The Biodiversity of the Mediterranean Sea: Estimates, Patterns, and Threats



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Ascidians (by Xavier Turon)

Table S25. Check-list of the Class Ascidiacea (Subphylum Uranochordata, Phylum Cordata)


S/C: solitary or colonial species. Distribution: M, Mediterranean (both basins); WM, western Mediterranean; EM, eastern Mediterranean; AM, Atlantic-Mediterranean (present in both Mediterranean basins); AWM, Atlantic and western Mediterranean; AEM, Atlantic and eastern Mediterranean; C, circumtropical or cosmopolitan; L, possible Lessepsian migrant, present at least in Red Sea and eastern Mediterranean. Species marked with asterisk are possible recent introductions in the Mediterranean.

Species

Authority

S/C

M

WM

EM

AM

AWM

AEM

C

L

O. Enterogona




























 

SO. Aplousobranchiata




























 

F. Clavelinidae




























 

Clavelina dellavallei

(Zirpolo 1925)

C

x



















 

Clavelina gemmae

Turon 2005

C




x
















 

Clavelina lepadiformis

(Müller 1776)

C










x










 

Clavelina phlegrea

Salfi 1927

C

x



















 

Clavelina sabbadini

Brunetti 1987

C

x



















 

Pycnoclavella aurilucens

Garstang 1891

C













x







 

Pycnoclavella brava

Pérez-Portela et al 2007

C




x
















 

Pycnoclavella communis

Pérez-Portela et al 2007

C













x







 

Pycnoclavella nana

(Lahille 1890)

C







x













 

Pycnoclavella neapolitana

(Julin 1904)

C




x
















 

Pycnoclavella taureanensis

Brunetti 1991

C




x
















 

F. Polycitoridae




























 

Archidistoma aggregatum

Garstang 1891

C



















x

 

Cystodytes dellechiajei

(Della Valle 1877)

C



















x

 

Cystodytes durus

Von Drasche 1883

C







x













 

Cystodytes philippinensis *

Herdman 1886

C



















x

 

Cystodytes tunisiensis

Méliane 2002

C







x













 

Eudistoma banyulensis

(Brément 1912)

C

x



















 

Eudistoma costai

(Della Valle 1877)

C

x



















 

Eudistoma magnum

Médioni 1968

C

x



















 

Eudistoma mucosum

(Von Drasche 1883)

C

x



















 

Eudistoma paesslerioides

(Michaelsen 1914)

C



















x

 

Eudistoma planum

Pérès 1948

C










x










 

Eudistoma plumbeum

(Della Valle 1877)

C

x



















 

Eudistoma posidoniarum

(Daumézon 1908)

C




x
















 

Eudistoma rubrum

(Savigny 1816)

C

x



















 

Eudistoma tridentatum

(Heiden 1894)

C

x



















 

Polycitor adriaticus

(Von Drasche 1883)

C










x










 

Polycitor crystallinus

(Renier 1804)

C










x










 

Rhombifera caerulea

Pérès 1956

C







x













 

F. Holozoidae




























 

Distaplia bermudensis *

Van Name 1902

C










x










 

Distaplia lubrica

Von Drasche 1883

C







x













 

Distaplia lucillae

Mastrototaro & Brunetti 2006

C







x













 

Distaplia magnilarva

(Della Valle 1881)

C










x










 

Distaplia rosea

Della Valle 1881

C










x










 

F. Didemnidae




























 

Didemnum amourouxi

Lafargue 1976

C

x



















 

Didemnum candidum

Savigny 1816

C



















x

 

Didemnum coccineum

(Von Drasche 1883)

C

x



















 

Didemnum commune

(Della Valle 1877)

C

x



















 

Didemnum coriaceum

(Von Drasche 1883)

C



















x

 

Didemnum drachi

Lafargue 1975

C










x










 

Didemnum fulgens

(Milne Edwards 1841)

C










x










 

Didemnum granulosum

(Von Drasche 1883)

C










x










 
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