+Absconditella annexa


Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia exasperatula v. laciniatula [Flagey ex] H.Olivier, Rev. de Bot., 12: 69, 1894



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Mycol. Res., 108, 8: 882, 2004 - Parmelia exasperatula v. laciniatula [Flagey ex] H.Olivier, Rev. de Bot., 12: 69, 1894.


Syn.: Melanelia laciniatula (H.Olivier) Essl., Parmelia laciniatula (H.Olivier) Zahlbr., Parmelia laevigatula (Nyl.) Parrique non Nyl.

N - Frl, Ven, Lig (Giordani & al. 2002). C - Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rc, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly mediterranean-montane species, found on smooth bark of old deciduous trees, esp. Fagus, in open, humid forests, most abundant in the Apennines, perhaps declining in the Alps, absent from urban areas.


+Melanolecia transitoria (Arnold) Hertel

[in Poelt & Vězda] Bibl. Lichenol., 16: 365, 1981 - Lecidea transitoria Arnold, Flora, 53: 123, 1870.

Syn.: Lecidea henrici Zahlbr., Lecidea subcoerulescens Arnold, Tremolecia transitoria (Arnold) Hertel

N - TAA, Piem.

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 5-6/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on inclined to underhanging calcareous rocks above treeline, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Melaspilea bagliettoana Zahlbr.

Ann. Naturhist. Hofmus. Wien, 19: 413, 1904.

Syn.: Melaspilea opegraphoides Bagl. non Nyl.

C - Tosc, Sar. S - Si (Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004)

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on smooth bark of trees and shrubs such as Fraxinus ornus and Nerium, mosty Tyrrhenian, very much overlooked.


+Melaspilea canariensis D.Hawksw.

Lichenologist, 14: 84, 1982.

Syn.: Karschia talcophila v. irregularis Vouaux

C - Tosc (TSB), Sar (Calatayud & al. 1995). S - Si (TSB).

LF/ §/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ paras Pertusaria spp./ Note: a lichenicolus fungus found on silicicolous Pertusaria, certainly more widespread in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Melaspilea gibberulosa (Ach.) Zwackh

Flora, 45: 534, 1862 - Arthonia gibberulosa Ach., Lich. Univ.: 142, 1810.

Syn.: Melaspilea deformis (Rabenh.) Nyl., Melaspilea megalyna (Ach.) Arnold

N - Lomb, Emil.

F/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bark of deciduous trees and Abies in humid montane forests.


+Melaspilea ochrothalamia Nyl.

Flora, 48: 355, 1865.



S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: hitherto known only from W Europe, perhaps more widespread, but never common, in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Melaspilea poetarum (De Not. & Bagl.) Nyl.

Flora, 52: 85, 1869 - Opegrapha poetarum De Not. & Bagl., Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1: 24, 1861.



N - Frl (TSB), Lig. C - Tosc. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Puntillo 1995).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on more or less smooth bark, esp. of Fraxinus ornus.


+Melaspilea proximella Nyl.

[in] Norrl., Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 13: 342, 1871.

Syn.: Arthopyrenia furfuracea A.Massal., Buellia mughorum Anzi, Caldesia proximella (Nyl.) Trevis., Melaspilea fugax Müll.Arg.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Lig. C - Tosc (TSB), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc.

F/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 1-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: er, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bark of deciduous and coniferous trees, an inconspicuous species, probably overlooked. The Massalongian name is from 1856.


+Melaspilea rhododendri (Arnaud & Rehm) Almq.

Kgl. Svensk Vetensk.-Akad. Handl., 17, 6: 44, 1880 - Arthonia rhododendri Arnaud & Rehm, Flora, 15: 152, 1872.



N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

F/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on twigs of shrubs in the subalpine belt. The record from Sardegna in Nimis (1993: 432) is wrong.


+Melaspilea urceolata (Fr.) Almb.

[in Grummann] Cat. Lich. Germ.: 20, 1963 - Lecanactis urceolata Fr., Syst. Orb. Veget. 1: 288, 1825.

Syn.: Abrothallus ricasolii A.Massal., Buellia ricasolii (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Buellia ricasolii v. hysteroides A.Massal., Catillaria ricasolii (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Cliostomum ligusticum De Not. ?, Lecidea enteroleuca Ach. non auct., Melaspilea arthonioides (Fée) Nyl., Poetschia arthonioides (Fée) Stein

N - VG (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995), Frl, Ven, Lomb, Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996), Lig. C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Frati & al. 2004), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993), Sar. S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note:a mild-temperate species, found on hard bark of deciduous trees (Quercus, Morus, etc.), more widespread in the past, presently declining.


+Menegazzia terebrata (Hoffm.) A.Massal.

Neagenea Lichenum: 1, 1854 - Lobaria terebrata Hoffm., Deutschl. Flora: 151, 1796.

Syn.: Imbricaria terebrata (Hoffm.) Körb., Menegazzia pertusa (Schrank) Stein, Parmelia diatrypa (Ach.) Ach., Parmelia pertusa (Schrank) Schaer., Parmelia terebrata (Hoffm.) Martius

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach 1996, Modenesi & al. 1997, Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, Loppi & Putortì 2001).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on bark in humid beech-fir forests, exceptionally reaching the submediterranean belt. The closely related M. subsimilis (H.Magn.) R.Sant. has been reported from the Alps outside Italy.


+Micarea adnata Coppins

Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist, Bot. ser., 11, 2: 108, 1983.



N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on rather decomposed lignum, such as on old oak stumps and associated decaying bryophte mats, more rarely on loose bark of deciduous trees, in areas with high rainfall and mostly in woodlands, certainly more widespread in the Alps, and to be looked for further there. The genus is poorly known in Italy. The following species, reported from the Alps outside Italy should be looked for in the Italian Alps: M. coppinsii Tønsberg, M. cyanescens Poelt & Döbbeler, M. erratica (Körb.) Hertel, Rambold & Pietschm., M. hedlundii Coppins, M. hylocomii Poelt & Döbbeler, M. incrassata Hedl., M. leprosula (Th.Fr.) Coppins & A.Fletcher, M. lithinella (Nyl.) Hedl., M. lynceola (Th.Fr.) Palice, M. melaeniza Hedl., M. minima Poelt & Döbbeler, M. myriocarpa V.Wirth & Vězda ex Coppins, M. nigella Coppins, M. rhabdogena (Norman) Hedl., and M. ternaria (Nyl.) Vězda.


+Micarea bauschiana (Körb.) V.Wirth & Vězda

[in Vězda & V.Wirth] Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 11: 95, 1976 - Biatora bauschiana Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 157, 1860.

Syn.: Biatora rusticella (Nyl.) Walt.Watson, Biatora semipallens (Nyl.) Walt.Watson, Catillaria microspora Maslowa, Lecidea bauschiana (Körb.) Lettau, Lecidea dilutiuscula Nyl., Lecidea infidula Nyl., Lecidea lynceola Th.Fr., Lecidea rusticella Nyl., Lecidea semipallens Nyl., Lecidea sylvicola v. infidula (Nyl.) Leight.

N - Ven (Nascimbene & al. 2005b), TAA, Lig. S - Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax-Epiph-Terr/ 2-4, 2-3, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: on a wide variety of substrata (rocks, exposed roots, consolidated soil) in shaded-dry situations (e.g. in underhangs), but restricted to humid areas. Probably overlooked and more widespread, esp. in the Alps.


+Micarea botryoides (Nyl.) Coppins

[in Hawksworth, James & Coppins] Lichenologist, 12: 107, 1980 - Lecidea apochrooella v. botryoides Nyl., Flora, 50: 373, 1867.

Syn.: Lecidea botryoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr-Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 1-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: r, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: on a wide variety of substrata, including soil, bryophytes, muribund plants, siliceous rocks, conifer bark, mostly on vertical or underhanging faces, certainly much overlooked, and present in the Alps, but never common in Italy.


+Micarea cinerea (Schaer.) Hedl.

Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3, 18: 81, 1892 - Lecidea cinerea Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spicil., 3: 156, 1828.

Syn.: Bacidia cinerea (Schaer.) Trevis., Biatora delicatula Körb., Bilimbia cinerea (Schaer.) Anzi, Bilimbia delicatula (Körb.) Körb., Hastifera tenuispora D.Hawksw. & Poelt, Lecidea sphaeroides v. albella Schaer.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem, Lig (Giordani & al. 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 1-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a cool-temperate to probably circumboreal-montane species, found on bark of deciduous and coniferous trees, and on epiphytic bryophytes in humid forests, more rarely on lignum of fallen, decorticated trunks. Hastifera tenuispora is probably an anamorph of this species.


+Micarea contexta Hedl.

Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3, 18, 3: 83, 96, 1892.

Syn.: Catillaria contexta (Hedl.) Zahlbr.

N - Frl.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 2, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: in sheltered situations, such as in woodlands, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Micarea denigrata (Fr.) Hedl.

Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3, 18, 3: 78, 89, 1892 - Biatora denigrata Fr., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 1822: 256, 1822.

Syn.: Biatora aniptiza (Stirt.) Walt.Watson, Biatorina praeviridans (Nyl.) Boistel, Biatorina sinothea auct., Catillaria denigrata (Fr.) Hedl., Catillaria hemipoliella (Nyl.) Blomb. & Forssell, Catillaria praeviridans (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Catillaria spodiza (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Catillaria synothea auct. non Ach., Lecidea aniptiza Stirt., Lecidea denigrata (Fr.) Nyl., Lecidea discretula Nyl., Lecidea hemipoliella Nyl., Lecidea parissima Nyl., Lecidea spodiza Nyl., Lecidea synothea auct., Micarea andesitica Vězda nom. nud., Micarea hemipoliella (Nyl.) Vězda

N - TAA, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem, Lig (TSB). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 2-4, 2-4, 1-3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: rr, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to circumboreal-montane, very polymorphic species, esp. common on wooden poles in the mountains, on fallen trunks and stumps of coniferous and broad-leaved trees, rarer on bark of conifers, widespread throughout the Alps and the Apennines, and to be looked for in the mountains of Sicilia.


+Micarea elachista (Körb.) Coppins & R.Sant.

Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot ser., 11: 131, 1983 - Biatora elachista Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 159, 1860.

Syn.: Bacidia sororians (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Biatorina glomerella (Nyl.) Arnold, Catillaria elachista (Körb.) Vain., Catillaria glomerella (Nyl.) Th.Fr., Lecidea poliococca Nyl., Lecidea sororians Nyl., Micarea glomerella (Nyl.) Hedl.

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005, Nascimbene & al. 2006e). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to circumboreal-montane species, with optimum on lignum, more rarely on acid bark, in Castanea-forests, often with Chaenotheca ferruginea, certainly more widespread, but much overlooked.


+Micarea globulosella (Nyl.) Coppins

Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot ser., 11, 2: 134, 1983 - Lecidea globulosella Nyl., Lich. Jap.: 69, 1890.

Syn.: Bacidia globulosella (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Micarea bacidiella sensu Vězda & V.Wirth

N - Frl (vidi!). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 1-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a temperate to probably circumboreal-montane species, found on bark of conifers and oaks in humid forests, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Micarea hedlundii Coppins

Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist., Bot. 11, 2: 135, 1983.



N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a rather are lignicolous species, ranging from the Alps to Northern Europe.


+Micarea inquinans (Tul.) Coppins

[in Rambold & Triebel] Bibl. Lichenol., 48: 169, 1992 - Abrothallus inquinans Tul., Ann. Sci. Nat. (Bot.), 17: 117, 1852.

Syn.: Lecidea inquinans (Tul.) Nyl., Nesolechia inquinans (Tul.) A.Massal.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA (Hafellner 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ paras Dibaeis baeomyces/ Note: overlooked, and probably widespread throughout the Alps.


+Micarea lignaria (Ach.) Hedl. v. lignaria

Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3, 18, 3: 93, 1892 - Lecidea lignaria Ach., Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.: 236, 1808.

Syn.: Bacidia gomphillacea (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Bacidia granulans sensu H.Magn., Bacidia lignaria (Ach.) Lettau, Bacidia meizospora (Harm.) Zahlbr., Bacidia milliaria (Fr.) Körb., Bilimbia lignaria (Ach.) A.Massal., Bilimbia milliaria (Fr.) Th.Fr., Lecidea geomaea Taylor, Lecidea meizospora Harm., Lecidea milliaria Fr., Micarea gomphillacea (Nyl.) Vězda

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz, Abr, Sar. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Terr-Epiph/ 1-2, 2-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: r, A1: rc, B: r, C: rc, D: r, E: er, F: rr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread temperate to boreal-montane species, the most common of the genus in Italy, found on a wide variety of substrata such as plant remains, bark, and lignum, in humid situations. The records from Umbria by Ravera & al. (2006, 2006b) do not refer to this species (Ravera, in litt.).


+Micarea lignaria v. endoleuca (Leight.) Coppins

Bull. Brit. Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. ser., 11, 2: 146, 1983 - Lecidea milliaria v. endoleuca Leight., Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit., 3rd ed.: 363, 1879.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ oc/ Note: although sometimes sympatric with the typical variety, this taxon is restricted to very humid areas at lower altitudes. Surprisingly, the only Italian record is from a rather dry-continental region (see Nimis 1993: 435).


+Micarea lutulata (Nyl.) Coppins

[in Hawksworth et al.] Lichenologist, 12: 107, 1980 - Lecidea lutulata Nyl., Flora, 56: 297, 1873.

Syn.: Biatora anthrophila (Larbal. ex Leight.) Walt.Watson, Lecidea anthrophila Leight., Lecidea laxula Nyl., Lecidea paucula Nyl., Lecidea poliodes Nyl., Micarea poliodes (Nyl.) Vězda, Micarea umbrosa Vězda & V.Wirth

N - Frl (Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 2-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ m/ Note: on siliceous, often metal-rich rocks in dry and sheltered underhangs in humid natural habitats.


+Micarea melaena (Nyl.) Hedl.

Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3, 18, 3: 82, 96, 1892 - Lecidea melaena Nyl., Bot. Notiser, 1853: 182, 1853.

Syn.: Bacidia melaena (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Biatora stizenbergeri Hepp, Bilimbia melaena (Nyl.) Arnold, Catillaria constristans sensu H.Magn., Lecidea ilyophora Stirt.

N - Ven, TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (TSB), Emil. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008). S - Pugl.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Terr/ 1-2, 2-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: r, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to circumboreal-montane species, found on decomposed lignum of old stumps, but also on plant debris, siliceous rocks and soil rich in humus. Probably mode widespread in the mountains.


+Micarea melaenida (Nyl.) Coppins

Bull. Br. Mus. nat. Hist., Bot. 11, 2: 154, 1983 - Lecidea melaenida Nyl., Flora, 48: 146, 1865.

Syn.: Catillaria melaenida (Nyl.) Arnold, Catillaria schumannii Körb. ex Stein, Catillaria zsakii Szatala, Toninia zsakii (Szatala) Lettau

S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate, ephemeral species, with optimum on clay soil in rather disturbed habitats.


+Micarea micrococca (Körb.) Coppins

[Gams ex] Coppins, Checklist of Lichens of Great Britain and Ireland (UK): 86, 2002 - Biatora micrococca Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 155, 1860.

Syn.: Lecidea micrococca (Körb.) Cromb.,

N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign-Sax-Terr/ 1-2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: 3r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: earlier records might be under M. prasina.


+Micarea misella (Nyl.) Hedl.

Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3, 18, 3: 78, 88, 1892 - Lecidea anomala f. misella Nyl., Lichenes Scand.: 202, 1861.

Syn.: Biatora misella (Nyl.) Falk, Lecidea asserculorum Ach. nom.nud., Lecidea globularis (Nyl.) Lamy, Lecidea melanoch+roza Leight., Lecidea misella (Nyl.) Nyl., Micarea globularis (Nyl.) Hedl.

N - Frl, TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 2-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to circumboreal-montane species, found on lignum, more rarely on acid bark, most common in the Alps, but probably occurring throughout the Apennines.


+Micarea nitschkeana (Rabenh.) Harm.

Bull. Soc. Sc. Nancy, 2, 33: 64, 1899 - Bilimbia nitschkeana [J.Lahm ex] Rabenh., Lich. Eur. Exs.: n. 583, 1861.

Syn.: Bacidia nitschkeana (Rabenh.) Zahlbr., Bacidia spododes (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Lecidea spododes Nyl.

N - TAA, Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995). C - Tosc (Loppi & Putortì 2001), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on twigs and small branches of conifers and, more rarely, of acid-barked deciduous trees and small shrubs.


+Micarea peliocarpa (Anzi) Coppins & R.Sant.

[in Coppins & P.James] Lichenologist, 11: 155, 1979 - Bilimbia peliocarpa Anzi, Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. Milano, 9: 250, 1866.

Syn.: Bacidia albidolivens (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Bacidia hemipolioides (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Bacidia peliocarpa (Anzi) Lettau, Bacidia trisepta (Hellb.) Zahlbr., Bacidia triseptatuloides (Harm.) Zahlbr., Bacidia violacea (P. Crouan & H. Crouan ex Nyl.) Arnold, Biatora trisepta Müll.Arg. nom. inval., Bilimbia albicans Arnold, Bilimbia hemipolioides (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Bilimbia subviridescens v. trisepta (Hellb.) A.L.Sm., Bilimbia trisepta Hellb., Bilimbia violacea (Nyl.) Th.Fr. non (Arnold) Arnold, Lecidea albidolivens Nyl., Lecidea dufourii Ach., Lecidea fraterculans Nyl., Lecidea hemipolioides Nyl., Lecidea saxigena Nyl., Lecidea trisepta Hellb., Lecidea triseptatula Nyl., Lecidea triseptatuloides Harm., Lecidea violacea P. Crouan & H. Crouan ex Nyl. non A.Massal. nom. illegit., Micarea trisepta (Hellb.) Wetmore, Micarea violacea (P.Crouan & H. Crouan ex Nyl.) Hedl., Toninia hemipolioides (Nyl.) Guillaumot, Toninia violacea (Nyl.) Guillaumot

N - Frl, Ven, TAA (Hinteregger 1994), Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign-Sax-Terr/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: r, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a temperate to boreal-montane, ecologically wide-ranging species, found on acid bark of deciduous (esp. old oaks and Fagus) and coniferous trees, lignum, peaty soil, muribund bryophytes, small pebbles.


+Micarea prasina Fr.

Syst. Orb. Veget.: 27, 1825.

Syn.: Bacidia subviridescens (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Biatora micrococca Körb., Biatorina prasina (Fr.) P. Syd., Bilimbia subviridescens (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Catillaria melanobola (Nyl.) de Lesd. ?, Catillaria micrococca (Körb.) Th.Fr., Catillaria prasina (Fr.) Th.Fr., Catillaria prasiniza (Nyl.) Hue, Catillaria sordidescens (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Lecidea abdita Erichsen, Lecidea declivitatum Erichsen, Lecidea prasinella Müll.Arg., Lecidea prasiniza Nyl., Lecidea sordidescens Nyl., Lecidea subviridescens Nyl., Micarea polytrichii Poelt & Döbbeler, Micarea subviridescens (Nyl.) Hedl.


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