+Absconditella annexa


Bibl. Lichenol., 17: 273, 1981



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Bibl. Lichenol., 17: 273, 1981.


N - Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a recently-described species, perhaps more widespread, but not common, in the Alps.


+Lecanora cenisia Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 361, 1810.

Syn.: Lecanora atrynea (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora atrynea f. integrella (Schaer.) Jatta, Lecanora atrynea v. melacarpa Nyl., Lecanora cenisia v. atrynea (Ach.) H.Magn., Lecanora subfusca v. atrynea Ach., Lecanora transcendens (Nyl.) Arnold, Patellaria cenisia v. integrella (Schaer.) Trevis., Zeora cenisia (Ach.) Flot.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003), Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, 2004), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc, Laz (TSB), Sar. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vc, A1: ec, B: r, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a circumpolar, cool-temperate to arctic-alpine lichen of siliceous rocks, more rarely found also on hard lignum.


+Lecanora chlarotera Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 274, 1872.

Syn.: Lecanora chlarotera f. rugosella (Zahlbr.) Poelt, Lecanora crassula H.Magn., Lecanora istriana Zahlbr., Lecanora rugosa (Nyl.) Nyl. non Ach., Lecanora rugosella Zahlbr., Lecanora subfusca f. rugosa Nyl., Lecanora subfusca v. alboflavescens A.Massal.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002 Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2002c, 2003c, Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006, Nascimbene & al. 2007, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Chiappetta & al. 2005, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b, Piervittori & Maffei 2001), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Grieco 1995, Tretiach 1997, Valcuvia & Savino 2000, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, 2001, Loppi & al. 1994, 1995, 1996b, 1996c, 1997, 1997b, 1997e, 1998, 1998b, 1999a, Loppi 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, 1996b, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Senese & Critelli 2000, Benesperi 2000a, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Merlo 1993, Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & al. 1996, 2002, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 2-5/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: c, D: ec, E: rc, F: ec, G: ec, H: vc/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: this is certainly the most common epiphytic Lecanora throughout the country, it is still frequent in the Po-plain. In my opinion, L. rugosella is just a morph of L. chlarotera.


+Lecanora cinereofusca H.Magn.

Meddel. Göteb. Bot. Trädg., 7: 86, 1932.

Syn.: Lecanora degelii T.Schauer & Brodo

N - Frl (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: a very rare species, found on smooth bark of old deciduous trees, esp. Fagus, more rarely on Abies, in humid montane forests.


+Lecanora circumborealis Brodo & Vitik.

Mycotaxon, 21: 288, 1984.

Syn.: Lecanora coilocarpa auct. non (Ach.) Nyl.,

N - Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vc, B: a, C: rc, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a circumboreal-montane lichen, found on acid bark, often on twigs, sometimes on lignum, common in the Alps, becoming rarer towards the south.


+Lecanora concolor Ramond

Mém. Soc. Linn. Paris, 4: 436, 1823.

Syn.: Squamaria concolor (Ramond) Nyl.

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Piervittori & al. 1998, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rr, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on vertical to underhanging, hard siliceous rocks. The earlier record from Marche (see Nimis 1993: 347), being dubious, is not acepted here.


+Lecanora conferta (Fr.) Grognot

Plant. Crypt. Cellul.: 61, 1863 - Patellaria conferta [Duby ex] Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 155, 1831.



N - TAA. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined, basic siliceous rocks (esp. basalt), sometimes on calciferous rocks.


+Lecanora confusa Almb.

K. Svensk. Vetensk. Avh. Naturskydd., 11: 72, 1955.



S - Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a pioneer species of smooth bark, esp. on twigs of deciduous trees, but also on Pinus, etc.


+Lecanora congesta Clauzade & Vězda

Portugaliae Acta Biol, B, 9: 333, 1969.



S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: r/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: probably more widespread along the Mediterranean coast.


+Lecanora conizaeoides Cromb.

[Nyl. ex] Cromb., J. Bot., 23: 195, 1885.

Syn.: Lecanora pityrea Erichsen, Lecanora pseudovaria Degel. nom.nud.

C - Tosc (Tretiach & Ganis 1999) , Laz (Ravera 2006). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-5, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: vr, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 3/ suboc/ Note: this famous lichen, one of the most resistant against pollution, is very common in W Europe. Most of the Italian records, however, are very dubious. The earlier record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 348), as well as that from Friuli by Badin & Nimis (1996) are wrong (vidi!), those from Lombardia by Zocchi & al. (1997), from Val D’Aosta by Valcuvia & al. (2000), from Sicilia, by Grillo & al. (1996) and Grillo (1998) should be checked, and are not accepted here. This species is known with certainly only from geothermic areas of Toscana with emissions of sulphur dioxyde, where it is fairly abundant, and from a single station in Calabria.


+Lecanora contractula Nyl.

Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 8: 126, 1866.

Syn.: Lecanora thulensis Th.Fr.

C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3, 3-4/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: on maritime rocks often visited by birds. The identity of Italian material with respect to samples of this mainly Arctic species requires confirmation.


+Lecanora crenulata Hook.

Engl. Fl.: 190, 1833.

Syn.: Lecanora caesioalba (Flörke) Körb., Lecanora hagenii v. crenulata (Hook.) Ach., Patellaria subfusca v. crenulata (Hook.) Trevis., incl. Lecanora dispersella auct.

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA (Arnold Lich. Exs. 1808: Poelt & Leuckert 1995, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc, Laz (Bartoli & al. 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 3-4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: rc, A1: rc, B: rc, C: rr, D: rr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, found on steeply inclined faces or in underhangs of hard calciferous rocks, esp. limestones and dolomite.


+Lecanora dispersa (Pers.) Sommerf.

Suppl. Fl. Lappon.: 96, 1826 - Lichen dispersus Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 7: 27, 1794.

Syn.: Lecanora umbrina auct. p.p., Patellaria caesioalba v. dispersa (Pers.) Trevis.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Nimis & Salvadori 1998), Ven (Nimis 1994, Salvadori & al. 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Savino 2000), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000, 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Poli & al. 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-5, 4-5, 2-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: ec, E: c, F: ec, G: c, H: rr/ PF: 2-3/ Note: most frequent in urban areas (e.g. on monuments, mortar walls, asbestos-cement), records from natural habitats and from upland areas refer to other species, esp. to L. flotowiana.


+Lecanora dispersoareolata (Schaer.) Lamy

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 30: 370, 1883 - Lecanora muralis v. dispersoareolata Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spicil., 9: 418, 1840.

Syn.: Placodium dispersoareolatum (Schaer.) Körb., Squamaria dispersoareolata (Schaer.) Anzi

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-6/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on weakly calcareous or basic siliceous rocks.


+Lecanora epanora (Ach.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 377, 1810 - Parmelia epanora Ach., Meth. Lich.: 179, 1803.

Syn.: Patellaria epanora (Ach.) Trevis.

N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ u/ p/ Note: a holarctic early colonizer of metal-rich metamorphic rocks, most frequent on steeply inclined faces.


+Lecanora epibryon (Ach.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 396, 1810 - Lichen epibryon Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 79, 1799.

Syn.: Lecanora subfusca v. hypnorum (Wulfen) Schaer.

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Valcuvia 2000), Emil (TSB), Lig (TSB). C - Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-5, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: c, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine species, found on mosses and plant debris in open calcareous grasslands and alpine tundras, often on ridges in Carex firma stands, common in the Alps, rarer in the Apennines.


+Lecanora expallens Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 374, 1810.

Syn.: Lecanora conizaea (Ach.) Nyl. ex Crombie non auct., Lecanora foehrensis Erichsen, Lecidea soraliata Vain.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (TSB), Ven (Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb, Piem (TSB), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Giordani 2006). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997b, 1999a, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: c, E: r, F: vc, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on acid, generally rough bark, esp. abundant on Quercus cerris, in open woodlands, sometimes on lignum.


+Lecanora expersa Nyl.

Flora, 58: 443, 1875.



N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 4, 1/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: only recently found in the Italian Alps, this lichen is probably more widespread, especially in the subalpine belt. The Italian sample was collected on a snag of Larix.


+Lecanora farinaria Borrer

[in Hook. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot. Suppl. II: tab. 2727, 1834.



C - Sar (Zedda 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: a mainly western species of lignum and acid bark.


+Lecanora flotowiana Spreng.

Neue Entdeck., 1: 221, 1820.

Syn.: Lecanora dispersa v. coniotropa (Fr.) Arnold, Lecanora invadens H.Magn., Lecanora meolansii de Lesd.

N - Frl (Poelt & Leuckert 1995, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c), TAA (Poelt & Leuckert 1995, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007b), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (TSB), Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 4-5/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vc, A1: rc, B: vc, C: vc, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: certainly widespread throughout the country, absent from large settlements and very rare on man-made substrata. Most records of L. dispersa from Sardegna (Nimis & Poelt 1987) refer to this species. The closely related L. torrida Vain. is known from the Austrian Alps.


+Lecanora formosa (Bagl. & Carestia) Knoph & Leuckert

Herzogia, 14: 20, 2000 - Lecidea formosa Bagl. & Carestia, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2, 1: 82, 1864.

Syn.: Lecidea alboradicata de Lesd., Lecidea bullata auct. non (Körb.) Th.Fr. nec Meyen & Flot., Lecidea contorta Bagl. & Carestia, Lecidea lacticolor Arnold, Lecidea mesotropiza Nyl., Lecidea nansenii Lynge, Lecidea subdita Nyl., Lecidella bullata auct. non Körb.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Piem (Knoph & Leuckert 2000, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Knoph & Leuckert 2000, Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on slightly underhanging siliceous rocks, esp. crystalline schist, in humid and cold situations, often starting the life-cycle on other crustose lichens.


+Lecanora frustulosa (Dicks.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 405, 1810 - Lichen frustulosus Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit., 3: 13, 1793.

Syn.: Lecanora frustulosa v. ludwigii (Spreng.) Th.Fr., Lecanora hydrophila Sommerf., Lecanora ludwigii (Spreng.) Ach., Lecidea boissoniana Croz., Patellaria frustulosa (Dicks.) Trevis., Toninia boissoniana (Croz.) Zahlbr.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on steeply inclined, weakly calciferous siliceous rocks, often in otherwise dry seepage tracks. Some Italian records need to be checked, as this species was not always distinguished in the past from L. argopholis.


+Lecanora fugiens Nyl.

Flora, 56: 289, 1873.



C - Tosc, Sar. S - Cal (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ coast/ Note: a maritime silicicolous lichen, probably restricted to Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Lecanora fuscescens (Sommerf.) Nyl.

[in Norrl.] Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 13: 331, 1873 - Lecidea fuscescens Sommerf., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.: 114, 1824.

Syn.: Biatora fuscescens (Sommerf.) Fr., Biatorella fuscescens (Sommerf.) Boistel

N - Ven (Lazzarin 1997), TAA, Lomb, Piem.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably circumboreal-montane species, found on twigs of shrubs, esp. Rhododendron ferrugineum in the subalpine belt, sometimes on lignum.


+Lecanora gangaleoides Nyl.

Flora, 55: 354, 1872.

Syn.: Lecanora argopholis v. ocellulata (Arnold) Jatta, Lecanora cenisia v. gangaleoides (Nyl.) Harm., Lecanora frustulosa f. ocellulata A.Massal. ex Arnold

N - Ven, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on base-rich, but lime-poor siliceous rocks, in sheltered situations, often in underhangs, mainly Tyrrhenian Several records from the Alps, cited by Isocrono & al. (2003) are not accepted here.


+Lecanora garovaglii (Körb.) Zahlbr.

Ann. Naturhist. Hofmus. Wien, 15: 208, 1900 - Placodium garovaglii Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 54, 1865.

Syn.: Lecanora cascadensis H.Magn., Lecanora nevadensis H.Magn., Placodium peruvianum Müll. Arg., Placodium saxicolum v. garovaglii (Körb.) Bagl. & Carestia, Squamaria garovaglii (Körb.) Anzi

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Clerc & al. 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine to boreal-montane species, found on basic siliceous rocks, apparently restricted to the Alps, esp. at low altitudes in warm-dry valleys.


+Lecanora gisleri (Arnold) Arnold

Lich. Exs. 1525, 1891 - Biatora gisleri [Anzi ex] Arnold, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 21: 1139, 1871.

Syn.: Lecidea gisleri (Anzi) Stizenb.

N - Frl, TAA, Lomb (Hinteregger 1994), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4-5, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably circumboreal-montane lichen, found on twigs of shrubs, esp. Rhododendron ferrugineum in the subalpine belt.


+Lecanora glabrata (Ach.) Malme

Lich. Suec. Exs.: n. 211, 1911 - Lecanora subfusca v. glabrata Ach., Lich. Univ.: 393, 1810.

Syn.: Lecanora allophana v. glabrata (Ach.) Stein, Lecanora subfusca v. rufa Ach.

N - Frl, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Valcuvia 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (TSB), Abr, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: r, E: vr, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on smooth bark of deciduous trees, several old records require confirmation.


+Lecanora graeca J.Steiner

Verh.zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 69: 80, 1919.



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