+Absconditella annexa



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N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA (Arnold Lich. Exs. 941a,b: Knoph & Leuckert 1994, Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b), Piem (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b), VA (Piervittori & al. 2004), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Pišút 1997), Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006, 2006b), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 3, 3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread, chemically variable species of basic siliceous rocks, on faces wetted by rain.


+Lecidella asema v. elaeochromoides (Nyl.) Nimis & Tretiach

[in Nimis & al.] Bollettino del Museo Regionale di Scienze Naturali, Torino 14, 1: 128, 1996 - Lecidea parasema v. elaeochromoides Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 310, 1873.

Syn.: Lecidea catalinaria Stizenb., Lecidea elaeochromoides (Nyl.) Flagey, Lecidea enteroleuca v. flavida Moris & De Not., Lecidea subincongrua v. elaeochromoides (Nyl.) Poelt, Lecidella elaeochromoides (Nyl.) Knoph & Hertel, Lecidella subincongrua v. elaeochromoides (Nyl.) Hertel & Leuckert

N - TAA, Piem (TSB), Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Knoph & Schmidt 1995). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: vr/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: the chemistry of L.asema is quite complex, this variety with a yellow thallus is so common in Tyrrhenian Italy, and so easily recognizable, that I still prefer to distinguish it from L. asema s.str., at least at varietal level, it also occurs in dry-warm Alpine valleys.


+Lecidella carpathica Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 212, 1865.

Syn.: Blastenia rejecta Th.Fr., Lecidea carpathica (Körb.) Szatala, Lecidea baskalensis Szatala, Lecidea fennica Räsänen, Lecidea kotiluotensis Vain, Lecidea latypea auct. p.p. non Ach., Lecidea latypiza auct. non Nyl., Lecidea latypizella Nádv., Lecidea pertingens Nyl.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002 Nascimbene 2003), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, Favero-Longo & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz (Bartoli & al. 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-4, 4-5, 3-4, 2-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rc, A1: vc, B: rc, C: c, D: c, E: er, F: vc, G: rc, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ paras crustose lichens when young/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen with a broad altitudinal and latitudinal range, found on base-rich rocks wetted by rain in exposed situations, in the Apennines and in S Italy not uncommon on the top of calcareous boulders, it often starts the life-cycle on other crustose lichens. For the chemistry see Knoph & Leuckert (1997). N Temp (Eur, N Amer).


+Lecidella effugiens (Nilson) Knoph & Hertel

[in Knoph] Bibl. Lichenol., 36: 96, 1990 - Lecidea effugiens Nilson, Flechtenveget. Sarekgeb.: 27, 1907.

Syn.: Lecidea albidicinerella Vain. nom. nud., Lecidea incongruella Vain., Lecidella albidicinerella (Vain.) Poelt & Vězda comb. inval., Lecidella incongruella (Vain.) Hertel & Leuckert

N - TAA. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a member of the L. asema complex, most frequent in upland areas, and probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Lecidella elaeochroma (Ach.) M.Choisy

Bull. Mens. Soc. linn. Lyon, 19: 19, 1950 - Lecidea parasema v. elaeochroma Ach., Meth. Lich.: 36, 1803.



Syn.: Biatora ambigua A.Massal., Biatora tabescens Körb., Lecidea achrista (Sommerf.) Britzelm., Lecidea achristotera Nyl., Lecidea ambigua (A.Massal.) Jatta, Lecidea anomala v. flavicans Ach., Lecidea dolosa Ach., Lecidea elaeochroma (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea enteroleuca Ach., Lecidea enteroleuca v. olivacea (Hoffm.) Fr., Lecidea euphorea (Flörke) Nyl., Lecidea glomerulosa (DC.) Steud., Lecidea limitata auct. non Scop., Lecidea olivacea (Hoffm.) A.Massal., Lecidea parasema auct. p.p. non (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea parasema v. euphorea (Flörke) Arnold, Lecidea parasema v. olivacea (Hoffm.) Mong., Lecidea parasema v. rugulosa Ach., Lecidea sabuletorum v. euphorea Flörke, Lecidella achristotera (Nyl.) Hertel & Leuckert, Lecidella ambigua (A.Massal.) Körb., Lecidella elaeochroma v. flavicans (Ach.) Hertel, Lecidella enteroleuca (Ach.) Körb., Lecidella euphorea (Flörke) Hertel, Lecidella glomerulosa (DC.) M.Choisy, Lecidella olivacea (Hoffm.) Hazsl.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Hinteregger 1994, Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Hinteregger 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, 2007, Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Caniglia & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Nascimbene 2005c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Hinteregger 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, Canigia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Lecid. Exs. 249: Hertel 1992a, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Casarini & al. 2000, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Griselli & al. 2000, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Grieco 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Marconi & al. 2006, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, 2001, Loppi & al. 1994, 1995, 1996b, 1996c, 1997, 1997b, 1997e, 1998, 1998b, Loppi 1996, 1996b, 1999a, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, 1996b, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Senese & Critelli 2000, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Knoph & Schmidt 1995, Ravera & al. 1999, Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Knoph & Schmidt 1995, Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Boom & Giralt 2002, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Merlo 1993, Ottonello & al. 1994, Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & al. 1996, 2002, Grillo 1998, Czeczuga & al. 1999, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-4, 3-5, 2-5, 2-4/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: rc, D: ec, E: rc, F: ec, G: ec, H: ec/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: this is the commonest epiphytic lichen of Italy, with an extraordinarily wide ecological and altitudinal range, morphs with a yellowish thallus (v. flavicans) are frequent in the south, but do not deserve, in my opinion, to be recognized above the rank of a forma.


+Lecidella elaeochroma f. soralifera (Erichsen) D.Hawksw.

Fld Stud. 3, 4: 561, 1972 - Lecidea elaeochroma v. soralifera Erichsen, Ber. Bot. Ver. Prov. Brand., 71: 86, 1929.

Syn.: Lecidea limitata (Scop.) Gray v. soralifera (Erichsen) J.R.Laundon, Lecidea olivacea v. soralifera (Erichsen) Erichsen, Lecidella elaeochroma v. soralifera (Erichsen) Hertel



N - VG. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997c, 1999a, Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz, Sar (Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-4, 3, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: this sorediate-fruiting lichen, in my opinion, is just an "occasionally" sorediate form of L. elaeochroma. It is more widespread than the few records would suggest, but it is never common, it generally occurs immixed with fruiting specimens in humid-warm areas. The "occasional" appearance of asexually reproducing forms along south-to-north gradients, however, well deserves the attention of lichenologists.


+Lecidella flavosorediata (Vězda) Hertel & Leuckert

Willdenowia, 5, 3: 374, 1969 - Lecidea flavosorediata Vězda, Preslia, 33: 366, 1961.

Syn.: Lecidella elaeochroma v. flavosorediata (Vězda) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Ven, Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 3-4, 4, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: this taxon deserves further study, it seems to be most frequent in the mountains of S Italy. For its chemistry see Knoph & Leuckert (1997).


+Lecidella granulosula (Nyl.) Knoph & Leuckert

Herzogia, 14: 9, 2000 - Lecidea granulosula Nyl. [in Cromb.] Journ. Bot., 14: 21, 1876.

Syn.: Lecidea chodatii Samp., Lecidea goniophiloides de Lesd., Lecidella chodatii (Samp.) Knoph & Leuckert, Lecidella viridans v. chodatii (Samp.) Hertel & Leuckert

N - TAA (Knoph & Leuckert 2000), Lomb (Knoph & Leuckert 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks, probably restricted to dry-warm Alpine valleys in Italy.


+Lecidella juniperina (Poelt & Nimis) Nimis hoc loco

- Lecidella achristotera v. juniperina Poelt & Nimis, [in Nimis & Poelt] Studia Geobot., 7, suppl. 1: 130, 1987.

C - Sar, Laz. S - Pugl.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 2-3, 2-4/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on shrubs, esp. Juniperus macrocarpa, in areas with sand dunes subject to humid, maritime winds, but with long periods of aridity. Ecologically similar to Tornabea scutellifera. Most, if not all earlier records of Lecidella achristotera from Italy refer to L. elaeochroma (see Nimis 1993: 395). The present taxon, however, deserves further study. I combined it at species rank to attract the attention of molecular-oriented students interested in understanding the genetics and origin of Lecidella elaeochroma, the most common epiphytic lichen of temperate Europe.


+Lecidella laureri (Hepp) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 246, 1855 - Biatora laureri Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 4, 1853.

Syn.: Lecidea euphorea v. laureri (Hepp) Vain., Lecidea laureri (Hepp) Anzi

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Sar. S - Bas.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F:

r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on eutrophicated lignum and base-rich bark. Most Italian records should be checked.
+Lecidella patavina (A.Massal.) Knoph & Leuckert

[in Knoph] Bibl. Lichenol., 36: 116, 1990 - Lecidea "pataviana" A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 69, n. 119, fig. 131, 1852.

Syn.: Buellia sordida (A.Massal.) Jatta, Catillaria sordida A.Massal., Lecidea acrocyanea (Th.Fr.) H.Magn., Lecidea alaiensis Vain., Lecidea araratica Müll.Arg., Lecidea cacuminum (J.Steiner) Szatala comb. inval. et nom. illegit., Lecidea endolithea Lynge, Lecidea enteroleuca v. cacuminum J.Steiner, Lecidea epipolioides (J.Steiner) Szatala, Lecidea goniophila f. glabella Arnold, Lecidea inamoena Müll.Arg., Lecidea piemontensis de Lesd., Lecidea portensis Nádv., Lecidea rolleana H.Magn., Lecidea rolleana v. portensis (Nädv.) Hertel, Lecidea spitzbergensis Lynge, Lecidea vulgata f. patavina (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Lecidella alaiensis (Vain.) Hertel, Lecidella alaiensis v. spitzbergensis (Lynge) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Lecidella endolithea (Lynge) Hertel & Leuckert, Lecidella inamoena (Müll.Arg.) Hertel, Lecidella spitzbergensis (Lynge) Hertel & Leuckert

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-6/ A: ec, A1: vc, B: rc, C: vc, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a circumpolar, cool-temperate to arctic-alpine lichen, one of the most common calcicolous lichens of upland areas throughout the country, related with L. stigmatea. Chemistry: Knoph & Leuckert (1997, 2000).


+Lecidella pulveracea (Schaer.) P.Syd.

Die Flecht. Deutschl.: 211, 1887 - Lecidea enteroleuca v. pulveracea Schaer., Enumer. Critic. Lich. Europ.: 128, 1850.

Syn.: Lecidea dubia Turner & Borrer non Schaer.

N - Frl (TSB), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4, 3-4, 2-4/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen, found esp. on Fraxinus, sometimes on nutrient-enriched lignum. For the chemistry see Knoph & Leuckert (1997)


+Lecidella scabra (Taylor) Hertel & Leuckert

Willdenowia, 5, 3: 375, 1969 - Lecidea scabra Taylor [in J. Mackay] Fl. Hibern., 2: 121, 1836.

Syn.: Lecidea alienata Nyl., Lecidea elaeochroma v. pulverulenta Th.Fr., Lecidea enterochlora Taylor in Leight., Lecidea luhankaensis Vain., Lecidea prasinula (Wedd.) de Lesd., Lecidea protrusa Fr., Lecidella dirumpens (Hertel & Poelt) Hertel & Poelt, Lecidella prasinula (Wedd.) Hertel nomen sed non planta, Lithographa larbalestierii Leight.

N - VG, TAA, Lomb, Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Laz, Abr, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: er, F: rc, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate to mediterranean lichen, found on basic siliceous substrata wetted by rain in species-poor stands, common on brick in archaeological areas of Tyrrhenian Italy, but also present in the Alps. Chemically heterogeneous (see Knoph & Leuckert 1997). (Eur, N Amer).


+Lecidella stigmatea (Ach.) Hertel & Leuckert

Willdenowia, 5-3: 375, 1969 - Lecidea stigmatea Ach., Lich. Univ.: 10, 1810, em. Poelt, Ber. bayer. bot. Ges., 34: 88, 1961.

Syn.: Bacidia biseptata H.Magn., Bacidia ostrogothica Malme, Biatora arctooides Hellb., Lecidea arthoniza Nyl., Lecidea caesiocinerea H.Magn., Lecidea cinnamomea Flörke ex Hellb., Lecidea diasemoides Nyl., Lecidea enteroleuca auct. p.p., Lecidea femerensis Erichsen, Lecidea glabra (Kremp.) Hellb., Lecidea micacea (Körb.) H.Olivier, Lecidea micacea v. granulosa (Arnold) Szatala ?, Lecidea parasema ssp. incongrua Nyl., Lecidea prominula Borrer, Lecidea restricta Stirt., Lecidea sabuletorum v. aequata Flörke, Lecidea subcongrua Nyl. non sensu Vain., Lecidea subsequens Nyl., Lecidea vulgata Zahlbr. nom. illegit., Lecidea vulgata v. ferruginea H.Magn., Lecidella aequata (Flörke) Kremp., Lecidella glabra Kremp., Lecidella incongrua (Nyl.) Arnold, Lecidella micacea Körb., Lecidella vulgata (Zahlbr.) M.Choisy

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b, Isocrono & al. 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-4, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-6/ A: rr, A1: rr, B: r, C: rr, D: c, E: r, F: c, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a widespread holarctic species, found on base-rich and calciferous siliceous rocks, a variable and ecologically wide-ranging lichen, often found in disturbed habitats, esp. on sandstone walls, and sometimes starting the life-cycle on other crustose lichens. Chemistry: Knoph & Leuckert (1997).


+Lecidella umbrosa (A.Massal.) Hertel

Herzogia, 2: 502-504, 1973 - Biatora umbrosa [Bagl. ex] A.Massal., Symmicta Lich.: 37, 1855.

Syn.: Lecidea umbrosa (A.Massal.) Jatta

N - TAA (Knoph & Leuckert 2000), Lig (Knoph & Leuckert 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S// Sax/ 3, 3-4, 3, 3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a porly known taxon, related with L. asema, which needs further study.


+Lecidella viridans (Flot.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 242, 1855 - Lecidea sabuletorum v. viridans Flot., Flora, 11: 697-698, 1828.

Syn.: Biatora viridans (Flot.) Hepp, Lecidea elaeochromiza (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Lecidea glomerulosa (DC.) Steud. f. elaeochromiza (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Lecidea viridans (Flot.) Lamy, Lecidella elaeochromiza (Nyl.) M.Choisy

N - Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA (Knoph & Leuckert 2000), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Camp, Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note on base-rich or slightly calciferous siliceous rocks, esp. on steeply inclined faces, in dry-warm areas.


+Lecidella vorax Leuckert & Poelt

[in Nimis & Poelt] Studia Geobot., 7, 1: 133, 1987.



C - Laz, Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Lecanora rupicola s.lat./ Note: chemically related to L. asema, but constantly and clearly parasitic on Lecanora rupicola.


+Lecidella wulfenii (Hepp) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 216, 1861 - Biatora wulfenii Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 5, 1853.

Syn.: Lecidea elaeochroma v. muscorum Th.Fr., Lecidea glomerulosa v. muscorum (Th.Fr.) Vain., Lecidea heppii R.A.Anderson & W.A.Weber nom. nov., Lecidea muscorum (Th.Fr.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Lecidea wulfeniana Grummann, Lecidea wulfenii (Hepp) Arnold non Ach., Lecidella heppii R.A.Anderson

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Valcuvia 2000), Lig (TSB). C - Abr. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: ec, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on muribund bryophytes and plant remains in exposed habitats, most common in the Alps, but also present in the high mountains of the south. Chemistry: see Knoph & Leuckert (1997).


+Lecidoma demissum (Rutstr.) Gotth.Schneid. & Hertel

[in Hertel] Herzogia, 5: 460, 1981 - Lichen demissus Rutstr., Spicil. Pl. Crypt. Suec.: 8, 1794.

Syn.: Biatora atrorufa (Dicks.) Körb., Biatora demissa (Rustr.) Fr., Lecidea atrorufa (Dicks.) Ach., Lecidea demissa (Rutstr.) Ach., Lepidoma demissum (Rutstr.) M.Choisy, Psora atrorufa (Dicks.) Hook., Psora demissa (Rutstr.) Hepp

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: c, A1: vc, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on soil, rarely on siliceous rocks, in clearings of Alpine grasslands with a long snow-lie.


+Lemmopsis arnoldiana (Hepp) Zahlbr.

[in Engler & Prantl] Natürl. Pflanzenfam., 1, 1: 171, 1906 - Physma arnoldianum Hepp [in Arnold] Flora, 41: 94, 1858.

Syn.: Psorotichia arnoldiana (Hepp) Körb., Pyrenocarpus arnoldianus (Hepp) Trevis.


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