The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Cumaceans (by Jordi Corbera)

Table S17. Checklist of the Order Cumacea (Phylum Arthropoda), with enumeration of references in each region of the Mediterranean Sea


Codes for references were ordered following the date of publication. AL: Alboran Sea; SW: south-western Mediterranean; NW: north-western Mediterranean; TS: Tyrrhenian Sea; AD: Adriatic Sea; IO: Ionian Sea; TP/GS: Tunissian Plateau/Gulf of Sintra; AE: Aegean Sea; LS: Levantine Sea; (*): endemic species.

 

Western Mediterranean

Eastern Mediterranean

 

Species

AL

SW

NW

TS

AD

IO

TP/GS

AE

LS

 

























 

Family Lampropidae

























 

Hemilamprops cristatus (Sars, 1870)







34, 40

5




54







 

Hemilamprops normani Bonnier, 1896







11,













23

 

*Mesolamprops denticulatus Ledoyer, 1983

31

47

30















 

Platysympus typicus (Sars, 1870)

31

8, 22, 31, 47

22, 30, 31, 34, 39, 40

4, 5




46, 54

14

23

44

Family Bodotriidae

























 

*Bodotria arenosa leloeuffi Corbera & Garcia-Rubies, 1998







24, 41
















 

*Bodotria arenosa mediterranea (Steuer, 1936)

36




21, 33, 37

28 










29

 

*Bodotria gibba (Sars, 1878)




1

17, 33, 37

55













56

*Bodotria intermedia Le Loeuff & Intes, 1977

























24

*Bodotria parvui Petrescu, 2008






















53

 

Bodotria pulchella (Sars, 1878)







2, 6, 17, 36, 37, 43

1, 28










29

56

Bodotria scorpioides (Montagu, 1804)







2, 9, 17, 30, 33, 36, 41, 43, 52



3, 26







29, 48

10

Cyclaspis longicaudata Sars, 1865

31

8, 22, 31, 47

22, 31, 34, 40, 39

5, 4, 19




23, 54

14

23

44, 54

Eocuma ferox (Fischer, 1872)




1

9, 17, 33, 36, 37, 41













29, 49

 

*Eocuma rosae Corbera & Galil, 2007

























51

Eocuma sarsii (Kossmann, 1880)







2a, 6, 17, 33













29, 49

10

*Iphinoe acutirostris Ledoyer, 1965







15, 17, 33, 41
















 

*Iphinoe adriatica Bacescu, 1988













32










 

*Iphinoe armata Ledoyer, 1965







15, 17, 20, 37
















 

Iphinoe crassipes Hansen, 1895







35
















14

*Iphinoe douniae Ledoyer, 1965







15, 17, 20, 33, 36, 41, 43













27, 29

56

Iphinoe elisae Bacescu, 1950

45






















 

*Iphinoe inermis Sars, 1878




1

9, 17, 21, 37
















 

*Iphinoe maculata Ledoyer, 1965

45




15, 17, 33, 36, 37, 41
















 

Iphinoe maeotica (Sowinsky, 1894)






















29

 

*Iphinoe rhodaniensis Ledoyer, 1965







37, 15, 17, 41, 36, 30, 33
















 

Iphinoe serrata Norman, 1867

31, 45




2, 37, 17, 52, 30, 26, 13, 21




12







29

14

Iphinoe tenella Sars, 1878

45

1

37, 17, 41, 9, 36, 21, 33

28 

3







2

10

Bathycuma brevirostre (Norman, 1879)

31

22, 31, 47

34, 40, 31, 22, 41, 33

5, 4




23, 46, 54




23

54

Cumopsis goodsir (van Beneden, 1861)






17, 33, 36, 37, 43, 50

1, 28 










29

56

Cumopsis longipes (Dohrn, 1869)







17, 20, 33

1













 

Vaunthompsonia cristata Bate, 1858




22

6, 9, 17, 21, 22, 30, 33, 36, 41

1, 28 










29, 49

 

Family Leuconidae

























 

*Eudorella gottliebi Bacescu, 1961

























14

*Eudorella nana Sars, 1879

31

22

13, 19, 21, 30, 33, 37

1, 28




54




23

 

Eudorella truncatula (Bate, 1859)

31

22, 47

16, 21, 30, 34, 37, 40, 52






46




23

14

Leucon (Crymoleucon) cf tener Hansen, 1920




47

40
















 

Leucon (Crymoleucon) macrorhinus Fage, 1951

31

47

13, 34, 39, 40

19




46, 54







54

Leucon (Epileucon) ensis (Bishop, 1981)







34, 40
















44

Leucon (Epileucon) longirostris Sars, 1871

14, 31

22

11, 13, 16, 19, 22, 34, 39, 40

4, 5, 19




46, 54







54

Leucon (Leucon) affinis Fage, 1951

31

47

11, 13, 30, 34, 37, 39, 40

55, 19




54







54

Leucon (Leucon) cf serratus Norman, 1879







40
















 

Leucon (Leucon) fulvus Sars, 1865

























54

*Leucon (Leucon) mediterraneus Sars, 1879

31




37, 52, 30, 21, 33

1, 55, 28

3, 26

54




23

 

Leucon (Leucon) profundus Hansen, 1920




47



















 

Leucon (Macrauloleucon) siphonatus Calman, 1905

31




11, 13, 16, 30, 34, 37, 39, 40

5, 55




26, 46, 54







14, 54

Family Nannastacidae

























 

*Campylaspis aegypta Mühlenhardt-Siegel, 2009

























54

Campylaspis alba Hansen, 1920
















54







54

Campylaspis cf nitens Bonnier, 1896




31

31
















 

Campylaspis cf paeneglabra Stebbing, 1912

























54

Campylaspis glabra Sars, 1879

31

22, 47

17, 19, 22, 30, 31, 34, 40

1, 5, 55, 28

3

23




23, 29

14, 44

Campylaspis horridoides Stephensen, 1915




8, 22, 47

22, 34, 40







46







54

Campylaspis legendrei Fage, 1951

31, 36




17, 30, 33

28 










29, 49

 

Campylaspis macrophthalma Sars, 1879

31




30

1, 4, 5










23, 29

 

Campylaspis rostrata Calman, 1905

31




11, 40
















 

Campylaspis spinosa Calman, 1906

31

22

22, 31, 34

5













 

Campylaspis squamifera Fage, 1929

31




30, 31, 34, 40
















 

Campylaspis sulcata Sars, 1870

31

47

17, 30, 40

4, 5, 28













54

Campylaspis verrucosa Sars, 1866

31

47

30

4, 5










23

 

Campylaspis vitrea Calman, 1906




8, 47

19, 31, 34

5




54




23

54,

Cumella limicola Sars, 1879

42, 36

1

9, 17, 33, 36, 37, 41, 43

1, 28

3, 26







29, 48, 49

14

Cumella pygmaea Sars, 1865




1

2, 17, 33, 36, 41

1, 28










29

 

Cumellopsis puritani Calman, 1906




47

22, 34, 40







46







 

Nannastacus atlanticus (Bacesu & Muradian, 1972)







30b
















54

*Nannastacus brevicaudatus Calman, 1905










28













 

Nannastacus ungiculatus (Bate, 1859)

31, 36, 42




17, 40, 41, 9, 6, 36, 33

1, 28 










29, 49

 

Procampylaspis armata Bonnier, 1896

31

8, 22, 31, 47

22, 30, 31, 34, 39, 40

4, 5




23, 46, 54




23

44, 54

*Procampylaspis bacescoi Reyss & Soyer, 1966




22

16













23

 

Procampylaspis bonnieri Calman, 1906




22, 47

22, 34, 39, 40

5




46, 54




23

44, 54

*Procampylaspis mediterranea Ledoyer, 1987

31

31

31, 40
















44

Schizocuma spinoculatum (Jones, 1984)







34, 40
















 

Scherocumella gurneyi (Calman 1927)

























51

Scherocumella longirostris Sars, 1879

31, 36, 42




2, 9, 17, 33, 37, 41

1, 28 










29, 49

14

Styloptocuma gracillimum (Calman, 1905)




47

30, 34, 40







46, 54







44

Family Diastylidae

























 

Diastylis cornuta (Boeck, 1864)

31

8

17, 30

5




46, 54




29, 49

 

*Diastylis jonesi Reyss, 1972

31

22, 47

22, 30, 31, 34, 40
















 

Diastylis laevis Norman, 1869

























54,

*Diastylis neapolitana Sars, 1879







11

1










29

14,

Diastylis rugosa Sars, 1865







2, 17, 21, 30, 33, 37, 41, 52

1, 55, 28

3







29, 49

56

*Diastylis vemae Bacescu, 1961

14






















 

*Diastyloides becescoi Fage, 1940

31




2, 11, 30, 33

55










27, 29

 

Diastyloides biplicatus (Sars, 1865)

31




17, 30
















54

*Diastyloides carpinei Bacescu, 1969

31

31

18, 19, 22, 31, 34

18




54,







54

Diastyloides serratus (Sars, 1865)

31

22, 47

13, 16, 30, 39, 40, 52

4, 5, 55

26

23, 46

14

23, 29

44

Ekleptostylis walkeri (Calman, 1907)

31




11, 30

28 










27, 29

 

Leptostylis bacescoi Reyss, 1972




22

22, 40







54







 

*Leptostylis gamoi Reyss, 1972




22

22, 31, 40







54







44, 54

Leptostylis macrura Sars, 1869

31

47

30, 40

4, 5










23

 

Makrokylindrus (Adiastylis) insignis (Sars, 1871)







34

4, 5













 

Makrokylindrus (Adiastylis) longipes (Sars, 1871)

31

8, 22, 47

19, 22, 30, 31, 34, 39, 40

19




23, 46,




23,

44

*Makrokylindrus (Makrokylindrus) aegaeus Reyss, 1974






















23

 

Makrokylindrus (Makrokylindrus) spiniventris Hansen, 1920
















54,







54

Makrokylindrus (Makrokylindrus) stebbingi Stephensen, 1915

8




19, 34

19













 

*Vemakylindrus charcoti (Reyss, 1974)

31










26

54,




23

54

*Vemakylindrus gibraltarensis (Bacescu, 1961)

14

47



















 

Vemakylindrus hastatus (Hansen, 1920)







19, 34, 40
















 

*Vemakylindrus doryphora (Fage, 1940)







11, 33, 52

55

26










 

Family Pseudocumatidae

























 

*Fontainella mediterranea Bacescu & Muradian, 1978

38
















25




 

Pseudocuma ciliatum Sars, 1879




1

9, 36, 37, 43

28













 

Pseudocuma longicorne (Bate, 1858)






2, 9, 17, 20, 33, 36, 37, 41, 43

1, 28 









29

14

Pseudocuma simile Sars, 1900

 

 

9, 17, 33, 36, 37, 41

28

 

 

 

27, 29

 

Total number of publications considered

7

5

27

6

4

4

2

6

6

a Walker (1901) recorded Cyclaspoides cornigera but Calman (1907) studing the same material assignet it to Eocuma sarsii

b Ledoyer (1983) recorded Nannastacus ungiculatus, however the examination of the material deposed in the MNHN-Paris confirms that it belongs actually to N. atlanticus. Deepest records of N. ungiculatus must be revised.
1: Sars, 1878-79; 2: Walker, 1901; 3: Graeffe, 1902; 4: Lo Bianco, 1903; 5: Calman, 1906; 6: Calman, 1907; 7: Calman, 1910; 8: Stephensen, 1915; 9: Fage, 1933; 10: Steuer, 1936, 1938; 11: Fage, 1940; 12: Zimmer, 1942; 13: Fage, 1951; 14: Bacescu, 1961; 15: Ledoyer, 1965; 16: Reyss & Soyer, 1966; 17: Ledoyer, 1968; 18: Bacescu, 1969; 19: Carpine, 1970; 20: Massé, 1972; 21: Desbruyeres et al., 1972-73; 22: Reyss, 1972; 23: Reyss, 1974; 24: Le Loeuff & Intes, 1977; 25: Bacescu & Muradian, 1978; 26: Klepal & Kastner, 1980; 27: Katagan, 1982; 28: Valentin, 1982; 29: Katagan, 1983; 30: Ledoyer, 1983; 31: Ledoyer, 1987; 32: Bacescu, 1988; 33: Macquart-Moulin, 1991; 34: Cartes & Sorbe, 1993; 35: Corbera, 1994; 36: Corbera, 1995; 37: Corbera & Cardell, 1995; 38: López-Gonzalez et al., 1996; 39: Cartes & Sorbe, 1996; 40: Cartes & Sorbe, 1997; 41: Corbera & Garcia-Rubies, 1998; 42: Alfonso et al., 1998; 43: San Vicente & Sorbe, 1999; 44: Corbera & Galil, 2001; 45: Sánchez Moyano et al., 2001; 46: Madurell & Cartes, 2003; 47: Cartes et al., 2003; 48: Kirkim et al., 2005; 49: Bakir & Katagan, 2005; 50: Munilla & San Vicente, 2005; 51: Corbera & Galil, 2007; 52: Cartes et al., 2007; 53: Petrescu, 2008; 54: Mühlenhardt-Siegel, 2009; 55: Fanelli et al., 2009; 56: Corbera & Galil, unpubl. data.

Notes:

In addition to the species listed above, there are some other species that were recorded sometimes from the Mediterranean Sea but they were not included because they are not actually Mediterranean species.

Lo Bianco (1903) recorded Diastylis spinulosa, Leucon nasica and Campylaspis undata from the Italian coast, however Calman (1906) that studied the same material, found no specimens of these species suggesting doubts about that identifications. As theses species have not been recorded since then, they were not included as Mediterranean species.

Iphinoe trispinosa was recorded by Graeffe (1902) and Fage (1940), however after the revision of the genus Iphinoe by Ledoyer (1965), it has not been registered again except for the record of Ayari & Afli (2003) from the gulf of Tunis. Very probably I. trispinosa is not present in the Mediterranean and it may be confused with Iphinoe douniae.

The record of Leucon pallidus by Calman (1906) was discussed by Hansen (1920) and Zimmer (1933) who cast doubt this identification (see also comments in Fage 1951) and was not included.



Leucon fulvus was recorded by Fage (1940) but the same author (Fage, 1951) emended his determination and described these specimens as Leucon affinis. However, Leucon fulvus has been recorded later again (Mühlenhardt-Siegel, 2009) and consequently it was maintained in the list.

Finally some species (Leucon cf serratus, Leucon cf tener, Campylaspis cf nitens and Campylaspis cf paeneglabra) remain doubtful and they must be confirmed as Mediterranean, meantime they are tentatively included.


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