+Absconditella annexa



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N - Lig.

Cr/ Cy.c/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on pebbles in shaded woodland floors and crevices in rocky querries, perhaps overlooked and somehow more frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy, but certainly not common.


+Lempholemma botryosum (A.Massal.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 3: 20, 1924 - Arnoldia botryosa A.Massal., Miscell. Lichenol.: 20, 1856.

Syn.: Physma botryosum (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Plectospora botryosa (A.Massal.) A.Massal.

N - TAA, Lomb. C - Abr, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl.

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 4-5, 1-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: on steeply inclined seepages of hard calciferous rocks, often in sites with cyanobacterial colonies. The genus is very poorly known in general: L. dispansum H.Magn., and L. radiatum (Sommerf.) Henssen were reported from the Alps of Austria.


+Lempholemma chalazanum (Ach.) de Lesd.

Recher. Lich. Dunkerque: 261, 1910 - Collema chalazanum Ach., Lich. Univ.: 630, 1810.

Syn.: Lempholemma franconicum (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Physma chalazanum (Ach.) Arnold, Physma franconicum A.Massal.

N - VG, Ven, Piem. C - Tosc.

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 4-5, 4, 4, 2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen, found in open dry grasslands, sometimes overgrowing bryophytes and plant debris, but also on walls, probably overlooked, and perhaps more widespread.


+Lempholemma elveloideum (Ach.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 3: 21, 1924 - Collema elveloideum Ach., Lich. Univ.: 641, 1810.

Syn.: Arnoldia cyathodes A.Massal., Collema cyathodes (A.Massal.) Nyl., Physma cyathodes (A.Massal.) Jatta, Plectospora cyathodes (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Plectospora elveloidea (Ach.) Zanfr.

N - Ven, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc.

Fol.u/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen, found on steeply inclined faces of calcareous rocks, in seepage tracks, often with other cyanobacterial lichens, certainly much overlooked throughout Italy.


+Lempholemma intricatum (Arnold) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 3: 22, 1925 - Omphalaria intricata Arnold, Flora, 52: 254, 1869.

Syn.: Lecyophysma fennicum Räsänen, Lempholemma condensatum (Arnold) Zahlbr. ?, Lempholemma fennicum (Räsänen) Degel., Synalissa intricata (Arnold) Nyl.

N - Frl (Henssen & Tretiach 1995).

Frut/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ w/ Note: on steeply inclined calcareous or basic siliceous rocks in seepage tracks, mostly in humid areas, perhaps more widespread in the Alps.


+Lempholemma polyanthes (Bernh.) Malme

Lich. Suec. Exs.: n. 883, 1924 - Lichen polyanthes Bernh., J. Bot., 1: 12, 1799.

Syn.: Collema chalazanellum Nyl., Collema myriococcum (Ach.) Nyl., Lempholemma chalazanellum (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Lempholemma chalazanodes (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Lempholemma compactum (Wallr.) Körb., Lempholemma fasciculare (Wulfen) Zahlbr., Lempholemma muelleri (Hepp) Zahlbr. ?, Lempholemma myriococcum (Ach.) Th.Fr., Physma compactum (Wallr.) A.Massal., Physma myriococcum (Ach.) Th.Fr., Physma polyanthes (Bernh.) Arnold

N - Frl (Molaro 2005), Ven, TAA, Lomb (Anzi 1860), Piem (TSB). S - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (TSB).

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 4-5, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: er, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on terricolous or epilithic bryophytes, over soil or on plant debris, sometimes on walls, much overlooked or confused with Collema-species, probably more widespread.


+Lepraria alpina (de Lesd.) Tretiach & Baruffo

[in Baruffo & al.] Nova Hedwigia, 83, 3-4: 390, 2006 - Crocynia alpina de Lesd., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 61:85, 1914.

Syn.: Crocynia alpina de Lesd., Lepraria angardiana Övstedal, Leproloma angardianum (Övstedal) J.R.Laundon, Leproloma cacuminum (“A.Massal.”) J.R.Laundon, Lepraria cacuminum (“A.Massal.”) Loht.

N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004, Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Benesperi & al. 2007). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax-Terr/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-6/ A: rc, A1: c, B: r, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on epilithic mosses and soil in grasslands on siliceous substrata.


+Lepraria borealis Lothander & Tønsberg

Ann. Bot. Fenn. 31: 224, 1994.



N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), VA (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr-Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: rr, A1: rr, B: er, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal species, with optimum in the Oroboreal to Alpine belts of the Alps, but also occurring in the high Mediterranean mountains.


+Lepraria caesioalba (de Lesd.) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 24, 4: 324, 1992 - Crocynia caesioalba de Lesd., Bull. Soc. Bot. Fr., 61: 84, 1914.

Syn.: Crocynia henrici de Lesd., Lepraria neglecta auct. p.p., Lepraria zonata Brodo, Leproloma caesioalbum (de Lesd.) M.Choisy

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000, Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006), TAA (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006, Isocrono & al. 2003b, 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2002, Baruddo & al. 2006). S - Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006), Si (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr-Sax/ 1-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bryophytes, more rarely on siliceous rocks wetted by rain, esp. on basal parts of siliceous boulders with a long snow-lie, certainly more widespread.


+Lepraria crassissima (Hue) Lettau

Feddes Rep., 61:125, 1958 - Crocynia crassissima Hue, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 71: 393, 1924.



N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr-Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an often misunderstood species (see Baruffo & al. 2006), occurring on siliceous rocks and epilithic mosses in mountain areas.


+Lepraria diffusa (J.R.Laundon) Kukwa

Ann. Bot. Fennici, 39: 226, 2002 - Leproloma diffusum J.R.Laundon, Lichenologist, 21: 16, 1989..



N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2005, Baruffo & al. 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Abr (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2001, 2002). S - Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006), Si.

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax-Terr-Epiph/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: in niches and fissures of calcareous or dolomitic boulders, but also on soil in dry grasslands, probably occurring throughout the country.


+Lepraria eburnea J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 24, 4: 331, 1992.

Syn.: Lepraria frigida J.R.Laundon

N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), VG (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006), TAA (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Baruffo & al. 2006, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Baruffo & al. 2006), Marc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006). S - Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Terr-Sax/ 2-4, 2-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rc, D: c, E: rc, F: vr, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ u/ Note: in underhangs protected from rain, also on walls in urbanised habitats, certainly more common, also in urban areas, throughout the country.


+Lepraria elobata Tønsberg

Sommerfeltia, 14: 197, 1992.



N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Baruffo & al. 2006, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007). S - Camp (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Terr-Sax/ 1-2, 2-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: er, A1: rr, B: a, C: rc, D: rr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ u/ Note: a mainly montane specie in Italy, requiring humid conditions. It prefers acidic bark which is not colonised by bryophytes, and it rarely occurs also on soil, lignum and epiphytic mosses.


+Lepraria incana (L.) Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 4, 1803 - Byssus incana L., Sp. Pl., 2: 1169, 1753.

Syn.: Crocynia crassissima Hue non auct., Crocynia maritima de Lesd., Lepraria aeruginosa auct. p.p. non (Weiss) Sm., Lepraria crassissima (Hue) Lettau non auct., Lepraria glaucella (Flörke) Nyl.

N - VG (Baruffo & al. 2006), Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006, Isocrono & al. 2003b, 2006), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & Putortì 2001, Baruffo & al. 2006), Marc, Abr (Loppi & al. 1999), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2002). S - Cal.

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax-Lign/ 1-2, 2-4, 2-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rc, D: rr, E: r, F: rr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on acid bark of coniferous and deciduous trees, in sites protected from rain, sometimes on siliceous rocks, soil and lignum. Most Italian records need confirmation, and some recent dubious records are not reported here. According to Baruffo & al. (2006) in Italy it is most frequent in the mountains.


+Lepraria isidiata (Llimona) Llimona & A.Crespo

[in Wirth & al.] Guìa de Campo de los Liquenes, Musgos y Hepàticas: 309, 1004.



N - Emil (Nimis & al. 1996). C - Abr (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Leuckert & al. 2004). S - Camp (Baruffo & al. 2006), Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006), Si (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr/ 4-5, 2-4, 2-4, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: rr, E: a, F: rr, G: a, H: r/ PF: 1/ Note: on calciferous soil and on mosses in sheltered situations but in sunny and arid habitats, also on gypsum, and always found below the montane belt.


+Lepraria jackii Tønsberg

Sommerfeltia, 14: 200, 1992.

Syn.: Lepraria toensbergiana Bayerová & Kukwa

N - Frl (Kümmerling & Leuckert 1995, Austria, near the border, Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2002, Baruffo & al. 2006), S - Si (Kümmerling & Leuckert 1995).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Lign-Sax/ 1-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: rr, E: a, F: rr, G: er, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: on acidic to subneutral bark of conifers and other trees (the record from Sardegna is from Quercus suber), esp. on basal parts of trunks in woodlands, but also on siliceous rocks and wood.


+Lepraria lobificans Nyl.

Flora, 56: 49, 1873.

Syn.: Crocynia aliciae Hue, Crocynia andrewii de Lesd., Crocynia finkii de Lesd. ex Hue, Crocynia lobificans (Nyl.) Hue, Crocynia mollissima de Lesd., Crocynia sciatropha Hue, Lepra plumbeo-virescens Jatta, Lepraria aeruginosa auct. p.p., Lepraria finkii (Hue) R.C.Harris, Leproloma lobificans (Nyl.) Boistel

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004, Baruffo & al. 2006), Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Leuckert & al. 2004, Nascimbene 2005, Baruffo & al. 2006), Lomb (Arosio & al. 2003, Baruffo & al. 2006, Valcuvia & Truzzi 2007), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998, Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1997b, 1997e, 1998, 1999a, Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, 2001, Loppi 1996, 1996b, Baragatti 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Baruffo & al. 2006, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006), Laz (Kümmerling & al. 1993, Ravera & al. 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Kümmerling & al. 1993, Zedda 2000a, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001, Baruffo & al. 2006). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006), Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004, Baruffo & al. 2006), Si (Poli & al. 1997, Grillo 1998, Czeczuga & al. 1999, Grillo & al. 2002).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax-Lign/ 2-4, 2-4, 1-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: vr, C: rc, D: c, E: rc, F: c, G: rc, H: er/ PF: 1-3/ Note: in the lower parts of trunks, but also on rocks, lignum, soil and mosses, also occurring in rather polluted areas and on faces wetted by rain, one of the most common species of the genus in Italy.


+Lepraria membranacea (Dicks.) Vain.

Acta Soc. Fauna Flora Fennica, 49, 2: 265, 1921 - Lichen membranaceus Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit., 2: 21, tab. 6, fig. 1, 1790.

Syn.: Amphiloma lanuginosum (Ach.) Nyl., Crocynia lanuginosa (Ach.) Hue, Crocynia membranacea (Dicks.) Zahlbr., Leproloma lanuginosum (Ach.) Nyl., Leproloma membranaceum (Dicks.) Vain., Pannaria lanuginosa (Ach.) Körb., Psoroma lanuginosum (Ach.) Müll.Arg.

N - Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001, Baruffo & al. 2006). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax-Epiph-Terr/ 2, 2-3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: er, C: r, D: rr, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on steeply inclined to weakly underhanging siliceous rocks, sometimes on epilithic bryophytes, much more rarely on bark, often forming monospecific stands, certainly much more widespread.


+Lepraria neglecta (Nyl.) Lettau

Feddes Rep., 61: 127, 1958 - Lecidea neglecta Nyl., Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 4: 233, 1859.

Syn.: Crocynia neglecta (Nyl.) Hue, Lecidella neglecta (Nyl.) Stein

N - TAA (Kümmerling & al. 1993), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006, Isocrono & al. 2003b, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr-Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-6/ A: vc, A1: c, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine lichen, found on moss cushions and stony siliceous ground, mostly in snow-beds. Earlier records from Sardinia are dubious (Baruffo & al. 2006).


+Lepraria nivalis J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 24: 327, 1992.

Syn.: Crocynia murorum de Lesd., Lepraria crassissima auct. non (Hue) Lettau

N - VG (Baruffo & al. 2006), Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), TAA (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2001, Baruffo & al. 2006, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Baruffo & al. 2006), Laz( Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001, Leuckert & al. 2004, Baruffo & al. 2006). S - Camp (Herb. Seaward 106.072, Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Baruffo & al. 2006), Pugl (Leuckert & al. 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Baruffo & al. 2006), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Leuckert & al. 2004, Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax-Terr-Epiph/ 4-5, 1-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: vr, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ u/ Note: on lime-rich rocks, on mosses, but also on bark, on steeply inclined or underhanging faces protected from rain. Certainly occurring throughout N Italy, the sample from Campania, chemically analyzed by H. Kümmerling, is from Paestum (Seaward, in litt.).


+Lepraria nylanderiana Kümmerl. & Leuckert

Bibl. Lichenol., 58: 250, 1995.



N - Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006). C- Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Leuckert & al. 1995, Zedda 2000a, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr-Sax-Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 0-2/ Note: on base-rich siliceous rocks and soil, incl. brick walls in archaeological areas, but also on bark, esp. in Tyrrhenian Italy, much overlooked and/or misunderstood, certainly more common. According to Baruffo & al. (2006) it can be cosnidered as a good indicator of long ecological continuity, since it always occurs in old and well-preserved forests.


+Lepraria rigidula (de Lesd.) Tønsberg

Sommerfeltia, 14: 205, 1992 - Crocynia rigidula de Lesd. [in Hue] Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 71: 331-332, 1924.



N - VG (Baruffo & al. 2006), Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), TAA (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lomb (Baruffo & al. 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006, Isocrono & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Baruffo & al. 2006), Laz (Baruffo & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Kümmerling & al. 1995, Zedda 2000a, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001, Baruffo & al. 2006). S - Bas (Baruffo & al. 2006), Cal (Baruffo & al. 2006), Si (Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Terr-Sax/ 2-3, 2-4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: er, A1: er, B: a, C: rr, D: c, E: rr, F: c, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: an ecologically wide-ranging species, certainly more common, also in the Alps, and to be looked for there. It seems to prefer acidic substrata and is mainly epiphytic.


+Lepraria umbricola Tønsberg

Sommerfeltia, 14: 206, 1992.



C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2002, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Baruffo & al. 2006).

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax-Terr-Epiph/ 2, 2, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a wrm-temperate species found on sheltered siliceous rocks and mosses, sometimes on basal parts of old trunks and on shaded sandy soil, certainly more widespread.


+Lepraria vouauxii (Hue) R.C.Harris

[in Egan] Bryologist, 90: 163, 1987 - Crocynia vouauxii Hue, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 71: 392, 1924.

Syn.: Crocynia arctica Lynge, Lepraria arctica (Lynge) Wetmore, Leproloma vouauxii (Hue) J.R.Laundon

N - VG (Baruffo & al. 2006), Frl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Ven (Baruffo & al. 2006), TAA (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lomb (Baruffo & al. 2006), Piem (Baruffo & al. 2006), Emil (Baruffo & al. 2006), Lig (Baruffo & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Baruffo & al. 2006), Umbr (Baruffo & al. 2006, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Baruffo & al. 2006), Sar (Zedda 2000a, 2001, 2002). S - Pugl (Baruffo & al. 2006), Bas (Baruffo & al. 2006)

Lepr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 2-3, 2-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: r, C: rc, D: c, E: rc, F: rc, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ u/ Note: on isolated deciduous trees, in positions which are seldom wetted by rain, sometimes on brick walls, certainly common throughout Italy, with a wide ecological and altitudinal range.


+Leprocaulon microscopicum (Vill.) Gams

[in D.Hawksw. & F. A. Skinner] Trans. Proc. Torquay Nat. Hist. Soc., 16: 128, 1974 - Lichen microscopicus Vill., Hist. Plant. Dauphinè, vol. 3: 496, 1789.

Syn.: Leprocaulon nanum (Ach.) Nyl. ex Lamy, Leprocaulon quisquiliare (Leers) M.Choisy, Stereocaulon microscopicum (Vill.) Frey, Stereocaulon nanum (Ach.) Ach., Stereocaulon quisquiliare (Leers) Hoffm.

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & al. 1995, 1996, 1996c, 1997e, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Pišút 1997, Benesperi 2000a, Senese & Critelli 2000), Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Zedda & Sipman 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Frut/ Ch/ A.i/ Terr-Sax-Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er D: vr, E: a, F: vc, G: rc, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen, found on basic siliceous rocks covered by a thin film of soil, very common on brick walls in archaeological areas of Tyrrhenian Italy, where it is also found on bark (e.g. of Olea), extremely rare along the E side of the peninsula, exceptionally reaching the montane belt in the W Alps.


+Leptochidium albociliatum (Desm.) M.Choisy

Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 21: 165, 1952 - Leptogium albociliatum Desm., Annal. Scienc. Nat. Bot., ser. 4, 4: 132, 1855.

Syn.: Collema albociliatum (Desm.) Nyl., Polychidium albociliatum (Desm.) Zahlbr., Polychidium cetrarioides Anzi, Polychidium gennarii Bagl.


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