The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Table S1. Taxonomic classification of species known from the Mediterranean Sea


The total number of species described, as well as the number of endemic and introduced species are given. Here we also provide a list of several experts and taxonomic guides by taxa, although this is not an exhaustive list of experts by taxonomic group in the Mediterranean Sea.


































Division/Kingdom

Phylum or Class

Class or Order

Order or Family

Described species

State of Knowledge

No. endemic species

No. undescribed species

No. introducespecies

Taxonomic experts (name)1

Identification guides and references2

Animalia


































Chordata







954










131










Vertebrata







693

























Mammalia




23

9 common, 14 visiting. Few data on trends




G. Bearzi, G. Notabartolo di Sciara, A. Aguilar, C. Piroddi

[1,2,3,4, Table S28]







Aves




15

Well known, trends less known

3







D. Oro, J.S. Aguilar, N. Baccetti, J.M. Arcos

[5,6,7, Table S27]







Reptilia




5

3 common, 2 visiting. Few data on trends

J.A. Camiñas, J. Tomás, J.A. Raga

[8,9,10,11,12, Table S29 ]







Pisces* (Myxinida, Petromyzontida, Chondrichthyes,Actinopterygia)

650

Good resolution, except few rare species recorded sporadically

Approx. 80




116 (91*) *marine aliens only

F. Ben Rais Lasram, D. Lloris, L.J.V. Compagno, D. Golani, E. Massutí, J. Moranta, F. Serena, J.P. Quignard, J.A. Tomasini, I.K. Fergusson, S.P. Iglésias, E. Macpherson, M. Goren

[13,14,15,16,17,18,19,20,21,22, Table S26]




Tunicata







229

























Ascidiacea




229




80




15

X. Turon, R. Brunetti, F. Monniot , A. Koukouras, F. Mastrototaro, A. Tursi, N. Shenkar, A.A. Ramos-Esplà

[23,24,25,26,27,28, Table S25]







Thaliacea




Unknown

























Appendicularia




Unknown






















Cephalocordata




1
















[19]




Mesozoa







31
















[19]







Dicyemida, Rhomobozoa, Monoblastozoa

17

























Orthonectida




14
















[19]




Echinodermata




154

Lack of data in the south and the deep

37




5

A. Koukouras, M.-S. Kitsos, C. Palacin

[29,30, Table S23]







Crinoidea




5




2




0













Asteroidea




33




5




1













Ophiuroidea




34




6




2













Echinoidea




28




5




1













Holothuroidea




54




19




1










Hemichordata




5
















[19]




Xenoterubellida




Unknown






















Platyhelminthes

Mainly benthic

800-1000




57







R.A. Patzner, R. Hofrichter, A. Schmidt-Rhaesa, A. Faubel, C. Noreña Janssen, M. Curini Galletti

[19]




Acanthocephala

Mainly terrestrial

Unknown

Poor













[19]




Rotifera (Rotatoria)




59
















[19]




Nematomorpha




1
















[19]




Nematoda




Meiofauna

>703

Poor










N.Lampadariou, R. Danovaro, R. Sandulli

[19, 31,32,33,34]




Priapulida







4 - 5
















[19,35]




Loricifera




Recently discovered

2 - 10
















[19,35]




Kinorhyncha







28
















[19]




Tardigrada







>77













M. Gallo d’Addabbo

[36]




Onychophora




Unknown
















[19]




Arthropoda







3014










106




[19,37]




Crustacea







2239






















Anostraca







Unknown






















Phyllopoda







7
















[19]




Copepoda






















G. Gorsky, M. Alcaraz, E. Saiz










Harpacticoida

Benthic, meiofauna

>254













K. Sevastou, A. Eleftheriou

[38,39,40,41,42]







Calanoida, Cyclopoida

Pelagic

>150
















[19]




Mystacocarida







1?
















[19]




Ostracoda







500













N. Pugliese







Ascothoracida







1


















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