+Absconditella annexa



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C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3, 1/ Alt.: 5/ A: a, A1: a, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: hitherto known only from the E Mediterranean, this calcicolous lichen is worthy of further study.


+Lecanora hagenii (Ach.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 367, 1810 - Lichen hagenii Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 57, 1798.

Syn.: Lecanora bormiensis Nyl. ?, Lecanora coerulescens (K.G.Hagen) Arnold, Lecanora hagenii v. bormiensis (Nyl.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth. ?, Lecanora hagenii v. ocellulata (A.Massal.) Bagl., Lecanora hagenii v. lithophila (Wallr.) Flot. ?, Lecanora nigrescens (Th.Fr.) Stein, Lecanora sommerfeltiana v. ocellulata A.Massal.

N - VG (Castello 1996), Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Lazzarin 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb (Valcuvia & Brusoni 1996, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Casarini & al. 2000, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b, Piervittori & Maffei 2001, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Savino 2000), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & al. 1996b, 1997e, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 3-5, 2-4/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: r, C: rr, D: ec, E: rr, F: ec, G: c, H: rc/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, belonging to a very difficult complex which still needs revision. It is common on isolated trees with base-rich bark, and and on calciderous substrata, incl. walls of mortar. Indicator values refer to the species considered in a very broad sense.


+Lecanora hagenii v. fallax Hepp

Flecht. Eur.: 66, 1853.

Syn: Lecanora beringii Nyl., Lecanora hagenii f. saxifragae Anzi

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA, Emil (TSB), Lig (TSB). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-5, 4-5, 2-4, 2-4/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vc, A1: ec, B: rr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on plant debris and mosses over calciferous substrata from the Oromediterranean belt to the Arctic zone. This taxon is well worthy of further study, in my opinion it could represent a distinct species.


+Lecanora handelii J.Steiner

[in Hand.-Mazz.] Ann. Natuhist. Hofmus. Wien, 23: 119, 1909.



N - Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ u/ Note: on metalliferous rocks. The record from Campania (see Nimis 1993: 353) requires confirmation, and is not accepted here.


+Lecanora horiza (Ach.) Linds.

Trans. Bot. Soc. Edinburgh, 9: 96, 1869 - Lecanora subfusca f. horiza Ach., Lich. Univ.: 394, 1810.

Syn.: Lecanora laevis Poelt, Lecanora oleae Reichert & Galun, Lecanora palestinica Räsänen, Lecanora parisiensis Nyl., Lecanora sienae de Lesd.

N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Loppi & Putortì 1995, Loppi & al. 1995, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1998b, Loppi 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Senese & Critelli 2000), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Merlo 1993, Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: c, G: vc, H: vc/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly mediterranean species, found on smooth bark of isolated broadleaved trees, much rarer in the north than in Mediterranean Italy.


+Lecanora hybocarpa (Tuck.) Brodo

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79, 134, 1984 - Parmelia hybocarpa Tuck., [in Lea] Cat. Plants Cincinnati: 45, 1849.



C - Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: apparently common in N America, this species has been recetly reported also from Europe.


+Lecanora hypopta (Ach.) Vain.

Termeszetr. Fuzet., 22: 288, 1899 - Lecidea hypopta Ach., Meth. Lich.: 61, 1803.

Syn.: Biatora hypopta (Ach.) Räsänen, Lecanora subintricata v. convexula Arnold

N - TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (TSB). C - Tosc (Benesperi & Lastrucci 2007), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003)

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 2-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: r, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on hard lignum, esp. on decorticated stumps, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Lecanora hypoptoides (Nyl.) Nyl.

Flora, 55: 249, 1872 - Lecidea hypoptoides Nyl., Flora, 50: 371, 1867.



N - Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Nascimbene & al. 2006e). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1995), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002, Zedda & Sipman 2001).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 2-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: r, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal-montane lichen found on hard lignum, esp. on decorticated stumps, more rarely on bark of conifers, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Lecanora impudens Degel.

Sv. Bot. Tidskr., 38: 50, 1944.

Syn.: Lecanora chloropolia auct. p.p., Lecanora chloropolia f. maculata (Erichsen) Almb., Lecanora maculata (Erichsen) Almb., Pertusaria farinacea H.Magn., Pertusaria maculata Erichsen non H.Magn.

N - Frl, TAA, Emil (TSB). C - Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 2, 2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a temperate species found on base-rich bark, esp. on isolated Fraxinus in humid riparian woodlands.


+Lecanora intricata (Ach.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 380, 1810 - Parmelia intricata Ach., Meth. Lich.: 178, 1803.

Syn.: Biatora polytropa v. intricata (Ach.) Fr., Lecanora mutabilis Sommerf., Lecanora polytropa v. intricata (Ach.) Schaer.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vc, A1: c, B: r, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine, ecologically wide-ranging silicicolous species, common in the Alps, much rarer in the mountains of the south.


+Lecanora intumescens (Rebent.) Rabenh.

Deutsche Krypt.-Fl., 2: 334, 1845 - Parmelia intumescens Rebent., Prodr. Fl. Neomarch.: 301, 1804.

Syn.: Lecanora intumescens v. glaucorufa (Mart.) Körb., Lecanora subfusca v. intumescens (Rebent.) Flot., Ochrolechia parella v. tumidula (Pers.) Arnold non auct., Ochrolechia tumidula (Pers.) Arnold non auct., Patellaria intumescens (Rebent.) Trevis.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, 2007), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Lumbsch & al. 1997, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vc, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate species, found on smooth bark, with optimum in humid beech forests, throughout the country.


+Lecanora lecideoides (Nyl.) Harm.

Lich. de France, 5: 984, 1913 - Lecanora subfusca v. lecideoides Nyl. Lich. Envir. Paris: 57, 1896.

Syn.: Lecanora rubrofusca v. nigra de Lesd., Lecanora sbarbaroana (Klem.) H.Magn. ex Sbarbaro

N - Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very poorly known species of siliceous rocks, reported from a few localities in W and S Europe. Ecological indicator values are tentative.


+Lecanora leptacina Sommerf.

Suppl. Fl. Lappon.: 96, 1826.

Syn.: Lecanora intricata v. leptacina (Sommerf.) Stizenb.

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4-5, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 5/ A: er, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on mosses (Andraea, Grimmia) and plant debris in sites with a long snow-lie, perhaps more widespread in the Alps.


+Lecanora leptyrodes (Nyl.) Degel.

Ark. Bot., 24 a, 3: 82, 1931 - Lecanora angulosa v. leptyrodes Nyl., Flora, 57: 16, 1874.

Syn.: Lecanora nemoralis Makar. non auct., Lecanora pycnocarpa H.Magn.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2000b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (TSB), Emil (Bassi 1995, Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1997b, 1998, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: vr, C: ec, D: r, E: er, F: rr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a mainly cool-temperate, early colonizer on the smooth bark of young trunks and branches (esp. of Fagus), which, however, is able to persist on ancient trees, optimum in beech forests. See note on L. subcarpinea.


+Lecanora leuckertiana Zedda

Nova Hedwigia, 71, 1-2: §, 2000.



C - Sar (Zedda 2000b, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E. a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on old trees in humid, but well-lit situations, with optimum in humid mediterranean forests. The species has been reported also from eastern C Europe, but these records may refer to another lichen (see Bayerovà & Kukwa 2004).


+Lecanora lisbonensis Samp.

Broteria, ser. bot., 19: 33, 1921.

Syn.: Buellia lisbonensis (Samp.) Werner, Coscinacladium occidentale Kunze

C - Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 5, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ coast/ Note: on soft calcareous rocks wetted by rain and exposed to humid maritime winds, mostly on horizontal surfaces, often forming large monospecific stands.


+Lecanora lividocinerea Bagl.

N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 11: 75, 1879.

Syn.: Lecanora balearica A. Crespo & Llimona, Lecanora erubescens Werner

C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1999a, Putortì & Loppi 1999), Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar (Brodo & Elix 1993, Lumbsch 1994, Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean lichen, found on branches of shrubs in littoral maquis subject to humid maritime winds, mainly Tyrrhenian.


+Lecanora lojkaeana Szatala

Ann. Hist. nat. Mus. nat. Hung., ser. nov., 5: 136, 1954.

Syn.: Squamaria ferruginea Szatala

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: beneath underhanging, hard siliceous rocks, perhaps overlooked in the Alps, being almost always sterile.


+Lecanora marginata (Schaer.) Hertel & Rambold

Bot. Jahrb. Syst., 107, 1-4: 494, 1985 - Lecidea marginata Schaer., Naturwiss. Anz., 2: 10, 1818.

Syn.: Biatora elata (Schaer.) Hepp, Lecanora atrosulphurea Ach. v. eliminata Arnold, Lecanora eliminata (Arnold) Nyl., Lecidea amylacea (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea elata Schaer., Lecidea elata v. formata Maheu & A. Gillet, Lecidea elata v. marginata (Schaer.) A.Massal., Lecidea elata v. subfarinosa H.Magn., Lecidea eliminata (Arnold) Arnold, Lecidea marginata ssp. elata (Schaer.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Lecidea marginata v. elata (Schaer.) Anzi, Lecidea marginata v. subfarinosa H.Magn., Lecidea mollissima Lynge, Lecidea shlidenii Räsänen, Lecidea sulphurella Th.Fr., Lecidella elata (Schaer.) Körb., Lecidella marginata (Schaer.) Körb.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichem found on limestone, dolomite, and on calciferous siliceous rocks.


+Lecanora meridionalis H.Magn.

Meddl. Göteb. Trädg., 7: 82, 1932.

Syn.: Lecanora chlarotera ssp. meridionalis (H.Magn.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Frl, Ven, Lomb (Arosio & al. 2000), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998). C - Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & al. 1997, 1997b, 1999a, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Loppi & Putortì 2001), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: several Italian records of this very controversial taxon, related to L. chlarotera, need reconfirmation, perhaps these are just forms of L. chlarotera with darker apothecial discs.


+Lecanora mughicola Nyl.

Flora, 55: 248, 1872.

Syn.: Lecanora varia v. alpina Anzi ex Arnold, Lecanora varia v. melanocarpa Anzi ex Arnold

N - Frl, Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 4, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: c, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal-mntane lichen, found on hard lignum, mostly of conifers, common only in the Alps, much rarer in the mountains of the south.

+Lecanora ochroidea (Ach.) Nyl.

Lich. Envir. Paris: 59, 1896 - Lichen ochroideus Ach., Lichenogr. Suec. Prodr.: 72, 1798.

Syn.: Lecanora subcarnea v. ochroidea (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea ochroidea (Ach.) Ach., Zeora subcarnea v. ochroidea (Ach.) Arnold

N - Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Laz, Sar (Dickhauser & al. 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen found on subvertical or underhanging faces of basic siliceous rocks in humid areas, mainly Tyrrhenian.


+Lecanora orbicularis (Schaer.) Vain.

Termeszetr. Füzetek, 22: 286, 1899 - Lecanora polytropa v. orbicularis Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 81, 1850.

Syn.: Lecanora concolor v. angustata (Arnold) Jatta

N - TAA (Hafellner 1993), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen of hard siliceous rocks, often on steeply inclined to underhanging faces.


+Lecanora orosthea (Ach.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 400, 1810 - Lichen orostheus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 38, 1799.

Syn.: Biatora orosthea (Ach.) W.Mann, Lecanora sulphurea v. orosthea (Ach.) Flagey, Lecanora petrophila Th.Fr., Lecidea orosthea (Ach.) Ach., Zeora orosthea (Ach.) Flot.

N - TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), Lomb. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on vertical or underhanging siliceous rocks protected from rain, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Lecanora paepalea Ach.

Syn. Lich.: 165, 1814.

Syn.: Lecanora savonensis de Lesd.

N - Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a poorly-known species. The earlier record from Puglia (Nimis 1993: 360) is dubious, and is not accepted here.


+Lecanora pannonica Szatala

Ann. Hist. Nat. Mus. Nat. Hung., ser. nov. 5: 135, 1954.



N - TAA (Brodo & al. 1994), Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ Note: on hard siliceous rocks, also on anthropogenous substrata in the Alps, esp. on vertical faces, very much overlooked.


+Lecanora paramerae I.Martínez, Aragón & Lumbsch

Lichenologist, 31, 4: 315, 1999.

C - Sar (Zedda 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-3, 3-4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ / A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: recently described from continental Spain.


+Lecanora perpruinosa Fröberg

Calc. Lich. Öland: 51, 1989.



N - Frl (Poelt & Leuckert 1995), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (TSB), VA (TSB), Lig (TSB). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: rr, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a member of the difficult L. dispersa complex, certainly more widespread in the Alps and along the Apennines.


+Lecanora persimilis (Th.Fr.) Nyl.

Flora, 57: 20, 577, 1874 - Lecanora hagenii ssp. persimilis Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 251, 1871.



N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4-5, 3, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: rr, E: er, F: rr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate to Mediterraean lichen which is easily overlooked, probably more widespread throughout Italy, most frequent on Fraxinus, Populus and Sambucus.


+Lecanora poeltiana Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79: 188, 1984.

Syn.: Lecanora lactea sensu Clauzade & Cl.Roux non (A.Massal.) Leight.

C - Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: on hard calcareous rocks under the influence of salt-spray, probably more widespread, but certainly not common, along the Mediterranean coast.


+Lecanora polytropa (Hoffm.) Rabenh. v. polytropa

Deutsch. Krypt.-Fl., 2: 37, 1845 - Verrucaria polytropa [Ehrh. ex] Hoffm., Deutschl. Flora: 196, 1796.

Syn.: Biatora polytropa (Hoffm.) Fr., Biatora polytropa v. vulgaris Körb., Lecanora albula (Nyl.) Hue ?, Lecanora ehrhartiana v. polytropa (Hoffm.) Sommerf., Lecanora polytropa f. campestris Rabenh., Lecanora polytropa f. illusoria Leight., Lecanora polytropa f. inops Bagl.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 1998, 2001, 2004, Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 3-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 2-6/ A: ec, A1: ec, B: c, C: rc, D: vr, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar, ecologically wide-ranging lichen, found on siliceous rocks wetted by rain, more common in the Alps.


+Lecanora polytropa v. alpigena (Ach.) Schaer.

Enum. Crit. Lich. Europ.: 81, 1850 - Lecanora varia v. alpigena Ach., Lich. Univ.: 379, 1810.



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