+Absconditella annexa



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N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (TSB), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, Callegari & al. 2004, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000, 2003, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo 1998, Adamo & al. 2000, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-5, 2-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: a, A1: er, B: er, C: rc, D: ec, E: rc, F: ec, G: c, H: rc/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a mainly temperate, widespread, extremely variable lichen, found of faces wetted by rain, occurring on a wide variety of substrata, from base-rich siliceous rocks to brick and roofing tiles, in the south the degree of morphological variation is surprisingly high (e.g. on the Etna Vulcano).


+Lecidea haerjedalica H.Magn.

Bot. Notiser: 403-404, 1948.



N - TAA, Lig (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine silicicolous species of wind-exposed, snow-free sites, most frequent on crystalline schist.


+Lecidea infirmata Arnold

Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 112, 1887.

Syn.: Lecidea paupercula f. infirmata (Arnold) Lettau

N - TAA (Arnold Lich. Exs. 844: Hertel 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 5/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: known from the type collection and from a single record from Austria, related to L. atrobrunnea. Indicator values are tentative.


+Lecidea lapicida (Ach.) Ach. v. lapicida

Meth. Lich.: 37, 1803 - Lichen lapicida Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 61, 1798.

Syn.: Lecidea contiguella Nyl., Lecidea declinans Nyl., Lecidea declinascens Nyl., Lecidea dendroclinis Nyl., Lecidea hoelii Lynge, Lecidea scotoplaca H.Magn., Lecidea seriata (Th.Fr.) Bagl. & Carestia ?, Lecidea subinvoluta Müll. Arg., Lecidea subplanata Vain., Lecidea vestrogothica H.Magn., Lecidella lapicida (Ach.) Körb.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc, Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996), Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 3-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 3-6/ A: ec, A1: ec, B: r, C: rc, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine to boreal-montane and cool-temperate species with a broad ecological range, found on hard, acid siliceous rocks, mostly in exposed, windy situations.


+Lecidea lapicida v. pantherina Ach.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.: 232, 1808.

Syn.: Lecidea albocaerulescens v. oxydata Fr., Lecidea contenebricans Nyl., Lecidea cyanea sensu Vain., Lecidea declinascens f. ochromeliza Nyl., Lecidea dubia Schaer., Lecidea lactea Flörke ex Schaer., Lecidea lactea f. ochromela Arnold, Lecidea lapicida v. lactea (Schaer.) V.Wirth nom. superfl., Lecidea obsoleta Nyl., Lecidea pammicta Stirt., Lecidea pantherina (Ach.) Th.Fr., Lecidea pantherina f. ochromela (Arnold) Zahlbr., Lecidea pantherina v. lactea (Schaer.) Vain., Lecidea peralbida (Th.Fr.) H.Olivier, Lecidea polycarpa Flörke, Lecidea polycarpa f. ochracea Th.Fr., Lecidea polycarpa v. oxydata Anzi, Lecidea spilotica Nyl., Lecidea subgrisella Nyl., Lecidea subterluescens f. ochromelaena (Nyl.) Arnold, Lecidea theiodes Sommerf., Lecidea variegata Fr., Lecidella lactea (Schaer.) Arnold, Lecidella pantherina (Ach.) Stein

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Sar. S - Camp, Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-5, 2-4, 1/ Alt: 3-6/ A: vc, A1: vc, B: r, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: doubtfully distinct from v. lapicida, perhaps just a chemical strain, with a similar distribution and ecology. The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 384) has been excluded, as it actually was from Slovenia.


+Lecidea leprosolimbata (Arnold) Poelt

[Lettau ex] Poelt, Mitt. Bot. Staatss. München, 3: 587, 1960 - Psora atrobrunnea var. leprosolimbata Arnold, Verh. Zool.-Bot. Ges. Wien, 39: 264, 1889.

Syn.: Lecidea atrobrunnea f. leprosolimbata (Arnold) Arnold

N - TAA, Piem (TSB), VA (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Bellemerea subcandida/ Note: on sunny, inclined, hard, weakly calciferous siliceous rocks, certainly more widespread in the Alps, and locally even common.


+Lecidea leucothallina Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 29: 382, 1879.

Syn.: Lecidea kujalae Räsänen

N - TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably circumpolar, arctic-alpine species, found on boulders and siliceous pebbles, esp. on crystalline schist, near the ground in sites with a long snow-lie. The var. discrepans Rambold & Hertel is known from the Alps of Austria.


+Lecidea lithophila (Ach.) Ach.

Syn. Meth. Lich.: 14, 1814 - Lecidea lapicida v. lithophila Ach., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 29: 233, 1808.

Syn.: Biatora pruinosa sensu Beltr. ?, Lecidea daphoena v. rorida Sommerf., Lecidea farinosa H.Magn., Lecidea heteromorpha H.Magn., Lecidea lapicida f. lecanactis (A.Massal.) Arnold, Lecidea lithophiliza Nyl., Lecidea pruinosa auct., Lecidea silacea v. lecanactis A.Massal., Lecidella lithophila (Ach.) Arnold, Lecidella pruinosa Körb.

N - Ven, TAA (Lecid. Exs. 268: Hertel 1992b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Camp.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: ec, A1: vc, B: vr, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: an ecologically wide-ranging species, preferring siliceous rocks close to the ground, also present on iron-rich substrata.


+Lecidea luteoatra Nyl.

Flora, 56: 209, 1873.

Syn.: Lecanora viridiatra (Stenh.) Nyl., Lecidea straminescens Nyl ?, Lecidea viridiatra (Stenh.) Schaer. non Flörke

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a species of very hard rocks rich in quartz, in seepage tracks.


+Lecidea miscella Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 39, 1803.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on soil and terricolous bryophytes over siliceous substrata. The Italian record (see Nimis 1993: 386) is old, and requires confirmation.


+Lecidea obluridata Nyl.

Flora, 56: 201, 1873.

Syn: Lecidea nigrogrisea Nyl.

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003). C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: vr, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a poorly-known silicicolous species described from France.


+Lecidea paratropoides Müll.Arg.

Flora, 57: 348-349, 1874.



N - TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 4-5, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on siliceous rocks near the ground in dry areas, a species of the L. auriculata group, known from C Asia, dry Alpine valleys and the Pyrénées, in continental situations.


+Lecidea plana (J.Lahm) Nyl.

Flora, 55: 552, 1872 - Lecidella plana J.Lahm [in Körb.] Parerga Lichenol.: 211, 1861.

Syn.: Catillaria eximia Malme, Catillaria stromatoides H.Magn., Lecidea enteromorpha (Flot.) Vain., Lecidea latypea Ach.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil. C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: c, A1: rc, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine to boreal-montane lichen, found on acid siliceous rocks, often on iron-rich substrata, on low boulders wetted by rain in humid areas, frequent only in the Alps.


+Lecidea praenubila Nyl.

Flora, 55: 21, 1873.

Syn.: Lecidea aeneola (Arnold) Vain. ?, Lecidea atrocervina Vain., Lecidea helsingsforsiensis Nyl., Lecidea paupercula Th.Fr. ?

N - TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), VA (Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar silicicolous species, much rarer in the Alps than in N Europe.


+Lecidea promiscens Nyl.

Flora, 55: 358, 1872.

Syn.: Lecidea promiscua v. promiscens (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Lecidea strepsodea Nyl.

N - Frl (TSB), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-6/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine to boreal-montane lichen, found on boulders close to the ground and on siliceous pebbles in Alpine heaths, certainly more widespread in the Alps. See also note on L. auriculata.


+Lecidea promiscua Nyl.

Flora, 57: 357, 1874.

Syn.: Lecidea dilabens Th.Fr., Lecidea gregalis Arnold, Lecidea speciosa Müll.Arg. ?

N - Frl (TSB), TAA. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a member of the difficult L. auriculata complex, closely related to L. promiscens, and with a similar ecology.


+Lecidea pullata (Norman) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 471, 1874 - Biatora pullata Norman, Oefv. Kgl. Vetensk.-Akad. Förh., 27: 803, 1870.

Syn.: Biatora amaurospoda Anzi, Biatora furfuracea Anzi non Lecidea furfuracea Pers., Lecidea anziana Zahlbr., Lecidea amaurospoda (Anzi) Vain., Lecidea furfuracea (Anzi) Jatta non Pers., Lecidea pullata (Norman) Th.Fr.

N - Frl (Hinteregger 1994, in Austrian terr.), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Printzen 1995), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bark, on basal parts of (mainly) coniferous trees, more rarely on lignum, often associated with Parmeliopsis ambigua. For sure, this taxon does not belong neither into Lecidea nor into Biatora.


+Lecidea rapax Hertel

Herzogia, 1: 426-427, 1970.



N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Piem (TSB), VA (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Bellemerea spp./ Note: closely related to L. leprosolimbata, and hitherto known only from the Alps.


+Lecidea rhododendri (Hepp) Zahlbr.

Ann. Naturhist. Hofsmus. Wien, 15: 183, 1900 - Biatora sylvana v. rhododendri Hepp, Flecht. Eur. 733, 1867.

Syn.: Biatora rhododendri (Hepp) Arnold

N - Frl (Hinteregger 1994), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000,2003c), TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on twigs of Rhododendron and other subalpine shrubs. According to Printzen (1995) this species does not belong to Biatora s.str. and is closely related to Lecidea erythrophaea.


+Lecidea sarcogynoides Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 252, 1855.

Syn.: Lecidea squamata Flagey

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 4-5, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: on non-calcareous, mineral-rich rocks, on exposed, steeply inclined faces, in lichen-poor communities. The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 389), being far outside the present Italian border, is not accepted here.


+Lecidea silacea Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 48, 1803.

Syn.: Lecidea subsilacea Nyl., Lecidella silacea (Ach.) Körb., Toninia tabacina (Ramond ex DC.) Flagey non auct., Psora tabacina Ramond ex DC. non auct.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ Note: a probably circumpolar, arctic-alpine to boreal-montane lichen, found on iron-containing rocks in humid, sheltered situations.


+Lecidea speirodes Nyl.

Flora, 68: 44, 1885.

Syn.: Lecidea contigua v. subcretacea Arnold, Lecidea decorosa Arnold, Lecidea subcretacea (Arnold) P. Syd., Lecidea subumbonata sensu Arnold et Lettau non Nyl.

N - TAA, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine lichen, found on steeply inclined, superficially decalcified calciferous rocks or on lime-containing siliceous rocks. The record from Abruzzi (Gran Sasso) is the southernmost in Europe.


+Lecidea swartzioidea Nyl.

Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 4: 240, 1859.

Syn: Lecidea arnoldiana Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Lecidea gneissacea Zahlbr., Lecidea jemtlandensis H.Magn., Lecidea lapicida v. swartzioidea (Nyl.) Nyl., Lecidea lithophiloides Müll.Arg. non Nyl., Lecidea metamorpha Anzi, Lecidea swartzioidea v. lithophiloides (Müll.Arg.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Lecidea vogesiaca Schaer.

N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), Lig (TSB). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ 1-2, 3-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: c, A1: rc, B: r, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine to boreal-montane lichen of siliceous rocks, closely related to L. lapicida and doubtfully worthy of being separated from it as a distinct species.


+Lecidea symmictella Nyl.

Flora: 163, 1868.

Syn.: Biatora symmictella (Nyl.) Arnold

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on hard lignum., e.g. on horizontal faces of old stumps, sometimes on mosses. See note on Catillaria erysiboides.


+Lecidea tessellata Flörke

Deutsch. Lich.: 64, 1819.

Syn.: Lecidea cyanea sensu Th.Fr., Lecidea homalodes Nyl., Lecidea magna Lynge, Lecidea occidentalis Lynge, Lecidea spilota Fr., Lecidea spilota v. intricata (Hepp) Anzi ?, Lecidella spilota (Fr.) Körb.,

N - Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-6/ A: ec, A1: c, B: vr, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on hard, often mineral-rich rocks, which sometimes starts the life-cycle as a parasite of other crustose lichens, esp. Aspicilia spp., common in the Alps, much rarer in the mountains of the south.


+Lecidea tessellata v. caesia (Anzi) Arnold

Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 39: 264, 1889 - Lecidea spilota v. caesia Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 80, 1860.

Syn.: Biatora casimirii Müll.Arg., Lecidea azurea Kremp., Lecidea casimirii (Müll.Arg.) Müll.Arg., Lecidea injuncta Nyl., Lecidea tessellata ssp. caesia (Anzi) Arnold, Lecidella azurea (Kremp.) Körb.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 125: Hertel 1995), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens, esp. Aspicilia spp./ Note: on calciferous siliceous rocks, dolomite, superficially decalcified, hard limestones.


+Lecidea turgidula Fr.

Sched. Crit., 1: 10, 1824.

Syn.: Biatora turgidula (Fr.) Nyl., Lecidea denudata sensu A.Massal., Lecidella turgidula (Fr.) Körb., Oedemocarpus turgidulus (Fr.) Trevis.

N - Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Emil, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996, Boom & Giralt 2002), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on hard lignum, more rarely on bark of conifers, most common in the Alps, but also present in the mountains of the south, esp. in old Castanea woodlands. According to Printzen (1995) the systematic position of this taxon is not clear. It certainly does not belong into Lecidea s.str.


+Lecidea umbonata (Hepp) Mudd

Man. Brit. Lich.: 204, 1861 nomen sed non planta - Biatora umbonata Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 257, 1857.

Syn.: Lecidea acosmeta Lettau, Lecidea exornans (Arnold) Nyl., Lecidea omphaliza Lettau, Lecidea subumbonata Nyl. non sensu Arnold, Lecidea umboniza Nádv., Lecidella exornans (Arnold) Arnold, Lecidella umbonata (Hepp) Körb., Lecidella umbonata f. exornans Arnold

N - Frl (TSB), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), TAA, Piem, Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: c, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, mainly arctic-alpine species, found on calciferous siliceous rocks, esp. schist, in cool and humid situations, a variable species.


+Lecidea verruca Poelt

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 4: 187, 1961.



N - TAA, Piem (Hafellner, 2008).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Aspicilia spp./ Note: an arctic-alpine dioecious species with a peculiar ecology, always growing on Aspicilia species.


+Lecidea xylophila Th.Fr.

[in Falck] Östra Blek. Lafflora: 16, 1874.



C - Abr.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very poorly-known taxon, which does not belong into Lecidea s.str.


+Lecidella aemulans Arnold

Flora, 55: 146, 1872.

Syn.: Lecidea aemulans (Arnold) Britzelm.

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a poorly known calcicolous species reported from the Alps, the Tatra Mnts., and Spitsbergen.


+Lecidella anomaloides (A.Massal.) Hertel & H.Kilias

[in D.Hawksw. & al.] Lichenologist, 12: 107, 1980 - Lecidea anomaloides A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 72, n. 126, fig. 139, 1852.

Syn.: Biatora pungens Körb., Biatorina anomaloides (A.Massal.) Jatta, Catillaria anomaloides (A.Massal.) Lettau, Lecidea elaeochroma v. pungens (Körb.) Th.Fr., Lecidea goniophila auct. non Flörke, Lecidea pilularis (Ach.) Fr., Lecidea pungens (Körb.) Nyl., Lecidella cyanea Flörke ex Körb., Lecidella goniophila auct., Lecidella pilularis (Ach.) Stein, Lecidella pungens (Körb.) Körb.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Ven, TAA (Knoph & Leuckert 2000), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999,Valcuvia 2002, 2002b, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Sar (Knoph & Leuckert 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: r, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined to slightly underhanging, hard, base-rich or weakly calciferous siliceous rocks.


+Lecidella asema (Nyl.) Knoph & Hertel

Bibl. Lichenol., 36: 66, 1990 - Lecidea asema Nyl., Flora, 55: 356, 1872.

Syn.: Lecidea distrata Arnold non Nyl., Lecidea distratula Zahlbr., Lecidea latypea auct. p.p. non Ach., Lecidea polyantha Taylor ex Leight., Lecidea subincongrua Nyl., Lecidella subincongrua (Nyl.) Hertel & Leuckert


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