The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Glossidae


Glossus humanus (Linné, 1758)

Kelliellidae


Kelliella abyssicola (Forbes, 1844)

Trapeziidae


Trapezium oblongum (Linné, 1758) (E)

Coralliophaga lithophagella (Lamarck, 1819)

Vesicomyidae


Isorropodon perplexum Sturany, 1896

Veneridae


Venus casina Linné, 1758

Venus nux Gmelin, 1791

Venus verrucosa Linné, 1758

Antigona lamellaris (Schumacher, 1817) (E)

Callista chione (Linné, 1758)

Chamelea gallina (Linné, 1758)

Chamelea striatula (Da Costa, 1778)

Circenita callipyga (Born, 1778) (E)

Clausinella fasciata (Da Costa, 1778)

Clementia papyracea (Gmelin, 1791) (E)

Dosinia erythraea Romer, 1860 (E)

Dosinia exoleta (Linné, 1758)

Dosinia lupinus (Linné, 1758)

Gafrarium pectinatum (Linné, 1758) (E)

Globivenus effossa (Philippi, 1836)

Gouldia minima (Montagu, 1803)

Irus irus (Linné, 1758)

Mercenaria mercenaria (Linné, 1758) (E)

Paphia textile (Gmelin, 1791) (E)

Pitar mediterranea (Dautzenberg, 1891)

Pitar rudis (Poli, 1795)

Ruditapes decussatus (Linné, 1758)

Ruditapes philippinarum (Adams & Reeve, 1850) (E)

Tapes rhomboides (Pennant, 1777)

Timoclea ovata (Pennant, 1777)

Timoclea roemeriana (Issel, 1869) (E)

Venerupis aurea (Gmelin, 1791)]

Venerupis corrugata (Gmelin, 1791)

Venerupis lucens Locard, 1886

Venerupis senegalensis (Gmelin, 1791)

Turtoniidae


Turtonia minuta (Fabricius O., 1780)

Petricolidae


Petricola hemprichi Issel, 1869 (E)

Petricola lajonkairii (Payraudeau, 1826)

Petricola lithophaga (Retzius, 1786)

Petricola pholadiformis Lamarck, 1818 (E)

Mysia undata (Pennant, 1777)

MYOIDA

Myidae


Mya arenaria Linné, 1758 (E)

Sphenia binghami Turton, 1822

Sphenia rueppellii Adams A., 1850 (E)

Corbulidae


Corbula gibba (Olivi, 1792)

Corbula physoides Deshayes, 1848

Lentidium mediterraneum (Costa O.G., 1829)

Gastrochaenidae


Gastrochaena cymbium (Spengler, 1783) (E)

Gastrochaena dubia (Pennant, 1777)

Hiatellidae


Hiatella arctica (Linné, 1767)

Hiatella rugosa (Linné, 1767)

Panopea glycimeris (Von Born, 1778)

Panomya norvegica (Spengler, 1793)

Saxicavella jeffreysi Winckworth, 1930

Pholadidae


Pholas dactylus Linné, 1758 (P)

Barnea candida (Linné, 1758)

Barnea parva (Pennant, 1777)

Pholadidea loscombiana Goodall, 1819

Xylophagidae


Xylophaga dorsalis (Turton, 1819)

Xylophaga praestans Smith E.A., 1885

Teredinidae


Teredo bartschi Clapp, 1923

Teredo navalis Linné, 1758

Lyrodus pedicellatus (Quatrefages, 1849)

Psiloteredo megotara (Hanley, 1848)

Psiloteredo senegalensis (Blainville, 1824)

Teredora malleolus (Turton, 1822)

Bankia carinata (Gray J.E., 1827)

Nototeredo norvagica (Spengler, 1792)

ANOMALODESMATA



PHOLADOMYOIDA

Pholadomyidae


Panacca loveni (Jeffreys, 1882)

Thraciidae

Thracia convexa (Wood W., 1815)

Thracia corbuloides Deshayes, 1830

Thracia distorta (Montagu, 1803)

Thracia gracilis (Jeffreys, 1865)

Thracia papyracea (Poli, 1791)

Thracia pubescens (Pulteney, 1799)

Thracia villosiuscula (Mac Gillivray, 1827)

Laternulidae

Laternula anatina (Linné, 1758) (E)

Periplomatidae


Cochlodesma praetenue (Pulteney, 1799)

Cochlodesma tenerum (Fischer P., 1882)

Lyonsiidae


Lyonsia norwegica (Gmelin, 1791)

Allogramma formosa Jeffreys, 1882

Pandoridae


Pandora inaequivalvis (Linné, 1758)

Pandora pinna (Montagu, 1803)

Clavagellidae


Clavagella aperta Sowerby G.B. I, 1823

Clavagella balanorum Scacchi, 1841

Clavagella melitensis Broderip, 1835

Poromyidae


Poromya granulata (Nyst & Westendorp, 1839)

Poromya neaeroides Seguenza G., 1877

Cuspidariidae


Cuspidaria cuspidata (Olivi, 1792)

Cuspidaria elliptica Di Geronimo, 1974

Cuspidaria jugosa (Wood S., 1856)

Cuspidaria obesa (Lovén, 1846)

Cuspidaria rostrata (Spengler, 1793)

Cardiomya costellata (Deshayes, 1835)

Halonympha depressa (Jeffreys, 1882)

Tropidomia abbreviata (Forbes, 1843)

Verticordiidae

Verticordia acuticostata (Philippi, 1844)

Verticordia granulata Seguenza G., 1860

Verticordia quadrata Smith, 1885

Verticordia trapezoidea Seguenza G., 1876

Halicardia axinoides (Seguenza G., 1976)

Lyonsiella compressa (Locard, 1898)

Polycordia gemma (Verrill, 1880)
SCAPHOPODA

Dentaliidae

Antalis agilis (Sars M.,1872)

Antalis dentalis (Linné, 1758)

Antalis entalis (Linné, 1758)

Antalis inaequicostata (Dautzenberg, 1891)

Antalis panorma (Chenu, 1843)

Antalis rossati (Caprotti, 1966)

Antalis vulgaris (da Costa, 1778)

Fustiariidae

Fustiaria rubescens (Deshayes, 1825)

Gadilinidae

Episiphon filum (Sowerby G.B. II, 1860)

Entalinidae

Entalina tetragona (Brocchi, 1814)

Pulsellidae

Pulsellum lofotense (Sars M., 1865)

Gadilidae

Cadulus jeffreysi (Monterosato, 1875)

Cadulus subfusiformis (Sars M., 1865)

Dischides politus (Wood S., 1842)


Cephalopoda




























Based on Bello [2]




P = Panoceanic; A = Atlantic; AA = Amphiatlantic; EA = Eastern Atlantic; QE = Quasi-endemic; E = Endemic; L = Lessepsian migrant; T = Passively transported. Occurrence in different Mediterranean regions: WM = West Mediterranean; EM = East Mediterranean; AS = Adriatic Sea.
















O. Spirulida




WM

EM

AS

Spirulidae













Spirula spirula (Linnaeus, 1758)

P

+

-

-
















O. Sepiida













Sepiidae













Sepia elegans Blainville, 1827

EA

+

+

+

Sepia officinalis Linnaeus, 1758

EA

+

+

+

Sepia orbignyana Férussac, 1826

EA

+

+

+

Sepia pharaonis Ehrenberg, 1831

L

-

+

-
















O. Sepiolida













Sepiolidae













Sepiola affinis Naef, 1912

E

+

+

+

Sepiola aurantiaca Jatta, 1896

EA

+

-

-

Sepiola intermedia Naef, 1912

QE

+

+

+

Sepiola ligulata Naef, 1912

QE

+

+

+

Sepiola robusta Naef, 1912

E

+

+

+

Sepiola rondeletii Leach, 1817

EA

+

+

+

Sepiola steenstrupiana Levy, 1912

E

+

+

+

Sepietta neglecta Naef, 1916

EA

+

+

+

Sepietta obscura Naef, 1916

QE

+

+

+

Sepietta oweniana (d’Orbigny, 1841)

EA

+

+

+

Rondeletiola minor (Naef, 1912)

EA

+

+

+

Heteroteuthis dispar (Rüppell, 1844)

A

+

+

+

Stoloteuthis leucoptera (Verrill, 1878)

AA

+

-

-

Rossia macrosoma (Delle Chiaje, 1830)

EA

+

+

+

Neorossia caroli (Joubin, 1902)

EA

+

+

+
















O. Teuthida













Loliginidae













Loligo forbesii Steenstrup, 1856

EA

+

+

+

Loligo vulgaris Lamarck, 1798

EA

+

+

+

Alloteuthis media (Linnaeus, 1758)

EA

+

+

+

Alloteuthis subulata (Lamarck, 1798)

EA

+

+

+

Sepioteuthis lessoniana Férussac, 1830

L

-

+

-
















Chtenopterygidae













Chtenopteryx sicula (Verany, 1851)

P

+

+

-
















Thysanoteuthidae













Thysanoteuthis rhombus Troschel, 1857

P

+

+

+
















Architeuthidae













Architeuthis sp.

A?

+

-

-
















Brachioteuthidae













Brachioteuthis riisei (Steenstrup, 1882)

P

+

+

+
















Pyroteuthidae













Pyroteuthis margaritifera (Rüppell, 1844)

P

+

+

-

Pterygioteuthis giardi Fischer, 1895

P

+

+

-
















Enoploteuthidae













Abralia verany (Rüppell, 1844)

AA

+

+

+

Abraliopsis morisii (Verany, 1839) (= A. pfefferi Joubin,1896)

A

+

+

-
















Onychoteuthidae













Onychoteuthis banksii (Leach, 1817)

P

+

+

+

Ancistroteuthis lichtensteinii (Férussac, 1835)

A

+

+

+
















Ommastrephidae













Ommastrephes bartramii (Lesueur, 1821)

P

+

+

+

Illex coindetii (Verany, 1839)

AA

+

+

+

Todaropsis eblanae (Ball, 1841)

P

+

+

+

Todarodes sagittatus (Lamarck, 1798)

EA

+

+

+
















Bathyteuthidae













Bathyteuthis abyssicola Hoyle, 1885

P

-

+

-
















Histioteuhidae













Histioteuthis bonnellii (Férussac, 1835)

P

+

+

+

Histioteuthis reversa (Verrill, 1880)

A

+

+

+
















Ancistrocheiridae













Ancistrocheirus lesueurii (d’Orbigny, 1842)

P

+

+

+
















Octopoteuthidae













Octopoteuthis sicula Rüppell, 1844

P

+

+

-
















Cycloteuthidae













Cycloteuthis sirventi Joubin, 1919

A

+

-

-
















Chiroteuhidae













Chiroteuthis veranii (Férussac, 1835)

P

+

+

+
















Cranchiidae













Cranchia scabra Leach, 1817

P

+

-

-

Galiteuthis armata Joubin, 1898

P

+

+

-

Megalocranchia sp.

A?

+

-

-

Teuthowenia megalops (Prosch, 1847)

A

+

-

-
















O. Octopoda













Opisthoteuthidae













Opisthoteuthis calypso Villanueva, Collins, Sánchez & Voss, 2002

EA

+

-

-
















Octopodidae













Octopus cf. aegina Gray, 1849 / kagoshimensis Ortmann, 1888
















L

-

+

-

Octopus defilippi Verany, 1851

P

+

+

+

Octopus macropus Risso, 1826

P

+

+

+

Octopus salutii Verany, 1839

QE

+

+

+

Octopus vulgaris Cuvier, 1797

P

+

+

+

Scaeurgus unicirrhus (Delle Chiaje, 1841)

P

+

+

+

Pteroctopus tetracirrhus (Delle Chiaje, 1830)

AA

-

+

+

Eledone cirrhosa (Lamarck, 1798)

EA

+

+

+

Eledone moschata (Lamarck, 1798)

QE

+

+

+

Bathypolypus sponsalis (P. Fischer & H. Fischer, 1892)

EA

+

+

-
















Argonautidae













Argonauta argo Linnaeus, 1758

P

+

+

+
















Ocythoidae













Ocythoe tuberculata Rafinesque, 1814

P

+

+

+
















Tremoctopodidae













Tremoctopus violaceus Delle Chiaje, 1830

P

+

+

+

Tremoctopus gracilis (Eydoux & Souleyet, 1852)

T (L)

+

-

+


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