+Absconditella annexa



Yüklə 3,49 Mb.
səhifə24/76
tarix27.08.2017
ölçüsü3,49 Mb.
1   ...   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   ...   76

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Marc. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: vr, C: rr, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: on humid, disturbed clay soil, often in Calluna-heaths. Lit.: Gierl & Kalb (1993).


+Dimelaena oreina (Ach.) Norman

Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 7: 231, 1852 - Lecanora straminea Ach. v. oreina Ach., Lich. Univ.: 433, 1810.

Syn.: Beltraminia oreina (Ach.) Trevis., Lecanora mougeotioides Nyl., Lecanora oreina (Ach.) Ach., Rinodina hueana Vain. non (Harm.) Mig., Rinodina mougeotioides (Nyl.) Mong., Rinodina oreina (Ach.) A.Massal., Rinodina oreina v. mougeotioides (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA (Rambold & al. 1994), Lomb, Piem (Allisiardi 2001, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 1998, 2001, 2004), Lig (TSB). C - Abr, Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rc, A1: c, B: vr, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a widespread holarctic species, found on hard siliceous rocks, incl. quartz, in sunny-dry situations, often on steeply inclined faces, common only in dry-continental areas, from some parts of the Mediterranean coast to dry Alpine valleys, the species is chemically variable, and a study of Italian populations is still wanting.


+Dimerella lutea (Dicks.) Trevis.

Ric. Ist. Lomb. Sc. Lett., 13: 65, 1880 - Lichen luteus Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Cryptog. Brit., 1: 11, 1785.

Syn.: Coenogonium luteum (Dicks.) Kalb & Lücking, Biatorina lutea (Dicks.) Körb., Gyalecta lutea (Dicks.) Fr., Lecidea lutea (Dicks.) Borrer ex Hook., Microphiale lutea (Dicks.) Zahlbr.

N - VG, Ven (Nascimbene 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 1-2, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical lichen, found on bark and epiphytic liverworts in semi-natural, old, humid forests, mostly Tyrrhenian.


+Dimerella pineti (Ach.) Vězda

Sched. ad Lich. Sel. Exs.: n. 1279, 1975 - Lecidea pineti [Schrad. ex] Ach., Lich. Univ.: 195, 1810.

Syn.: Biatora pineti (Schrad.) Fr., Biatorina diluta (Pers.) Th.Fr., Biatorina pineti (Ach.) A.Massal., Dimerella diluta (Pers.) Trevis., Gyalecta alnicola de Lesd., Gyalecta diluta (Pers.) Blomb. & Forssell, Gyalecta pineti (Ach.) Tuck., Gyalecta rosea (Eitner) Zahlbr., Microphiale diluta (Pers.) Zahlbr., Peziza diluta Pers. non Fr.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2006b, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1997b, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, 2003, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar. S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Sérusiaux 1998, Chiappetta 2000, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (TSB).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1, 2-3, 1-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: er, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a probably holarctic lichen, most common on bark of conifers, certainly widespread throughout the country, esp. in non-heavily disturbed areas with a humid climate.


+Dimerella tavaresiana Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 4: 446, 1969.



N - Lig. C - Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, 2000, Munzi & al. 2004, 2007). S - Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1996, 1998), Cal (Sérusiaux 1998).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on acid bark of conifers and broad-leaved trees in open, humid and warm woodlands, strictly Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Diploicia canescens (Dicks.) A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 86, 1852 - Lichen canescens Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Cryptog. Brit., 1: 10, 1785.

Syn.: Buellia canescens (Dicks.) De Not., Catolechia canescens (Dicks.) Anzi, Lecidea canescens (Dicks.) Ach.

N - VG, Ven, TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902), Lomb, Emil (Valcuvia & Grieco 1995), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Pišút 1997, Loppi & al. 1997, 1998b, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Senese & Critelli 2000, Del Guasta 2001), Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003, Ravera & al. 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr, Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1934, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-5, 3-5, 2-3, 2-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ u/ Note: a rather western and southern lichen in Europe, found on a wide variety of substrates incl. base-rich or eutrophicated bark, calciferous sandstone, and limestone, rare in the north and along the E side of the peninsula, sometimes also found in underhangs of calcareous rocks protected from rain. Closely related to Diplotomma (see note on D. subcanescens). All records from Piemonte (see Nimis 1993: 277) and Val d'Aosta (see Piervittori & Isocrono 1999: 119), being dubious, are not accepted here. See also note on Physcia tribacoides.


+Diploicia subcanescens (Werner) Hafellner & Poelt

Herzogia, 5: 59, 1979 - Buellia subcanescens Werner, Bull. Soc. Hist. Nat. Afrique du Nord, 47: 90, 1956.



C - Tosc, Sar. S - Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 4-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ suboc/ Note: a southern mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on siliceous rocks subject to humid, maritime winds, exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy. Although there is some molecular evidence (Molina & al. 2002) that this is a synonym of D. canescens, I am not yet convinced, and I prefer to maintain D. subcanescens as distinct from D. canescens. Pending further studies, I also prefer to maintain the genus Diploicia, and not to consider it as a synonym of Diplotomma.


+Diploschistes actinostomus (Ach.) Zahlbr.

Hedwigia, 31: 34, 1892 - Verrucaria actinostoma [Pers. ex] Ach., Lich. Univ.: 288, 1810.

Syn.: Acrorixis actinostoma (Ach.) Trevis., Diploschistes sbarbaronis de Lesd., Limboria actinostoma (Ach.) A.Massal., Limboria actinostoma f. basalticola A.Massal., Limboria actinostoma f. trachytica A.Massal., Urceolaria actinostoma (Ach.) Ach., Urceolaria actinostoma v. basalticola (A.Massal.) Jatta, Urceolaria actinostoma v. trachytica (A.Massal.) Jatta

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000, 2003, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: er, F: c, G: rc, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on basic siliceous substrata, incl. roofing tiles, most frequent and abundant in Tyrrhenian Italy, rarer in E Peninsular Italy, where it is also found on limestone.


+Diploschistes caesioplumbeus (Nyl.) Vain.

Bot. Mag. Tokyo, 35: 70, 1921 - Urceolaria actinostoma v. caesioplumbea Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 264, 1872

Syn.: Diploschistes actinostomus v. caesioplumbeus (Nyl.) J.Steiner

N - Lig. C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ paras Lecanora gangaleoides/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on base-rich siliceous rocks in Tyrrhenian Italy. Earlier records from Emilia and Trentino (see Nimis 1993: 278), being dubious, are not accepted here. I wonder whether this taxon deserves to be separated at the species rank from D. actinostomus.


+Diploschistes candidissimus (Kremp.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 2: 660, 1924 - Limboria candidissima Kremp. [in Unger & Kochy] Die Insel Cypern: 166, 1865.

Syn.: Acrorixis actinostoma v. tectorum (A.Massal.) Trevis., Diploschistes actinostomus v. farinosus (Anzi) Zahlbr., Diploschistes calcareus (Müll.Arg.) Steiner, Diploschistes farinosus (Anzi) Vězda, Limboria actinostoma v. farinosa Anzi, Limboria actinostoma v. tectorum A.Massal., Urceolaria actinostoma v. tectorum (A.Massal.) Jatta

N - Ven, TAA. C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calciferous rocks.


+Diploschistes diacapsis (Ach.) Lumbsch

Lichenologist, 20: 20, 1988 - Urceolaria diacapsis Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 339, 1814.

Syn.: Diploschistes albescens Lettau, Diploschistes albissimus (Ach.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Diploschistes gypsaceus auct. p.p., Diploschistes ocellatus v. fallax Werner, Diploschistes scruposus ssp. albescens (Lettau) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diploschistes steppicus Reichert, Urceolaria scruposa v. diacapsis (Ach.) Schaer., Urceolaria sicula Jatta ?

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Tosc. S - Camp, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Pišút 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: r, H: rr/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a widespread species of arid grasslands, found on calciferous or base-rich soil in open, dry situations, certainly much more widespread throughout the country.


+Diploschistes euganeus (A.Massal.) J.Steiner

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 69: 96, 1919 - Limboria euganea A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 155, n. 282, fig. 302, 1852.

Syn.: Diploschistes clausus (Flot.) Zahlbr., Urceolaria euganea (A.Massal.) Jatta

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Emil, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on basic siliceous rocks, more rarely on brick and roofing tiles, in warm-humid areas, sometimes starting the life-cycle on Ochrolechia parella, mostly Tyrrhenian.


+Diploschistes gypsaceus (Ach.) Zahlbr.

Hedwigia, 31: 35, 1892 - Urceolaria gypsacea Ach., Lich. Univ.: 338, 1810.

Syn.: Diploschistes cretaceus (Ach.) Lettau, Diploschistes ochrophanes Lettau, Diploschistes scruposus ssp. cretaceus (Ach.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diploschistes scruposus ssp. ochrophanes (Lettau) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Gyalecta cretacea Ach.

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: er, C: r, D: r, E: a, F: rr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a widespread temperate to southern boreal-montane lichen, found in rock fissures, on vertical or underhanging calcareous rocks, often in woodlands.


+Diploschistes muscorum (Scop.) R.Sant.

[in D.Hawksw. & al.] Lichenologist, 12: 106, 1980 - Lichen muscorum Scop., Fl. Carniol., 2: 365, 1772.



Syn.: Diploschistes bryophilus (Ehrh. ex Ach.) Zahlbr., Diploschistes lichenicola (Mont. & Fr.) Vain., Diploschistes scruposus f. argillosus (Ach.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Diploschistes scruposus f. muscicola (Anzi) Zahlbr., Diploschistes scruposus ssp. muscorum (Scop.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diploschistes scruposus v. arenarius (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Diploschistes scruposus v. bryophylus (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Diploschistes scruposus v. parasiticus (Sommerf.) Zahlbr., Dothidea lichenum Sommerf., Lichen impressus Sw., Melittiosporum lichenicolum (Mont. & Fr.) Sacc., Stictis lichenicola Mont. & Fr., Urceolaria scruposa f. muscicola Anzi

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach 1996), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2002), TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, Hafellner & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Abr, Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 1-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: rr, B: r, C: rc, D: r, E: er, F: vr, G: vr, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ paras other lichens/ Note: a holarctic lichen, often - but apparently not always - parasitic on Cladonia squamules (esp. C. pocillum and C. symphycarpa), generally on mosses and plant debris in dry grasslands on limestone. Not always distinguished from D. diacapsis in the older literature and closely related to D. scruposus.


+Diploschistes ocellatus (Vill.) Norman

Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 7: 232, 1853 - Lichen ocellatus Vill., Hist. Plant. Dauph.: 988, 1789.

Syn.: Diploschistes ocellatus v. tuberculatus Werner, Lecanora villarsii Pollini, Urceolaria ocellata (Vill.) DC., Urceolaria villarsii (Pollini) Ach.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Benesperi 2000a), Marc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on limestones, dolomite and calciferous sandstone, more rarely on soil, esp. common in the SW part of the Peninsula.


+Diploschistes scruposus (Schreb.) Norman

Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 7: 232, 1853 - Lichen scruposus Schreb., Spicil. Fl. Lips.: 133, 1771.

Syn.: Diploschistes cinereocaesius Samp., Diploschistes gypsaceus ssp. interpediens (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diploschistes interpediens (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Diploschistes ptychochrous Lettau, Diploschistes scruposus f. centrosus Werner, Diploschistes scruposus f. flavescens (Harm.) Zahlbr., Diploschistes scruposus ssp. ptychochrous (Lettau) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diploschistes scruposus ssp. violarius (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diploschistes scruposus v. clauzadei de Lesd., Diploschistes violarius (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Urceolaria scruposa v. suberis (Clemente) Colmeiro

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2001b, 2005b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Pišút 1997), Marc, Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Czeczuga & al. 1999, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: rr, B: vr, C: rc, D: rr, E: vr, F: rc, G: c, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, found on siliceous rocks, more rarely on soil. Formerly frequently confused with similar species.


+Diplotomma alboatrum (Hoffm.) Flot.

27 Jahresber. schles. Ges. vaterl. Kult.: 130, 1849 - Lichen alboater Hoffm., Enum. Lich. Icon.: 30, 1784.

Syn.: Abacina alboatra (Hoffm.) Norman, Buellia alboatra (Hoffm.) Th.Fr., Buellia alboatra v. ambigua (Ach.) Th.Fr., Buellia alboatra v. subochracea Zahlbr., Buellia alboatra v. vulgata Th.Fr., Buellia alboatra v. zabotica (Körb.) Th.Fr., Buellia ambigua (Ach.) Malme, Buellia epipolia (Ach.) Mong. non auct., Buellia lainea (Ach.) Clauzade & Ozenda, Buellia subochracea (Zahlbr. J.Steiner, Diplotomma ambiguum (Ach.) Flagey, Diplotomma epipolium (Ach.) Arnold non auct., Diplotomma epipolium v. ambiguum (Ach.) Arnold, Diplotomma subochraceum (Zahlbr.) Szatala, Lecidea ambigua Ach., Lichen epipolius Ach. non auct., Rhizocarpon alboatrum (Hoffm.) Anzi

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Hafellner 1979), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1995, 1998, Loppi & Putortì 1995), Laz (Bartoli & al. 1998, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000, 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda & al. 2001, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: er, F: rr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate to S boreal-montane lichen, found on bark and on base-rich or slightly calciferous rocks, brick, roofing tiles etc. See note on D. nivale.


+Diplotomma chlorophaeum (Leight.) Szatala

Ann. Mus. Nat. Hungar., 7: 280, 1956 - Lecidea chlorophaea [Hepp ex] Leight., Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit., 3 ed.: 348, 1879.

Syn.: Buellia chlorophaea (Leight.) Lettau, Buellia porphyrica (Arnold) Mong., Diplotomma porphyricum Arnold, Diplotomma porphyricum v. cinereum Bagl.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), TAA, Lomb (Delucchi & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: vr, F: rr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a temperate, perhaps holarctic early colonizer of basic siliceous rocks and roofing tiles, overlooked, and certainly more widespread.


+ Diplotomma hedinii (H.Magn.) P.Clerc & Cl. Roux

[in Clerc] 2004 comb. inval. - Buellia hedinii H. Magn., Lich. Central Asia: 146, 1940.

Syn.: Buellia epipolia auct., Diploschistes alboatrum v. epipolium auct., Diplotomma epipolium auct. non (Ach.) Arnold, Lecidea alboatra v. saxicola Fr., Lecidea epipolia auct. non Ach., Rhizocarpon alboatrum v. epipolium auct.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2004, 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2000a), Laz (Bartoli & al. 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Tretiach & Pinna 2000), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2003, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: r, C: rc, D: vc, E: r, F: vc, G: vc, H: rr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate species of exposed calcareous rocks. The synoymization of this species with D. venustum, by Nordin (1996) is not accepted here, this author carried out his studies in S Scandinavia, the northernmost distributional limit for both species, in southern Europe, however, D. epipolium and D. venustum can be easily recognized by gross morphological traits and by their peculiar biology (see note on D. venustum), even disregarding the chemical characters which were considered important by Nordin (1996).


+Diplotomma murorum (A.Massal.) Coppins

[in D.Hawksw. & al.] Lichenologist, 12, 1: 106, 1980 - Diplotomma alboatrum v. murorum A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 98, n. 182, 1952.

Syn.: Buellia epipolia v. murorum (A.Massal.) Zahlbr.


Yüklə 3,49 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   20   21   22   23   24   25   26   27   ...   76




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə