+Absconditella annexa



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N - Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, Nascimbene 2006b), Lomb (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem.

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax-Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar species, found on acid bark, esp, on conifers, and on lignum, occasionally on siliceous rocks, perhaps restricted to the climatically most continental parts of the Alps. The record from the deciduous belt of Basilicata, by Potenza & Fascetti (2005), being dubious, is not accepted here.


+Hypogymnia bitteri (Lynge) Ahti

Ann. Bot. Fenn., 1: 20, 1964 - Parmelia bitteri Lynge, Skr. Vidensk.-Selsk. Christiania, Math. Naturvidensk. Kl. 1921, 7: 138, 1921.

Syn.: Hypogymnia obscurata auct., Parmelia obscurata auct. et sensu Bitter

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, Nascimbene 2006b), Lomb (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil. C - Tosc, Abr. S - Bas (Potenza 2006), Si.

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on acid bark, esp, of conifers, occasionally on lignum and on siliceous rocks.


+Hypogymnia farinacea Zopf

Ann. Chemie, 352: 42, 1907.

Syn.: Hypogymnia bitteriana (Zahlbr.) Räsänen, Parmelia bitteriana Zahlbr., Parmelia farinacea Bitter

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2005b, 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (TSB), VA (TSB), Emil (Brunialti & al. 2001, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz, Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001). S - Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane lichen, most frequent in the Alps, much rarer in the mountains of the south.


+Hypogymnia laminisorediata D.Hawksw. & Poelt

[in D.Hawksw.] Lichenologist, 5: 253, 1973.



S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: restricted to humid montane forests of the Mediterranean.


+Hypogymnia physodes (L.) Nyl.

Lich. Environ. Paris: 39, 1896 - Lichen physodes L., Sp. Pl.: 1144, 1753.

Syn.: Imbricaria physodes (L.) DC., Parmelia physodes (L.) Ach., Parmelia physodes v. inflata Sambo, Parmelia physodes v. labrosa Ach., Parmelia physodes v. platyphylla Ach.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2001b, 2003, 2005b, 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Alessio & al. 1995, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Arosio & al. 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, 2007), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001, Piervittori & al. 2001, Giordani & al. 2003b, Ghiraldi 2003, Isocrono & al. 2005), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Modenesi & al. 1997, Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, 2003b, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & al. 1996b, 1996c, 1997e, 1998, 1999a, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Baragatti & al. 2005, Baragatti 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Zedda 1995, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Boom & Giralt 2002), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: ec, B: a, C: ec, D: rc, E: r, F: rc, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, still common throughout the country, and even occurring, albeit sporadically, and with poorly developed specimens, in relatively polluted areas of the Po- plain, optimum in natural habitats.


+Hypogymnia tubulosa (Schaer.) Hav.

Bergens Mus. Aarb. Naturvid., 2: 31, 1918 - Parmelia physodes v. tubulosa Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spicil., 10: 459, 1840.

Syn.: Parmelia tubulosa (Schaer.) Bitter

N - VG, Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Alessio & al. 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Zocchi & al. 1997, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Caniglia & al 1992, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1998, 1999a, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi 2000a, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (TSB), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Boom & Giralt 2002), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Ottonello 2005, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: er, F: rr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate, holarctic species, certainly much rarer than H. physodes, and bound to more natural and humid situations.


+Hypogymnia vittata (Ach.) Parrique

Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, 61, 1906 - Parmelia physodes v. vittata Ach., Meth. Lich.: 250, 1803.

Syn.: Hypogymnia vittata v. alpestris Zahlbr.?, Imbricaria physodes v. vittata (Ach.) Körb., Parmelia vittata (Ach.) Nyl.

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, 2003c), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal-montane lichen found on bark, often on basal parts of trunks, on acid soil and overgrowing muribund bryophytes, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Hypotrachyna laevigata (Sm.) Hale

Smithsonian Contr. to Botany, 25: 44, 1975 - Lichen laevigatus Sm., Engl. Bot., 26: 1852, 1808.

Syn.: Parmelia laevigata (Sm.) Ach.

N - Frl (Nascimbene & al. 1998), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Tosc, Laz (Fornasier & al. 2005). S - Camp, Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ oc/ PF: 0/ Note: a humid subtropical to mild-temperate lichen, found in ancient, very humid forests, on mossy trunks and rocks, very much declining.


+Hypotrachyna revoluta (Flörke) Hale

Smithsonian Contr. to Botany, 25: 60, 1975 - Parmelia revoluta Flörke Deutsche Lich., 1: 11, 1815.

Syn.: Imbricaria revoluta (Flörke) Körb., Imbricaria sinuosa v. angustifolia Anzi, Imbricaria sinuosa v. latifolia Anzi

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Marc, Laz. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on deciduous trees, exceptionally on mossy siliceous rocks in humid areas, very much declining, and absent from urban areas.


+Hypotrachyna sinuosa (Sm.) Hale

Smithsonian Contr.to Botany, 25: 63, 1975 - Lichen sinuosus Sm. [in Sm. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot., 29: 2050, 1809.

Syn.: Imbricaria sinuosa (Sm.) Körb., Parmelia despreauxii Delise ex Duby, Parmelia sinuosa (Sm.) Ach., Parmelia sinuosa v. virescens Kremp.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil. C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Sar.

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a widespread, but rare mild-temperate species, found on bark and epiphytic mosses in open, humid and cold forests, declining throughout the country and presently almost extinct. All records from S Italy reported by Nimis (1993: 483) and that from Umbria (Panfili 2000), being dubious, are not accepted here.


+Hypotrachyna taylorensis (M.E.Mitch.) Hale

Phytologia 28, 4: 342, 1975 (1974) - Parmelia taylorensis M.E.Mitch., Rev. de Biol. 2, §, 1961.

Syn.: Parmelia rugosa Taylor non Fr.

N - Lomb, Piem (TSB).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on mossy trunks in ancient, undisturbed, moist forests.


+Icmadophila ericetorum (L.) Zahlbr.

Wiss. Mitt. Bosn. Herzeg., 3: 605, 1895 - Lichen ericetorum L., Sp. Pl.: 1141, 1753.

Syn.: Baeomyces aeruginosus (Scop.) DC., Biatora icmadophila (L. f.) Fr., Icmadophila aeruginosa (Scop.) Trevis., Icmadophila aeruginosa v. teretocarpa A.Massal., Icmadophila elveloides (Weber) Hedl., Lecidea icmadophila (L. f.) Ach.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al.), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Terr/ 1-2, 2-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: er, C: rc, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar species, found on decaying wood and muribund bryophytes, common in the Alps, rarer on the high Mediterranean mountains.


+Immersaria athroocarpa (Ach.) Rambold & Pietschm.

[in Rambold] Bibl. Lichenol., 34: 240, 1989 - Lichen athroocarpus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr., 1799.

Syn.: Amygdalaria athroocarpa (Ach.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Lecidea athrocarpoides Vain., Lecidea athroocarpa (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea praetervisa H.Magn., Lecidella athroocarpa (Ach.) Arnold, Porpidia athroocarpa (Ach.) Hertel & Rambold, Psora fumosa f. polygonia sensu Anzi

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: r, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ paras Aspicilia spp. when young/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on siliceous, often iron-rich and weathered rocks in exposed situations, chemically variable.


+Immersaria cupreoatra (Nyl.) Calatayud & Rambold

Lichenologist, 30, 3: 232, 1998 - Lecanora cupreoatra Nyl., Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 8: 181, 1866.

Syn.: Aspicilia cupreoatra (Nyl.) Arnold, Aspicilia olivacea Bagl. & Carestia, Bellemerea cupreoatra (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: er, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ paras Buellia sp./ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen, most frequent in the Alps, extremely rare in the south, parasite on Buellia sp. when young. Records from lowland areas published after Nimis (1993) are certainly due to misidentifications, and are not cited here.


+Immersaria usbekica (Hertel) Barbero, Nav.-Ros & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 41: 140, 1990 - Lecidea usbekica Hertel, Khumbu Himal, 6: 1977.

Syn.: Amygdalaria tellensis Esnault & Cl.Roux

C - Laz (Tretiach 2004). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 3-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Aspicilia spp. when young/ Note: on base-rich rocks.


+Imshaugia aleurites (Ach.) S L.F.Meyer

Mycologia, 77: 336, 1985 - Lichen aleurites Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 117, 1799.

Syn.: Cetraria aleurites (Ach.) Th.Fr., Imbricaria aleurites (Ach.) Th.Fr., Parmelia aleurites (Ach.) Ach., Parmelia diffusa (Hoffm.) Sandst. non auct., Parmeliopsis aleurites (Ach.) Nyl., Parmeliopsis pallescens (Hoffm.) Zahlbr., Parmeliopsis placorodia sensu Jatta non auct.

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, Nascimbene 2006b), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007, Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vc, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal-montane to cool-temperate species found on acid bark, mostly of conifers, and on decorticated stumps, common only in the Alps, much rarer in the mountains of the south.


+Ingaderia troglodytica Feige & Lumbsch

Mycotaxon, 48: 383, 1993.

Syn.: Gorgadesia mira sensu Nimis & Poelt non Tav.

C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2006b), Sar (Feige & Lumbsch 1993). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Vězda Lich.Rar.Exs. 65, Feige & Lumbsch 1993, Nimis & al. 1994, Lich. Graec 9: Obermayer 1995).

Frut/ Tr/ A.f/ Sax/ 5, 3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ coast/ u/ Note: on steeply inclined to underhanging calcareous rocks subject to humid maritime winds. In my opinion, this "lichen" well deserves a DNA study: it could prove to be a strange morph of Dirina massiliensis, or, more probably, of Lecanographa grumulosa: the thallus has no internal structure, and apothecia of Lecanographa are often found on it.


+Ingvariella bispora (Bagl.) Guderley & Lumbsch

[in Guderley et al.] Nova Hedwigia, 64, 1-2: 152, 1997 - Urceolaria bispora Bagl., N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 3: 246, 1871.

Syn.: Diploschistes bisporus (Bagl.) J.Steiner, Diploschistes bisporus v. ochraceus (Anzi) Poelt comb. inval., Diploschistes scruposulus (Nyl.) J.Steiner, Rhizocarpon clauzadei de Lesd., Urceolaria ferruginea Harm., Urceolaria ochracea Anzi

N - TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (TSB). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Pišút 1997), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Caniglia & Grillo 2003, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: rr, G: rc, H: er/ PF: 1/ paras yellow Rhizocarpon spp./ Note: on base-rich substrata, mostly on horizontal surfaces. For the delimitation of the genus see Guderley & al. (1997).


+Involucropyrenium sbarbaronis (Servít) Breuss

Stapfia, 23: 134, 1990 - Dermatocarpon sbarbaronis Servít, Ann. Mus. Civ. St. Nat. Genova, 64: 55, 1950.

Syn.: Catapyrenium sbarbaronis (Servít) Breuss

N - Lig.

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ #/ PF: 1/ Note: only known from the type collection, this species deserves further study. Indicator values are tentative.


+Involucropyrenium tremniacense (A.Massal.) Breuss

Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 98B: 40, 1996 - Catapyrenium tremniacense A.Massal., Lotos, 6: 79, 1856.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon tremniacense (A.Massal.) Steiner, Involucrocarpon tremniacense (A.Massal.) Servít, Verrucaria tremniacensis (A.Massal.) Nyl.

N - Ven, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-5, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread species of open grasslands on calcareous substrata, probably more common throughout the country.


+Involucropyrenium waltheri (Kremp.) Breuss

Ann. Naturhist. Mus. Wien, 98B: 40, 1996 - Verrucaria waltheri Kremp., Flora, 38: 69, 1855.

Syn.: Catapyrenium waltheri (Kremp.) Körb., Dermatocarpon waltheri (Kremp.) Blomb. & Forssell

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig.

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 4, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calciferous ground in alpine grasslands, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Ionaspis ceracea (Arnold) Hafellner & Türk

Stapfia 76: 153, 2001 - Aspicilia ceracea Arnold, Flora, 42: 149, 1859.

Syn.: Hymenelia ceracea (Arnold) M.Choisy, Lecanora ceracea (Arnold) Stizenb.

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: on siliceous pebbles and stones near the soil, overlooked, or confused with small Acarospora species, to be looked for in the mountains of the south. The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 317) has been excluded, as the locality is outside Italy, perhaps this is a synonym of Ionaspis lacustris.


+Ionaspis chrysophana (Körb.) Stein

[Th.Fr. ex] Stein [in Cohn] Kryptogamenfl. v. Schlesien, 2, 2: 151, 1879 - Aspicilia chrysophana Körb., Syst. Lich. Germ.: 159, 1855.

Syn.: Aspicilia suaveolens (Ach. ex Schaer.) A.Massal., Ionaspis fuscoclavata Eitner, Ionaspis suaveolens (Ach. ex Schaer.) Stein, Lecanora chrysophana (Körb.) Nyl. ex Stizenb.

N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on hard, compact, calcareous rocks.


+Ionaspis lacustris (With.) Lutzoni

[in Lutzoni & Brodo] Systematic Botany, 20, 3: 253, 1995 - Lichen lacustris With., Bot. Arrang. Brit. Plants, ed. 3, 4: 21, 1796.

Syn.: Aspicilia lacustris (With.) Th.Fr., Hymenelia lacustris (With.) M.Choisy, Ionaspis hyalocarpa Eitner, Lecanora fulvomellea A.L.Sm., Lecanora lacustris (With.) Nyl.

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on siliceous rocks, periodically submerged in mountain creeks.


+Ionaspis obtecta (Vain.) R.Sant.

[in Santesson, Moberg, Nordin, Tønsberg & Vitikainen] Lichen-Forming and Lichenicolous Fungi of Fennoscandia: 141, 2004 - Lecanora obtecta Vain., Medd. Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 3: 107, 1878.

Syn.: Aspicilia obtecta (Vain.) Hav., Hymenelia obtecta (Vain.) Poelt & Vězda

N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: recently found in the Alps, this mainly northern lichen should be looked for more intensively on moist siliceous rocks, such as along creeks.


+Ionaspis odora (Schaer.) Stein

[Th.Fr. ex] Stein [in Cohn] Krypt.-Fl. von Schlesien, 2, 2: 151, 1879 - Gyalecta odora [Ach. ex] Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spicil., 1, 6-7: 361, 1826.

Syn.: Aspicilia odora (Schaer.) A.Massal., Ionaspis chrysophana auct. non (Körb.) Stein, Ionaspis obscura Eitner, Pinacisca odora (Schaer.) Trevis., Ionaspis suaveolens (Fr.) Th.Fr.

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2002, Dalle Vedove & al. 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on hard rocks, amphibious near mountain creeks.


+Jamesiella anastomosans (P.James & Vězda) Lücking, Sérus. & Vězda

Lichenologist, 37, 2: 165, 2005 - Gyalideopsis anastomosans P.James & Vězda [in Vězda] Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 7, 1972.



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