5. Legislative reporting Operation of the Environment Protection and Biodiversity Conservation Act 1999


Table 5.13: Key threatening processes and threat abatement plans listed under the EPBC Act



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Table 5.13: Key threatening processes and threat abatement plans listed under the EPBC Act

Key threatening process

Date of effect

Threat abatement plan required?

Approved threat abatement plan

Aggressive exclusion of birds from potential woodland and forest habitat by over-abundant noisy miners (Manorina melanocephala)

9 May 2014

No

N/A

Competition and land degradation by feral rabbits

16 July 2000

Yes

Yes

Competition and land degradation by unmanaged goats

16 July 2000

Yes

Yes

Dieback caused by the root-rot fungus Phytophthora cinnamoni

16 July 2000

Yes

Yes

Incidental catch (bycatch) of sea turtles during coastal otter-trawling operations within Australian waters north of 28 degrees south

4 April 2001

No

N/A

Incidental catch (or bycatch) of seabirds during oceanic longline fishing operations

16 July 2000

Yes

Yes

Infection of amphibians with chytrid fungus resulting in chytridiomycosis

23 July 2002

Yes

Yes

Injury and fatality to vertebrate marine life caused by ingestion of, or entanglement in, harmful marine debris

13 August 2003

Yes

Yes

Invasion of northern Australia by gamba grass and other introduced grasses

16 September 2009

Yes

Yes

Land clearance

4 April 2001

No

N/A

Loss and degradation of native plant and animal habitat by invasion of escaped garden plants, including aquatic plants

8 January 2010

No

N/A

Loss of biodiversity and ecosystem integrity following invasion by the yellow crazy ant (Anoplolepis gracilipes) on Christmas Island, Indian Oceana

12 April 2005

No

N/A

Loss of terrestrial climatic habitat caused by anthropogenic emissions of greenhouse gases

4 April 2001

No

N/A

Novel biota and its impact on biodiversity

26 February 2013

No

N/A

Predation by European red fox (Vulpes vulpes)

16 July 2000

Yes

Yes

Predation by exotic rats on Australian offshore islands of less than 1000 km2 (100,000 ha)

29 March 2006

Yes

Yes

Predation by feral cats

16 July 2000

Yes

Yes

Predation, habitat degradation, competition and disease transmission by feral pigs

6 August 2001

Yes

Part year; sunsetted October 2015

Psittacine circoviral (beak and feather) disease affecting endangered psittacine species

4 April 2001

Yes

Part year; sunsetted October 2015

Agreed 3 February 2016 that plan no longer required



Biological effects, including lethal toxic ingestion, caused by cane toads (Bufo marinus)

12 April 2005

Yes

Yes

Reduction in the biodiversity of Australian native fauna and flora due to red imported fire ant (Solenopsis invicta)a

2 April 2003

Yes

Yes

a Both of these key threatening processes are covered by the 2006 threat abatement plan The impacts of tramp ants on biodiversity in Australia and its territories.

Wildlife trade and management

Table 5.14: Wildlife seizure records issued by Australian authorities under the


EPBC Act, 2015–16


Wildlife category

Number of seizure records

Complimentary medicine

248

Reptile/amphibian

87

Mammal

64

Fish/clam/coral/invertebrate

53

Elephant products

24

Live plant

16

Bird

15

Live animal

15

Plant parts/products

10

Total seizures

532

Table 5.15: Top 10 species covered by EPBC Act wildlife import permits in 2015–16

Species

Number of import permits issued

American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)

529

Reticulated python (Python reticulatus)

193

Burmese python (Python bivittatus)

156

Common water monitor (Varanus salvator)

145

Nile crocodile (Crocodylus niloticus)

126

Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)

96

Red blood python (Python brongersmai)

65

Nile monitor (Varanus niloticus)

46

Common caiman (Caiman crocodilus crocodilus)

32

Panama caiman (Caiman yacare)

31

Table 5.16: Top 10 species most often issued EPBC Act wildlife export permits in 2015–16

Species

Number of export permits issued

Saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus)

112

American alligator (Alligator mississippiensis)

88

Stony corals (order Scleractinia)

52

Corals (class Anthozoa)

52

Red kangaroo (Macropus rufus)

41

Fire corals (class Hydrozoa)

40

Eastern grey kangaroo (Macropus giganteus)

36

Reticulated python (Python reticulatus)

23

African elephant (Loxodonta africana)

22

Blackbuck (Antilope cervicapra)

20

Fisheries assessment and approvals

Table 5.17: EPBC Act assessments of Commonwealth and state managed fisheries completed 2015–16



Jurisdiction

Fishery

Current assessment decisions

Decision date

Commonwealth

Small Pelagic Fishery

WTO

26/10/2015

Commonwealth

CCAMLR Division 58.4.1 and 58.4.2

Exempt (5 years)

24/12/2015

Commonwealth

Southern and Eastern Scalefish and Shark Fishery

WTO

22/02/2016

NSW

Sea Urchin and Turban Shell Fishery

WTO

30/11/2015

QLD

Blue Swimmer Crab Fishery

WTO

12/10/2015

QLD

Mud Crab Fishery

WTO

12/10/2015

QLD

Commercial Crayfish and Rock Lobster Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

13/11/2015

QLD

East Coast Pearl Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

13/11/2015

QLD

East Coast Trochus Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

13/11/2015

QLD

Eel Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

13/11/2015

QLD

Spanner Crab Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

13/11/2015

QLD

River and Inshore Beam Trawl Fishery

WTO

15/02/2016

QLD

Schulz Fisheries Pty Ltd (deepsea prawns)

WTO (small)

10/05/2016

SA

Abalone Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

27/11/2015

SA

Blue Crab Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

27/11/2015

SA

Giant Crab Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

27/11/2015

SA

Prawn Trawl Fisheries

Exempt (10 years)

27/11/2015

SA

Rock Lobster Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

27/11/2015

TAS

Richey Pty Ltd (Australian salmon)

WTO (small)

22/02/2016

VIC

PQ Aquatics (seahorses)

WTO (small)

15/12/2015

VIC

Port Phillip Bay Scallop Dive Fishery

Exempt (5 years)

11/12/2015

WA

Abalone Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Abrolhos Islands and Mid-west Trawl Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Broome Prawn Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Cocos (Keeling) Islands Marine Aquarium Fish Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Exmouth Prawn Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Gascoyne Demersal Scalefish Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Kimberley Prawn Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Mackerel Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Northern Demersal Scalefish Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Nickol Bay Prawn Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Onslow Prawn Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Pearl Oyster Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

South Coast Salmon Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

South-west Coast Salmon Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Shark Bay Crab Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Shark Bay Prawn Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Shark Bay Scallop Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Specimen Shell Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Trochus Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

West Coast Deepsea Crustacean Fishery

Exempt (10 years)

12/08/2015

WA

Temperate Demersal Gillnet and Demersal Longline Fisheries

WTO

30/08/2015

WA

Tycraft Pty Ltd (giant clams)

WTO (small)

27/04/2016

Note: WTO = wildlife trade operation; CCAMLR = Convention on the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.

Meeting statutory time frames under section 518 of the EPBC Act

The EPBC Act and Regulations specify time frames within which decisions must be made and other actions completed. If the time frames are not met then, in accordance with section 518 of the EPBC Act, a statement must be provided setting out the reasons for the delay. Decisions that were not made within statutory time frames in 2015–16 and the reasons for delay are listed in Tables 5.18 and 5.19.

Table 5.18: EPBC Act referrals, assessments and approvals and their compliance with statutory time frames in 2015–16

Section of the EPBC Act

Total

Late

Reasons for delay

75(5) Determination whether controlled action or not

196

149

Administrative delays

Need for additional stakeholder consultation and to consider all material

Need for legal advice/review

Further detailed information sought from proponent

Additional research required

Delay in getting enough information to make decision



77(1) Notification of determination whether controlled action or not

197

29

Administrative delays

77(4) Reasons for decision on whether controlled action or not

5

4

Administrative delays

88(1) Assessment approach decision

67

42

Administrative delays

Administrative error

Need for legal advice/review


88(2) Assessment approach decision and controlled action determination made on the same day

52

44

Administrative delays

Need for legal advice/review



91(1) Notification of decision on assessment approach

73

13

Administrative delays

95A(2) Assessment on preliminary documentation—request for further information

29

18

Administrative delays

95A(3) Assessment on preliminary documentation—direction to publish

35

14

Administrative delays

95C(2) preliminary documentation recommendation report

28

0




96A(4)(a) Provide public environment report guidelines to designated proponent

1

0




96A(4)(b) Provide public environment report guidelines to designated proponent

1

0




100(2) Public environment report recommendation report

1

0




101A(4)(a) Provide environmental impact statement guidelines to designated proponent

1

0




101A(4)(b) Provide environmental impact statement guidelines to designated proponent

1

0




105(2) Environmental impact statement recommendation report

3

0




130(1B) Timing of decision on approval

55

41

Administrative delays

Need to seek additional information from proponent



145D(1) Decision whether or not to extend approval period

5

2

Administrative delays

156B(1) Decision whether or not to accept a varied proposal

31

11

Administrative delays

156E(1) Notification of person proposing and designated proponent whether or not varied proposal accepted

31

0




156E(2) Notification to state or territory minister to accept a varied proposal

12

0




156E(3) Notification of acceptance of a varied proposal in accordance with the Regulations

32

6

Administrative delays

156F(5) Publication of notification of change of person proposing to take action

9

5

Administrative delays

158(2) Decision whether or not to grant exemption from Part 3 and Chapter 4

1

0




158(7) Publication of notification whether to grant exemption from Part 3 and Chapter 4

1

1

Administrative delays

163(2) Providing advice

3

0




170A(b) Publication of information relating to assessments: receipt of referral of an action

209

0




170A(c) Publication of information relating to assessments: controlled action decisions

73

9

Administrative delays

170A(d) Publication of information relating to assessments: decision on assessment approach

73

13

Administrative delays

170A(e) Publication of information relating to assessments: preliminary documentation information and invitations

65

28

Administrative delays

170A(h) Publication of information relating to assessments: reports or statements

8

5

Administrative delays

170A(ia) Publication of information relating to assessments: assessment on preliminary documentation, public environment report and environmental impact statement recommendation reports

36

30

Administrative delays

170A(j) Publication of information relating to assessments: other matters—decision to approve or not approve an action

55

8

Administrative delays

Table 5.19: Decisions made under other EPBC Act provisions that did not meet statutory time frames in 2015–16

Section

Total

Late

Reasons for delay

266B(6) Approved conservation advices for listed threatened species

63

1

Delay in return of legislative instrument, which delayed ability to publish within 10-day period

303CI Time limit for making permit decisions—CITES

1786

4

1 Referral for advice to another agency

2 System errors

1 Legislative change


324JI Provision of (National Heritage) assessments to the Minister

1

1

Additional consultations required

341H Minister to invite (Commonwealth Heritage) nominations for each assessment period

1

1

No call for nominations

341JA(1) Preparing proposed priority assessment list (Commonwealth Heritage)

1

1

No call for nominations

341JH Provision of (Commonwealth Heritage) assessments to the Minister

1

1

Additional consultations

324JI Time by which (Commonwealth Heritage) assessments to be provided to Minister

1

1

Additional consultations

341J(1) Giving (Commonwealth Heritage) nominations to Australian Heritage Council

1

1

No call for nominations

341L(7) Publication of instrument of removal of places from Commonwealth Heritage List

1

1

Administrative oversight

Appendix B: Committees

Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development

Table 5.20: Membership of the Independent Expert Scientific Committee on Coal Seam Gas and Large Coal Mining Development as at 30 June 2016



Members

Dr Andrew Johnson (Chair)

Professor Craig Simmons

Ms Jane Coram

Emeritus Professor Peter G Flood

Dr Andrew Boulton

Dr Jenny Stauber

Dr Glen Walker

Dr Ian Prosser

Indigenous Advisory Committee

Table 5.21: Membership of the Indigenous Advisory Committee as at 30 June 2016



Members

Mr Bruce Martin (Acting Chair)

Mr Wayne See Kee

Ms Josie Douglas

Mr Robert Dalton

Ms Teagan Goolmeer

Mr Joseph Elu

Australian Heritage Council

Table 5.22: Membership of the Australian Heritage Council as at 30 June 2016



Members

Dr David Kemp (Chair)

Dr Jennie Whinam

Dr Stephen Morton

Mr Lyndon Ormond-Parker

Ms Rachel Perkins

Dr Jane Harrington

Associate Professor Don Garden

Threatened Species Scientific Committee

Table 5.23: Membership of the Threatened Species Scientific Committee as at 30 June 2016



Members

Professor Helene Marsh (Chair)

Professor Stuart Bunn

Dr Hamish Campbell

Professor Kingsley Dixon

Ms Louise Gilfedder

Professor David Keith

Dr Dave Kendal

Dr Sarah Legge

Dr Nicola Mitchell

Professor Colin Simpfendorfer


Appendix C: Publications 2015–16

Guidelines and policy statements

Draft referral guideline for 14 birds listed as migratory species under the EPBC Act

Draft EPBC Act referral guidelines for the vulnerable Tasmanian giant freshwater lobster, Astacopsis gouldi

EPBC Act referral guideline for the endangered northern quoll, Dasyurus hallucatusEPBC Act policy statement

EPBC Act Policy Statement 3.21—Industry guidelines for avoiding, assessing and mitigating impacts on EPBC Act listed migratory shorebird species

Referral guideline for management actions in grey-headed and spectacled flying-fox camps—EPBC Act policy statement

Referral guideline for the vulnerable water mouse, Xeromys myoidesEPBC Act policy statement

Guides

Central Hunter Valley eucalypt forest and woodland: a nationally protected ecological community

Natural temperate grassland of the South Eastern Highlands: a nationally protected ecological community



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