+Absconditella annexa



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N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: rc, B: vr, C: c, D: c, E: vr, F: c, G: rc, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ w/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, found on calciferous rocks, more rarely on epilithic mosses, in moderately sheltered sites with some water seepage after rain, one of the most common species of the genus in Italy.


+Collema glebulentum (Cromb.) Degel.

[H.Magn. ex] Degel., Symb. Bot. Upsal., 13, 2: 406, 1954 - Leptogium glebulentum [Nyl. ex] Cromb., J. Bot., 20: 272, 1882.

Syn.: Collema coralliferum Degel., Collema furvellum Räsänen

N - Lomb.

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Sax/ 3, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks in humid situations, the record of this arctic-alpine species is in Swiss territory, near the Italian border.


+Collema italicum de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 84: 282, 1937.



N - Lig (Ravera & Giordani 2007, 2007b). C - Laz (Ravera 2001, Massari & Ravera 2003, Ravera & Giordani 2007, 2007b).

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, mediterranean-atlantic species, restricted to a few humid sites in Tyrrhenian Italy, on trees such as Olea and Quercus ilex.


+Collema latzelii Zahlbr.

Österr. bot. Z., 59: 493, 1909.



N - Emil (Valcuvia & Delucchi 2001). C - Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ w/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on steeply inclined seepages of calciferous rocks (but also found on serpentine), overlooked, perhaps more widespread in the south, but certainly not common.


+Collema leptogioides Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 132, 1862.



Syn.: Leptogium marcii Harm.

N - Lig. C - Tosc.

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-4, 4, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: on steeply inclined calcareous rocks, often near cyanobacterial colonies, a mainly mediterranean species, to be looked for in the south.


+Collema ligerinum (Hy) Harm.

Lich. France, Collemacès: 85, 1905 - Collema pulposum v. ligerinum Hy, Mèm. Soc. Nat. Agricult. Sc. Arts Angers: 24, 1893.

Syn.: Collema verruculosum sensu Arnold non Hepp ex Müll.Arg., Leptogium verruculosum (“Hepp”) Jatta, Lethagrium conglomeratum sensu A.Massal.

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb (Brusoni & al. 1997, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Frati & al. 2004), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999). S - Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on base-rich bark, esp. of Juglans and Populus, more widespread in the past, but locally still common near small settlements in montane valleys, e.g. in the E pre-Alps.


+Collema limosum (Ach.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 629, 1810 - Lichen limosus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 126, 1799.

Syn.: Collema forissii Szatala, Collema glaucescens Hoffm., Collema viscosum A.Massal., Parmelia limosa (Ach.) Ach.

N - Ven, Lig. C - Sar. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a holarctic, temperate to boreal-montane, short-lived species of mineral, clay soil in disturbed habitats, certainly overlooked, but never common in Italy.


+Collema multipartitum Sm.

[in Sm. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot.: 36, 1814.

Syn.: Collema multipartiens Nyl., Collema sauteri (Müll.Arg.) Arnold nomen sed non planta, Lethagrium multipartitum (Sm.) Arnold, Lethagrium muelleri Hepp ex Arnold nom. nud., Lethagrium turgidum ("Ach.") A. Massal, Synechoblastus muelleri Hepp ex Anzi, Synechoblastus multipartitus (Sm.) Körb., Parmelia turgida (“Ach.”) Schaer. non Collema turgidum Ach., Synechoblastus sauteri Müll. Arg., Synechoblastus turgidus (“Ach.”) Körb.

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Abr, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate to southern boreal-montane species, found on calcareous rocks in rather sheltered situations, widespread, but never common.


+Collema multipunctatum Degel.

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 13, 2: 260, 1954.

Syn.: Collema verruciforme (Ach.) Nyl.

N - Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997, 1998b), Laz. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 2, 2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, mediterranean-atlantic species, mostly Tyrrhenian in Italy, found on more or less isolated trees in warm-humid areas, esp. on Olea.


+Collema nigrescens (Huds.) DC.

[in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 2: 384, 1805 - Lichen nigrescens Huds., Fl. Angl.: 450, 1762.

Syn.: Collema nigrescens f. quinqueseptatum (Kernst.) Zahlbr., Collema nigrescens v. rosaceum Schaer., Collema vespertilio (Lightf.) Hoffm., Lethagrium nigrescens (Huds.) S. Gray, Lethagrium fasciculare ("Schaer.") A.Massal., Lichen verspertilio Lightf. nom. illegit, Synechoblastus nigrescens (Huds.) Trevis., Synechoblastus nigrescens f. quinqueseptatum Kernst., Synechoblastus vespertilio (Lightf.) Hoffm., Synechoblastus vespertilio v. thysanoeum (“Ach.”) Hepp

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999) Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1998, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate speciesm found on more or less isolated trees (depending on air humidity), more common in the past, presently absent from heavily disturbed areas of the north, but locally still frequent in humid, semi-natural habitats, with optimum in Tyrrhenian Italy, more wide-ranging in altitude and latitude than the closely related C. subnigrescens.


+Collema occultatum Bagl.

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1: 1, 1861.

Syn.: Collema coccophylloides Hepp ex Müll.Arg., Collema quadratum J.Lahm ex Körb., Leptogium occultatum (Bagl.) Zahlbr., Leptogium quadratum (J.Lahm ex Körb.) Nyl. ex Norrl., Rostania quadrata (Körb.) Trevis.

N - VG (TSB), TAA, Piem. C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001), Abr (Ravera 2002b), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate lichen, found on smooth, base-rich, but not very eutrophicated bark of more less isolated broad-leaved trees (Acer, Fraxinus, Juglans, Populus) in rather humid sites, esp. on basal parts of old trunks, easy to overlook, but certainly not common in Italy.


+Collema parvum Degel.

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 13, 2: 273, 1954.

Syn.: Collema leptogioides auct. p.p. non Anzi

N - VG (TSB), Frl (TSB), Lomb. C - Abr. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: on steeply inclined seepages of calcareous rocks with colonies of cyanobacteria, most frequent in upland areas, and certainly much overlooked in Italy.


+Collema polycarpon Hoffm. ssp. polycarpon

Deutschl. Flora: 102, 1796.

Syn.: Collema melaenum v. polycarpon (Hoffm.) Nyl, Collema multifidum v. polycarpon (Hoffm.) Schaer., Collema orbiculare (Schaer.) Tonglet, Collema pulposum v. polycarpum (Hoffm.) Boistel, Collema stygium Rabenh., Collema stygium v. orbiculare (Schaer.) Rabenh., Collemodium polycarpoides Nyl., Leptogium polycarpoides (Nyl.) Harm., Lethagrium orbiculare (Schaer.) Arnold, Parmelia multifida v. polycarpa (Hoffm.) Schaer., Parmelia stygia v. orbicularis Schaer., Synechoblastus orbicularis (Schaer.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Synechoblastus polycarpus (Hoffm.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil, Lig (TSB). C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 1-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: r, C: rc, D: c, E: vr, F: vc, G: c, H: rc/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread holarctic species, found on exposed, hard, calciferous rocks and dolomite, from the lowland to above treeline. Several south Italian records could refer to ssp. corcyrense.


+Collema polycarpon ssp. corcyrense (Arnold) Pišút

Ann. Zool. Bot., 50: 2, 1968 - Lethagrium orbiculare f. corcyrense Arnold, Flora, 70: 152, 1887.

Syn.: Collema polycarpon v. corcyrense (Arnold) Harm., Collema ragusanum Zahlbr., Collema salevense (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Collema stygium v. stygioides Flagey, Lethagrium akralense Flagey, Lethagrium flaccidulum Flagey, Lethagrium salevense (Müll.Arg.) M.Choisy, Synechoblastus salevensis Müll.Arg.

N - VG (TSB), Lomb, Piem, Lig. C - Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: vr, F: rr, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: more thermophytic and more southern than the typical subspecies, this taxon is worthy of further study.


+Collema ryssoleum (Tuck.) A. Schneider

Guide Study Lich.: 181, 1898 - Collema nigrescens ssp. ryssoleum Tuck., Lich. Calif.: 34, 1866.

Syn.: Collema meridionale Hue, Collema nigrescens f. rupestre (Bagl.) Zahlbr., Lethagrium nigrescens v. rupestre Bagl.

N - Lig. C - Tosc (Pišút 1997, Tretiach & al. 2008), Laz (Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: rr, G: rc, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ w/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on steeply inclined seepages of basic siliceous rocks, a mainly western species in Europe, restricted to the Tyrrhenian region in Italy.


+Collema subflaccidum Degel.

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 20, 2: 140, 1974.

Syn.: Collema subfurvum auct.

N - VG (Castello 1996, Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, Loppi & al. 1995, 1997, 1998, 1998b, Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Benesperi 2000a, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: er, F: rc, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate, incompletely holarctic species, found on more or less isolated broadleaved trees in humid-rainy areas, more common in the past, presently absent from heavily disturbed habitats and most common in Tyrrhenian and NE Italy.


+Collema subnigrescens Degel.

Symb. Bot. Upsal. 13, 2: 413, 1954.

Syn.: Collema nigrescens v. caesium (Clemente) Colmeiro, Collema subnigrescens v. caesium (Clemente) Degel., Collema vespertilio auct. p.p., Lethagrium nigrescens sensu A.Massal. (1853), Synechoblastus nigrescens f. caesium (Clemente) Hue, Parmelia nigrescens v. caesia Clemente

N - VG, Frl, Ven, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1995, 1997, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Frati & al. 2004), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Frati & al. 2004), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 2, 2-3/ Alt.: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mid-temperate lichen, found on the bark of more or less isolated broadleaved trees, more thermophytic than the closely related C. nigrescens, presently extinct in the north, except Liguria, still frequent and locally even common in humid sites of Tyrrhenian Italy, esp. in Sardegna.


+Collema tenax (Sw.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 635, 1810 - Lichen tenax Sw., N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., 4: 249, 1784.

Syn.: Collema ceranoides Borrer, Collema concinnum Flot., Collema crispum v. prasinum (“Ach.”) Duby, Collema crustaceum Kremp., Collema euganeum A.Massal., Collema intestiniforme Schaer., Collema meliteum Jatta, Collema meliteum v. conglomeratum Jatta, Collema molybdinum Körb. et auct. p.p., Collema obscurum Hoffm., Collema palmatum (“Huds.”) Ach., Collema pulposum (Bernh.) Ach., Collema pulposum v. corallinum A.Massal., Collema pulposum v. nudum (Schaer.) A.Massal., Collema pulposum v. papulosum (Schaer.) A.Massal., Collema pulpulosum Nyl., Collema subcorallinum Degel., Collema submarginale Ach., Collema subpulposum Nyl., Collema tenax v. ceranoides (Borrer) Degel., Collema tenax v. crustaceum (Kremp.) Degel., Collema tenax v. corallinum (A.Massal.) Degel., Collema tenax v. diffractoareolatum (Schaer.) Degel., Collema tenax v. expansum Degel., Collema tenax v. vulgare (Schaer.) Degel., Collema trachselii Schaer., Collema turgidum sensu Hepp, Lichen palmatus sensu Ach., Lichen pulposus Bernh., Parmelia pulposa (Bernh.) Ach., Parmelia pulposa v. diffracto-areolata Schaer., Synechoblastus euganeus (A.Massal.) Müll. Arg.

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach 1996), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Clerc & al. 1999, Isocrono & al. 2004, Hafellner & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3-5, 3-5, 3-5, 1-3/ Alt: 1-6/ A: rc, A1: c, B: vc, C: ec, D: ec, E: rr, F: ec, G: ec, H: rc/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: a widespread holarctic, almost cosmopolitan lichen, found on calciferous or base-rich siliceous soil in open habitats (e.g. in dry grasslands), on consolidating sand dunes and on terricolous bryophytes, more rarely directly on rock, often found also in disturbed habitats such as track sides in urban settlements (e.g. in the very center of Rome), an extremely polymorphic and ecologically wide-ranging species, certainly the most common of the genus in Italy.


+Collema undulatum Flot.

[Laurer ex] Flot., Linnaea, 23: 161, 1850.

Syn.: Collema aggregatum v. laureri (Sw. ex Körb.) Boistel, Collema laureri (Sw. ex Körb.) Flot., Collema laureri v. microphyllinum (Anzi) Stizenb., Collema undulatum v. granulosum Degel. ?, Collema undulatum v. microphyllinus (Anzi) Zahlbr., Lethagrium laureri (Sw. ex Körb.) Arnold, Lethagrium laureri v. microphyllinum (Anzi) Bagl. & Carestia, Lethagrium undulatum (Flot.) Poetsch, Synechoblastus laureri Sw. ex Körb., Synechoblastus laureri v. microphyllinus Anzi

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Laz, Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-5, 4, 1-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: vr, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar lichen, found on calciferous rocks with some water seepage after rain, mostly in upland areas. The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 264), being from outside Italy, is not accepted here.


+Collemopsidium halodytes (Nyl.) Grube & B.D.Ryan nom.inval.§

[in Nash & al.] Lichen Flora of the Greater Sonoran Desert Region, 1: 163, 2002 - Verrucaria halodytes Nyl., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 5: 142, 1858 (“1857”).

Syn.: Arthopyrenia halodytes (Nyl.) Arnold, Arthopyrenia kelpii Körb., Arthopyrenia orustensis Erichsen, Leiophloea halodytes (Nyl.) Trevis., Paraphysothele halodytes (Nyl.) Keissl., Thelidium halodytes (Nyl.) Erichsen, Arthopyrenia foveolata Sm. ?, Arthopyrenia litoralis auct ?, Pyrenocollema halodytes (Nyl.) R.C.Harris, Thelidium litorale auct. ?

N - VG. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr.end/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: r, E: a, F: a, G: c, H: c/ PF: 1-2/ coast/ l/ Note: a subcosmopolitan maritime lichen, common, but often overlooked, along the Italian coasts, most often found on barnacles (Balanus), Patella, Litorina etc, but also on calcareous rocks.


+Collolechia caesia (Fr.) A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 7, 1854 - Lecidea contigua v. caesia Fr., Lich. Eur.: 302, 1831.

Syn.: Bacidia caesitia (Nyl.) Jatta, Lecidea caesitia Nyl., Lecidea triptophylla v. caesia Schaer., Placynthium caesium auct., Placynthium caesitium (Nyl.) Hue, Placynthium caesitium f. pseudonigrum Gyeln., Placynthium garovaglii sensu Malme et auct. ital.p.p., Racoblenna caesia (Schaer.) A.Massal. nomen sed non planta, Racoblenna garovaglii A.Massal., Scoliciosporum caesitium (Nyl.) Jatta


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