+Absconditella annexa



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N - Ven, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: rr, E: er, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 2/ paras Caloplaca teicholyta/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, the peculiar biology of which deserves further study.


+Diplotomma nivale (Bagl. & Carestia) Hafellner

[Hertel ex] Hafellner [in Hafellner & Türk], Carinthia, 2: 611, 1995 - Leciographa nivalis Bagl. & Carestia, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 84, 1864.

Syn.: Buellia margaritacea ("Sommerf.") Lynge, Buellia nivalis (Bagl. & Carestia) Hertel, Diplotomma margaritaceum ("Sommerf.") Szatala, Polyschistes nivalis (Bagl. & Carestia) Keissl.

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: r, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ paras Caloplaca and Xanthoria/ Note: I do not agree with Nordin (1996) who proposed the synonymization of this taxon with D. alboatrum: the very different ecology and altitudinal distribution justify the separation of these taxa, at least pending a thorough revision of this difficult group.

+Diplotomma populorum A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 99, n 183, 1852.

Syn.: Buellia alboatra v. populorum (A.Massal.) H.Olivier, Buellia caricae (Bagl.) Lettau, Buellia populorum (A.Massal.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Diplotomma caricae (Bagl. in Arnold) Jatta

N - VG, Ven, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas, Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: vr, F: r, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on isolated trees with eutrophic or eutrophicated bark, the relationships with D. alboatrum need further study.


+Diplotomma scheideggerianum (Bricaud & Cl.Roux) Nimis

The Lichens of Italy: 284, 1993 - Buellia scheideggeriana Bricaud & Cl.Roux, Nova Hedwigia, 52, 1-2: 169, 1991.



N - VG (Tretiach & Carvalho 1993).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca xantholyta/ Note: this is certainly a well-distinct species, to be looked for throughout Italy wherever C. xantholyta is present, this mild-temperate lichen, however, seems to have a narrower ecological range than that of its host, being slightly more hygro- and less photophytic.


+Diplotomma venustum (Körb.) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 179, 1860 - Diplotomma alboatrum v. venustum Körb. [in Rabenh.] Flecht. Eur., 13: n. 384, 1858.

Syn.: Buellia alboatra v. venusta (Körb.) Th.Fr., Buellia suevica Bertsch, Buellia venusta (Körb.) Lettau, Rhizocarpon alboatrum v. venustum (Körb.) Anzi, Rhizocarpon calcareum auct. ital. p.p.

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Ven, Lomb, Piem (Clerc & al. 1999), Lig (Bungartz & Nash 2004). C - Tosc (TSB), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: r, D: rc, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1/ paras Lecanora muralis/ Note: this mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen, at least when young, is a constant parasite on Lecanora muralis v. versicolor, reaching above treeline south of the Alps. Morphological and biological differences towards D. epipolium are so evident that the synonymization of the two taxa proposed by Nordin (1996), based on samples from S Sweden (!) and on chemical characters only, is not accepted here. See also note on D. epipolium and Roux & Gueidan (2002: 145-146).


+Dirina ceratoniae (Ach.) Fr.

Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 194, 1831 - Lecanora ceratoniae Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 361, 1814.

Syn.: Dirina repanda Fr. non auct., Lecania ceratoniae (Ach.) Stizenb., Lecanora repanda Duby f. corticola Harm., Parmelia ceratoniae (Ach.) Spreng.

N - Lig. C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Myllys & al. 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3-4, 2-4, 1-2, 2-4/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ coast/ Note: the relationships of this mediterranean species with D. massiliensis would be well worthy of a DNA study.


+Dirina cretacea (Zahlbr.) Tehler

Opera Bot., 69: 44, 1983 - Chiodecton cretaceum Zahlbr., Österr. bot. Z., 69: 245, 1899.



S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: rc/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: only known from the coasts of Dalmatia and the E Mediterranean region, locally abundant along the coast of Puglia. The record from Venezia Giulia (Nimis 1993: 285) is wrong, and refers to D. massiliensis f. aponina.


+Dirina cyclosora Poelt & Nimis

[in Nimis & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 45: 254, 1994.



S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ A.s/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ u/ Note: in underhangs of calcareous rocks, hitherto known only from the type collection, this lichen is worthy of further study.


+Dirina massiliensis Durieu & Mont.

Explor. Sc. Algérie: 257, 1847.

Syn.: Dirina fallax De Not., Dirina patronii Bagl., Dirina repanda auct. non Fr., Dirina repanda f. isidiosa Werner, Dirina repanda f. patronii (Bagl.) Zahlbr., Dirina repanda v. basaltica Jatta, Dirina repanda v. crassa Maheu & A. Gillet, Dirina repanda v. pelagosae J.Steiner & Zahlbr., Dirina repanda v. schistosa Bagl., Dirina repanda v. stipitata Nyl., Dirina schistosa (Bagl.) Nyl., Dirinopsis massiliensis De Not.

N - Ven, Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Bartoli & al. 1998), Abr, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Genco & al. 2007).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: er, F: c, G: ec, H: rc/ PF: 1/ u/ coast/ Note: on steeply inclined or underhanging faces of basic siliceous or calcareous rocks, very variable according to the type of substrata (the colour of the thallus depends on the quantity of calcium oxalates), the sexual form seems to be absent along the Adriatic coast north of Abruzzi up to the coast near Trieste (like another ecologically similar species: Roccella phycopsis).


+Dirina massiliensis f. sorediata (Müll.Arg.) Tehler

Opera Bot., 69: 33, 1983 - Dirina immersa f. sorediata Müll.Arg., Proc. Roy. Soc. Edinburgh, 11, 1882.

Syn.: Biatora praerimata (Nyl.) Walt.Watson, Dirina praerimata (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Dirina repanda f. sorediata (Müll.Arg.) Werner, Dirina repanda v. sorediata (Müll.Arg.) Llimona & Cl.Roux nom. inval., Dirina stenhammarii f. silicicola Hladun, Lecanactis opponens (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Lecanactis praerimata (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Lecidea opponens Nyl., Lecidea praerimata Nyl.

N - VG, Ven, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Edwards & al. 1997), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Edwards & al. 1997, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ A.s/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 1-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: er, F: rr, G: c, H: rc/ PF: 1-2/ coast/ Note: on coastal cliffs subject to the effects of salt-spray. See also note on Dirina stenhammari.


+Dirina massiliensis f. aponina (A.Massal.) Tehler

Lichenologist, 20, 4: 398, 1988 - Pyrenothea aponina A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 151, n. 273, fig. 294, 1852.

Syn.: Lecanactis aponina (A.Massal.) Arnold

N - VG. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ A/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 1-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ coast/ Note: more widespread than the few records would suggest. See comment on D. cretacea.


+Dirina stenhammari (Fr.) Poelt & Follmann

Herzogia, 1, 1: 61, 1968 - Lecidea stenhammari Fr. [in Stenham.], K. Sv. Vetensk.-Akad. Övers., 1846: 197, 1848

Syn.: Bilimbia stenhammari (Fr.) Boistel, Dirina repanda f. stenhammari (Fr.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Lecanactis stenhammari (Fr.) Arnold,

N - Ven, TAA, Piem.

Cr/ Tr/ A.s/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 1-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: c, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: Sorediate specimens of D. massiliensis are common along the Mediterranean coasts, often immixed with sexually reproducing ones. Similar sorediate morphs (but mostly with a thinner thallus and with more diffuse soredia) do also occur very far from the coast, e.g. in the Alps and in Central Europe. I suspect that they are genetically different: a typical problem which can be only solved by DNA analyses.


+Eiglera flavida (Hepp) Hafellner

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79: 276, 1984 - Lecanora flavida Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 630, 1860.

Syn.: Aspicilia argillacea Anzi, Aspicilia flavida (Hepp) Rehm, Lecidea contraria Malme

N - Frl (TSB), Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Tosc, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic lichen, found on base-rich or weakly calciferous rocks, often on pebbles and small stones near the ground in cold sites, very much overlooked, esp.in the Alps.


+Eiglera homalomorpha (Nyl.) Hafellner & Türk

Stapfia 76: 151, 2001 - Lecanora homalomorpha Nyl., Flora, 66: 101, 1883.

Syn.: Aspicilia homalomorpha (Nyl.) Hue, Hymenelia homalomorpha (Nyl.) Poelt & Vězda, Lecidea cavatula Nyl.

N - Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone and dolomite near the ground, such as on basal parts of steep cliffs, certainly more widespread in the Alps, where it is locally common.


+Elixia flexella (Ach.) Lumbsch

J. Hattori Bot. Lab., 83: 62, 1997 - Limboria flexella Ach., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.: 258, 1815.

Syn.: Hazslinskya inarensis Vain., Lecidea flexella (Ach.) Hedl., Leptographa flexella (Ach.) M.Choisy, Lithographa flexella (Ach.) Zahlbr., Ptychographa flexella (Ach.) Coppins, Xylographa flexella (Ach.) Nyl., Xylographa flexella f. plicata Anzi ex Arnold

N - TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on lignum, esp, on vertical sides of stumps, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Encephalographa elisae A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 13, 1854.

Syn.: Encephalographa cerebrina v. caesia Anzi, Encephalographa cerebrina v. candida Anzi, Encephalographa cerebrina v. elisae (A.Massal.) Anzi, Encephalographa cerebrina v. steriza Anzi, Encephalographa rubiformis A.Massal., Melaspilea rubiformis (A.Massal.) Redgr.

N - VG (Tretiach & Rinino 2006), Frl, Ven, Lomb, Piem. C - Tosc (TSB), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 1-2, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on compact calcareous rocks in sheltered, microclimatically stable situations, often in underhangs, mainly Tyrrhenian.


+Endocarpon adscendens (Anzi) Müll.Arg.

Bull. Trav. Soc. Murith. Valais, 10: 58, 1881 - Dermatocarpon pusillum v. adscendens Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 103, 1860.

Syn.: Endocarpon pallidum auct. p.p. non Ach.

N - Frl (TSB), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Clerc & al. 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate, perhaps holarctic lichen, found on terricolous mosses, often near and on cyanobacterial colonies, with optimum in upland areas with base-rich siliceous rocks.


+Endocarpon latzelianum Servít

Rozpr. Cesk. Akad. Ved. Rocn., 65, 3: 40, 1955.



N - Lig.

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: described from Dalmatia, this species is still very poorly known, indicator values are tentative.


+Endocarpon pallidum Ach.

Lich. Univ., 301, 1810.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon pallidum (Ach.) Mudd, Endocarpon sorediatum (Borrer) Hook.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (TSB), TAA, Lomb, Piem, Lig. C - Sar. S - Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: rr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: r/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a mainly southern lichen, found in open, dry, calcareous grasslands, the epithet "pallidum" was often used in the past to designate E. adscendens.


+Endocarpon psorodeum (Nyl.) Blomb. & Forssell

Enum. Pl. Scand.: 97, 1880 - Verrucaria psorodea Nyl., Notiser Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh. 8: 188, 1866

Syn.: Dermatocarpon psorodeum (Nyl.) Vain.

N - Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: on mineral-rich basic siliceous rocks with some water seepage, often associated to colonies of cyanobacteria, probaby more widespread in the Alps.

+Endocarpon pulvinatum Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 357, 1861.



N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig.

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calciferous soil, sometimes on calcareous rocks. All Italian records need to be checked.


+Endocarpon pusillum Hedw.

Descr. Adumbr. Muscor. Frond., 2: 56, 1789.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon glomeruliferum A.Massal., Dermatocarpon pusillum (Hedw.) Anzi, Dermatocarpon sorediatum (Borrer) Arnold, Endocarpon adnatum Nyl., Endocarpon garovaglii (Mont.) Schaer., Endocarpon glomeruliferum (A.Massal.) Trevis., Endocarpon schaereri Körb., Endocarpon subscabriusculum (Nyl.) Nyl., Endocarpon trapeziforme (J.Koenig) Trevis. non auct., Endopyrenium pusillum (Hedw.) Körb., Leightonia pusilla v. glomerulifera (A.Massal.) Garov.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (TSB), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Clerc & al. 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi 2003b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2005).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: r, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: the genus Endocarpon badly needs revision, E. pusillum in the sense of most European authors is heterogeneous, and perhaps could be subdivided into several species.


+Endocarpon schisticola de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 84: 282, 1937.



N - Lig.

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: this taxon is known only from the type collection on schist. Indicator values are tentative.


+Enterographa crassa (DC.) Fée

Essai Cryptog. Ecorc. Offic.: 90, plate 1, fig. 6, 1824 - Opegrapha crassa DC [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 2: 312, 1805.

Syn.: Arthonia crassa (DC.) Duf., Chiodecton crassum (DC.) Zahlbr., Chiodecton crassum f. atroviride Erichs., Chiodecton crassum f. rufescens de Lesd., Chiodecton crassum v. geographicum Erichs., Chiodecton venosum (Pers.) Zahlbr., Chiodectonomyces crassi Cif. & Tomas., Enterographa crassa f. geographica (Erichs.) Almb., Enterographa crassa f. pallidocincta ( Erichs.) Almb., Enterographa crassa f. rufescens (de Lesd.) Erichs., Enterographa crassa v. geographica (Erichs.) Redinger, Enterographa venosa (Pers.) A.Massal., Enterographa venosa f. atroviridis (Erichs.) Erichs., Enterographa venosa f. pallidocincta Erichs., Enterographa venosa f. rufescens (de Lesd.) Redinger, Enterographa venosa v. geographica (Erichs.) Erichs., Leucodecton crassum (DC.) A.Massal., Lichen obscurus Sm. & Sowerby non Ach. nec Humb., Porina aggregata Ach. non P.M.McCarthy & Harada, Sagedia aggregata (Ach.) Fr., Sagedia aggregata v. rupestris Bagl., Sagedia crassa (DC.) A.Massal., Stigmatidium crassum (DC.) Duby, Stigmatidium obscurum (Sm. & Sowerby) Spreng., Verrucaria obscura (Sm. & Sowerby) Borrer

N - Ven, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1996, 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo & Vězda 1994, Puntillo 1995, 1996, Sérusiaux 1998).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical lichen, found in riparian, open, humid-warm woodlands, mainly Tyrrhenian, probably extinct in the north.


+Enterographa elaborata (Leight.) Coppins & P.James

Lichenologist, 11: 38, 1979 - Platygramma elaborata Lyell ex Leight., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., sér. 2, 13: 392, t. 7, fig. 27, 1854.

Syn.: Enterographa venosa (Pers.) A.Massal. nomen sed non planta, Enterographa jorgei Vězda & Vivant, Opegrapha venosa Sm. non Pers., Stigmatidium venosum (Sm.) Nyl.

S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E:, a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical, mainly western species in Europe, known from two stations only in Italy, on smooth bark in humid-warm woodlands.


+Enterographa hutchinsiae (Leight.) A.Massal.

Atti Ist. Ven. Sc. Lett. Arti, ser. 3, 5: 315, 1860 - Platygramma hutchinsiae Leight., Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 13: 393, 1854.

Syn.: Chiodecton hutchinsiae (Leight.) Zahlbr., Enterographa germanica (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Enterographa venosa sensu Culberson, Opegrapha hutchinsiae (Leight.) Körb., Opegrapha umbrosa O.Behr, Stigmatidium germanicum A.Massal., Stigmatidium hutchinsiae (Leight.) Nyl.

C - Tosc.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 2, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ oc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical lichen, found on vertical to underhanging hard siliceous rocks, rarely on smooth bark, to be looked for further in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Enterographa pitardii (de Lesd.) Redinger

Feddes Rep., 43: 68, 1938 - Stigmatidium pitardii de Lesd. [in Pitard & Harmand] Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Mém. 22: 66, 1911.

Syn.: Chiodecton pitardii (de Lesd.) Zahlbr., Enterographa zaborskiana (M.Choisy & Werner) Egea & Torrente, Schismatomma zaborskianum M.Choisy & Werner

S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Sparrius 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2, 2, 2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate, mainly western lichen known from the Azores, Italy and Greece, found on siliceous rocks in humid-shaded situations.

+Eopyrenula leucoplaca (Wallr.) R.C.Harris

The Michigan Botanist, 12, 1: 19, 1973 - Verrucaria leucoplaca Wallr., Fl. Crypt. Germ., 3: 299, 1831.

Syn.: Leptosphaeria leucoplaca (Wallr.) Vain., Porina chiomela (Norman) Zahlbr., Pyrenula alba A.Massal., Pyrenula farrea auct. non (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., Pyrenula leucoplaca (Wallr.) Körb., Pyrenula quercus A.Massal., Pyrenula schaereri A.Massal., Spermatodium leucoplacum (Wallr.) Trevis., Verrucaria farrea auct. non (Ach.) Branth & Rostr.

N - Ven, TAA, Lig. C - Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a temperate lichen, found on smooth bark of deciduous trees in open, humid forests, probably more frequent in the past.


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