Femoral neck fractures are one of the most common fracture types in elderly patients. These fractures have always presented great challenges to orthopaedic surgeons and remain in many ways as the unsolved fracture as far as treatment and results are concerned. Failure of the internal fixation may develop, because most of the patients are aged and osteoporotic. The correlation between fracture stability and union has been shown in many studies. Dedicated screws were designed or augmented with different materials (PMMA, Calsium phosphate) to increase the holding power at the femoral head for better fixation. The article was devoted to the historical advancement of treatment tactics in femoral neck fractures.