A new Record for Flora of Turkey; Artemisia oliveriana J. Gay ex Besser (Asteraceae)

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A New Record for Flora of TurkeyArtemisia oliveriana J.Gay 

ex Besser (Asteraceae)

Türkiye Florası için Yeni Bir Tür Kaydı; Artemisia oliveriana J.Gay 

ex Besser (Asteraceae)

Research Article 

M. Fırat / Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem., 2015, 

44 (2), 181–184

Mehmet Fırat

Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey.



rtemisia oliveriana (Asteraceae) türü Türkiye Florası için ilk kez (C9, Hakkâri) kaydedilmiştir. Yani kaydın 

ayrıntılı morfolojik betimi, fotoğrafları ve yayılış haritası verilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler 

Yeni kayıt, Artemisia oliveriana, Hakkâri.



rtemisia oliveriana (Asteraceae) is described as a new record to the Flora of Turkey (C9, Hakkâri). Detailed 

morphological description, photos, distribution map of this new record has been given.

Key Words 

New record, Artemisia oliveriana, Hakkâri.

Article History: 

Received: Jun 22, 2015; Revised: Dec 24, 2015; Accepted: Mar 20, 2016; Available Online: Apr 1, 2016.

DOI: 10.15671/HJBC.20164418126

Correspondence to: M. Fırat, Department of Biology, Faculty of Education, Yüzüncü Yıl University, Van, Turkey.

Tel: +90 432 225 1024 




Fax: +90 432 486 5413   




M. Fırat / Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem., 2015, 

44 (2), 181–184



he genus Artemisia L., which comprises more 

than 500 species, is one of the largest genera 

of the family Asteraceae [1-4]. Although the genus 

Artemisia is mainly distributed in the northern 

hemisphere, the genus is represented by few 

species in southern hemisphere. According to the 

investigation of [5] Asia is one of the important 

gene centres of the genus. 

Medical usage; foodstuff and allergenic 

properties of the genus got genus study well [6,7]. 

Also having polyploidy make the genus interesting 

for the cytogenetic and karyological studies. 

The studies, such as cytogenetic and 

karyological studies which are made by [8-

13] about genus Artemisia showed that genus 

divided into 5 subgenera as Artemisia Less., 

Absinthium (Mill.) Less., Dracunculus (Bess.) 

Rydb., Seriphidium (Bess.) Rouy., and Tridentatae 

(Rydberg) McArthur but lack of molecular studies 

make subgeneric classification of the genus 

difficult [14].

In Turkey, genus is represented by 26 taxa into 

4 subgenera [15,16]. But there is a debate about 

some Turkish taxa such as Artemisia santonicum 

L. subsp. patens (Neilr.) K.M.Perss. [17]. Also a new 

species, Artemisia bashkalensis Kurşat & Civelek, 

has recorded as a new species to the Turkish flora 

recently [18].


Artemisia oliveriana J.Gay ex Besser, the material 

of this study, was collected in Berçelan Plateau 

(Figure 1), Hakkâri in October 2014. According 

to the description of Flora of Turkey and the 

East Aegean Islands [19], Flora of Turkey and the 

East Aegean Islands (Supplement) [20] it was 

concluded that collected materials were new 

record for Turkey flora. Detailed investigation 

of liteliteratures [16,21] showed that collected 

materials have been described as Artemisia 

oliveriana from Flora Iranica. Collected materials 

were deposited at the Herbarium of Yüzüncü Yıl 

University Science Faculty (VANF).


Artemisia oliveriana J.Gay ex Besser, Prodr. 6: 101 

(1837). (Figure 2).

Syn.: A. serotina Bunge, Beitr. Fl. Russi. 165 (1852), 

et in Mem. Sav. Etrang.Acad. Petersb. 7: 341 

(1854).  A. sogdiana Bunge, l.c. 167 et l.c. 343: A. 

maracandic Bunge, l.c. 169, et. l.c. 345. A. fragrans 

Willd. var. maracandica (Bunge) Bmss., Fl. Or. 366 

(1875).  A.Herba-alba  Asso var. densiflora Bmss., 

l.c. 365, p.p. A. flavifolia Gilli, Feddes Repert. 68: 

94 (1963). Icon.: Tab. 198.

Typus: Inter Teheran et Ispahan, G.A. OLIVIER, 


Plant suffruticose, 40-60 (-80) high, 

arachnoid- tomentose; glabrous or subglabrous 

at flowering time. Caudex woody with many 

heads. Stem with flowers somewhat erect, 30-50 

(-60) cm long, brownish-yellow or greenish-yellow, 

branched from base or above middle. Leaf on 

young sterile shoots long petiolate on upper part 

of stem, 40-50 mm. long, lamina oblong or ovate

bipinnatisect, laciniate leinear, shortly acuminate, 

2-4 mm. long, cauline leaves in middle subsessille, 

oblong, base auriculate dissected, upper leaves 

linear, entire. Panicula broadly pyramidal, 

branches 8-20 (-35) cm. long, spreading or oblong 

erected. Capitulum sessile or short pedicellate, 

oblong or narrowly ovate, 3-4 mm. long, scattered 

or remote in narrowly branched inflorescence. 

Involucral bracts imbricate, outer bracts small, 

ovate, dorsal surface dense puberulate, inner 

bracts long, oblong, somewhat glabrous, margin 


Examined Material

Turkey. C9 Hakkâri; from Karadağ Mountains 

to Berçelan Plateau, Step, near road, 1927 m, 

37°35′464′ N, 043°43′883′ E,, 

04.10.2014 M. Fırat 31325, VANF.


Step, near road.


Flowering and fruiting times from October-

November .


M. Fırat / Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem., 2015, 

44 (2), 181–184

Figure 1. Geographical distribution of Artemisia oliveriana (

Δ) in Turkey.

Figure 2. Artemisia oliveriana A. habit and habitat, B-C. General view of the sinflorescence, D. Cauline leaves.


M. Fırat / Hacettepe J. Biol. & Chem., 2015, 

44 (2), 181–184

Distribution in Turkey


General Distribution

Persia, Turcomania, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Asia 


Vernacular Name

In Hakkâri province, indigenous people use the 

name “Hewşan” for Artemisia [22].


In our country, the genus Artemisia L. is 

represented by 22 species, 1 subspecies and 2 

varieties. One of these 25 taxa is endemic. The 

number of taxa in our country has risen to 26 with 

this new record. Thus, this has contributed to both 

the region of Hakkari where limited information is 

known about its flora in private and the Flora of 



Thanks to Dr. Ümit Budak for checking new records and 

thanks Kurtuluş Özgişi for correct English grammer.

R e f e r e n c e s


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