The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



Yüklə 9.67 Mb.
səhifə62/70
tarix24.08.2017
ölçüsü9.67 Mb.
1   ...   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   ...   70

Figure S4. Distribution of the known species of echinoderms in the main geographical areas of the Mediterranean


The bars present real numbers (parentheses) and percentages of the total Mediterranean species. WM: Western Mediterranean; CM: Central Mediterranean; AD: Adriatic Sea; AS: Aegean Sea; LB: Levantine Basin.




Figure S5. Percentages of the four zoogeographical categories in the Mediterranean territorial areas and the Black Sea


Calculations were made for the total number of species known from each area (species numbers in parentheses). AM: Atlanto-Mediterranean; E: possibly endemic; C: cosmopolitan; LM: Lessepsian migrant. Other abbreviations as in Figure S4.




Sipunculans (by José Ignacio Saiz-Salinas)

Table S24. Checklist of the Phylum Sipuncula


Asterisks indicate unpublished identifications from the author J.I. Saiz. N. sp. cf. flagriferum (43º02.83’N; 9º41.06’E; depth: 454 m). P. turnerae (41º07’N; 2º25’E; depth: 1100 m).

Family Sipunculidae Rafinesque, 1814

Genus Sipunculus Linnaeus, 1766



Sipunculus (Sipunculus) norvegicus Danielssen, 1869

Sipunculus (Sipunculus) nudus Linnaeus, 1766

Family Golfingiidae Stephen & Edmonds, 1972

Genus Golfingia Lankester, 1885



Golfingia (Golfingia) elongata (Keferstein, 1862)

Golfingia (Golfingia) margaritacea (Sars, 1851)

Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris vulgaris (De Blainville, 1827)

Golfingia (Golfingia) vulgaris antonellae Murina, 2002

Genus Nephasoma Pergament, 1946



Nephasoma (Nephasoma) abyssorum abyssorum (Koren & Danielssen, 1876)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) capilleforme (Murina, 1973)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) confusum (Sluiter, 1902)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) constricticervix (Cutler, 1969)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) constrictum (Southern, 1913)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes diaphanes (Gerould, 1913)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) diaphanes corrugatum Cutler & Cutler, 1986

* Nephasoma (Nephasoma) sp. cf. flagriferum (Selenka, 1885)



Nephasoma (Nephasoma) lilljeborgi (Danielssen & Koren, 1880)

Nephasoma (Nephasoma) rimicola (Gibbs, 1973)

Genus Thysanocardia (Fisher, 1950)



Thysanocardia catharinae (Grube, 1868)

Thysanocardia procera (Möbius, 1875)

Family Phascolionidae Cutler & Gibbs, 1985

Genus Phascolion Théel, 1875



Phascolion (Phascolion) strombus strombus (Montagu, 1804)

Phascolion (Isomya) convestitum Sluiter, 1902

Phascolion (Isomya) tuberculosum Théel, 1875

Genus Onchnesoma Koren & Danielssen, 1876



Onchnesoma squamatum squamatum (Koren & Danielssen, 1876)

Onchnesoma steenstrupii steenstrupii Koren & Danielssen, 1876

Family Phascolosomatidae Stephen & Edmonds, 1972

Genus Phascolosoma Leuckart, 1828



Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) agassizii agassizii Keferstein, 1866

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) granulatum Leuckart, 1828

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) perlucens Baird, 1868

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) scolops (Selenka & De Man, 1883)

Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) stephensoni (Stephen, 1942)

* Phascolosoma (Phascolosoma) turnerae Rice, 1985

Genus Apionsoma Sluiter, 1902

Apionsoma (Apionsoma) misakianum (Ikeda, 1904)

Apionsoma (Apionsoma) murinae murinae (Cutler, 1969)

Apionsoma (Apionsoma) murinae bilobatae (Cutler, 1969)

Apionsoma (Apionsoma) trichocephalus Sluiter, 1902

Family Aspidosiphonidae De Quatrefages, 1865

Genus Aspidosiphon Diesing, 1851



Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) elegans (De Chamisso & Eysenhardt, 1821)

Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) misakiensis Ikeda, 1904

Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) muelleri muelleri Diesing, 1851

Aspidosiphon (Aspidosiphon) muelleri kovalevskii Murina, 1964

Aspidosiphon (Akrikos) mexicanus (Murina, 1967)

Figure S6. Cluster analysis of sipunculan species of the Mediterranean Sea by biogeographic sectors as proposed by Bianchi and Morri [1]


A: Alboran Sea, B: Algeria and southern Spain, C: Balearic Sea to Tyrrhenian Sea, D: Gulf of Lyon and Ligurian Sea, E: North Adriatic, F: Central Adriatic, G: South Adriatic, H: North Aegean, I: Ionian Sea and South Aegean, J: Gulf of Gabes to Levantine Sea.



References
1. Bianchi CN, Morri C (2000) Marine biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Situation, problems and prospects for future research. Marine Pollution Bulletin 40: 367-376.



Meiobenthos (by Nikolaos Lampadariou)

Text S5. References for Mediterranean Nematodes


Allgen CA (1942) Die freilebenden Nematoden des mittelmeeres. Eine zusammenstellung sämtlicher aus dem Mittelmeer bekannten Nematoden. Zool. Jb. (Systematik) Band 76, Heft 1/2: 1-102.

Balsamo M, Fregni E, Tongiorgi P (1994) Marine and freshwater Gastrotricha from the Island of Montecristo (Tuscan Archipelago, Italy), with the description of new species. Italian Journal of Zoology 61: 217–227.

Balsamo M, Fregni E, Tongiorgi P (1996) Marine Gastrotricha from Sicily with the description of a new species of Chaetonotus. Italian Journal of Zoology 63: 173–183.

Betouhim-El T, Kahan D (1972) Tisbe pori n. sp.(Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from the Mediterranean coast of Israel and its cultivation in the laboratory. Marine Biology 16: 201–209.

Bodin P (1977) Les peuplements de copépodes harpacticoides (Crustacea) des sédiments meubles de la zone intertidale des côtes charentaises (Atlantique). Mémoires du Museum Nationale d' Histoire Naturelle serie A 104: 1-120.

Boucher G (1970a) Deux especes nouvelles de Nematodes de la vase terrigene cotiere de Banyuls-Sur-Mer. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Serie 2 42: 975-983.

Boucher G (1970b) Paramesacanthion catellus n. sp. nouvelle espece d' Enoplidae (Nematode) de la vase Terrigene cotiere de Banyuls-Sur-Mer. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Serie 2 42: 570-576.

Boucher G (1971) Deux especes nouvelles de Monhysterida (Nematodes) de la vase terrigene cotiere de Banyuls-Sur-Mer. Extrait du Bulletin de la Societe Zoologique de France 96: 557-562.

Boucher G (1972a) Redescription de neuf especes de Nematodes libres marins de la baie de Banyuls-sur-mer. Bulletin du Museum National d'Histoire Naturelle, Serie 3 40: 449-474.

Boucher G (1972b) Premieres donnees ecologiques sur les nematodes libres marins d'une station de vase cotiere de Banyuls. Vie et Milieu 23: 69-100.

Boucher G (1972c) Distribution quantitative et qualitative des nematodes d'une station de vase terrigene cotiere de Banyuls-Sur-Mer. Cahiers de Biologie Marine 13: 457-474.

Boucher G, de Bovée F (1971) Trochamus carinatus gen. et sp. n. et Adeuchromadora megaphida gen. et sp. n. Chromadoridae (Nematoda) a dix soies cephaliques de la vase terrigene cotiere de Banyuls-Sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 22: 231-242.

Boucher G, de Bovée F (1972) Trochamus carinatus gen. et sp. n. et Adeuchromadora megamphida gen. et sp. n. Chromadoridae (Nematoda) a dix soies cephaliques de la vase terrigene cotiere de Banyuls-sur-Mer. Vie et Milieu 22: 231-242.

Buchholz TG, Lampadariou N (2002) Changes in composition and diversity of the malia bay nematode community (crete, greece) in relationship to sediment parameters. In: Bright M, Dworschak PC, Stachowitsch M, editors. The vienna school of marine biology: a tribute to jorg ott. Facultas Universitatsverlag, Wien. pp. 33-52.

Cimerman F, Langer M (1991) Mediterranean foraminifera: Umetnosti, Akademia Scientiarum et Artium Slovenica. 118 p.

Cottarelli V (1988-89) A new harpacticoid (Crustacea, Copepoda) from the island of Maddalena (Sardinia): Parastenocaris ima n. sp.). Ann. Mus.Civ. Stor. Nat. Giacomo Doria 88: 285-296.

Cottarelli V, Forniz C, Bascherini S (1992) Benthic and interstitial Laophontidae (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from Ischia, Naples, Italy, with the description of Echinolaophonte veniliae n. sp. Crustaceana 62: 283-299.

Danovaro R, Gambi C (2002) Biodiversity and trophic structure of nematode assemblages in seagrass systems: evidence for a coupling with changes in food availability. Marine Biology 141: 667-677.

de Bovée F (1988) Dynamique des peuplements meiobenthiques sublittoraux. II. Le peuplement des nematodes libres marins. Vie et Milieu 38: 115-122.

de Leonardis C, Sandulli R, Vanaverbeke J, Vincx M, de Zio S (2008) Meiofauna and nematode diversity in some Mediterranean subtidal areas of the Adriatic and Ionian Sea. Scientia Marina 72: 5-13.

Galassi DP (1997) Little known harpacticoid copepods from Italy, and description of Parastenocaris crenobia n. sp. (Copepoda, harpacticoida). Crustaceana 70: 694 – 709.

Gerlach SA, Riemann F (1973) The Bremerhaven checklist of aquatic nematodes. A catalogue of Nematoda Adenophorea excluding the Dorylaimida. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, Supplement 4, Heft 1. 1-404 p.

Gerlach SA, Riemann F (1974) The Bremerhaven checklist of aquatic nematodes. A catalogue of Nematoda Adenophorea excluding the Dorylaimida. Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für Meeresforschung in Bremerhaven, Supplement 4, Heft 2. 405-736 p.

Gheskiere T, Vincx M, Urban-Malinga B, Rossano C, Scapini F et al. (2005) Nematodes from wave-dominated sandy beaches: diversity, zonation patterns and testing of the isocommunities concept. Estuarine and Coastal Marine Science 62: 365-375.

Hicks GRF, Coull BC (1983) The ecology of marine meiobenthic harpacticoid copepods. Oceanography and Marine Biology. An Annual Review 21: 67-175.

Hofrichter R (2002) El Mar Mediterráneo. Fauna, Flora, Ecología. II/1. Guía Sistemática y de Identificación. Barcelona: Ediciones Omega. 849 p.

Hummon WD (2001) Global database for marine Gastrotricha on CD (hummon@ohio.edu). Ohio University Zoological Collections, Athens.

Hummon WD, Roidou E (1995) Marine Gastrotricha of Greece. A preliminary report. Biologia Gallo-Helenica 22: 279-289.

Hummon WD, Todaro MA, Balsamo M, Tongiorgi P (1990) Effects of pollution on marine Gastrotricha in the Northwestern Adriatic Sea. Marine Pollution Bulletin 21: 241-243.

Hummon WD, Todaro MA, Balsamo M, Tongiorgi P (1996) Italian marine Gastrotricha: III. Four new pentancrous species of the genus Tetranchyroderma (Macrodasyida, Thaumastodermatidae). Italian Journal of Zoology 63: 73–79.

Hummon WD, Todaro MA, Tongiorgi P (1993) Italian marine Gastrotricha. II: One new genus and ten new species of Macrodasyida. Bollettino di Zoologia 60: 109–127.

Hummon WD, Todaro MA, Tongiorgi P, Balsamo M (1998) Italian marine Gastrotricha: V. Four new and one redescribed species of Macrodasyida in the Dactylopodolidae and Thaumastodermatidae. Italian Journal of Zoology 65: 109–119.

Hyams O, Almogi-Labin A, Benjaminia C (2002) Larger foraminifera of the southeastern Mediterranean shallow continental shelf off Israel. Israel Journal of Earth Sciences 51: 169-179.

Jaume D (1997) First record of Superornatiremidae (Copepoda: Harpacticoida) from Mediterranean waters, with description of three new species from Balearic anchihaline caves. Scientia Marina 61: 131–152.

Kahan D, Bar-El T (1982) Schizopera elatensis n. sp. (Copepoda, Harpacticoida) from Elat, Israel. Crustaceana 42: 308-314.

Keller M (1986) Structure des peuplements meiobenthiques dans le secteur pollue par le rejet en mer de l'egout de Marseille. Ann. Inst. oceanogr. Paris 62: 13-36.

Lampadariou N (1993) Meiobenthos of the littoral zone from the Gulf of Heraklion with a special emphasis on nematodes. MSc Thesis, Msc thesis, biology department, University of Crete, Heraklion, 62 pages.

Lampadariou N (2001) Study of the meiobenthic ecosystem of the Aegean Sea with a special emphasis on nematodes. PhD Thesis, Biology department, University of Crete, Heraklion, 216 pages.

Lampadariou N, Austen MC, Robertson N, Vlachonis G (1997) Analysis of meiobenthic community structure in relation to pollution and disturbance in Iraklion harbour, Greece. Vie et Milieu 47: 9-24.

Marcotte BM, Coull BC (1974) Polution, diversity and meiobenthic communities in the North Adriatic (Bay of Piran, Yugoslavia). Vie et Milieu 24: 281-300.

Milker Y, Schmiedl G, Betzler C, Römer M, Jaramillo-Vogel D et al. (2009) Distribution of recent benthic foraminifera in shelf carbonate environments of the Western Mediterranean Sea. Marine Micropaleontology 73: 207-225.

Mirto S, La Rosa T, Gambi C, Danovaro R, Mazzola A (2002) Nematode community response to fish-farm impact in the western Mediterranean. Environmental Pollution 116: 203-214.

Mitwally H, Montagna PA (2001) Egyptian interstitial Copepoda Harpacticoida with the description of two new species and one new subspecies. Crustaceana : 513–544.

Mojtahid M, Jorissen F, Lansard B, Fontanier C, Bombled B et al. (2009) Spatial distribution of live benthic foraminifera in the Rhône prodelta: Faunal response to a continental–marine organic matter gradient. Marine Micropaleontology 70(3-4): 177-200.

Moodley L, Heip CHR, Middelburg JJ (1998) Benthic activity in sediments of the northwestern Adriatic Sea: sediment oxygen consumption, macro-and meiofauna dynamics. Journal of Sea Research 40(3-4): 263-280.

Parker F (1958) Eastern Mediterranean foraminifera. Swedish Deep-Sea Expedition 8: 219-283.

Rieder K (2001) Spatial and temporal variabilities of nematodes in the eulittoral zone of a sandy beach on northern Crete, Greece. MSc Thesis, Msc thesis, faculty of biological sciences, University of Rostock, Rostock, 65 pages.

Robertson N, Otegui A, Austen M, Lampadariou N (1994) Nematode community response to sediment copper contamination in an experimental microcosm system. Institute of Marine Biology of Crete, Heraklion. 1-27 pp.

Samir AM, Abdou HF, Zazou SM, El-Menhawey WH (2003) Cluster analysis of recent benthic foraminifera from the northwestern Mediterranean coast of Egypt. Revue de Micropaléontologie 46(2): 111-130.

Schuurmans Stekhoven Jr JH (1942) The free living nematodes of the Mediterranean. II. The Camargue. Zool. Mededeel 23: 217-228.

Schuurmans Stekhoven Jr JH (1950) The freeliving marine nemas of the Mediterranean. I. The Bay of Villefranche. Mémoires Institut Royal des Sciences Naturelles de Belgique 37: 1-220.

Sevastou K (2005) On the ecology of meiofauna of the sandy shores of Crete. Distribution patterns of meiobenthic copepods over space and time. PhD Thesis, Biology department, University of Crete, Heraklion, 233 pages.

Soyer J (1970) Bionomie benthique du plateau continental de la côte catalane française. III. Les peuplements de Copepodes harpacticoides (Crustacea). Vie et Milieu 21: 337–511.

Steuer A (1943) Variabilit\ät und Verbreitung einiger Copepoda Harpacticoida der Gattungen Ameira und Mesochra aus dem \östlichen Mittelmeer (Alexandrien). Thalassia 6: 1–19.

Stobbe K (2001) Temporal and spatial variabilities of harpacticoid copepods in the eulittoral zone of a sandy beach on Crete, Greece. MSc Thesis, Msc thesis, faculty of biological sciences, University of Rostock, Rostock, 63 pages.

Thiel H (1983) Meiobenthos and nanobenthos of the deep-sea. In: Rowe G, editor. Deep-sea biology. Wiley, New York. pp. 167-230.

Thiermann F, Akoumianaki I, Hughes JA, Giere O (1997) Benthic fauna of a shallow-water gaseohydrothermal vent area in the Aegean Sea (Milos, Greece). Marine Biology 128: 149-159.

Todaro MA (1992) Contribution to the study of the Mediterranean meiofauna: Gastrotricha from the Island of Ponza, Italy. Bollettino di Zoologia 59: 321–333.

Travizi A, Vidakovic J (1998) Nematofauna in the Adriatic Sea: review and check-list of free-living nematode species. Helgoland Marine Research 51: 503-519.

Vitiello P (1969a) Linhomoeidae (Nematoda) des vases profondes du golfe du Lion. Tethys 1: 493-526.

Vitiello P (1969b) Hopperia, nouveau genre de Nematode libre marin (Comesomatidae). Tethys 1: 485-491.

Vitiello P (1970a) Nematodes libres marins des vases profondes du golfe du Lion. III. Monhysterida, Araeolaimida, Desmodorida. Tethys 2: 647-690.

Vitiello P (1970b) Nematodes libres marins des vases profondes du golfe du Lion. II. Chromadorida. Tethys 2: 449-500.

Vitiello P (1970c) Nematodes libres marins des vases profondes du golfe du Lion. 1. Enoplida. Tethys 2: 139-210.

Vitiello P (1974) Marine nematodes associations in the muddy bottoms of Provence. I. Muddy sediments in sheltered areas and terrigenous coastal muds. Annales de l' Institut Océanographique Masson 50: 145-172.

Wieser W (1954) Untersuchungen über die algenbewohnende Mikrofauna mariner Hartböden III. Zur Systematik der freilebenden Nematoden des Mittelmeeres. Mit einer ökologischen Untersuchung über die Beziehung zwischen Nematoden-besiedlung und Sedimentreichtum des Habitats . Hydrobiologia 6: 144-217.

Wieser W (1955) Eine sammlung mariner nematoden aus Piraeus (Griechenland). Osterreichische Zoologische Zeitschrift 6: 597-631.

Wieser W (1959) Zur Ökologie der Fauna mariner Algen mit besonderer Berücksichtigung-des Mittelmeeres. International Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie 44: 137-180.

Willems KA, Claeys D, Fiers F (1987) Syrticola mediterraneus n. sp., a harpacticoid copepod from the Bay of Calvi, Corsica. Hydrobiologia 153: 71-78.

Zenetos A, Meriç E, Verlaque M, Galli P, Boudouresque CF et al. (2008) Additions to the annotated list of marine alien biota in the Mediterranean with special emphasis on Foraminifera and Parasites. Mediterranean Marine Science 9(1): 119-165.


1   ...   58   59   60   61   62   63   64   65   ...   70


Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2016
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə