This summary has been produced by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water



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This summary has been produced by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, 

Population and Communities (SEWPC) for the Natural Resource Management Spatial 

Information System.

It highlights important elements of the biodiversity of the region in two ways:

 • Listing species which may be significant for management because they are found only in 

   the region, mainly in the region, or they have a conservation status such as endangered 

   or vulnerable.

 

 • Comparing the region to other parts of Australia in terms of the composition and distribution 



   of its species, to suggest components of its biodiversity which may be nationally significant.

The summary was produced using the Australian Natural Heritage Assessment Tool 

(ANHAT),  which analyses data from a range of plant and animal surveys and collections from

across Australia to automatically generate a report for each NRM region. Data sources

(Appendix 2) include national and state herbaria, museums, state governments, CSIRO, Birds 

Australia and a range of surveys conducted by or for DEWHA.



Biodiversity Summary for NRM Regions

Guide to Users

Background

What is the summary for and where does it come from?

 • ANHAT currently contains information on the distribution of over 30,000 Australian taxa. 

   This includes all mammals, birds, reptiles, frogs and fish, 137 families of vascular plants (over 

   15,000 species) and a range of invertebrate groups. The list of families covered in ANHAT 

   is shown in Appendix 1. Groups not yet covered in ANHAT are not included in the 

   summary.

 • The data used for this summary come from authoritative sources, but they are not perfect.

   All species names have been confirmed as valid species names, but it is not possible to 

   confirm all species locations. The summary summarises the input data, so errors found in the

   original data would also be reflected in this summary.

 • The scientific names and taxonomic concepts used in this report reflect an ANHAT view of 

   the data and not necessarily that found in government censuses, databases or other

   authoritative lists.

Limitations

Australian Natural Heritage Assessment Tool

Groups not yet covered in ANHAT are not included in the

summary.

(ANHAT),

Page 1 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11



Reading the Biodiversity Summary

The summary is divided into two sections: Highlights



Species List.

and


Highlights section

This section draws attention to species of special interest, or characteristics of the biodiversity 

in the region which rate very highly compared to the rest of Australia. 

It contains the following:

 • Total number of nationally rare and threatened species found in the region and listed under

   the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation (EPBC) Act.  

 • A list of families which have a very high level of species richness or endemism compared to

   the rest of Australia. 

   

   - Species richness counts the number of different species found in a given area.



   - Endemism estimates the degree to which species found in a given area have small

     geographic ranges. The smaller the range of a species, the more it contributes to the

     endemism score. 

   In this summary, a threshold value of 2% was used. This means that compared to the rest

   of the country, the families listed in the summary may have a significant focus of diversity

   here, because all or part of the region has richness or endemism scores within the top 2% of

   areas in Australia.

 • A count of the number of species which have more than 50% of their recorded range

   within the region. If a species shows a value of 100% it indicates its distribution is restricted

   to that particular region as all the available records are in that region.

Page 2 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11


This section shows species which may be significant for biodiversity management in the region 

because:


 • they are listed in the EPBC Act as critically endangered, endangered, vulnerable, or

   conservation dependent;

 • their distribution lies entirely or primarily within the region.

For each plant or animal family listed, this section also gives the total number of species in the 

country, and how many of them are found in the region.

  

Note that this list covers species in the families listed in Appendix 1.



Many species found in the region will not be listed because they don’t meet either of the two 

criteria above. The aim of providing a selected species list is to narrow the view from a very 

large number of species, to those which may be a focus of conservation activity in the region. 

Species which are largely restricted to the region may not have any conservation concerns, but 

may deserve attention because their future lies with the region and those who manage it.

A list of all species in the region belonging to the families listed in Appendix 1 is also available.

For more information please see: www.environment.gov.au/heritage/anhat/index.html

Species List section

Page 3 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11



Highlights

Biodiversity Summary for NRM Region

Avon, Western Australia

This summary was produced by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water, 

Population and Communities using the Australian Natural Heritage Assessment Tool (ANHAT).  

ANHAT is a database and decision support tool which uses over 33 million specimen and 

survey records for vertebrates, selected invertebrates and 137 vascular plant families (over 

15,000 species).  This Biodiversity Summary does not include exotic or extinct species.



Threatened species (Enviroment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act)

Total number of threatened species (Environment Protection and Biodiversity 

Conservation Act) in this region which belong to the families covered by this Biodiversity 

Summary (Appendix 1)

56 species declared as endangered

47 species declared as vulnerable

Compared to the rest of Australia parts of this region show a high level of richness for the 

following families. This means that the number of species in these families is in the top 2% 

compared to the rest of the country.

Species Richness

Vertebrate fauna

- Family Agamidae - Dragon lizards

- Family Dasyuridae - Dasyurids (Quolls, Antechinus, Dunnarts and Allies)

- Family Elapidae - Front fang snakes

- Family Gekkonidae - Geckos

- Family Myobatrachidae - Myobatrachid or Southern Frogs

- Family Pygopodidae - Legless lizards

- Family Scincidae - Skinks



Invertebrate fauna

Species Restricted to this Region

There are 719 species with greater than 50% of their recorded range in the region.

Of these species, 201 species have 100% of their recorded range in the region.

The proportion of sampled range (%) as shown in the Species List is an indication of the 

distribution of the species in the region in relation to other parts of Australia.   

See the Species List for details.

Page 4 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11


- Family Actinopodidae - Two-doored Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Aleyrodidae - Whiteflies

- Family Apidae - Social Bees

- Family Asilidae - Robber Flies

- Family Barychelidae - Brush-footed Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Bulimulidae - Elongate High-spired Land Snails

- Family Cicadidae - 

- Family Cixiidae - 

- Family Colletidae - Short-tongued Bees

- Family Coreidae - 

- Family Ctenizidae - Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Formicidae - Ants

- Family Halictidae - 

- Family Hemicorduliidae - Emerald and Swamp Emerald Dragonflies

- Family Idiopidae - Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Lestidae - Ringtail, Reedling and Dusky Spreadwing Damselflies

- Family Lycosidae - Wolf Spiders

- Family Megachilidae - 

- Family Nemesiidae - Funnel-web Spiders

- Family Pentatomidae - Stinkbugs

- Family Pomatiopsidae - Salt-lake Snails

- Family Reduviidae - Assassin Bugs

- Family Rhinotermitidae - Termite

- Family Rhopalidae - 

- Family Rhyparochromidae - Seed Bugs

- Family Scutelleridae - 

- Family Stenotritidae - 

- Family Termitidae - Termite

- Family Thaumastocoridae - 

- Family Theraphosidae - Bird-eating Trapdoor Spiders



Vascular flora

- Family Aizoaceae - Pigfaces

- Family Anarthriaceae - 

- Family Boryaceae - Pincushion Lillies

- Family Casuarinaceae - She-oaks

- Family Centrolepidaceae - Centrolepid Sedges

- Family Colchicaceae - Nancies and Allies

- Family Cupressaceae - Native Cypress

- Family Cyperaceae - Sedges

- Family Dilleniaceae - Guinea Flowers

- Family Droseraceae - Sundews

- Family Epacridaceae - Southern Heaths

- Family Fabaceae - Peas

- Family Haemodoraceae - Bloodroots, Conostyles, Kangaroo Paws and their

- Family Hemerocallidaceae - 

- Family Hydatellaceae - Hydatellid Herbs

- Family Iridaceae - Irises and Allies

- Family Juncaginaceae - Water Ribbons

- Family Limeaceae - 

- Family Menyanthaceae - Marshwort

Page 5 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11


- Family Myrtaceae - Native Myrtles

- Family Orchidaceae - Orchids

- Family Portulacaceae - Purslane

- Family Proteaceae - Banksias, Grevilleas and Allies

- Family Restionaceae - Restiona Sedges

- Family Rutaceae - Boronia, Correa, Citrus, Phebalium, Philotheca, Zieria an

- Family Sterculiaceae - Kurrajongs and Bottletrees

- Family Stylidiaceae - Triggerplants and Allies

- Family Thymelaeaceae - Pimeleas

Page 6 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11



Compared to the rest of Australia parts of this region show a high level of endemism for the 

following families, placing them in the top 2% compared to the rest of the country.



Endemism

Vertebrate fauna

- Family Acanthizidae - Scrubwrens, Thornbills and Allies

- Family Agamidae - Dragon lizards

- Family Chelidae - Side-necked Tortoises

- Family Dasyuridae - Dasyurids (Quolls, Antechinus, Dunnarts and Allies)

- Family Elapidae - Front fang snakes

- Family Eupetidae - Whipbirds, Quail-thrushes and Jewel-babblers

- Family Macropodidae - Wallabies, Kangaroos and Tree-kangaroos

- Family Meliphagidae - Honeyeaters and Australian Chats

Invertebrate fauna

- Family Actinopodidae - Two-doored Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Aleyrodidae - Whiteflies

- Family Apidae - Social Bees

- Family Asilidae - Robber Flies

- Family Barychelidae - Brush-footed Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Bulimulidae - Elongate High-spired Land Snails

- Family Cicadidae - 

- Family Cixiidae - 

- Family Colletidae - Short-tongued Bees

- Family Coreidae - 

- Family Corixidae - Waterboatmen

- Family Ctenizidae - Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Dytiscidae - Dytiscidine Water Beetles

- Family Formicidae - Ants

- Family Halictidae - 

- Family Hemicorduliidae - Emerald and Swamp Emerald Dragonflies

- Family Hesperiidae - Skippers, flats, awls & darts

- Family Idiopidae - Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Lestidae - Ringtail, Reedling and Dusky Spreadwing Damselflies

- Family Libellulidae - Perchers, Archtails and other Dragonflies

- Family Megachilidae - 

- Family Megapodagrionidae - Flatwing Damselflies

- Family Miridae - Miridae

- Family Nemesiidae - Funnel-web Spiders

- Family Notonectidae - Backswimmers

- Family Nymphalidae - Browns, Nymphs, Danaines

- Family Pentatomidae - Stinkbugs

- Family Pomatiopsidae - Salt-lake Snails

- Family Punctidae - Translucent Frosted Land Snails

- Family Reduviidae - Assassin Bugs

- Family Rhinotermitidae - Termite

- Family Rhyparochromidae - Seed Bugs

- Family Scutelleridae - 

Page 7 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11


- Family Stenotritidae - 

- Family Thaumastocoridae - 

- Family Theraphosidae - Bird-eating Trapdoor Spiders

- Family Therevidae - Stiletto Flies



Vascular flora

- Family Aizoaceae - Pigfaces

- Family Amaranthaceae - Pigweed

- Family Anarthriaceae - 

- Family Asteraceae - Daisies and Allies

- Family Boryaceae - Pincushion Lillies

- Family Casuarinaceae - She-oaks

- Family Centrolepidaceae - Centrolepid Sedges

- Family Chenopodiaceae - Saltbushes and Allies

- Family Colchicaceae - Nancies and Allies

- Family Cupressaceae - Native Cypress

- Family Cyperaceae - Sedges

- Family Dilleniaceae - Guinea Flowers

- Family Dioscoreaceae - Native Yams

- Family Droseraceae - Sundews

- Family Epacridaceae - Southern Heaths

- Family Fabaceae - Peas

- Family Haemodoraceae - Bloodroots, Conostyles, Kangaroo Paws and their

- Family Hemerocallidaceae - 

- Family Hydatellaceae - Hydatellid Herbs

- Family Iridaceae - Irises and Allies

- Family Juncaginaceae - Water Ribbons

- Family Limeaceae - 

- Family Menyanthaceae - Marshwort

- Family Myrtaceae - Native Myrtles

- Family Orchidaceae - Orchids

- Family Phrymaceae - 

- Family Phyllanthaceae - 

- Family Portulacaceae - Purslane

- Family Potamogetonaceae - Sea Grasses and Horned Pondweeds, Pondw

- Family Proteaceae - Banksias, Grevilleas and Allies

- Family Restionaceae - Restiona Sedges

- Family Rutaceae - Boronia, Correa, Citrus, Phebalium, Philotheca, Zieria an

- Family Sterculiaceae - Kurrajongs and Bottletrees

- Family Stylidiaceae - Triggerplants and Allies

- Family Thymelaeaceae - Pimeleas

Page 8 of  58

Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

21-Jan-11


 

 

Common Name

 

EPBC

Status

Proportion of

sampled range

in the region (%)

Most

recent

record

Species List

Species are shown only if:

 - listed as Vulnerable, Critically Endangered, Endangered,

   or Conservation dependent under the EPBC Act;

 - the proportion of the sampled range in the region is above 50%.

Vertebrate fauna

Aves

Acanthizidae

Scrubwrens, Thornbills 

and Allies

(16 out of 43 species in Australia)

Dasyornis longirostris

Western Bristlebird

Vulnerable

4

1990


This region rates highly for endemism of Acanthizidae.

Cacatuidae

Cockatoos

(10 out of 14 species in Australia)

Calyptorhynchus baudinii

Long-billed Black-Cockatoo

Vulnerable

10

1999


Calyptorhynchus latirostris

Short-billed Black-Cockatoo

Endangered

9

2002



Eupetidae

Whipbirds, Quail-

thrushes and Jewel-

babblers

(4 out of 9 species in Australia)

Psophodes nigrogularis

Western Whipbird

Vulnerable

3

2001


This region rates highly for endemism of Eupetidae.

Megapodiidae

Mound-builders

(1 out of 3 species in Australia)

Leipoa ocellata

Malleefowl

Vulnerable

11

2002


Meliphagidae

Honeyeaters and 

Australian Chats

(28 out of 72 species in Australia)

Xanthomyza phrygia

Regent Honeyeater

Endangered



<1

2002


This region rates highly for endemism of Meliphagidae.

Pachycephalidae

Whistlers, Shrike-

thrushes and Allies

(7 out of 16 species in Australia)

Pachycephala rufogularis

Red-lored Whistler

Vulnerable



<1

1990


Page 9 of  58

21-Jan-11



Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

 

 

Common Name

 

EPBC

Status

Proportion of

sampled range

in the region (%)

Most

recent

record

Rostratulidae

Painted Snipe

(1 out of 1 species in Australia)

Rostratula benghalensis

Painted Snipe

Vulnerable



<1

1964


Page 10 of  58

Species are shown only if:

 - listed as Vulnerable, Critically Endangered,

   Endangered, or Conservation dependent

   under the EPBC Act;

 - the proportion of the sampled range

   in the region is above 50%.

21-Jan-11



Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

 

 

Common Name

 

EPBC

Status

Proportion of

sampled range

in the region (%)

Most

recent

record

Mammalia

Dasyuridae

Dasyurids (Quolls, 

Antechinus, Dunnarts 

and Allies)

(15 out of 55 species in Australia)

Dasyurus geoffroii

Western quoll

Vulnerable

14

2002


Phascogale calura

Red-tailed phascogale

Endangered

36

2004



Sminthopsis granulipes

White-tailed dunnart

52

2002


Sminthopsis griseoventer

Grey-bellied dunnart

Vulnerable

4

2005



This region rates highly for richness and endemism of Dasyuridae.

Macropodidae

Wallabies, Kangaroos 

and Tree-kangaroos

(9 out of 41 species in Australia)

Lagostrophus fasciatus

Banded hare-wallaby

Vulnerable

17

Petrogale lateralis



Black-footed rock-wallaby

Vulnerable

2

1990


Petrogale penicillata

Brush-tailed rock-wallaby

Vulnerable

<1

This region rates highly for endemism of Macropodidae.

Muridae

Rats and Mice

(10 out of 60 species in Australia)

Leporillus conditor

Greater stick-nest rat

Vulnerable

3

Pseudomys occidentalis



Western mouse

Vulnerable

42

2002


Pseudomys shortridgei

Heath rat

Vulnerable

8

2003



Myrmecobiidae

Numbat

(1 out of 1 species in Australia)

Myrmecobius fasciatus

Numbat

Vulnerable



16

1990


Peramelidae

Bandicoots and Spiny 

Bandicoot

(1 out of 7 species in Australia)

Isoodon obesulus

Southern brown bandicoot

Endangered

1

1992


Potoroidae

Pottoroos, Bettongs 

and the Musky Rat 

Kangaroo

(2 out of 11 species in Australia)

Bettongia lesueur

Burrowing bettong

Vulnerable

5

Page 11 of  58



Species are shown only if:

 - listed as Vulnerable, Critically Endangered,

   Endangered, or Conservation dependent

   under the EPBC Act;

 - the proportion of the sampled range

   in the region is above 50%.

21-Jan-11


Biodiversity summary for Avon WA

 

 

Common Name

 

EPBC

Status

Proportion of

sampled range

in the region (%)

Most

recent

record

Thylacomyidae

Bilbies

(1 out of 1 species in Australia)

Macrotis lagotis

Bilby

Vulnerable



2

Reptilia

Elapidae

Front fang snakes

(21 out of 90 species in Australia)

Paroplocephalus atriceps

Lake Cronin Bardick

62

1998



This region rates highly for richness and endemism of Elapidae.

Gekkonidae

Geckos

(20 out of 114 species in Australia)

Oedura reticulata

Reticulated Velvet Gecko

53

2003



This region rates highly for richness of Gekkonidae.

Scincidae

Skinks

(43 out of 393 species in Australia)

Ctenotus xenopleura

Wide-striped Comb-eared Skink

58

2001



This region rates highly for richness of Scincidae.

Page 12 of  58

Species are shown only if:

 - listed as Vulnerable, Critically Endangered,

   Endangered, or Conservation dependent

   under the EPBC Act;

 - the proportion of the sampled range

   in the region is above 50%.

21-Jan-11


Каталог: system -> files -> pages
pages -> Epbc act Listed Ecological Communities Mapping in the Lower Hunter prn 1213-0236
pages -> Greater Blue Mountains World Heritage Area Values Study in the Cessnock Local Government Area and Surrounds
pages -> Wildlife Trade Operation proposal Harvest and export of native wildlife. Introduction
pages -> Draft banksia Woodlands of the Swan Coastal Plain – Draft description and threats
pages -> This summary has been produced by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water
pages -> This summary has been produced by the Department of Sustainability, Environment, Water
pages -> Appendix b – additional information about the ecological community
pages -> Focusing on the Landscape Biodiversity in Australia’s National Reserve System
pages -> Verticordia harveyi (Autumn Featherflower) Advice Page 1 of 4 Advice to the Minister for the Environment and Heritage from the Threatened Species Scientific Committee
pages -> Consultation Document on Listing Eligibility and Conservation Actions


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