+Absconditella annexa



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N - TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar species, found on siliceous, often iron-rich substrata, on exposed birds' perching rocks (e.g. windy ridges, isolated boulders). See also note on A. bullata.


+Acarospora placodiiformis H.Magn.

K. Vet. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., 6, 6, 17: 18, 1956.



N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax-Terr/ 4-5, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF:1/ paras Diploschistes/ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical species, found on weathered gypsum in open situations. To be looked for in gypsum outcrops of the South (e.g. in Sicilia).


+Acarospora scabra (Pers.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 208, 1871 - Urceolaria scabra Pers., Ann. Wetterauisch. Ges., 2: 10, 1811.

Syn.: Acarospora grumulosa (Schaer.) Hue ?, Acarospora rhagadiosa (Ach.) Th.Fr., Glypholecia candidissima Nyl., Glypholecia placodiiformis Nyl. ?, Glypholecia rhagadiosa (Ach.) Th.Fr., Glypholecia scabra (Pers.) Müll.Arg.

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (TSB).

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: an incompletely holarctic species, found on calciferous and base-rich siliceous rocks in dry-continental areas (in Italy restricted to dry Alpine valleys). In my opinion, the characters distinguishing Glypholecia from Acarospora do not justify a separation at generic rank.


+Acarospora schleicheri (Ach.) A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 27, 1852 - Urceolaria schleicheri Ach., Lich. Univ.: 332, 1810.

Syn.: Acarospora transtagana (Welw.) Hue, Lecanora schleicheri v. dealbata Durieu, Lecanora transtagana Welw., Parmelia schleicheri auct., Placodium schleicheri auct.

C - Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ paras Diploschistes diacapsis/ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical species, found on subneutral clay soil, decalcified ground over calcareous substrata, and weathered gypsum in open dry grasslands, common only in dry-continental areas. To be looked for in dry-warm Alpine valleys.


+Acarospora scotica Hue

Lich. Morph. Anat.: 202, 1909.



C - Tosc, Laz, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably mediterranean-atlantic species of siliceous rocks wetted by rain. The records from Lombardy by De Vita & Valcuvia (2004) and Piedmont by Valcuvia (2002, 2002b) are dubious, and are not accepted here.


+Acarospora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 57, 1859 - Endocarpon sinopicum Wahlenb. [in Ach.] Meth. Lich. Suppl.: 30, 1803.



Syn.: Acarospora sinopica v. ferruginea Körb., Acarospora smaragdula v. sinopica (Wahlenb.) A.Massal., Zeora sinopica (Wahlenb.) Flot.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ m/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a probably holarctic species of iron-rich rocks and mine-spoil heaps in exposed situations. Widespread, but local, throughout the Alps.


+Acarospora smaragdula (Wahlenb.) A.Massal. ssp. smaragdula

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 29, 1852 - Endocarpon smaragdulum Wahlenb. [in Ach.] Meth. Lich. Suppl.: 29, 1803.

Syn.: Acarospora amphibola Wedd. ?, Acarospora benedarensis Knowles, Acarospora flavorubens Bagl. & Carestia, Acarospora fusca de Lesd., Acarospora fuscata v. smaragdula (Wahlenb.) Arnold, Acarospora halophyla H.Magn., Acarospora murina Sandst., Acarospora scyphulifera Vain., Acarospora scyphulifera v. sensitiva H.Magn., Acarospora smaragdula spp. smaragdula v. scyphulifera (Vain.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. benaderensis (Knowles) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. fusca (de Lesd.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. halophila (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. murina (Sandst.) H.Magn., Acarospora smaragdula v. pallescens (Vain.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. rhagadiza (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora smaragdula v. rufescens (Turn ex Ach.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux ?, Acarospora smaragdula ssp. smaragdula v. verruciformis (H.Magn.) Clauzade, Acarospora spitzbergensis Hue ?, Acarospora undata Clauzade, Cl.Roux & V.Wirth, Lecanora cervina v. smaragdula (Wahlenb.) Schaer., Thelocarpon robustum Eitner

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-4, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: r, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ u/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar, variable species of steeply inclined base-rich, sometimes weakly calciferous siliceous rocks. The record from Venezia Giulia reported by Nimis (1993: 59) is excluded, being from Slovenia.


+Acarospora smaragdula ssp. lesdainii (A.L.Sm.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Mus. Hist. Nat. Marseille, 61: 67, 1981 - Acarospora lesdainii [Harm. ex] A.L.Sm., Monogr. Brit. Lich., 1: 334, 1918.

Syn.: Acarospora hassei Herre, Acarospora smaragdula v. lesdainii (A.L.Sm.) H.Magn.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Piem, Lig. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ m/ Note: in underhangs of metal-rich siliceous rocks, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Acarospora sphaerospora H.Magn.

Sv. Bot. Tidskr.: 338, 1924.

Syn.: Acarospora firmiensis de Lesd.

C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF:1/ paras Aspicilia cupreoglauca ?/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks wetted by rain, perhaps a parasite of Aspicilia, at least when young. Described from S France, it is known from a few localities in the Mediterranean area.


+Acarospora subrufula (Nyl.) H.Olivier

Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg, 37: 79, 1909 - Lecanora subrufula Nyl., Flora, 1879: 355, 1879.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ oc/ coast/ Note: on hard siliceous rocks, esp. granite, near the coast. A W European species, reported from a few localities, from the British Isles to Portugal.


+Acarospora sulphurata (Arnold) Arnold v. sulphurata

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 36: 63, 1886 - Acarospora heufleriana f. sulphurata Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 22: 290, 1872.



N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003),VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: r, A1: er, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a species of dry-continental areas, found on basic siliceous rocks, often near the ground, in dry grasslands, both in dry mediterranean areas and in continental Alpine valleys.


+Acarospora sulphurata v. rubescens Buschardt

[in Leuckert & Buschardt] Nova Hedwigia, 30: 802, 1978.



N - TAA.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ #/ Note: perhaps this is just a chemical strain, hitherto known only from the Alps, which deserves further study.


+Acarospora tominiana H.Magn.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., ser. 3, 7, 4: 216, 1929.



C - Sar.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 5, 5, 3/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Aspicilia spp./ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical species described from C Asia, only known from a single station in Italy, on limestone in a very sunny and dry situation. The Italian record - the only one from Europe - needs reconfirmation.


+Acarospora tongletii (Hue) H.Olivier

Mém. Soc. Nat. Sci. Nat. Cherbourg, 37: 83, 1909 - Lecanora tongletii Hue, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 64: 427, 1897.

Syn.: Acarospora paupera H.Magn., Acarospora rehmii H.Magn., Acarospora tongletii f. rehmii (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora tongletii f. variegata (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora tongletii v. paupera (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Acarospora variegata H.Magn.

N - VG, Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 2/ Note: a temperate to S boreal-montane, probably circumpolar species, in Italy most frequent on base-rich sandstone walls, but much overlooked.


+Acarospora umbilicata Bagl.

Mem. R. Acc. Sc. Torino, ser. 2: 397, 1857.

Syn.: Acarospora cinerea (Nyl.) Wedd., Acarospora percaenoides (Nyl.) Flagey, Acarospora rufidulocinerea Hue, Acarospora vesuviana Licop.?, Acarospora vulcanica Jatta, Heppia cavalierii Werner, Lecanora percaenoides Nyl.

N - VG (TSB), TAA, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi 2003b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Ottonello & Puntillo 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: er, F: c, G: rc, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate, mainly mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on steeply inclined, sunny faces of basic siliceous substrata, on roofing tiles and brick. Most common in Tyrrhenian Italy (e.g. on monuments and walls around Rome).


+Acarospora veronensis A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 29, nr.45, fig. 48, 1852.

Syn.: Acarospora africana de Lesd., Acarospora complanata H.Magn., Acarospora crozalsii de Lesd., Acarospora fuscata ssp. discreta sensu Th.Fr., Acarospora helvetica H.Magn., Acarospora intermedia H.Magn., Acarospora magnussonii Samp., Acarospora smaragdula v. veronensis (A.Massal.) Anzi

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: r, E: er, F: rr, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a holarctic early colonizer of base- rich siliceous pebbles, roofing tiles, walls, sometimes of soil and lignum, also found in small settlements. This is a critical group: the status of A. complanata and A. helvetica needs clarification.


+Acarospora versicolor Bagl. & Carestia

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1: 440, 1863.

Syn.: Acarospora carestiae Bagl., Acarospora cineracea (Nyl.) Hue, Acarospora cinerascens J.Steiner, Acarospora miskolensis H.Magn. ?

N - TAA, Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), Lig. C - Sar. S - Si (Grillo 1998).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: r/ subc/ PF: 1/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks, also on walls in Alpine villages, and on thin soil layers, probably more widespread in dry-warm Alpine valleys.


+Acrocordia cavata (Ach.) R.C.Harris

[in Vězda] Sched. ad Lich. Sel. Exs.: 1229, 1974 - Verrucaria cavata Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 91, 1814.

Syn.: Arthopyrenia cavata (Ach.) R.C.Harris

N - Frl, TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007). C - Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, incompletely holarctic species of smooth bark in humid deciduous forests. Rare thoughout the country, but most frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Acrocordia conoidea (Fr.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 358, 1855 - Verrucaria conoidea Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 432, 1831.



Syn.: Acrocordia epipolaea (Borrer) A.L.Sm., Acrocordia garovaglii A.Massal., Acrocordia garovaglii f. cuprea A.Massal., Acrocordia glacialis Bagl. & Carestia, Acrocordia ligustica A.Massal., Acrocordia ligustica v. purpurascens Jatta, Arthopyrenia conoidea (Fr.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia epipolaea (Borrer) A.Massal., Arthopyrenia ligustica (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Leiophloea conoidea (Fr.) Trevis., Leiophloea ligustica (A.Massal.) Trevis., Verrucaria conoidea v. atrata Garov., Verrucaria conoidea v. subsquamacea Garov., Verrucaria conoidea v. titanophila Garov., Verrucaria conoidea v. vulgaris Garov.

N - VG (Tretiach & Pecchiari 1995, Pinna & al. 1998, Crisafulli & al. 2006, Piervittori & al. 2006, Bertuzzi & al. 2007), Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Emil, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994).

Cr.end/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 1-2, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: vr, C: rr, D: c, E: a, F: vc, G: rc, H: vr/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate species of compact limestone and dolomite, mostly in woodlands, on sheltered faces seldom wetted by rain, with optimum in submediterranean areas, but reaching beyond treeline in the Apennines.


+Acrocordia gemmata (Ach.) A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 17, 1854 - Lichen gemmatus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 17, 1799.

Syn.: Acrocordia alba (Schrad.) de Lesd., Acrocordia gemmata v. rubescens Jatta, Acrocordia scotophora A.Massal.?, Acrocordia sphaeroides auct. non (Wallr.) Arnold, Arthopyrenia alba (Schrad.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia gemmata (Ach.) A.Massal., Arthopyrenia sphaeroides auct. non (Wallr.) Zahlbr., Arthopyrenia tersa auct. non Körb., Leiophloea gemmata v. glauca Trevis., Leiophloea tersa ("Körb.") Trevis., Melanopsamma petrucciana (Caldesi) Sacc., Pyrenula alba (Schrad.) A.Massal., Sphaeria petrucciana Caldesi, Verrucaria gemmata (Ach.) Ach., Verrucaria gemmata v. cinerea Garov., Verrucaria gemmata v. minor Garov.

N - VG (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & al. 2005b), TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, Loppi & al. 1995, 1996b, 1997, 1998, 1998b, Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Sérusiaux 1998, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on the rough bark of mature broad-leaved trees (both deciduous and evergreen) in open woodlands, extinct in the lowlands of the north. The recently-described var. rhododendri Hinteregger should be looked for in the subalpine belt of the Alps.


+Acrocordia macrospora A.Massal.

Symmicta Lich.: 82, 1855.

Syn.: Acrocordia conoidea v. macrospora (A.Massal.) de Lesd.

N - VG, Ven, Lomb, Lig. C - Tosc, Sar. S Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996, Sérusiaux 1998), Si.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 1-2, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: an apparently mediterranean-atlantic, mild-temperate species ranging from Macaronesia to Norway, found on base-rich or weakly calciferous siliceous rocks in sheltered situations. Certainly rare in Italy, where it is mostly coastal.


+Acrocordia salweyi (Nyl.) A.L.Sm.

Monogr. Brit. Lich., 2: 315, 1911 - Verrucaria gemmata ssp. salweyi [Leight. ex] Nyl., Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, 21: 435, 1856.



Syn.: Arthopyrenia salweyi (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Leiophloea salweyi (Nyl.) Trevis.

C - Tosc. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ suboc/ PF: 1-2/ Note: an apparently mediterranean-atlantic, mild-temperate species ranging from Macaronesia to Norway, found on soft calcareous substrata (mortar, calciferous sandstone) in warm-humid areas. Mostly Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Adelolecia kolaensis (Nyl.) Hertel & Rambold

Bibl. Lichenol, 57: 214, 1995 - Lecidea kolaensis Nyl., Flora, 46: 306, 1863.

Syn.: Catillaria tavastiana H.Magn., Lecidea conferenda f. umbratilis (Arnold) Arnold, Lecidea conferenda Nyl., Lecidea dolosula (Nyl.) Vain., Lecidea migratoria Lynge, Lecidea umbratilis (Arnold) Th.Fr., Lecidella umbratilis Arnold

N - TAA (Hertel & Rambold 1995), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-4, 3-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: an arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar species of basic to weakly calciferous siliceous rocks in exposed situations. For further details see Hertel & Rambold (1995). Earlier records of Lecidea conferenda from Liguria, Toscana and Sardegna (see Nimis 1993: 380), being dubious, are not accepted here.


+Adelolecia pilati (Hepp) Hertel & Hafellner

[in Hafellner] Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79: 260, 1984 - Biatora pilati Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: nr. 261, 1857.

Syn.: Buellia modicula (Nyl.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Lecidea auriculata v. hardangeriana Vain., Lecidea chrysotheicha Nyl., Lecidea lyngaeana Zahlbr., Lecidea modicula Nyl., Lecidea pilati (Hepp) Körb., Lecidea proludens Nyl., Lecidea subauriculata Lynge nom. illegit. non de Lesd., Lecidea tirolica Vain., Lecidella botryosa Hepp ex Arnold, Lecidella proludens (Nyl.) Arnold,

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Arnold Lich. Exs. 805b, type of L. tirolica: Hertel & Rambold 1995, Caniglia & al. 2002, Hafellner 2006), Lomb (Hertel & Rambold 1995), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc. S - Cal (Hertel & Rambold 1995, Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rr, A1: r, B: vr, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ m/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species of weathered, metal-rich metamorphic rocks seldom wetted by rain. For further details see Hertel & Rambold (1995).


+Adelolecia rhododendrina (Nyl.) Printzen

[in Hafellner & Türk], Stapfia, 76: 149, 2001 - Lecidea rhododendrina Nyl., Flora, 54: 308, 1876.



N - Frl (Hinteregger 1994, Austria, near the border).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on twigs of subalpine shrubs, esp. Rhododendron ferrugineum. Probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Agonimia allobata (Stizenb.) P.James

[in Coppins et al.] Lichenologist, 24, 4: 366, 1992 - Verrucaria allobata Stizenb., Ber. Naturw. Ges. St. Gallen: 501, 1880-1881 (1882).

Syn.: Amphoroblastia allobata (Stizenb.) Servít, Polyblastia allobata (Stizenb.) Zschacke

N - VG (Tretiach & Carvalho 1993, Carvalho 1997), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate species with subtropical affinities, found on ancient deciduous trees, in crevices or amongst mosses, in undisturbed forests or in deep gorges, to be looked for in Tyrrhenian Italy. The genus is poorly known in Italy: A. gelatinosa (Ach.) A.M.Brand & P.Diedr., and A. vouauxii (de Lesd.) A.M.Brand & P.Dietr., known from neighbouring countries, should be looked for in the Alps.

+Agonimia globulifera Brand & Diederich

[in Sérusiaux & al.] Lejeunia, 162: 8, 1999.



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