Woody Density Phase 1 State of Knowledge Jugo Ilic Doug Boland Maurice McDonald Geoff Downes and Philip Blakemore



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national carbon
accounting system
technical 
report 
no. 
18
Woody Density 
Phase 1 - State of
Knowledge
Jugo Ilic
Doug Boland
Maurice McDonald
Geoff Downes and
Philip Blakemore
The lead Commonwealth 
agency on greenhouse 
matters
Errata have been included at the
              start of this report

The National Carbon Accounting System:
• Supports Australia's position in the international development of
policy and guidelines on sinks activity and greenhouse gas emissions
mitigation from land based systems.
• Reduces the scientific uncertainties that surround estimates of land
based greenhouse gas emissions and sequestration in the 
Australian context.
• Provides monitoring capabilities for existing land based emissions
and sinks, and scenario development and modelling capabilities that
support greenhouse gas mitigation and the sinks development agenda
through to 2012 and beyond.
• Provides the scientific and technical basis for international
negotiations and promotes Australia's national interests in
international fora
.
http://www.greenhouse.gov.au/ncas
For additional copies of this report phone 1300 130 606

National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report
WOOD DENSITY PHASE 1
State of Knowledge
ERRATA
Please note the following table of corrections to this report. Two main errors are corrected here. The first is
that the data reference code numbers are presented with the references. The second is that a table of air dry
density data from one source reference was incorrectly shown in the basic density column. A small number
of spelling corrections to species names are also made. 
NCAS technical report no.18

14
6
Replace
Acacia acuminata
L
8
Jam
890
2
1171
1
Goldfields
14
14
Replace
Acacia aneura
M
8
Mulga
880
10
1157
1
Goongarrie
14
15
Replace
Acacia aneura
L
8
Mulga
910
1
1213
1
Leonora
16
27
Replace
Acacia craspedocarpa
L
8
Mulga, Hop
790
6
1030
1
Adelong
18
35
Replace
Acacia grasbyi
L
8
Miniritchie
900
9
1199
1
Payne's Find
20
20
Replace
Acacia jennerae
M
8
680
13
862
1
Davyhurst
20
27
Replace
Acacia lasiocalyx
L
8
Wattle, Silver
630
4
795
1
Victoria Rocks area
22
26
Replace
Acacia murrayana
M
8
Wattle, Sandplain
490
10
603
1
Goongarrie
22
35
Replace
Acacia oswaldii
L
8
Miljee
860
4
1133
1
Goongarrie
24
5
Replace
Acacia papyrocarpa
M
8
Myall, Western
790
25
1030
1
Adelong
24
6
Replace
Acacia papyrocarpa
L
8
Myall, Western
850
5
1122
1
Bronzewing
24
23
Replace
Acacia pruinocarpa
M
8
Gidgee
800
17
1042
1
Mt Keith
24
27
Delete
Acacia quadramarginea
L
8
Wattle, Granite
5
1071
1
Goongarrie
24
28
Replace
Acacia quadrimarginea
L
8
Wattle, Granite
820
5
1071
1
Goongarrie
24
29
Replace
Acacia ramulosa
L
8
Mulga, Horse
880
6
1169
1
Goongarrie
24
30
Replace
Acacia resinimarginea
L
8
Man Wodjil, Old
880
4
1157
1
Nepean
26
25
Replace
Acacia subtesserogona
L
8
Gidgee, Spreading
950
4
1274
1
Gascoyne Junction
26
30
Replace
Acacia tetragonophylla
L
8
Curara
880
6
1164
1
Kalgoorlie area
28
6
Replace
Acacia victoriae
L
8
Acacia, Prickly
640
7
804
1
Burnabinmah
28
7
Replace
Acacia xiphophylla
L
8
Snakewood
980
5
1321
1
Canarvon
32
32
Replace
Allocasuarina acutivalvis
L
8
730
2
941
1
Victoria Rocks area
32
34
Replace
Allocasuarina corniculata
L
8
Tamma
750
2
970
1
Victoria Rocks area
32
35
Replace
Allocasuarina decaisneana
L
8
Oak, Desert
910
7
1211
1
Warburton
34
1
Replace
Allocasuarina dielsiana
L
8
Sheoak, Northern
800
4
1045
1
Mt Elvire
34
5
Replace
Allocasuarina huegeliana
M
8
Sheoak, Rock
700
25
885
1
Boorabbin
42
11
Replace
Banksia elderiana
L
8
Banksia, Swordfish
700
7
887
1
Johnson Lakes
46
5
Delete
Brachychiton gregord
L
8
Kurrajong
5
1071
1
Kambalda
46
6
Replace
Brachychiton gregorii
L
8
Kurrajong
560
3
698
1
Kambalda
48
9
Replace
Bursaria occidentalis
M
8
Box, Bursaria/Native
560
14
688
1
Goongarrie
48
22
Replace
Callistemon phoenicius
L
8
Bottlebrush, Lesser
760
5
983
1
Canegrass
50
12
Replace
Callitris glaucophylla
L
8
Pine, Cypress, White
690
8
874
1
Carmelia
50
18
Replace
Callitris preissii
var. verrucosa
M
8
Pine, Cypress, Goldfield's
630
22
792
1
Officer Basin
52
9
Replace
Canthium latifolium
L
8
Currant, Native
660
7
839
1
Yakabindie
Australian Greenhouse Office
2
Page
Line
Correction
(Delete = delete this line)
(Replace  = replace existing line with the following)
Scientific Name
Sub-Species
Name Notes
Confidence in data (H,M.L)
Data reference
Tr
ee age (mature/age)
Common Names
Number of trees tested
Basic Density (kg/m
3
)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Estimated Basic Density from Air
-dr
y (12%) MC
Estimated 95% Probability Range for Mean
Number of trees tested
Air
-dr
y density (12% MC) before reconditioning (g/cm3)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Number of trees tested
Air
-dr
y density (12% MC) after reconditioning (g/cm3)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Green density (g/cm
3
)
SD
Green Moisture Content (%)
SD
Area W
eighted Density
Data on BD & tree height
Comprehensive Species list
NSW
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
W
estern Australia
(Ref. within W
A
)
Northern T
e
rritor
y
Australian Capital T
e
rritor
y
Australia
Abundance (1,2,3,4,5) See Appendix 2
National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report
3

52
10
Replace
Canthium lineare
L
8
Currant, Native, Narrow-Leaved
720
3
925
1
Yakabindie
54
28
Replace
Casuarina pauper
L
8
Oak/Belah, Black
760
7
979
1
Kalgoorlie area
58
35
Replace
Codonocarpus cotinifolius
L
8
Poplar, Native
360
4
435
1
Davyhurst
68
28
Replace
Dryandra arborea
L
8
Dryandra, Yilgam
730
7
939
1
Jaurdi
68
35
Replace
Duboisia hopwoodii
L
8
Pituri
820
3
1074
1
Mt Elvire
70
4
Delete
Dubosia hopwoodii
L
8
Pituri
3
1074
1
Mt Elvire
74
28
Replace
Eremophila fraseri
L
8
Turpentine
800
7
1036
1
Yakabindie
74
29
Replace
Eremophila interstans
L
8
Broombush
730
8
941
1
Victoria Rocks
74
31
Replace
Eremophila longifolia
M
8
Berrigan
650
18
817
1
Adelong
74
32
Replace
Eremophila miniata
L
8
Bush, Poverty, Kopi
560
6
694
1
Black Flag Lake
74
35
Replace
Eremophila oldfieldii
L
8
Bush, Pixie
700
3
894
1
Broadarrow
76
33
Replace
Eucalyptus annulata
M
8
Mallee, Open-fruited
750
25
959
1
30 km N Norseman
80
1
Replace
Eucalyptus brockwayi
L
8
Mahogany, Dundas
860
2
1127
1
Norseman
80
7
Replace
Eucalyptus calycogona
M
8
Mallee, Square-fruited
830
12
1079
1
Victoria Rocks area
80
11
Replace
Eucalyptus camaldulensis
L
8
Red Gum, River
690
4
879
1
Sullivan's Creek
80
15
Replace
Eucalyptus carnei
L
8
Blackbutt, Carne's
850
3
1112
1
40 km S Leinster
80
21
Replace
Eucalyptus campaspe
L
8
Gimlet, Silver
830
2
1082
1
Coolgardie
80
22
Replace
Eucalyptus capillosa
L
8
Wandoo, Inland
850
7
1118
1
Jaurdi
80
27
Replace
Eucalyptus celastroides
L
8
And Rattle, Snap
860
2
1127
1
Kalgoorlie area
80
29
Replace
Eucalyptus ceratocorys
L
8
Mallee, Ridge-fruited, Goldfields
860
2
1126
1
Officer Basin
80
30
Replace
Eucalyptus chippendalei
M
8
Bloodwood, Sand-dune
760
12
983
1
Carnarvon Range
82
4
Replace
Eucalyptus clelandii
M
8
Blackbutt, Cleland's
850
25
1114
1
Bullabulling
82
9
Replace
Eucalyptus concinna
L
8
Mallee, Desert, Victoria
820
9
1065
1
Goongarrie
82
19
Replace
Eucalyptus corrugata
L
8
Mallee, Rib-fruited
870
3
1146
1
Koolyanobbing
82
24
Replace
Eucalyptus cylindrocarpa
M
8
Mallee, Woodline
850
13
1108
1
Boorabbin
84
7
Replace
Eucalyptus diptera
L
8
Gimlet, Two-winged
780
5
1016
1
Kalg Arboretum
84
18
Replace
Eucalyptus dundasii
L
8
Blackbutt, Dundas
840
2
1098
1
Norseman
84
21
Replace
Eucalyptus ebbanoensis
L
8
Mallee, Sandplain
800
2
1044
1
Goongarrie
84
25
Replace
Eucalyptus eremicola
L
8
790
2
1022
1
Leinster
84
26
Replace
Eucalyptus eremophila
E. tenera
L
8
Mallee, Sand
820
2
1067
1
Victoria Rocks area
84
27
Delete
Eucalyptus eremophilaltenera
L
8
Mallee, Sand
2
1067
1
Victoria Rocks area
84
30
Replace
Eucalyptus erythronema
L
8
Mallee, Red-flowered
800
2
1036
1
Carrahin
86
1
Replace
Eucalyptus ewartiana
M
8
Mallee, Ewart's
810
10
1048
1
Johnson Rocks
Australian Greenhouse Office
4
Page
Line
Correction
(Delete = delete this line)
(Replace  = replace existing line with the following)
Scientific Name
Sub-Species
Name Notes
Confidence in data (H,M.L)
Data reference
Tr
ee age (mature/age)
Common Names
Number of trees tested
Basic Density (kg/m
3
)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Estimated Basic Density from Air
-dr
y (12%) MC
Estimated 95% Probability Range for Mean
Number of trees tested
Air
-dr
y density (12% MC) before reconditioning (g/cm3)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Number of trees tested
Air
-dr
y density (12% MC) after reconditioning (g/cm3)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Green density (g/cm
3
)
SD
Green Moisture Content (%)
SD
Area W
eighted Density
Data on BD & tree height
Comprehensive Species list
NSW
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
W
estern Australia
(Ref. within W
A
)
Northern T
e
rritor
y
Australian Capital T
e
rritor
y
Australia
Abundance (1,2,3,4,5) See Appendix 2
National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report
5

86
13
Replace
Eucalyptus flavida
L
8
Mallee, Yellow-flowered
810
5
1059
1
Broardarrow
86
14
Replace
Eucalyptus flocktoniae
L
8
Merrit
820
3
1074
1
Victoria Rocks area
86
16
Replace
Eucalyptus formanii
M
8
850
25
1115
1
Mt Elvire
86
33
Replace
Eucalyptus gongylocarpa
L
8
Gum, Marble
800
3
1034
1
De La Poer Range
88
1
Replace
Eucalyptus gracilis
L
8
Yorrell
820
3
1067
1
Kalgoorlie area
90
1
Replace
Eucalyptus lenziana
M
8
Bloodwood, Narrow-leaved
800
25
1032
1
Carnarvon Range
90
4
Replace
Eucalyptus leptopoda
L
8
Mallee, Tammin
820
9
1069
1
Comet Vale
88
7
Replace
Eucalyptus griffithsii
L
8
Gum, Grey, Griffith's
890
9
1177
1
Kalgoorlie area
90
7
Replace
Eucalyptus lesouefii
M
8
Blackbutt, Goldfields
870
23
1142
1
Kalgoorlie area
90
15
Replace
Eucalyptus livida
L
8
Wandoo, Mallee
850
2
1111
1
Victoria Rocks area
90
20
Replace
Eucalyptus longicornis
M
8
Morrel, Red
850
25
1116
1
Jaurdi
88
23
Replace
Eucalyptus intertexta
L
8
Coolibah, Gum-barked
900
7
1198
1
60 km S Tjirrkarii
90
24
Replace
Eucalyptus loxophleba
var. lissophloia
L
8
Gum, York, Mallee
860
2
1131
1
Canegrass
90
25
Replace
Eucalyptus lucasii
L
8
Box, Barlee
840
3
1103
1
Leinster
88
26
Replace
Eucalyptus kingsmillii
L
8
Mallee, Kingsmill's
790
8
1027
1
Mt Keith
88
33
Replace
Eucalyptus lata
L
8
Mallee, Round-leaved
860
4
1132
1
Hospital Rocks
92
8
Replace
Eucalyptus melanoxylon
M
8
Morrel, Black
880
10
1165
1
Yellowdine
94
25
Replace
Eucalyptus oldfieldii
L
8
Mallee, Oldfield's
750
3
959
1
Leinster
94
26
Replace
Eucalyptus oleosa
L
8
Mallee, Giant
920
4
1230
1
Kalgoorlie area
96
1
Replace
Eucalyptus pachyphylla
L
8
Mallee, Red-bud
820
5
1074
1
Tjirrkarli area
96
11
Replace
Eucalyptus petraea
L
8
Box, Rock, Granite
880
4
1169
1
Cardunia Rocks
96
34
Replace
Eucalyptus platycorys
L
8
Mallee, Boorabbin
940
8
1262
1
Officer Basin
98
33
Replace
Eucalyptus ravida
L
8
Gin-Flet, Silver-topped
840
3
1102
1
Kalgoorlie area
100
7
Replace
Eucalyptus rigidula
L
8
Mallee, Stiff-leaved
860
4
1124
1
Officer Basin
100
22
Replace
Eucalyptus salicola
M
8
Gum, Salt
830
25
1079
1
Johnson Lakes
100
29
Replace
Eucalyptus salmonophloia
M
8
Gum, Salmon
800
25
1042
1
Kalgoorlie area
100
32
Replace
Eucalyptus salubris
M
8
Gimlet
800
25
1045
1
Kalgoorlie area
102
2
Replace
Eucalyptus sheathiana
M
8
Barked Gum, Ribboned
820
25
1074
1
Jaurdi
102
27
Replace
Eucalyptus striaticalyx
M
8
Mallee, Kopi
840
20
1096
1
Mt Elvire
102
28
Replace
Eucalyptus stricklandii
L
8
Gum, Strickland's
820
9
1069
1
Widgemooltha
104
4
Replace
Eucalyptus tenuis
L
8
870
2
1148
1
Victoria Rock
104
9
Replace
Eucalyptus terminalis
L
8
Bloodwood, Desert
890
8
1177
1
Carnarvon Range
104
21
Delete
Eucalyptus torguata
M
8
Gum, Coral
20 1089
1
Coolgardie
Australian Greenhouse Office
6
Page
Line
Correction
(Delete = delete this line)
(Replace  = replace existing line with the following)
Scientific Name
Sub-Species
Name Notes
Confidence in data (H,M.L)
Data reference
Tr
ee age (mature/age)
Common Names
Number of trees tested
Basic Density (kg/m
3
)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Estimated Basic Density from Air
-dr
y (12%) MC
Estimated 95% Probability Range for Mean
Number of trees tested
Air
-dr
y density (12% MC) before reconditioning (g/cm3)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Number of trees tested
Air
-dr
y density (12% MC) after reconditioning (g/cm3)
95% Probability Range for Mean
Green density (g/cm
3
)
SD
Green Moisture Content (%)
SD
Area W
eighted Density
Data on BD & tree height
Comprehensive Species list
NSW
Victoria
Queensland
South Australia
Tasmania
W
estern Australia
(Ref. within W
A
)
Northern T
e
rritor
y
Australian Capital T
e
rritor
y
Australia
Abundance (1,2,3,4,5) See Appendix 2
Australian Greenhouse Office
National Carbon Accounting System Technical Report
7
6

104
22
Replace
Eucalyptus torquata
M
8
Gum, Coral
830
20
1089
1
Coolgardie
104
28
Replace
Eucalyptus transcontinentalis
M
8
Redwood
850
25
1119
1
Kalgoorlie area
106
11
Replace
Eucalyptus websteriana
L
8
Mallee, Webster's
890
3
1181
1
Kambalda
106
16
Replace
Eucalyptus woodwardii
M
8
Gum, Lemon-flowered
880
13
1164
1
Coonana
106
18
Replace
Eucalyptus yilgarnensis
L
8
Yorrell (west)
890
9
1172
1
Mt Jackson
106
20
Replace
Eucalyptus youngiana
L
8
Yarldarlba
860
8
1133
1
Officer Basin
110
29
Replace
Exocarpos aphyllus
L
8
Ballart, Leafless
770
4
988
1
Jaurdi
118
29
Replace
Grevillea eriostachya
L
8
Grevillea, Flame
580
1
716
1
Boorabin
118
34
Delete
Grevillea iuncifolia
M
8
Grevillea, Honey-suckle
14 744
1
Mt Elvire
120
1
Replace
Grevillea juncifolia
M
8
Grevillea, Honey-suckle
600
14
744
1
Mt Elvire
120
3
Replace
Grevillea nematophylla
M
8
Tree, Water
610
25
769
1
Jaurdi
120
20
Replace
Grevillea striata
L
8
Beefwood
720
6
926
1
Wiluna
120
33
Replace
Gyrostemon ramulosus
L
8
Corkybark
380
6
460
1
Comet Vale
122
12
Replace
Hakea francisiana
L
8
Tree, Emu
630
4
788
1
Comet Vale
122
26
Replace
Hakea preissii
L
8
Bush, Needle
820
9
1062
1
Mt Elvire
122
32
Replace
Hakea suberea
L
8
Corkwood
680
5
868
1
Adelong
124
29
Replace
Heterodendrum oleifolium
L
8
Bush, Bulloch
830
4
1091
1
Kalgoorlie area
126
32
Replace
Kunzea pulchella
L
8
Kunzea, Granite
800
4
1033
1
Jaurdi
128
4
Delete
Leplospermum petersonii
L
5
Tea-Tree, Lemon-scented
1
128
15
Replace
Leptospermum petersonii
L
5
Tea-Tree, Lemon-scented
1
134
20
Replace
Melaleuca pauperiflora
L
8
Boree
830
3
1088
1
Kambalda
134
30
Replace
Melaleuca uncinata
L
8
Myrtle, Honey, Broom
760
5
982
1
Coolgardie
138
4
Replace
Myoporum platycarpum
L
8
Tree, Sugar
790
3
1023
1
Kitchener
146
4
Replace
Pittosporum phylliraeoides
var microcarpa
L
8
Willow, Native
650
6
817
1
Adelong
152
34
Replace
Santalum acuminatum
L
8
Quandong
630
7
786
1
Kalgoorlie area
154
1
Replace
Santalum lanceolatum
L
8
Plumbush
690
2
882
1
Leonora
154
2
Replace
Santalum murrayanum
L
8
Quandong, Bitter
580
4
723
1
Coonana
154
5
Replace
Santalum spicatum
L
8
Sandalwood
810
3
1053
1
Kalgoorlie area
166
32
Delete
X.vlomelum salicinum
L
6
Penda, Brown
590
740.8
1
166
35
Replace
Xanthorrhoea thomtonii
L
8
Tree, Grass, Desert
380
3
459
1
Great Victoria Desert
168
15
Replace
Xylomelum pyriforme
L
5
Pear, Woody
580
720
1
168
21
Insert
Xylomelum salicinum
L
6
Penda, Brown
590
4
741
1
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