+Absconditella annexa



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N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2000b,2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Alessio & al. 1995, Nascimbene & al. 2006e). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Frut.f/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a boreal-montane, circumpolar, shade-tolerant species of mixed upper montane to oroboreal forests, mostly on low, dead twigs and branches of conifers.


+Bryoria simplicior (Vain.) Brodo & D.Hawksw.

Opera Bot., 42: 109, 1977 - Alectoria nidulifera f. simplicior Vain., Medd. Soc. F. Fl. Fenn. 6: 115, 1881.

Syn.: Alectoria simplicior (Vain.) Lynge, Bryopogon simplicior f. albidosorediosus Gyeln.

N - TAA, VA (Valcuvia 2000).

Frut.f/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 4-5, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen found on isolated conifers, to be looked for throughout the Alps.


+Bryoria smithii (Du Rietz) Brodo & D.Hawksw.

Opera Bot., 42: 152, 1977 - Alectoria smithii Du Rietz, Ark. Bot., 20 A, 11: 15, 1926.



N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992).

Frut.f/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a temperate species found on large, more or less shaded rock walls, more rarely on bark, esp. on twigs of conifers in damp montane forests.


+Buellia aethalea (Ach.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 604, 1874 - Gyalecta aethalea Ach., Lich. Univ.: 669, 1810.

Syn.: Buellia aethaleoides (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Buellia baltica Erichsen, Buellia impressula (Leight.) A.L.Sm., Buellia nigerrima (Nyl.) Arnold, Buellia sororia Th.Fr., Buellia sororioides Erichsen, Buellia subatra Erichsen, Buellia verruculosa (Sm.) Mudd non auct., Lecidea atroalbella Nyl., Rinodina ocellulata Bagl. & Carestia, Rinodina umbrinofusca (Nyl.) H.Olivier

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, Favero-Longo & al. 2004), VA (TSB), Lig. C - Tosc, Sar (Scheidegger 1993). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: vr, C: rc, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ p/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on horizontal to weakly inclined, exposed, hard, crystalline siliceous rocks wetted by rain, mostly in species-poor stands, common only in dry areas.


+Buellia arnoldii Servít

[in Servít & Nadv.]Vest. Kral. Ces. Spol. Nauk 2: 39, 1931.

Syn.: Hafellia arnoldii (Servít) Hafellner & Türk

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species, found on thin twigs of conifers in humid stands, probably overlooked in the Alps. For further details see Giralt & al. (2000).


+Buellia asterella Poelt & Sulzer

Nova Hedwigia, 25: 182-184, 1974.



C - Laz (Trinkaus & Mayrhofer 2000).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 4-5, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1:a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calciferous soil in dry grasslands.


+Buellia atrocinerella (Nyl.) Scheid.

Lichenologist, 25, 4: 345, 1993 - Lecanora atrocinerella Nyl., Flora, 55: 428, 1872.

Syn.: Rinodina atrocinerella (Nyl.) Boistel

C - Sar (Scheidegger 1993).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens/ Note: a mediterranean species of hard siliceous rocks in warm-dry habitats.


+Buellia badia (Fr.) A.Massal.

Mem. Lichenogr.: 124, 1853 - Lecidea badia Fr., Syst. Orb. Veget., 1: 287, 1825.

Syn.: Buellia bayrhofferi (Schaer.) H.Olivier, Buellia duebenii (Fr.) Hellb., Buellia conioptiza (Nyl.) de Lesd., Buellia pernigrans (Nyl.) Sandst., Buellia schisticola H.Magn., Catolechia badia (Fr.) Th.Fr., Karschia bayrhofferi (Schaer.) Rehm, Lecidea bayrhofferi Schaer., Lecidea conioptiza Nyl., Lecidea pernigrans Nyl., Monerolechia bayrhofferi (Schaer.) Trevis., Rhizocarpon badium (Fr.) Sambo

N - Ven, TAA (Hafellner 1979), Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Hafellner 1979, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: r, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1/ paras crustose and foliose lichens/ Note: a holarctic, subtropical to boreal-montane lichen found on steeply inclined, basic siliceous rocks, which starts the life-cycle on other lichens, later becoming autonomous.


+Buellia caldesiana Bagl.

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 1: 19, 1861.



N - Lig (Scheidegger 1993). S - Sar.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: a rare mediterranean species of calcareous rocks.


+Buellia concinna Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., 3, 3: 332, 1861.

Syn.: Buellia subconcinna (Vain.) Zahlbr., Buellia subviridescens (Nyl.) Vain., Lecidea perlutescens Nyl., Lecidea subconcinna Vain.

C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose and foliose lichens when young/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar species, found on steeply inclined, hard siliceous rocks, probably occurring also in the Alps.


+Buellia disciformis (Fr.) Mudd

Man. Brit. Lich.: 216, 1861 - Lecidea parasema v. disciformis Fr., Nov. Sched. Crit.: 9, 1826.

Syn.: Buellia major De Not., Buellia parasema (Ach.) De Not., Hafellia disciformis (Fr.) Marbach & H.Mayrhofer, Lecidea disciformis (Fr.) Nyl., Lichen parasemus Ach. nom. illegit.

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb, Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Valcuvia 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1999a, Loppi & Putortì 2001), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003), Abr, Sar (Loi & al. 2000, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: vr, C rr:, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a holarctic, humid subtropical to S boreal-montane lichen, found on smooth bark in rather humid woodlands, esp. in open beech forests. Some forms from coastal Tyrrhenian Italy with pluriseptate spores perhaps deserve further study: they might prove to belong to a distinct taxon, corresponding to Lecidea parasema sensu De Not., which has a different chemistry (Giralt & al. 2000).


+Buellia dispersa A.Massal.

Sched. Crit., 8: 150, 1856.

Syn.: Buellia dispersa v. cinerascens Bagl., Buellia duartei Samp., Buellia italica v. tumida A.Massal., Buellia subsquamosa sensu Buschardt non J.Steiner, Buellia tergestina J.Steiner & Zahlbr., Buellia tumida (A.Massal.) Bagl., Lecidea squamulata Nyl.

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Tosc, Sar (Scheidegger 1993). S - Camp, Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a xeric subtropical to mild-temperate lichen of base-rich or slightly lime-containing siliceous rocks in warm-dry situations, present both in the Mediterranean area and in dry Alpine valleys.


+Buellia elegans Poelt

[in Poelt & Sulzer] Nova Hedwigia, 25: 186, 1974.

Syn.: Buellia epigaea v. angustata (Müll. Arg.) Zahlbr., Buellia epigaea v. effigurata (Schaer.) Zahlbr., Buellia epigaea v. major (Müll. Arg.) Zahlbr., Diploicia epigaea v. angustata Müll. Arg., Diploicia epigaea v. effigurata (Schaer.) Körb., Diploicia epigaea v. major Müll. Arg., Lecidea epigaea v. effigurata Schaer.

N - Lomb (Trinkaus & Mayrhofer 2000), Piem (Hafellner & al. 2004).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a widespread steppe-species found on soil deriving from calciferous schists in open grasslands, restricted to dry-warm valleys in the Alps.


+Buellia epigaea (Pers.) Tuck.

Gen. Lich.: 185, 1872 - Lichen epigaeus Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 7: 25+33, 1794.

Syn.: Buellia epigaea v. intermedia (Schrad.) Anzi, Buellia nivea (Anzi) Zahlbr., Catolechia epigaea (Pers.) Anzi, Diploicia epigaea (Pers.) A.Massal., Diploicia epigaea v. intermedia (Schrad.) Körb., Lecanora epigaea (Pers.) Ach., Lecidea epigaea (Pers.) Schaer., Lecidea epigaea v. intermedia (Schrad.) Schaer., Lichen intermedius Schrad., Parmelia epigaea (Pers.) Ach., Psora epigea (Pers.) Hoffm., Rinodina nivea Anzi

N - TAA (Trinkaus & Mayrhofer 2000), Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004). C - Sar (Trinkaus & Mayrhofer 2000). S - Pugl, Si.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 5, 4-5, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: widely distributed in Europe, from submediterranean regions to Scandinavia, on base-rich mineral soil, on wheathered gypsum and gypsum soil. South Italian records (Nimis 1993: 138) should be checked: they could refer to B. asterella Poelt & Sulzer.


+Buellia erubescens Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 25: 493, 1875.

Syn.: Buellia zahlbruckneri J.Steiner non sensu T.Schauer, Buellia jorgei Samp.

C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on smooth bark in warm-humid areas. All earlier records of this species from upland areas of the Alps and of the northern Apennines (see Nimis 1993: 138) were attributed to B. chloroleuca, following Giralt & al. (2000), some records could refer to the recently-described B. iberica.


+Buellia fusca (Anzi) Kernst.

Zeitschr. Ferdinandeums, 35: 306, 1893 - Buellia spuria v. fusca Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 87, 1860.



N - TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ #/ Note: on vertical to underhanging rocks near the ground level in warm-dry situations, such as in arid grasslands and openings of mediterranean garrigues, known only from the E Alps and the Pyrénées, related to B. tirolensis, but chemically different, this taxon needs further study.


+Buellia griseosquamulata Scheid.

Lichenologist, 25, 4: 25, 1993.



C - Sar (Scheidegger 1993).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: hitherto known only from the type collection, on granite near the coast.


+Buellia hyperbolica Bagl.

N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 3: 266, 1871.



C - Tosc (Giralt & al. 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on trunks of old trees, esp. Castanea and Quercus, with a mainly western distribution in Europe, and on lignum. From Toscana, besides the type, there are recent collections from the province of Lucca, on Castanea, by Coppins (pers. comm.).


+Buellia hypophana (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 7: 367, 1931 - Lecidea hypophana Nyl. [in Hue] Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 34: 473, 1887.



N - TAA (Nimis & al. 1996), VA (Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on Grimmia spp., probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Buellia iberica Giralt & Llimona

Mycotaxon, 75: 186, 2000.



S - Cal (Boom & Giralt 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a recently-described, perhaps western species of acid bark and lignum in upland areas, see note on B. erubescens.


+Buellia imshaugii Hafellner

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 62: 58, 1979.



N - Lig. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: vr/ PF: 1/ paras Dimelaena oreina/ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical lichen of hard siliceous rocks, described from N America, but also found in the Mediterranean region.

+Buellia jugorum (Arnold) Arnold

Flora, 67: 588, 1884 - Buellia verruculosa v. jugorum Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 28: 295, 1879.



N - TAA (Scheidegger 1993). C - Sar (Scheidegger 1993).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: er, B: r, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar species found on small siliceous pebbles in wind-exposed ridges, sometimes overgrowing other crustose lichens, probably more widespread in the Alps, certainly rarer in the high Mediterranean mountains.


+Buellia leptocline (Flot.) A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 20, 1854 - Lecidea leptocline Flot., Bot. Zeit., 8: 555, 1850.

Syn.: Buellia gevrensis Th.Fr., Buellia hypopodioides (Nyl.) Arnold, Buellia leptocline v. inarimensis Jatta ?, Buellia leptocline v. mougeotii (Hepp ex Arnold) Th.Fr., Lecidea hypopodioides Nyl., Lecidea hypopodioides f. ferruginascens Nyl., Lecidea mougeotii Hepp

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane species, found on steeply inclined to underhanging, hard siliceous rocks. Earlier records (Nimis 1993: 140) from C-S Italy, plus that from Sicilia by Grillo (1998) could refer to other related species (B. halonia, B. sardiniensis, B. saxorum, B. sejuncta and B. subdisciformis), and are not reported here.


+Buellia leptoclinoides (Nyl.) J.Steiner

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 57: 357, 1907 - Lecidea leptoclinoides Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 311, 1872.

Syn.: Buellia disciformis v. saxicola H.Olivier, Hafellia leptoclinoides (Nyl.) Scheid. & H.Mayrhofer

N - Lig (Nordin & Mattsson 2001). C - Tosc, Sar (Scheidegger 1993). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a probably humid subtropical to mild-temperate species, found on bark and on coastal siliceous rocks subject to humid, salt-loaden winds, restricted to Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Buellia leptolepis Bagl. & Carestia

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 83, 1864.

Syn.: Karschia leptolepis (Bagl. & Carestia) Arnold, Karschia saxatilis f. leptolepis (Bagl. & Carestia) Keissl.

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ paras Lecanora albescens and other lichens/ Note: a parasite of crustose Lecanoraceae, hitherto known from the Alps and Scandinavia.


+Buellia longispora Scheid.

Lichenologist, 25, 4: 352, 1993.



C - Sar (Scheidegger 1993).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mediterranean species of granitic rocks.


+Buellia miriquidica Scheid.

Bot. Helvet., 97: 112, 1987.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Schaereria fuscocinerea/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine species of vertical, hard granitic rocks, almost certainly present in the Alps and to be looked for there.


+Buellia ocellata (Flot.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 224, 1855 - Lecidea petraea v. ocellata Flot., Flora, 9: 691, 1828.

Syn.: Buellia arcularum (Harm.) Lettau, Buellia frisiaca Erichsen, Buellia verruculosa auct. non (Sm.) Mudd, Lecanora victoris Harm., Lecidea arcularum Harm., Lecidea kaleida Taylor, Lecidea ocellata ssp. praeponens Nyl., Rinodina microphthalma A.Massal., Rinodina ocellata (Flot.) Branth. & Rostr. non (Hoffm.) Arnold, Rinodina victoris (Harm.) H.Olivier

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig. C - Tosc, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Scheidegger 1993). S - Si (Scheidegger 1993, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: er/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a temperate, perhaphs holarctic species found on small siliceous pebbles, but also on steeply inclined faces near the ground.


+Buellia reagens H.Magn.

[in Tav.] Broteria, 16 (43): 148, 1947.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 5/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a rather poorly known species described from Portugal, occurring on bryophytes overgrowing siliceous rocks.


+Buellia sardiniensis J.Steiner

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 57: 348, 1907.

Syn.: Buellia leptocline v. minor Bagl., Buellia lusitanica J.Steiner

C - Tosc, Sar (Scheidegger 1993). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly mediterranean lichen found on hard siliceous rocks in warm-dry, sunny situations, both in maritime and inland habitats, related to B. saxorum, but with a different chemistry.


+Buellia saxorum A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 82, fig. 169, 1852.



N - Ven, Lig. C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined siliceous rocks, mostly near the coast.


+Buellia schaereri De Not.

Giorn. Bot. Ital., 2, 1: 199, 1846.

Syn.: Buellia nigritula (Nyl.) Mudd, Lecidea nigritula Nyl.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2006, 2006e), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (TSB). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Putortì & Loppi 1999), Laz. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 4-5, 3-4, 2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly cool-temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar species found on acid bark, esp. of conifers and on poles in upland areas, to be looked for in the mountains of the south.


+Buellia sequax (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 7: 410, 1931 - Lecidea sequax Nyl., Flora, 58: 302, 1875.

Syn.: Buellia abstracta (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Buellia caloplacivora Llimona & Egea, Buellia heteropsis Müll.Arg., Buellia meiosperma auct. non (Nyl.) Müll.Arg., Lecidea abstracta Nyl.

C - Tosc, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ paras crustose lichens/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, mainly mediterranean-atlantic species found on sandstone and schists, very polymorphic and in need of further study.


+Buellia spuria (Schaer.) Anzi

Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 87, 1860 - Lecidea spuria Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spicil., Sect. 3: 127, 1828.

Syn.: Buellia italica A.Massal., Buellia italica v. insularis Bagl., Buellia italica v. lactea A.Massal., Buellia italica v. recobariana (A.Massal.) Körb., Buellia lactea (A.Massal.) Körb., Buellia lactea v. olivaceofusca Anzi, Buellia liguriensis de Lesd., Buellia olivaceofusca (Anzi) Zahlbr., Buellia spuria v. recobariana (A.Massal.) Jatta, Catolechia lactea A.Massal., Catolechia recobariana A.Massal., Lecidea italica (A.Massal.) Wedd. non de Lesd.

N - VG (Scheidegger & al. 2001), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Abr, Sar (Scheidegger 1993). S - Camp, Pugl, Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate to subtropical, chemically variable species, most common on granite, often found on walls.


+Buellia stellulata (Taylor) Mudd

Man. Brit. Lich.: 216, 1861 - Lecidea stellulata Taylor [in J. Mackay] Fl. Hibern., 2: 118, 1836.

Syn.: Buellia candidula Arnold, Buellia lactea v. maritima (A.Massal.) Anzi, Buellia maritima (A.Massal.) Bagl., Buellia minutula (Hepp) Arnold, Buellia stellulata v. candidella (Nyl.) Boistel, Buellia subalbula v. adriatica Zahlbr., Catolechia maritima A.Massal., Lecidea candidella Nyl., Lecidea microtera Nyl.


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