The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Table S12. Checklist of the phylum Magnoliophyta and comments to the checklist


Flowering plants (phylum Magnoliophyta, Kingdom Plantae) have been classified by Classes, Orders, Families and Species. Ordination is alphabetical.

This list is based in the previous knowledge on seagrass distribution (e.g. Phillips & Meñez 1988; Green & Short 2003). Two other species thriving in brackish waters that can be occasionally found in extremely sheltered and shallow bays and lagoons have also been listed. Black Sea is not included.

Taxonomy follows Flora Europaea (Tutin et al. 1964). Endemic species (found only in the Mediterranean basin) are preceded by the symbol *. Introduced species are preceded by the symbol #. Some of the commonest synonyms found in Mediterranean literature (if any) are sometimes placed after the currently accepted name.

Phylum Magnoliophyta

 

Class Angiospermae

 

Order Potamogetonales

 

Family Cymodoceae

Cymodocea nodosa (Ucria) Ascherson

 

Family Posidoniaceae

*Posidonia oceanica (Linnaeus) Delile

 

Family Ruppiaceae

Ruppia cirrhosa (Petagna) Grande

Ruppia maritima Linnaeus

 

Family Zosteraceae

Zostera marina Linnaeus

Zostera noltii Hornemann [=Nanozostera noltii (Hornemann) Tomlinson & Posluzny]

 

Order Hydrocharitales

 

Family Hydrocharitaceae

#Halophila stipulacea (Forsskal) Ascherson

References

Green EP, Short FT. 2003. World atlas of seagrasses. University of California, Berkeley, Los Angeles & London. 298 pp.

Phillips RC, Meñez EG. 1998. Seagrasses. Smithsonian Contributions to the Marine Sciences 34: 1-104.

Tutin TG, Heywood VH, Burges NA, Valentine DH, Walters SM, Webb DA (eds). 1964. Flora Europaea, volume 5. Cambridge University, Cambridge, 452 pp.


Sponges (by Eleni Voultsiadou & Thanos Dailianis)

Figure S1. Mediterranean percentages of the world sponge families and genera for each demosponge order


The total numbers of Mediterranean families (F), genera (G) and species (S) are given.

Figure S2. Distribution of the recorded demosponge species (outer circle) and genera (inner circle) richness in distinct zoogeographic areas of the Mediterranean


Numbers of species for each area are given outside the outer circle and number of genera inside the inner circle. AD: Adriatic Sea, AE: Aegean Sea, AL: Alboran Sea, IB: Ionian Basin, LB: Levantine Basin, NWM: north-western Mediterranean, SWM: south-western Mediterranean, TS: Tunisian Plateau/Gulf of Sidra [for the division of the Mediterranean we consulted 1,2,3].

References

1. Por FD, Dimentman C (2006) Mare Nostrum: Neogene and anthropic natural history of the Mediterranean basin, with emphasis on the Levant. Bulgaria: Pensof Publishers.

2. Spalding MD, Fox HE, Halpern BS, McManus MA, Molnar J, et al. (2007) Marine ecoregions of the world: A bioregionalization of coastal and shelf areas. Bioscience 57: 573-583.

3. Voultsiadou E (2009) Reevaluating sponge diversity and distribution in the Mediterranean Sea. Hydrobiologia 628: 1-12.



Anthozoans (by Dimitris Vafidis)

Table S13. Checklist of the Class Anthozoa (Phylum Cnidaria)


WB: Western basin; AD: Adriatic Sea; IB: Ionian basin; AS: Aegean Sea; LB: Levantine basin; BS: Black Sea; DZ: Depth zone; I: Infralittoral zone; C: Circalittoral zone; B: Bathyal zone; ZC: Zoogeographical characterization; AM: Atlanto-Mediterranean; E: Endemic; C: Cosmopolitan; AA: Amphi-Atlantic; B: Boreal; IP: Indo-Pacific.

Mediterranean species

WB

AD

IB

AS

LB

DZ

ZC

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 



















 

Order Stolonifera



















 

Family Cornulariidae



















 

Cornularia cornucopiae (Pallas, 1766)

x

x




x




I

AM

Cervera atlantica (Johnson, 1861)

x













I

AM

Family Clavulariidae



















 

Clavularia crassa (Milne Edwards, 1848)

x

x




x




I

E

Clavularia marioni Koch, 1891

x













C

AM

Clavularia carpediem Weinberg, 1986

x













I

E

Sarcodictyon catenatum Forbes, 1847

x













IC

AM

Rolandia coralloides De Lacaze-Duthiers, 1900

x

x




x




IC

AM

Scleranthelia rugosa (Pourtales, 1867)

x













CB

AA

Scleranthelia microsclera Lopez-Gonzales, Ocana & Garcia-Gomez, 1995

x













I

AM

Telestula septentrionalis Madsen, 1944

x

 

 

 

 

B

AM

 



















 

Order Alcyonacea



















 

Family Alcyoniidae



















 

Alcyonium palmatum Pallas, 1766

x

x

x

x




IC

AM

Alcyonium acaule Marion, 1878

x

x




x




IC

AM

Alcyonium coralloides (Pallas, 1766)

x

x




x




IC

AM

Family Maasellidae



















 

Maasella edwardsi (Lacaze-Duthiers, 1888)

x

x

x







IC

E

Paralcyonium spinulosum (Delle Chiaje, 1822)

x

 

 

x

 

IC

AM

 



















 

Order Gorgonacea



















 

Family Coralliidae



















 

Corallium rubrum (Linnaeus, 1758)

x

x

x

x

x

ICB

AM

Family Melithaeidae



















 

Acabaria erythraea (Ehrenberg,1834)













x

I

IP

Family Acanthogorgiidae



















 

Acanthogorgia hirsuta Gray, 1857

x




x







B

AM

Family Plexauridae



















 

Paramuricea clavata (Risso, 1826)

x

x




x




C

E

Paramuricea macrospina (Koch, 1882)

x

x

x

x




C

E

Bebryce mollis Philippi, 1842

x




x







B

AM

Spinimuricea atlantica (Johnson, 1862)

x













C

AM

Spinimuricea klavereni Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975

x







x




C

E

Muriceides lepida Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975

x













CB

AM

Placogorgia coronata Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975

x













B

AM

Placogorgia massiliensis Carpine & Grasshoff, 1975

x













B

E

Swiftia pallida Madsen, 1970

x







x




B

AM

Villogorgia bebrycoides (Koch, 1887)

x







x




CB

AM

Family Gorgoniidae



















 

Eunicella singularis (Esper, 1791)

x

x

x

x




ICB

E

Eunicella cavolini (Koch, 1887)

x

x

x

x




ICB

E

Eunicella verrucosa (Pallas, 1766)

x




x

x



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