

coriacea

0.26

CR

1

Cnidaria

Anthozoa

Actiniaria

Aiptasiidae

Aiptasia

mutabilis

0.53

NL

0

Cnidaria

Anthozoa

Scleractinia

Caryophylliidae

Cladocora

caespitosa

0.61

NL

0

Cnidaria

Anthozoa

Scleractinia

Caryophylliidae

Lophelia

pertusa

0.25

NL

0

Cnidaria

Hydrozoa

Anthoathecata

Eudendriidae

Eudendrium

capillare

0.51

NL

0

Cnidaria

Hydrozoa

Anthoathecata

Eudendriidae

Eudendrium

carneum

0.33

NL

0

Cnidaria

Hydrozoa

Anthoathecata

Eudendriidae

Eudendrium

rameum

0.21

NL

0

Cnidaria

Hydrozoa

Leptothecata

Lafoeidae

Lafoea

dumosa

0.07

NL

0

Cnidaria

Scyphozoa

Semaeostomeae

Ulmaridae

Aurelia

aurita

0.17

NL

0

Ctenophora

Tentaculata

Cydippida

Pleurobrachiidae

Pleurobrachia

pileus

0.07

NL

0

Echinodermata

Holothuroidea

Aspidochirotida

Stichopodidae

Stichopus

regalis

0.55

NL

0

Echinodermata

Holothuroidea

Dendrochirotida

Cucumariidae

Leptopentacta

elongata

0.58

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Arcoida

Arcidae

Arca

noae

0.94

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Arcoida

Arcidae

Arca

tetragona

0.79

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Arcoida

Arcidae

Barbatia

barbata

0.85

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Arcoida

Glycymerididae

Glycymeris

bimaculata

0.88

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Arcoida

Noetiidae

Striarca

lactea

0.78

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Limoida

Limidae

Lima

lima

0.81

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Limoida

Limidae

Limatula

subauriculata

0.31

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Myoida

Corbulidae

Corbula

gibba

0.21

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Myoida

Teredinidae

Teredo

navalis

0.47

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Gregariella

petagnae

0.81

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Lithophaga

lithophaga

0.83

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Modiolula

phaseolina

0.75

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Modiolus

adriaticus

0.78

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Modiolus

barbatus

0.81

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Musculus

costulatus

0.92

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Mytiloida

Mytilidae

Mytilus

galloprovincialis

0.77

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Nuculoida

Nuculidae

Nucula

hanleyi

0.17

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Nuculoida

Nuculidae

Nucula

nucleus

0.32

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Nuculoida

Nuculidae

Nucula

sulcata

0.43

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Anomiidae

Anomia

ephippium

0.69

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Anomiidae

Pododesmus

patelliformis

0.42

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Ostreidae

Crassostrea

gigas

0.21

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Ostreidae

Ostrea

edulis

0.28

NL

1

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Pectinidae

Aequipecten

opercularis

0.51

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Pectinidae

Chlamys

glabra

0.88

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Pectinidae

Chlamys

pesfelis

0.73

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Pectinidae

Chlamys

varia

0.66

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Pectinidae

Delectopecten

vitreus

0.04

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Ostreoida

Spondylidae

Spondylus

gaederopus

0.79

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Pholadomyoida

Pandoridae

Pandora

inaequivalvis

0.66

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Pterioida

Pinnidae

Atrina

pectinata

0.32

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Pterioida

Pinnidae

Pinna

nobilis

0.86

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Astartidae

Digitaria

digitaria

0.8

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Cardiidae

Acanthocardia

aculeata

0.88

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Cardiidae

Acanthocardia

paucicostata

0.73

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Cardiidae

Acanthocardia

tuberculata

0.75

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Cardiidae

Cerastoderma

edule

0.01

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Cardiidae

Cerastoderma

glaucum

0.52

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Cardiidae

Laevicardium

crassum

0.05

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Donacidae

Donax

semistriatus

0.88

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Donacidae

Donax

trunculus

0.82

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Donacidae

Donax

vittatus

0.03

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Lucinidae

Anodontia

fragilis

0.83

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Lucinidae

Ctena

decussata

0.8

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Lucinidae

Loripes

lacteus

0.94

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Lucinidae

Lucinella

divaricata

0.82

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Lucinidae

Myrtea

spinifera

0.85

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Mesodesmatidae

Paphies

australis

0.08

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Petricolidae

Mysia

undata

0.07

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Pharidae

Ensis

siliqua

0.1

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Psammobiidae

Gari

depressa

0.85

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Semelidae

Scrobicularia

plana

0.29

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Tellinidae

Tellina

tenuis

0.68

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Callista

chione

0.77

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Chamelea

gallina

0.45

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Clausinella

fasciata

0.62

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Dosinia

exoleta

0.49

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Dosinia

lupinus

0.57

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Ruditapes

decussatus

0.87

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Tapes

decussata

0.79

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Venerupis

pullastra

0.66

NL

0

Mollusca

Bivalvia

Veneroida

Veneridae

Venus

verrucosa

0.7

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Octopoda

Octopodidae

Eledone

cirrhosa

0.39

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Octopoda

Octopodidae

Eledone

moschata

0.56

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Octopoda

Octopodidae

Illex

coindetii

0.63

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Octopoda

Octopodidae

Octopus

vulgaris

0.59

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Sepiida

Sepiidae

Sepia

orbignyana

0.64

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Sepiolida

Sepiolidae

Heteroteuthis

dispar

0.69

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Sepiolida

Sepiolidae

Rossia

macrosoma

0.03

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Sepiolida

Sepiolidae

Stoloteuthis

leucoptera

0.06

NL

1

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Brachioteuthidae

Brachioteuthis

riisei

0.53

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Loliginidae

Loligo

forbesii

0.33

NL

1

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Loliginidae

Loligo

vulgaris

0.65

NL

1

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Ommastrephidae

Ornithoteuthis

antillarum

0.25

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Ommastrephidae

Todarodes

sagittatus

0.57

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Ommastrephidae

Todaropsis

eblanae

0.13

NL

0

Mollusca

Cephalopoda

Teuthida

Pyroteuthidae

Pterygioteuthis

giardi

0.19

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Archaeogastropoda

Haliotididae

Haliotis

tuberculata

0.78

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Archaeogastropoda

Patellidae

Patella

ulyssiponensis

0.6

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Archaeogastropoda

Trochidae

Gibbula

magus

0.49

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Cephalaspidea

Cylichnidae

Cylichna

cylindracea

0.28

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Cephalaspidea

Philinidae

Philine

aperta

0.59

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Neogastropoda

Muricidae

Bolinus

brandaris

0.77

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Neogastropoda

Muricidae

Stramonita

haemastoma

0.67

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Neotaenioglossa

Eulimidae

Eulima

glabra

0.72

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Neotaenioglossa

Ranellidae

Charonia

lampas

0.52

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Neotaenioglossa

Turritellidae

Turritella

communis

0.43

NL

0

Mollusca

Gastropoda

Notaspidea

Pleurobranchidae

Berthella

plumula

0.78

NL

0

Mollusca

Polyplacophora

Chitonida

Acanthochitonidae

Acanthochitona

fascicularis

0.89

NL

0

Mollusca

Polyplacophora

Chitonida

Callochitonidae

Callochiton

septemvalvis

0.02

NL

0

Mollusca

Polyplacophora

Chitonida

Hanleyidae

Hanleya

hanleyi

0.05

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Dentaliida

Dentaliidae

Antalis

vulgaris

0.69

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Dentaliida

Fustiariidae

Fustiaria

rubescens

0.82

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Gadilida

Entalinidae

Entalina

tetragona

0.51

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Gadilida

Gadilidae

Cadulus

jeffreysi

0.68

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Gadilida

Gadilidae

Cadulus

propinquus

0.58

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Gadilida

Gadilidae

Dischides

politus

0.8

NL

0

Mollusca

Scaphopoda

Gadilida

Pulsellidae

Pulsellum

lofotense

0.52

NL

0

Porifera

Demospongiae

Dictyoceratida

Spongiidae

Spongia

officinalis

0.6

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Aspidosiphonidae

Aspidosiphon

muelleri

0.28

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Golfingia

elongata

0.31

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Golfingia

margaritacea

0.16

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Golfingia

vulgaris

0.31

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Nephasoma

abyssorum

0.29

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Nephasoma

constricticervix

0.08

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Nephasoma

constrictum

0.38

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Golfingiidae

Thysanocardia

procera

0.52

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Phascolionidae

Phascolion

strombus

0.45

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Phascolionidae

Phascolion

tuberculosum

0.22

NL

0

Sipuncula

Not assigned

Not assigned

Sipunculidae

Sipunculus

nudus

0.27

NL

0



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