Vascular Plant Species at Indian Creek Nature Center



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Vascular Plant Species at Indian Creek Nature Center. An asterisk (*) denotes a non-native species. Plants listed were noted and recorded by Nancy Eldblom and Anne Johnson between 1985 and the present. Latin names may not be the most current (see the online New York Flora Atlas for updated names).
Ferns and Fern Allies

Fern, Maidenhair Adiantum pedatum

Fern, Lady Athyrium filix-femina ssp. angustum

Grape fern, Cut-leaved Botrychium dissectum

Grape fern, Leathery Botrychium multifidum

Grape-fern, Blunt-lobed Botrychium oneidense

Grape fern, Oneida Botrychium oneidense

Grape fern, Rugulose Botrychium rugulosum

Fern, Rattlesnake Botrychium virginianum

Fern, Bulblet Cystopteris bulbifera

Clubmoss, Northern tree Dendrolycopodium dendroideum

Clubmoss, Hickey's Dendrolycopodium hickeyi

Clubmoss, Tree Dendrolycopodium obscurum

Fern, Hay-scented Dennstaedtia punctilobula

Spleenwort, Silvery Deparia acrostichoides

Groundcedar; Running-pine Diphasiastrum digitatum

Wood fern, Spinulose Dryopteris carthusiana

Wood fern, Crested Dryopteris cristata

Fern, Fancy Dryopteris intermedia ssp. intermedia

Horsetail, Field Equisetum arvense

Horsetail, Water Equisetum fluviatile

Scouring rush Equisetum hyemale ssp. affine

Scouring rush, Dwarf Equisetum scirpoides

Horsetail, Wood Equisetum sylvaticum

Horsetail, Variegated Equisetum variegatum ssp. variegatum

Fern, Oak Gymnocarpium dryopteris

Clubmoss, Staghorn Lycopodium clavatum

Fern, Ostrich Matteuccia struthiopteris

Fern, Sensitive Onoclea sensibilis

Fern, Cinnamon Osmunda cinnamomea

Fern, Royal Osmunda regalis var. spectabilis

Fern, Long Beech Phegopteris connectilis

Fern, Christmas Polystichum acrostichoides

Fern, Marsh Thelypteris palustris var. pubescens



Grasses, Sedges, and Rushes

*Redtop; Black bent Agrostis gigantea

Bent, Autumn or Upland Agrostis perennans

Bentgrass; Hairgrass Agrostis scabra

*Foxtail, Meadow Alopecurus pratensis

*Vernalgrass, Sweet Anthoxanthum odoratum

Shorthusk, Northern Brachyelytrum aristosum

*Brome, Smooth Bromus inermis

Grass, Bluejoint Calamagrostis canadensis var. canadensis

Sedge Carex albursina

Sedge, Connecting Carex annectens

Sedge, Compressed Carex arctata

Sedge, Bebb's Carex bebbii

Sedge, Charming Carex blanda

Sedge, Brome-like Carex bromoides ssp. bromoides

Sedge, Common Carex communis var. communis

Sedge, Bearded Carex comosa

Sedge, Fringed Carex crinita var. crinita

Sedge, Weak Carex debilis var. rudgei

Sedge Carex folliculata

Sedge, Filiform Carex gracillima

Sedge, Granular Carex granularis

Sedge, Inland Carex interior

Sedge, Bladder Carex intumescens

Sedge, Lake Carex lacustris

Sedge, Loose-flowered Carex laxiflora

Sedge, Delicate Carex leptalea

Sedge, Hop Carex lupulina

Sedge, New England Carex novae-angliae

Sedge, Pale Carex pallescens

Sedge, Peck's Carex peckii

Sedge, Peduncled Carex pedunculata

Sedge, Wooly Carex pellita

Sedge, Pensylvania Carex pensylvanica

Sedge, Broad-leaved Carex platyphylla

Sedge, Cyperus-like Carex pseudocyperus

Sedge, Radiate Carex radiata

Sedge, Retrorse Carex retrorsa

Sedge, Broom Carex scoparia var. scoparia

Sedge, Stipitate or Crowded Carex stipata var. stipata

Sedge, Swan's Carex swanii

Sedge, Slender Carex tenera var. tenera

Sedge, Beaked Carex utriculata

Sedge, Bladdery Carex vesicaria

Sedge, Fox Carex vulpinoidea

Cyperus; Flat sedge Cyperus odoratus

Galingale, Umbrella sedge Cyperus strigosus

*Grass, Orchard Dactylis glomerata

Poverty-grass Danthonia spicata

Grass, Panic Dichanthelium acuminatum general

Grass, Deer-tongue Dichanthelium clandestinum

Bottlebrush Elymus hystrix var. hystrix

*Quackgrass, Witch-grass Elymus repens

Wild-rye, Virginia Elymus virginicus var. virginicus

Fescue, Nodding Festuca subverticillata

Mannagrass, Northern Glyceria borealis

Grass, Rattlesnake Glyceria canadensis

Meadowgrass, Reed Glyceria grandis var. grandis

Rush Juncus brevicaudatus

Rush, Dudley's Juncus dudleyi

Rush, Soft; Candle-rush Juncus effusus var. solutus

Rush, Path Juncus tenuis

Cutgrass, Rice Leersia oryzoides

Woodrush Luzula multiflora ssp. multiflora

Satin-grass; Muhly Muhlenbergia mexicana

*Bluegrass, Annual Poa annua

*Bluegrass, Canada Poa compressa

*Bluegrass, Kentucky Poa pratensis ssp. pratensis

*Fescue, Meadow Schedonorus pratensis

Bulrush, Soft-stem; Tule Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani

Woolgrass; Bulrush Scirpus cyperinus

Bulrush Scirpus pendulus



Herbaceous Plants

Mercury, Three-seeded Acalypha virginica

*Yarrow Achillea millefolium var. millefolium

Baneberry, Red Actaea rubra

Agrimony Agrimonia gryposepala

Water-plantain Alisma triviale

*Mustard, Garlic Alliaria petiolata

Leek, Wild; Ramp Allium tricoccum var. tricoccum

Ragweed Ambrosia artemisiifolia

Hog peanut Amphicarpaea bracteata

Anemone, Canada Anemone canadensis

Thimbleweed Anemone virginiana var. virginiana

Pussytoes; Everlasting Antennaria neglecta

Dogbane, Rosy Apocynum androsaemifolium

Sarsaparilla, Wild Aralia nudicaulis

Spikenard Aralia racemosa ssp. racemosa

Jack-in-the-pulpit Arisaema triphyllum ssp. triphyllum

Wild ginger Asarum canadense

Milkweed, Swamp Asclepias incarnata ssp. incarnata

Milkweed, Common Asclepias syriaca

*Asparagus Asparagus officinalis

*Rocket, Yellow Barbarea vulgaris

Bur-marigold Bidens cernua

Beggar-ticks; stick-tights Bidens connata

Beggar-ticks, Small Bidens discoidea

False-nettle Boehmeria cylindrica

Marsh marigold; Cowslip Caltha palustris

Bellflower, Marsh Campanula aparinoides

Crinkleroot, Toothwort Cardamine diphylla

Bittercress, Pennsylvania Cardamine pensylvanica

Blue cohosh Caulophyllum thalictroides

*Chickweed, Mouse-eared Cerastium fontanum ssp. vulgare

Spurge, Hairy Chamaesyce vermiculata

Turtlehead Chelone glabra

Saxifrage, Golden Chrysosplenium americanum

Water-hemlock, Bulb-bearing Cicuta bulbifera

Water-hemlock Cicuta maculata var. maculata

Enchanter's nightshade,Small Circaea alpina

Enchanter's nightshade,Large Circaea lutetiana ssp. canadensis

Enchanter's nightshade Circaea x intermedia

*Thistle, Canada Cirsium arvense

Spring-beauty Claytonia caroliniana

Lily, Bluebead Clintonia borealis

Cinquefoil, Marsh Comarum palustre

Goldthread Coptis trifolia

Bunchberry Cornus canadensis

*Queen Anne's lace Daucus carota

Water-willow Decodon verticillatus

Tick-trefoil, Giant Desmodium canadense

Tick-trefoil, Sticky Desmodium glutinosum

*Pink, Deptford Dianthus armeria ssp. armeria

Squirrel-corn Dicentra canadensis

Aster, Flat-topped Doellingeria umbellata var. umbellata

Beechdrops Epifagus virginiana

Willow-herb Epilobium ciliatum ssp. ciliatum

Willow-herb, Narrow-leaved Epilobium leptophyllum

*Helleborine; Weed-orchid Epipactis helleborine

Pilewort, Fireweed Erechtites hieraciifolius var. hieraciifolia

Troutlily; Dog-tooth violet Erythronium americanum ssp. americanum

Boneset Eupatorium perfoliatum

*Eyebright Euphrasia stricta

Aster, Bigleaved Eurybia macrophylla

Goldenrod, Grass-leaved Euthamia graminifolia

Joe-pye-weed, Spotted Eutrochium maculatum var. maculatum

Strawberry, Wild Fragaria virginiana

*Bedstraw, White Galium mollugo

Bedstraw, Ditch Galium palustre

Bedstraw, Cleavers Galium tinctorium

Bedstraw, Small; Cleavers Galium trifidum ssp. trifidum

Bedstraw, Sweet-scented Galium triflorum

*Herb-robert Geranium robertianum

Avens, White Geum canadense

Avens, Rough Geum laciniatum

Avens, Purple Geum rivale

*Gill-over-the-ground Glechoma hederacea

Everlasting, Sweet Gnaphalium obtusifolium

Rattlesnake-plantain, Downy Goodyera pubescens

Hedge hyssop Gratiola neglecta

Stickseed; Beggar-lice Hackelia virginiana

*Jerusalem artichoke Helianthus tuberosus

Liverleaf Hepatica nobilis var. acuta

Liverleaf Hepatica nobilis var. obtusa

*Hawkweed Hieracium lachenalii

Hawkweed, Rough Hieracium scabrum

Bluets, Quaker ladies Houstonia caerulea

*Frog's-bit Hydrocharis morsus-ranae

Pennywort, Water Hydrocotyle americana

Waterleaf, Virginia Hydrophyllum virginianum

St. John's-wort, No. dwarf Hypericum boreale

St. John's-wort, Canadian Hypericum majus

*St. John's-wort Hypericum perforatum

St. John's-wort Hypericum punctatum

Jewelweed, Spotted Impatiens capensis

*Elecampane Inula helenium

Lettuce, Blue Lactuca biennis

Pea, Marsh Lathyrus palustris

Wood-nettle Laportea canadensis

*Motherwort Leonurus cardiaca

*Daisy, Ox-eye Leucanthemum vulgare

Canada Lily Lilium canadense

*Butter-and-eggs Linaria vulgaris

Pimpernel, False Lindernia dubia var. dubia

Cardinal flower Lobelia cardinalis

Indian-tobacco Lobelia inflata

*Bird's foot trefoil Lotus corniculatus

Bugle-weed, Water horehound Lycopus americanus

Bugle-weed, Water horehound Lycopus uniflorus

Loosestrife, Fringed Lysimachia ciliata

*Moneywort; Creeping-Charlie Lysimachia nummularia

Swamp candles Lysimachia terrestris

*Loosestrife, Purple Lythrum salicaria

Lily-of-the-Valley, False Maianthemum canadense

Solomon's seal, False Maianthemum racemosum ssp. racemosum

*Sweet-clover, White Melilotus albus

Mint, Field Mentha canadensis

Partridge berry Mitchella repens

Miterwort Mitella diphylla

Miterwort Mitella nuda

Sandwort, Grove Moehringia lateriflora

Indian-pipe Monotropa uniflora

Naiad Najas flexilis

Water-lily, White Nymphaea odorata ssp. odorata

Aster, Whorled wood Oclemena acuminata

*Bartsia, Red; Eyebright Odontites vernus ssp. serotinus

Sweet Cicely Osmorhiza claytonii

*Parsnip, Wild Pastinaca sativa

*False-foxglove Penstemon digitalis

Ditch-stonecrop Penthorum sedoides

*Water-pepper; Smartweed Persicaria hydropiper

*Smartweed, Pale Persicaria lapathifolia

Pinkweed Persicaria pensylvanica

Smartweed, Water Persicaria punctata

Tearthumb, Arrow-leaved Persicaria sagittata

Ground cherry, Clammy Physalis heterophylla

Clearweed Pilea fontana

Clearweed Pilea pumila

*Hawkweed, Orange Pilosella aurantiaca

*King-devil, Glaucous Pilosella piloselloides

*Plantain, English Plantago lanceolata

Plantain, Rugel's Plantago rugelii

Orchid, Ragged fringed Platanthera lacera

Milkwort, Rose Polygala sanguinea

Solomon's seal Polygonatum pubescens

Pickerel-weed Pontederia cordata

Pondweed, Floating Potamogeton natans

*Cinquefoil, Rough-fruited Potentilla recta

Cinquefoil, Old-field Potentilla simplex

Rattlesnakeroot; Wh. lettuce Prenanthes alba

Rattlesnakeroot; Wh. lettuce Prenanthes altissima

*Heal-all Prunella vulgaris

Shinleaf Pyrola elliptica

Buttercup, Kidney-leaf Ranunculus abortivus

*Buttercup, Common Ranunculus acris

*Cursed crowfoot Ranunculus sceleratus var. sceleratus

*Watercress, Marsh Rorippa palustris ssp. palustris

Blackberry, Common Rubus allegheniensis

Raspberry, Red Rubus idaeus ssp. strigosus

Raspberry, Black Rubus occidentalis

Raspberry, Dwarf Rubus pubescens var. pubescens

*Black-eyed-Susan Rudbeckia hirta var. pulcherrima

*Sheep sorrel Rumex acetosella ssp. pyrenaicus

Wapato; Duck-potato Sagittaria latifolia

Bloodroot Sanguinaria canadensis

Figwort, Hare Scrophularia lanceolata

Skullcap, Marsh Scutellaria galericulata

Skullcap, Mad-dog Scutellaria lateriflora

Parsnip, Water Sium suave

*Nightshade, Deadly Solanum dulcamara var. dulcamara

Goldenrod, Common Solidago canadensis var. canadensis

Goldenrod, Zig-zag Solidago flexicaulis

Goldenrod, Early Solidago juncea

Goldenrod, Gray or Rough Solidago nemoralis

Goldenrod, Rough-leaved Solidago rugosa var. rugosa

Lady's-tresses, Autumn Spiranthes cernua

Lady's-tresses, Wide-leaved Spiranthes lucida

*Stitchwort, Lesser Stellaria graminea

Aster, Heart leaved Symphyotrichum cordifolium

Aster, Cornel-leaf Symphyotrichum firmum

Aster; Calico Symphyotrichum lateriflorum var. lateriflorum

Aster, New England Symphyotrichum novae-angliae

Aster, Ontario Symphyotrichum ontarione

Aster, Purple-stemmed Symphyotrichum puniceum var. puniceum

*Dandelion Taraxacum officinale

Meadow-rue, Early Thalictrum dioicum

Meadow-rue, Tall Thalictrum pubescens

Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia

Poison ivy Toxicodendron radicans ssp. negundo

*Goat's beard Tragopogon dubius

*Goat's beard, Yellow Tragopogon pratensis

Starflower, Maystar Trientalis borealis

*Clover, Yellow hop Trifolium aureum

*Clover, Alsike Trifolium hybridum

*Clover, Red Trifolium pratense

*Clover, White or Lawn Trifolium repens

Trillium, Purple or Red. Trillium erectum

Trillium, White Trillium grandiflorum

Cat-tail, Common Typha latifolia

*Nettle, Stinging Urtica dioica ssp. dioica

Bladderwort, Common Utricularia macrorhiza

Wild-oats; Merrybells Uvularia sessilifolia

*Heliotrope, Garden Valeriana officinalis

Hellebore, False or White Veratrum viride

*Mullein Verbascum thapsus

Speedwell, American Veronica americana

*Speedwell Veronica officinalis

Speedwell,Purslane Veronica peregrina ssp. peregrina

*Speedwell, Thyme-leaved Veronica serpyllifolia ssp. serpyllifolia

*Vetch, Cow Vicia cracca ssp. cracca

*Vetch, Lentil Vicia tetrasperma

Violet, Canada Viola canadensis var. canadensis

Violet, American Dog Viola conspersa

Violet, Yellow Viola pubescens var. scabriuscula

Violet, Yellow Viola pubescens var. pubescens

Violet, Long-spurred Viola rostrata

Violet, Common Viola sororia

Shrubs

Alder, Speckled or Tag Alnus incana ssp. rugosa

Juneberry, Bush or Low Amelanchier humilis

Juneberry; Shadbush Amelanchier spicata

Buttonbush Cephalanthus occidentalis

Dogwood, Pagoda Cornus alternifolia

Dogwood, Silky Cornus amomum ssp. amomum

Dogwood, Stiff or Gray Cornus racemosa

Dogwood, Red osier Cornus sericea ssp. sericea

Hazelnut, Beaked; Hazel Corylus cornuta ssp. cornuta

Leatherwood Dirca palustris

Winterberry Ilex verticillata

Juniper, Pasture Juniperus communis var. communis

Honeysuckle, Fly Lonicera canadensis

Honeysuckle, Wild or Mt. Lonicera dioica var. dioica

*Honeysuckle, Fly Lonicera x bella

Sweet-gale Myrica gale

Holly, Mountain Nemopanthus mucronatus

Chokeberry, Black Photinia melanocarpa

Plum, Canada or Wild Prunus nigra

Cherry, Choke Prunus virginiana

Buckthorn, Alder-leaved Rhamnus alnifolia

Sumac, Staghorn Rhus typhina

Currant, Wild black Ribes americanum

Gooseberry, Prickly Ribes cynosbati

Gooseberry, Northern Ribes hirtellum

Willow, Bebb's Salix bebbiana

Pussy-willow Salix discolor

Willow, Stiff Salix eriocephala

Willow, Shining Salix lucida ssp. lucida

Willow, Slender Salix petiolaris

Elderberry, Black Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

Elderberry, Red Sambucus racemosa var. racemosa

Meadow-sweet Spiraea alba var. alba

Hardhack, Steeple-bush Spiraea tomentosa var. tomentosa

*Lilac Syringa vulgaris

Yew, American Taxus canadensis

Blueberry, Highbush Vaccinium corymbosum

Blueberry, Velvetleaved Vaccinium myrtilloides

Viburnum, Maple-leaf Viburnum acerifolium

Arrowwood Viburnum dentatum var. lucidum

Nannyberry Viburnum lentago

Wild raisin Viburnum nudum var. cassinoides

Prickly ash Zanthoxylum americanum



Trees

*Box-elder Acer negundo var. negundo

Maple, Black Acer nigrum

Maple, Red Acer rubrum var. rubrum

Maple, Silver Acer saccharinum

Maple, Sugar Acer saccharum var. saccharum

Shadbush Amelanchier arborea var. arborea

Birch, Yellow Betula alleghaniensis

Birch, Paper or White Betula papyrifera

Birch, Gray Betula populifolia

Blue Beech, Musclewood Carpinus caroliniana ssp. virginiana

Hickory, Shagbark Carya ovata

Hawthorn, Scarlet Crataegus coccinea

Hawthorn, Fan-leaved Crataegus flabellata var. grayana

Hawthorn, Long-thored Crataegus macracantha

Hawthorn Crataegus macrosperma

*Oleaster; Autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata

*Spindle-tree, European Euonymus europaeus

Beech, American Fagus grandifolia

Ash, White Fraxinus americana

Ash, Black Fraxinus nigra

Ash, Red or Green Fraxinus pennsylvanica

Butternut Juglans cinerea

Cedar, Red Juniperus virginiana var. virginiana

Tamarack Larix laricina

*Apple Malus pumila

Hop hornbeam, Ironwood Ostrya virginiana

Spruce, White Picea glauca

Pine, White Pinus strobus

*Pine, Scotch Pinus sylvestris var. sylvestris

Poplar, Balsam Populus balsamifera ssp. balsamifera

Aspen, Big-toothed Populus grandidentata

Aspen, Quaking Populus tremuloides

Cherry, Fire or Pin Prunus pensylvanica var. pensylvanica

Cherry, Black Prunus serotina

Oak, White Quercus alba

Oak, Swamp white Quercus bicolor

Oak, Mossy-cup; Bur oak Quercus macrocarpa

Oak, Northern red Quercus rubra

*Buckthorn, Common Rhamnus cathartica

Mountain ash; Rowan tree Sorbus decora

Cedar, White; Arbor vitae Thuja occidentalis

Basswood Tilia americana var. americana

Hemlock Tsuga canadensis

Elm, American Ulmus americana

Elm, Slippery or Red Ulmus rubra



Vines

*Bittersweet, Oriental Celastrus orbiculata

Bittersweet Celastrus scandens

Virgin's bower Clematis virginiana

Virginia creeper, Woodbine Parthenocissus vitacea

Carrion-flower Smilax herbacea



Grape, Frost or Riverbank Vitis riparia


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