+Absconditella annexa


Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia aspidota v. elegantula Zahlbr., Verh. Ver. Nat. Heilk. Pressburg, 8: 39, 1894



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Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia aspidota v. elegantula Zahlbr., Verh. Ver. Nat. Heilk. Pressburg, 8: 39, 1894.


Syn.: Collema exasperatum Ach., Melanelia elegantula (Zahlbr.) Essl., Melanelia incolorata (Parrique) Essl., Parmelia elegantula (Zahlbr.) Szatala, Parmelia exasperatula v. elegantula (Zahlbr.) Zahlbr., Parmelia incolorata (Parrique) Lettau, Parmelia jacquesii Werner

N - VG (Castello 1996), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil (Bassi 1995, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1997, 1997b, 1998b, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001, 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002, Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Fascetti & al. 2005, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: er, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on old trees (e.g. oaks, Castanea), common in the Apennines, rare in the north, and absent from urban areas.


+Melanohalea exasperata (De Not.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Divakar, Essl., D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia exasperata De Not., Giorn. Bot. Ital., 2, 2: 193, 1847.

Syn.: Imbricaria aspera (A.Massal.) Körb., Imbricaria aspidota Ach., Melanelia exasperata (De Not.) Essl., Parmelia aspera A.Massal., Parmelia aspidota (Ach.) Poetsch, Parmelia aspidota v. exasperata (De Not.) Syd.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Roella 1999), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996), Lig (Brunialti & Giordani 2000, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1996b, 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Boom & Giralt 2002, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Falco Scampatelli 2005, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: er, F: c, G: rc, H: rr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a mainly temperate to mediterranean early colonizer of smooth bark, most common on twigs of shrubs and deciduous trees (e.g. Prunus, Quercus).


+Melanohalea exasperatula (Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Divakar, Essl., D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia exasperatula Nyl., Flora, 56: 299, 1873.

Syn.: Imbricaria olivacea f. papulosa Anzi, Melanelia exasperatula (Nyl.) Essl., Parmelia aspidota v. exasperatula (Nyl.) Syd., Parmelia papulosa (Anzi) Vain. non Mont.

N - VG (Castello 1996), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2002c, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Lazzarin 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Philippi 1983, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e), Lomb (Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Valcuvia & Brusoni 1996, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b, Piervittori & Maffei 2001, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001, Giordani & al. 2002). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1997b, Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Umbr (Ravera 1998), Laz (Ravera & al. 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: ec, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen found on isolated trees, esp. on twigs and sometimes even on conifer needles, in Xanthorion communities, esp. common on twigs of Larix throughout the Alps.


+Melanohalea infumata (Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Divakar, Essl., D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia infumata Nyl., Flora, 58: 359, 1875.

Syn.: Melanelia infumata (Nyl.) Essl., Parmelia elegantula ssp.infumata (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Piem (TSB).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on siliceous rocks in upland areas. This is a good species, ecologically and morphologically different from M. elegantula, it is certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Melanohalea laciniatula (H.Olivier) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Divakar, Essl., D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

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