The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Table S23. Checklist of the Phylum Echinodermata, and their distribution in the geographical areas of the Mediterranean with reference to their presence in the Atlantic and the Indo-Pacific Oceans


WM: Western Mediterranean; CM: Central Mediterranean; AD: Adriatic Sea; AS: Aegean Sea; LB: Levantine Basin; AO: Atlantic Ocean; IP: Indo-Pacific Ocean. Zoogeographical characterization (ZC) AM, Atlanto-Mediterranean; C, Cosmopolitan; E, Possibly endemic; IP, Indo-Pacific; LM, Lessepsian migrant. VD, vertical distribution.

Mediterranean species

WM

CM

AD

AS

LB

AO

IP

ZC

VD (m)































Crinoidea




























Antedon bifida (Pennant, 1777)

+













+




AM

5-200

Antedon mediterranea (Lamarck, 1816)

+

+

+

+

+







E

1-420

Leptometra celtica (Barrett & McAndrew, 1858)

+













+




AM

46-1279

Leptometra phalangium (J. Müller, 1841)

+

+

+

+










E

40-1300

Neocomatella europaea (A.H. Clark, 1931)

+













+




AM

400-1710































Eleutherozoa




























Asteroidea




























Anseropoda lobiancoi (Ludwig, 1897)

+



















E

40-100

Anseropoda placenta (Pennant, 1777)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

5-600

Aquilonastra burtoni (Gray, 1840)













+




+

LM

8 - 10

Asterina gibbosa (Pennant, 1777)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

0-126

Asterina ocellifera (Gray, 1847)

+

+










+




AM

6-200

Asterina panceri (Gasco, 1870)

+

+

+

+

+







E

0-40

Asterina phylactica Emson & Crump, 1979

+




+







+




AM

0-2

Astropecten aranciacus (Linnaeus, 1758)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

1-110

Astropecten bispinosus (Otto, 1823)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

1-245

Astropecten irregularis pentacanthus (Delle Chiaje, 1825)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

1-1829

Astropecten irregularis irregularis (Pennant, 1777)

+













+




AM

3-900

Astropecten jonstoni (Delle Chiaje, 1825)

+

+

+

+

+







E

1 - 90

Astropecten platyacanthus (Philippi, 1837)

+

+

+

+

+







E

1 - 64

Astropecten spinulosus (Philippi, 1837)

+

+

+

+

+







E

1 - 55

Ceramaster grenadensis grenadensis (Perrier, 1881)

+

+




+




+




AM

200-2210

Chaetaster longipes (Retzius, 1805)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

30-1139

Coscinasterias tenuispina (Lamarck, 1816)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

0-79

Echinaster (Echinaster) sepositus sepositus (Retzius, 1783)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

0-250

Hacelia attenuata (Gray, 1840)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

1-190

Henricia cylindrella (Sladen, 1883)

+













+




AM

530-1400

Hymenodiscus coronata (G.O. Sars, 1871)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

100-2904

Luidia ciliaris (Philippi, 1837)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

1-400

Luidia sarsi sarsi Düben & Koren, in Düben, 1845

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

10-1292

Marginaster capreensis (Gasco, 1876)

+







+




+




AM

49-2487

Marthasterias glacialis (Linnaeus, 1758)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

0-180

Nymphaster arenatus (Perrier, 1881)

+













+




AM

225-2790

Odontaster mediterraneus (Marenzeller, 1893)

+




+

+

+

+




AM

24-1804

Ophidiaster ophidianus (Lamarck, 1816)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

0-100

Peltaster placenta (J. Müller & Troschel, 1842)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

10-500

Plutonaster bifrons (W. Thompson, 1873)

+

+










+




AM

106-2525

Sclerasterias neglecta (Perrier, 1891)

+




+

+




+




AM

160-485

Sclerasterias richardi (Perrier, 1882)

+

+




+




+




AM

100-710

Tethyaster subinermis (Philippi, 1837)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

40-1400































Cryptosyringida




























Ophiuroidea




























Acrocnida brachiata (Montagu, 1804)

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

5 - 40

Amphilepis norvegica (Ljungman, 1865)

+




+

+




+




AM

70-2940

Amphioplus (Lymanella) laevis (Lyman, 1874)













+




+

LM

0-40

Amphipholis squamata (Delle Chiaje, 1828)

+

+

+

+

+

+

+

C

0-740

Amphiura cherbonnieri Guille, 1972

+

+

+

+










E

12-130

Amphiura chiajei Forbes, 1843

+

+

+

+

+

+




AM

2-1200

Amphiura delamarei Cherbonnier, 1958

+



















E

43-200
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