+Absconditella annexa



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+Absconditella annexa (Arnold) Vězda

Preslia, 37: 244, 1965 - Secoliga annexa Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 25: 256, 1875.



Syn.: Gyalecta annexa (Arnold) H.Olivier

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an ephemeral lichen found on muribund bryophytes and organic soil on siliceous substrata. Perhaps more widespread in the Alps. The genus is poorly known in Italy. The following species, known from neighbouring countries, should be looked for in the Italian Alps: A. delutula (Nyl.) Coppins & H.Kilias, A. sphagnorum Vězda & Poelt, and A. trivialis (Willey ex Tuck.) Vězda.


+Absconditella lignicola Vězda & Pišút

Nova Hedwigia, 40, 1-4: 344, 1985 [1984].



N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an ephemeral lichen, mostly found on wood of conifers in upland areas. Probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Acarospora anomala H.Magn.

Göteb. K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., 4, 28, 2: 133, 1924.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 3, 4, 4, 4-5/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ #/ Note: a poorly-known species of eutrophicated, dry and hard lignum, closely related to, and possibly a synonym of other saxicolous species. Hitherto reported from Scandinavia and the Alps. The dubious record from Campania by Garofalo & al. (1999) is not accepted here.


+Acarospora badiofusca (Nyl.) Th.Fr. ssp. badiofusca

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 190, 1860 - Lecanora badiofusca Nyl., Herb. Mus. Fenn.: 110, 1859.

Syn.: Acarospora anziana H.Magn., Sarcogyne acarosporoides Anzi

N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Valcuvia 2000), Emil, Lig (TSB). C - Sar (Hafellner 1993).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar species of base-rich or lime-containing siliceous rocks, such as mica-schists and calciferous sandstone, on faces wetted by rain, incl. stones near the ground in grasslands. Frequent only in the Alps.


+Acarospora badiofusca ssp. badiorubra Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Marseille, 61: 86, 1981.



N - Frl. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: less calcicolous and more termophilous than the typical subspecies. Certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Acarospora bullata Anzi

Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. Milano, 11: 165, 1868.



N - Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on steeply inclined faces of base-rich, weakly calciferous siliceous rocks. Probably more widespread in the Alps. Closely related to A. peliscypha, but with a clearly effigurated thallus, this species is worthy of further study.


+Acarospora cervina A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 28, 1852

Syn.: Acarospora cervina f. depauperata (Körb.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora cervina f. determinata (Harm.) H.Magn., Acarospora cervina f. percaena (Fr.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora cervina f. sarcogynoides (Vain.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acaropora cervina v. conspersa (Fr.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora cervina v. normalis A.Massal., Acarospora cervina v. pruinosa A.Massal., Acarospora cervina v. percaena (Fr.) A.Massal., Acarospora cesatiana Jatta, Acarospora glaucocarpa v. farinosa Anzi, Acarospora glaucocarpa v. istriana (Zahlbr.) Szatala ?, Acarospora percaena (Ach.) J.Steiner, Acarospora theobromina Hue, Acarospora velana A.Massal.

N - Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Matzer & Pelzmann 1991, Calatayud & Triebel 2003), Lomb, Piem (Clerc & al. 1999), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2001), Tosc, Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 4-5, 3-5/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: c, C: vc, D: rc, E: er, F: r, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread, probably holarctic species, found on the top of exposed, more or less calcareous boulders in natural habitats, esp. common in upland areas along the E side of the peninsula and in dry-continental Alpine areas. See also note on A. glaucocarpa.


+Acarospora chrysocardia Poelt & M.Steiner

Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 75: 163, 1971.



N - Piem (Obermayer 2002), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ paras Diploschistes scruposus/ Note: on base-rich siliceous rocks in dry-warm Alpine valleys, hitherto known only from the W Alps. Worthy of protection.


+Acarospora cinerascens J.Steiner

[in Arnold] Lich. Exs. 1500, 1890.

Syn.: Acarospora alboatra H.Magn.

N - TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on weathered base-rich siliceous rocks, restricted to dry-warm Alpine valleys with a continental climate. Related to A. versicolor (Magnusson 1929, 1936), but a different species according to Buschardt (1979).


+Acarospora epithallina H.Magn.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., ser. 3, 7, 4: 72, 1929.



C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1, 5, 5, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ u/ paras Acarospora hilaris/ Note: on steeply inclined, sunny, hard siliceous rocks, esp. quartzite, from Macaronesia to Turkey. In Italy it is much less frequent than its host, being restricted to the driest parts of the Mediterranean region.


+Acarospora freyi H.Magn.

Sv. Bot. Tidskr.: 334, 1924.

Syn.: Acarospora discreta Bagl. & Carestia non (Ach.) Arnold, Acarospora impressula v. freyi (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. foveolata Bagl. & Carestia

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ paras crustose lichens ?/ Note: probably overlooked and more widespread, both in the Alps and in the N Apennines.


+Acarospora fuscata (Schrad.) Th.Fr.

Lich. Scand. 1: 215, 1872 - Lichen fuscatus Schrad., Spicil. Fl. Germ., 1794



Syn.: Acarospora fuscata v. minutissima Bagl., Acarospora monacensis H.Magn. ?, Acarospora nigrocastanea Hue, Acarospora photina A.Massal., Acarospora rufescens (Ach.) Kremp., Acarospora rufoalutacea (Harm.) H.Magn. ?, Acarospora smaragdula sensu A.Massal. et auct. ital. p.p., Acarospora squamulosa (Ach.) Trevis. non sensu Th.Fr., Lecanora cervina v. squamulosa Ach.

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Marc, Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Poli & al. 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: rr, A1: rr, B: r, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a holarctic species of acid siliceous rocks wetted by rain, sometimes growing on other lichens. Several records, esp. those from S Italy, need confirmation.


+Acarospora gallica H.Magn.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl. sér. 3, 7 (4): 282, 1929.

Syn.: Acarospora gallica v. devastata (Eitner) H.Magn., Acarospora hungarica H.Magn. ?

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Piem (TSB), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a probably holarctic species of base-rich, weakly calciferous siliceous substrata, such as calcareous sandstone, brick, and roofing tiles. Much overlooked or confused with other species, certainly more widespread.


+Acarospora glaucocarpa (Ach.) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 57, 1859 - Parmelia glaucocarpa Ach., Meth. Lich.: 182, 1803.



N - Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, Nascimbene 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), Lig. C - Marc, Abr, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Cal, Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 4-5, 3-5/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: c, C: vc, D: rc, E: er, F: r, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: closely related to, and perhaps just a form of A. cervina, in which case the epithet "glaucocarpa" has priority.


+Acarospora heufleriana Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 57, 1859.

Syn.: Acarospora heufleriana v. massiliensis Harm., Acarospora massiliensis (Harm.) H.Magn., Acarospora perpulchra Hue, Acarospora rubrireagens Poelt & Rondon ?

N - TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Piem (Clerc & al. 1999), Lig. C - Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ paras Lecanora valesiaca/ Note: on horizontal to gently sloping faces near the ground in open habitats, esp. in grasslands. Restricted to dry-continental areas, both in the Alps and in the Mediterranean. South-Italian records need confirmation.


+Acarospora hilaris (Nyl.) Hue

Lich. Morph. Anat.: 113, 1909 - Parmelia hilaris [Dufour ex] Th.Fr., Lich. Scand., 1: 209, 1871.

Syn.: Placodium chlorophanum v. hilare Dufour ex Th.Fr.

C - Tosc, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1, 5, 5, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: vr/ PF: 1/ subc/ u/ Note: a xeric subtropical species, found on vertical to underhanging faces of hard siliceous rocks, restricted to the driest parts of Mediterranean Italy. Chemically heterogeneous (epanorin or rhizocarpic acid).


+Acarospora hospitans H.Magn.

Göteb. K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., 4, 28, 2: 111, 1924.

Syn.: Acarospora impressula v. hospitans (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Piem (TSB), Emil. C - Sar. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: vr, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF:1/ paras Aspicilia, Bellemerea, Lecanora, Lecidea, Tremolecia/ #/ Note: at least formally, closely related to A. impressula. Much overlooked, and in need of further study.


+Acarospora imbricatula H.Magn.

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 9-10: 435, 1954.



N - TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: hitherto known only from dry-continental Alpine valleys, on south-facing slopes, where it is locally common.


+Acarospora impressula Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 214, 1871.

Syn.: Acarospora atrata Hue, Acarospora hospitans f. insolita Asta & Cl.Roux nom. inval., Acarospora opaca H.Magn.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ m/ paras crustose lichens, esp. Aspicilia polychroma/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar species, found on metal-rich rocks and roofing slates, more rarely on weakly calciferous siliceous rocks. Probably overlooked and more widespread in the Alps. The record from Sicilia by Grillo & Caniglia (2004), being dubious, is not accepted here.


+Acarospora insolata H.Magn.

Göteb. K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., 4, 28, 2: 112, 1924.



N - Ven, Emil. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ paras Immersaria and Rhizocarpon spp./ Note: on inclined faces of siliceous rocks wetted by rain. Certainly more widespread in the mountains, esp. in the Alps.


+Acarospora laqueata Stizenb.

[in Flagey], Herbor. Lich. Envir. Constantine: 131, 1888.

Syn.: Acarospora caesiocinerea de Lesd. ?, Acarospora cervina f. larvata (Müll.Arg.) H.Magn. ?, Acarospora pitardii de Lesd. ?, Lecanora laqueata (Stizenb.) Stizenb.

N - Lomb. C - Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on hard calcareous rocks, both on vertical faces and at the top of birds' perching sites in dry-continental areas (E side of the Peninsula, continental Alpine valleys).


+Acarospora lavicola J.Steiner

Denkschr. math.-naturw. Cl. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 71: 95, 1902.



C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical species of igneous rocks in dry-warm areas. (Macaronesia, S Europe, Arabia).


+Acarospora macrospora (Hepp) Bagl.

[A.Massal. ex] Bagl., Mem. R. Acc. Sc. Torino, ser. 2, 17: 396, 1857 - Myriospora macrospora Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: nr. 58, 1858.

Syn.: Acarospora castanea Körb. non Hue, Acarospora macrospora v. incusa (Körb.) H.Magn., Acarospora squamulosa sensu Th.Fr. non (Schrad.) Trevis., Acarospora squamulosa f. albomarginata (Cromb.) A.L.Sm., Acarospora squamulosa v. incusa (Körb.) Zahlbr., Lecanora cervina v. irrorata Clemente

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: rr, B: vr, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined faces of fissured calcareous rocks. Most frequent in the Alps. The record from Venezia Giulia reported by Nimis (1993: 55) is excluded, being from Slovenia.


+Acarospora marcii H.Magn.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., ser. 3, 7 (4): 305, 1929.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: related to A. peliscypha, but perhaps a distinct species (Alps, Sardegna).


+Acarospora microcarpa (Nyl.) Wedd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France: 343, 1874 - Lecanora schleicheri v. microcarpa Nyl., Collect. Lich. Gall. Merid.: 155, 1853.

Syn.: Acarospora kordofanica sensu Nimis & Poelt non Zahlbr. ex H.Magn.

N - TAA. C - Tosc, Laz (Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp, Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1/ paras Diploschistes spp., Acarospora spp., Dimelaena and Protoparmelia spp./ Note: a mainly mediterranean-atlantic species, with optimum in coastal Tyrrhenian Italy, on basic siliceous rocks wetted by rain. The record from the Alps (see Nimis 1993: 56), although not impossible, needs confirmation.


+Acarospora modenensis H.Magn.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., ser. 3, 7 (4): 259, 1929.

Syn.: Acarospora engadinensis H.Magn. ?

N - VG, Piem (TSB), Emil, Lig. C - Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: vr, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a mild-temperate species of siliceous rocks, often found on walls, probably overlooked and more widespread.


+Acarospora murorum A.Massal.

Mem. Lichenogr.: 130, nr. 306, fig. 159, tav. 24, 1853.

Syn.: Acarospora glaucocarpa v. distans Bagl. & Carestia ?, Acarospora macrospora ssp. murorum (A.Massal.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora macrospora v. murorum (A.Massal.) Anzi, Acarospora truncata (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Biatorella truncata A.Massal.

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), Emil, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: vr, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 2/ Note: a mild-temperate species found on walls, gravestones, monuments. Related to A. macrospora, but with a different ecology and altitudinal distribution.


+Acarospora nitrophila H.Magn.

Göteb. K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., 4, 28, 2: 74, 1924.

Syn.: Acarospora admissa (Nyl.) Kullhem, Acarospora aequatula H.Magn., Acarospora degenerans H.Magn., Acarospora inaequalis H.Magn., Acarospora koerberi (H.Magn.) Suza, Acarospora muddii H.Magn., Acarospora nitrophila v. inaequalis (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora nitrophila v. irrigata H.Magn., Acarospora nitrophila v. praeruptorum (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora nitrophila v. pruinosa H.Magn., Acarospora nitrophila v. suzai (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora nitrophila v. tiroliensis (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora normanii H.Magn., Acarospora praeruptorum H.Magn., Acarospora praeruptorum v. aequatula (H.Magn.) H.Magn., Acarospora praeruptorum v. koerberi H.Magn., Acarospora suzai H.Magn., Acarospora tyroliensis H.Magn.?, Lecanora admissa Nyl.

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2004), Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ u/ Note: a widespread lichen of steeply inclined to overhanging faces of basic siliceous rocks, usually in species-poor communities, mostly near settlements.


+Acarospora nodulosa (Dufour) Hue v. nodulosa

Lich. Morph. Anat.: 160, 1909 - Parmelia nodulosa Dufour [in Fr.] Lich. Eur. Ref.: 185, 1831.

Syn.: Lecanora nodulosa (Dufour) Colmeiro, Parmelia nodulosa (Dufour) Fr., Urceolaria nodulosa (Dufour) Hue

N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax-Terr/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ paras Diploschistes diacapsis/ Note: a xeric subtropical species of weathered gypsum in open habitats. To be loooked for in other gypsum outcrops (e.g. in Sicilia).


+Acarospora nodulosa v. reagens (Zahlbr.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Marseille, 41: 61, 1981 - Acarospora reagens Zahlbr., Beih. Bot. Centralblatt, 8: 162, 1902.

Syn.: Acarospora granatensis Samp. ?, Acarospora zahlbruckneri Samp.

N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996). S - Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ paras Diploschistes diacapsis/ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical lichen found on gypsum in exposed situations, to be looked for in other gypsum outcrops of southern Italy (e.g. in Sicilia).


+Acarospora oligospora (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 1870: 469, 1870 - Lecanora oligospora Nyl., Collect. Lich. Galliae Merid.: 162, 1853.

Syn.: Acarospora glebosa (Flot.) Körb.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Emil. C - Tosc. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a holarctic-temperate species, found on basic siliceous rocks (e.g. calciferous sandstone and schist), usually on pebbles, but also on walls, roofing tiles, etc., probably overlooked in Italy.


+Acarospora peliscypha Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sci. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 189, 1860.

Syn.: Acarospora chalcophila H.Magn., Acarospora fuscata v. peliscypha (Th.Fr.) Nyl., Acarospora hellbomii H.Magn., Acarospora montana H.Magn., Acarospora nitrophila v. chalcophila (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora rugulosa Körb.


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