Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary, previously declared as game reserve in 1983 under the Bangladesh Wildlife (Preservation) (Amendment Act, 1974).
It is located in the Teknaf and Ukhia Upazilas of Cox’s Bazar district near Myanmar border.
The Reserve is bordered by the Bay of Bengal to the south and west, the Naf River to the east and Monkhali and Thainkhali to the north.
The reserve is locally managed by three range offices :-
The sanctuary is very rich in flora and represents different ecosystems including hill forest, mangrove formation and sandune.
Conservation significance of the sanctuary is also high because of the presence of Asian threatened elephant population.
A total of 535 angiosperm species (wild and cultivated) have been identified and presented based on the present study in the Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary.
These species have been assigned to 103 families and 370 genera.
. The most common first canopy tree species observed in this area are :-
Animals like Goyals, Vultures, Samba Deers. Small Monkeys, Leopards and Dhanesh Birds have become extinct, others like Deers, Small Tigers, Pythons, Wild Fowls are declared as endangered animals, facing extinction.
Collaborative management with a multi-stakeholders platform has been introduced under Nishorgo Support Project.
Since 2008, IPAC has been promoting co-management of natural resources of the sanctuary for biodiversity conservation and improving livelihoods of neighbouring population by involving 3 CMCs as platforms of multi-stakeholders including FD, civil society, local forest dependent population and administration.
The three CMCs in this sanctuary have 114 Village Conservation Forums, 3 People‘s Forum and 11 Community Patrolling Groups with 419 patrollers who
Entry fee is also being collected since Nov 2009 in this Wildlife Sanctuary. IPAC focuses on achieving visible impacts by sustaining the CMCs, reinforcing facilitation of the capacity building of VCFs, PFs, NSs, CMCs and other key stakeholders.
Identify 15 stakeholders from each side for AIGA training and grant for starting activities.
Identify two new AIGAs for TWS and prepare relevant training modules with
the help of EDO and EDS
Hold Monthly Meeting with FSP User Groups For Forest Regeneration in Core Areas.
Develop existing trails for Teknaf week.
Hold meeting with Council members regarding Teknaf Tourism week
Provide demonstration training and money to 7 nursery farmers.
The sanctuary is affected adversely from encroachment, illegal removal of forest produces, and conversion of the current land use in an unplanned way.
Climate change refugees from the neighboring Arakan (the Rohingyas) have migrated to the area, imposing a greater threat to its sustainable maintenance.
Lack of adequate employment and the ever increasing populations also have their added effect on the TWS.
Dulahazra Park is home to at least 4,000 animals of 165 species.
The nature of the forest is tropical evergreen and rich with Garjan, Boilam, Telsur and Chapalish along with herbs,shrubs and creepers
The seized and donated animals recently sent to the park include 90 spotted deer (chital), 42 barking deer (maya, a species of muntjac deer), three sambar deer, one freshwater crocodile, one saltwater crocodile, nine black bear, four pythons, 17 peacocks, 19 Turkish pheasants and two emus.
Manpower problem and Infrastructures problem.
To ensure effective and sustainable management for forest.
To identify resource and opportunities available for activity management.
To determine boundaries and make natural fence around the forest.
To maintain appropriate zonation of forest area with special concern to core zone keep intact.
Effective forest protection.
Need more manpower.
Stop all illegal activities.
Providing visitors facilities, students facility, student dormitory.
Continuous monitoring must be required to observe the overall condition and progress.
Building cultural and environmental awareness.
Developing Eco-tourism training, research, capacity building and information.
Involve all villagers and forest depended people in Co-management project.
Empowering local communities.
Overall make awareness among villagers, visitors, students, local political member and Forest Department to conserve and protect the Khadimnagar National Park.