+Absconditella annexa



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N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem.

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: vr, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a mainly northen species, found on steeply inclined calcareous rocks with some water seepage. Most earlier records were under Placynthium garovaglii (see Jørgensen 2005).


+Cornicularia normoerica (Gunnerus) Du Rietz

Ark. Bot. 20 a (11): 32, 1926 - Lichen normoericus Gunnerus, Fl. Norveg., 2: 123, 1772.

Syn.: Alectoria tristis (Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) Th.Fr., Cetraria normoerica (Gunnerus) Lynge, Cetraria tristis (Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) Fr., Cornicularia tristis (Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) Ach., Imbricaria tristis (Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) Anzi, Parmelia tristis (Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) Spreng., Platysma triste (Weber ex F.H. Wigg.) Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, Piervittori & al. 2004), Lig. C - Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 4, 1-3/ Alt: 4-6/ A: c, A1: rr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on hard, wind-exposed siliceous rocks, common only in the Alps.


+Cresponea premnea (Ach.) Egea & Torrente

Mycotaxon, 48: 324, 1993 - Lecidea premnea Ach., Lich. Univ.: 173, 1810.

Syn.: Cresponea premnea v. saxicola (Leight.) Egea & Torrente, Lecanactis plocina auct. p.p. non (Ach.) Massal., Lecanactis premnea (Ach.) Arnold, Lecanactis premnea v. saxicola (Leight.) H.Olivier

N - Ven, TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph-Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on bark of old deciduous trees (mainly oaks) in rain-protected faces, in very open, humid, park-like woodlands, there is no recent record from Italy.


+Cresporhaphis wienkampii (Hazsl.) B.M.Aguirre

Bull. Brit. Mus. (Nat. Hist.), Bot. ser., 21, 2: 154, 1991 - Leptorhaphis wienkampii [J.Lahm ex] Hazsl., Verh. Ver. Nat. Heilk. Pressburg, 5: 12, 1861.



S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt.: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on rough bark of Salix, Robinia, deciduous oaks, mainly along bark furrows, probably lichenised. Certainly more widespread, also in the North. C.macrospora (Eitner) M.B.Aguirre and C.muelleri (Duby) M.B.Aguirre are known from the Alps outside Italy.


+Cryptolechia carneolutea (Turner) A.Massal.

Alc. Generi di Licheni nuovam. limitati e descritti: 13, 1853 - Parmelia carneolutea Turner, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 9: 145, 1808.

Syn.: Gyalecta carneolutea (Turner) Nyl., Gyalectina carneolutea (Turner) Vězda, Pachyphiale carneolutea (Turner) Samp., Pertusaria carneolutea (Turner) Anzi

N - Lomb. C - Tosc.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen with subtropical affinities, found on nutrient-rich bark in very humid situations, only known from two old records, perhaps extinct, but to be looked for further in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Cyphelium inquinans (Sm.) Trevis.

Flora, 45: 3, 1862 - Lichen inquinans Sm. [in Sm. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot., 12: 810, 1801.

Syn.: Acolium inquinans (Sm.) A.Massal., Acolium neesii (Flot.) Körb., Acolium tympanellum (Ach.) Gray, Calicium cembrinum Ach., Calicium neesii Flot., Calicium tympanellum Ach., Cyphelium cembrinum (Ach.) Ach., Cyphelium inquinans v. ollare (Ach.) Trevis., Cyphelium neesii (Flot.) Trevis., Cyphelium ollare Ach., Cyphelium pileatum Ach., Cyphelium subsimile (Nyl.) Trevis., Cyphelium tympanellum (Ach.) Ach.

N - Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Brunialti & al. 2001). C - Tosc. S - Cal (Puntillo 1994, Lich. Graec. 46: Obermayer 1996, Puntillo 1996, Vězda Lich. Rar. Exs. 328).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a temperate to southern boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on old conifer stumps, more rarely on lignum of broad-leaved deciduous trees (esp. Quercus and Castanea), and on wooden fence-posts, with optimum in upland areas.


+Cyphelium karelicum (Vain.) Räsänen

Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. Vanamo, 12, 1: 188, 1939 - Cyphelium lucidum v. karelicum Vain., Acta Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 57, 1: 20, 1927.



N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1994, 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mainly cool-temperate to southern boreal-montane lichen, found on ancient boles of conifers in semi-natural forests, often on basal parts of trunks, mostly on old Abies, much more rarely on lignum, to be looked for further in the Alps.


+Cyphelium lecideinum (Nyl.) Trevis.

Flora, 45: 4, 1862 - Trachylia lecideina Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg: 3: 199, 1855.

Syn.: Cyphelium zahlbruckneri Samp.

C - Tosc (Tretiach 2004), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found beneath overhanging siliceous rocks in humid situations.


+Cyphelium lucidum (Th.Fr.) Th.Fr.

Genera Heterolich. Eur. Recogn.: 101, 1861 - Trachylia lucida Th.Fr., Öfv. K. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 12: 18, 1855.

Syn.: Acolium lucidum (Th.Fr.) Rabenh., Acolium viridulum Schaer., Calicium virellum Nyl.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar species, found on old conifers in humid, open forests with frequent fog.


+Cyphelium marcianum de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 55: 420, 1908.



N - Lig. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997c, Tretiach & al. 2008), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ paras Pertusaria spp., esp. P. microstictica/ Note: a poorly known taxon, to be looked for in other parts of Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Cyphelium notarisii (Tul.) Blomb. & Forssell

Enum. Plant. Scand., 1, 4: 95, 1880 - Acolium notarisii Tul., Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 17: 81, 1852.

Syn.: Cyphelium sardoum De Not., Cyphelium tigillare ssp. notarisii (Tul.) W.A. Weber, Pseudacolium notarisii (Tul.) Vain., Trachylia notarisii (Tul.) Nyl.

N - Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly cool-temperate to southern boreal-montane lichen, found on dry, weathered wood (e.g. on fences, wooden poles), but also on bark of old acid-barked trees (esp. Quercus), perhaps more widespread in the Alps.


+Cyphelium pinicola Tibell

Sv. Bot. Tidskr., 63: 477, 1969.



N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb, Piem. S - Cal (Puntillo 1994, 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate to southern boreal-montane lichen, found on bark of conifers, and esp. of Pinus, near the base of the trunks, less confined to high altitudes than C. tigillare.


+Cyphelium sessile (Pers.) Trevis.

Flora, 45: 3, 1862 - Calicium sessile Pers., Tent. Disp. Meth. Fung., suppl.: 59, 1797.

Syn.: Acolium sessile (Pers.) Arnold, Acolium stigmatellum (Ach.) De Not.

N - Lomb, Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001). C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Cal (Puntillo 1994, 1996).

LF/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ paras Pertusaria spp. (esp. P. pertusa, P. coccodes and P. coronata)/ Note: a mild-temperate lichenicolous fungus also known from N America, found on very old oaks, perhaps extinct in the north.


+Cyphelium tigillare (Ach.) Ach.

K. Sv. Vetensk-Akad. Handl., 36: 266, 1815 - Lichen tigillaris Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 67, 1799.

Syn.: Acolium tigillare (Ach.) Gray, Cyphelium trachylioides auct. p.p. non (Branth & Rostr.) Erichsen, Cyphelium viridescens auct. p.p., Trachylia tigillaris (Ach.) Fr.

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, Nascimbene 2006b, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on hard, dry wood, esp. of conifers, on wooden fences and fence-posts, often together with Pyrrhospora elabens.


+Cystocoleus ebeneus (Dillwyn) Thwaites

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 3: 241, 1849 - Conferva ebenea Dillwyn, Brit. Corferv.: tab. 101, 1809.



Syn.: Coenogonium ebeneum (Dillwyn) A.L.Sm., Coenogonium germanicum Glück, Coenogonium nigrum auct. non (Huds.) Zahlbr., Cystocoleus niger auct. non (Huds.) Har.

N - Frl (Tretiach 2004), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). S - Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ A.f/ Sax/ 2-3, 1-2, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, probably holarctic lichen, found on vertical to underhanging surfaces of siliceous rocks protected from rain in very humid situations, much overlooked, and certainly more widespread, at least in the Alps.


+Dacampia engeliana (Saut.) A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 22, 1854 - Sagedia engeliana Saut. [in Rabenh.] Bot. Centralbl.: 406, 1846.

Syn.: Pleospora engeliana (Saut.) G. Winter

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB).

LF/ §/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Solorina spp./ Note: an arctic-alpine lichenicolous fungus.


+Dacampia hookeri (Borrer) A.Massal.

Sulla Lecidea hookeri di Schaer.: 7, tab 1, fig. 4, 1853 - Verrucaria hookeri Borrer, Engl. Bot. Suppl.: tab. 2622, fig. 2, 1831.

Syn.: Pleospora hookeri (Borrer) Keissl.

N - Frl, Ven (Roux & Triebel 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Roux & Triebel 1994, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 524: Roux & Triebel 1994), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Hafellner & al. 2004), VA (TSB). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Solorina spp./ Note: esp. on Solorina saccata on humic soil over calcareous substrata throughout the Alps, probably present also in the Apennines of central Italy, and to be looked for there.


+Dactylina ramulosa (Hook.) Tuck.

Proc. Amer. Acad. Arts Sc., 5: 397, 1862 - Dufourea ramulosa Hook., Bot. Appendix to W.E. Parry, J. Second Voyage Discov. Northwest Passage from Atl. to Pacif.: 414, 1825.

Syn.: Dufourea muricata Laurer

N - TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Frut/ Ch/ A.f/ Terr/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 5-6/ A: er, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on soil developing from calcareous schists.


+Degelia atlantica (Degel.) M.Jørg. & P.James

Bibl. Lichenol., 38: 264, 1990 - Parmeliella atlantica Degel., Acta Phytogeogr. Suec., 7: 131, 1935.



N - VG, Lig (Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001, Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1996, 1998, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si.

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, mainly western in Europe, found on trunks in moist-warm stands, e.g. in olive groves near the coast, mainly Tyrrhenian.


+Degelia plumbea (Lightf.) M.Jørg. & P.James

Bibl. Lichenol., 38: 264, 1990 - Lichen plumbeus Lightf., Fl. Scot., 2: 826, 1777.

Syn.: Coccocarpia plumbea v. cinereofumosa Caruso, Pannaria delisei Bory, Pannaria lojaconii (Müll.Arg.) Jatta, Pannaria plumbea (Lightf.) Bory, Pannaria plumbea v. cyanoloma Schaer., Pannaria plumbea v. myriocarpa Duby, Parmelia plumbea v. vetustior Del Amo, Parmeliella lojaconii Müll.Arg., Parmeliella plumbea (Lightf.) Vain., Placolepis plumbea (Lightf.) Trevis., Trachyderma plumbeum (Lightf.) Trevis.

N - Frl (Tretiach 1996), Ven, TAA, Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & Brunialti 2000, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1997b, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr, Mol (Frati & al. 2004), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on base-rich, often mossy bark of old trees, more rarely on mossy rocks in rainly-humid areas.


+Dermatocarpon arnoldianum Degel.

Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 75: 157, 1934.



N - Ven (Nascimbene 2004), Lomb, Piem (TSB).

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a rather poorly understood, but characteristic, perhaps holarctic species, found on calciferous or base-rich siliceous rocks in periodically wet places, or near the ground.


+Dermatocarpon intestiniforme (Körb.) Hasse

The Bryologist, 15: 46, 1912 - Endocarpon intestiniforme Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 42, 1859.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon polyphyllum (Wulfen) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c), TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999). C - Umbr (Ravera & Di Toma 2003, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane to arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on calciferous or base-rich siliceous rocks in periodically wet places, or near the ground.


+Dermatocarpon leptophylloides (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 1: 219, 1921 - Endocarpon leptophylloides Nyl., Flora, 59: 576, 1876.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon diffractum (Th.Fr.) Blomb. & Forssell, Dermatocarpon lorenzianum Anders, Dermatocarpon miniatum v. diffractum Th.Fr., Dermatocarpon phonoliticum Anders

N - VA (Piervittori & al. 2004). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: a, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ l/ Note: a temperate to S boreal-montane species, found on periodicaly inundated siliceous rocks. For further details see Orange (1998).


+Dermatocarpon luridum (With.) J.R.Laundon v. luridum

Lichenologist, 16, 3: 222, 1984 - Lichen luridus With., Bot. Arrang. Veget. Gr. Brit.: 720, 1776.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon aquaticum (Weis.) Zahlbr., Dermatocarpon fluviatile (Weber) Th.Fr., Dermatocarpon weberi (Ach.) W.Mann, Endocarpon aquaticum (Weis.) Gärtner, Endocarpon fluviatile (Weber) DC.

N - Lomb (Rivellini 1994), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001). C - Tosc, Sar.

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: er, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a cool-temperate to subarctic-subalpibe, probably circumpolar species, found on periodically inundated siliceous rocks near creeks and brooks, or on steeply inclined, shaded faces with frequent water seepage.


+Dermatocarpon luridum v. decipiens (A.Massal.) H. Riedl

Linzer biol. Beitr., 22, 1990 - Endocarpon miniatum v. decipiens A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 184, n. 351, fig. 375, 1852.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon aquaticum v. decipiens (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Dermatocarpon decipiens (A.Massal.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Dermatocarpon fluviatile v. decipiens (A.Massal.) Vain., Dermatocarpon weberi v. decipiens (A.Massal.) Lambinon, Endocarpon decipiens (A.Massal.) Anzi

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Sar.

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on siliceous rocks, a critical taxon.


+Dermatocarpon meiophyllizum Vain.

Acta Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 49, 2: 14, 1921.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon bachmannii Anders v. inundatum Klem., Dermatocarpon meiophyllum Vain.

C - Sar.

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: on periodically inundated siliceous rocks, esp. in the splash zone of lake shores or along creeks, in seepages on slightly sloping faces, probably present in the Alps. For further information see Orange (1998).


+Dermatocarpon miniatum (L.) W.Mann

Lich. Bohemia Observ. Disp.: 66, 1825 - Lichen miniatus L., Sp. Pl., 2: 1149, 1753.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon complicatum (Lightf.) W.Mann, Dermatocarpon miniatum v. cirsodes (Ach.) Zahlbr. ?, Dermatocarpon miniatum v. compactum (Lamy) Zahlbr., Dermatocarpon miniatum v. complicatum (Lightf.) Th.Fr., Dermatocarpon miniatum v. crispum (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Dermatocarpon miniatum v. complicatissimum (Nyl.) Lettau, Dermatocarpon miniatum v. imbricatum (A.Massal.) Vain., Dermatocarpon miniatum v. panniforme (Lamy) Zahlbr., Dermatocarpon miniatum v. papillosum (Anzi) Müll.Arg., Dermatocarpon miniatum v. umbilicatum (Schaer.) Vain., Endocarpon complicatum (Lightf.) Ach., Endocarpon miniatum (L.) Gaertn., Endocarpon miniatum v. aetneum Tornab., Endocarpon miniatum v. crispum A.Massal., Endocarpon miniatum v. imbricatum A.Massal., Endocarpon miniatum v. pruinosum A.Massal.

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Tretiach 1996, Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal, 1996, Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 3-5, 4, 3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rr, A1: c, B: rr, C: c, D: rc, E: a, F: rc, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: on calciferous rocks, from calcareous schists to limestone and dolomite, esp. on steeply inclined to underhanging faces, and in rain-tracks, from sea level to the Alpine belt.


+Dermatocarpon moulinsii (Mont.) Zahlbr.

[in Engler & Prantl] Natürl. Pflanzenfam., 1: 60, 1903 - Endocarpon moulinsii Mont., Annl. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 2, 20: 358, 1843.

Syn.: Endocarpon miniatum v. exasperatum A.Massal.

N - Frl (Breuss 1995), Ven, TAA (Breuss 1995), Piem, Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000).

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a silicicolous, holarctic species of perodically wetted rocks. The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 273) has been excluded, as it refers to a site outside the present border of Italy.


+Dermatocarpon rivulorum (Arnold) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

Die Flechten von Tirol: 504, 1902 - Endocarpon rivulorum Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 24: 249, 1874.



N - Frl (TSB), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Fol.u/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a widespread, cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on periodically submerged siliceous rocks, in seepages or along small streams, often completely inundated during summer, it also occurs in melt-water seepages below snow-beds and along lakeshores.


+Dibaeis baeomyces (L. fil.) Rambold & Hertel

[in Rambold & al.] Bibl. Lichenol., 53: 231, 1993 - Lichen baeomyces L. fil., Suppl. Plant.: 450, 1781 (1782).

Syn.: Baeomyces roseus Pers., Baeomyces roseus f. abortivus A.Massal., Dibaeis rosea (Pers.) Clemente


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