+Absconditella annexa


[in Pentecost & Coppins] British Lichen Society Bull., 53, 4: 35, 1992



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[in Pentecost & Coppins] British Lichen Society Bull., 53, 4: 35, 1992.


N - VG (Tretiach 2004), Frl (Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ A.s/ 3, 3, 3, 3/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a/ B: a, C: a, D: r, E: er, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found mostly on fruit-trees in orchards, certainly more widespread, also in Tyrrhenian Italy, bout overlooked, being always sterile.


+Opegrapha niveoatra (Borrer) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 2: 138, 1963 - Verrucaria niveoatra Borrer [in Hook. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot. Suppl. 1: 2637, 1831.

Syn.: Opegrapha amphotera Nyl., Opegrapha dubia auct., Opegrapha subsiderella (Nyl.) Arnold, Opegrapha vulgata v. subsiderella Nyl.

N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, 2000, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on old trees in open woodlands, mainly Tyrrhenian in Italy, closely related to O. vulgata, but differing in the shorter spermogonia.


+Opegrapha ochrocheila Nyl.

Flora, 48: 212, 1865.

Syn.: Opegrapha atricolor Stirt., Opegrapha demutata Nyl. ?, Opegrapha rubescens Sandst.

C - Sar (Nimis & Poelt 1987). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic species, found on the smooth bark of evergreen broadleaved trees and shrubs. It was listed under the dubious records by Nimis (1993: 464), but material from Sardegna was revised by Egea & Torrente (TSB), and the identification by Nimis & Poelt (1987) proved to be correct, specimens from Puglia comply with those from Sardegna.


+Opegrapha ochrocincta Werner

Bull. Soc. Sc. Nat. Maroc, 19, 1: 46, 1939.

Syn.: Opegrapha diaphoroides auct. non Nyl.

N - Lig. C - Tosc (Putortì & Loppi 1999), Laz, Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on shrubs and twigs of young trees in mediterranean maquis, most common in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Opegrapha pertusariicola Coppins & P.James

Lichenologist, 11: 164 1979.



S - Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995).

LF/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Pertusaria spp./ Note: a lichenicolus fungus, probably much more widespread, esp.on Pertusaria leioplaca.


+Opegrapha physciaria (Nyl.) D.Hawksw. & Coppins

[in Coppins et al.] Lichenologist, 24, 4: 367, 1992 - Lecidea physciaria Nyl., Suppl. Lich., Paris: 8, 1897.

Syn.: Arthonia varia (Tul.) Jatta, Celidium varium (Tul.) A.Massal., Leciographa physciaria (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Phacopsis varia Tul.

N - Lomb, Emil, Lig (TSB). S - Camp, Pugl, Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

LF/ §/ S/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ paras Xanthoria spp./ Note: a lichenicolus fungus, certainly more widespread in Italy.


+Opegrapha pulvinata Rehm

[in Lojka] Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 19: 500, 1869.

Syn.: Celidium pulvinatum (Rehm) Rehm, Leciographa pulvinata (Rehm) Arnold

N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

LF/ §/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Catapyrenium and Endocarpon spp./ Note: a lichenicolus fungus, probably overlooked, and somehow more frequent in Italy.


+Opegrapha rufescens Pers.

Usteri's N. Ann. Bot. 11: 29, 1794.

Syn.: Opegrapha atra v. siderella auct., Opegrapha contexta Stirt., Opegrapha herpetica (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha herpetica v. subocellata Ach., Opegrapha lilacina A.Massal., Opegrapha rubecula A.Massal., Opegrapha rubella Pers., Opegrapha siderella (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha subocellata (Ach.) Hepp, Opegrapha subocellata v. fraxinea W.Mann

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven, TAA (Hinteregger 1994), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: r, E: er, F: rc, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a maily temperate, widespread lichen, found on smooth bark of deciduous trees, esp. in woodlands near creeks and rivers in humid valleys.


+Opegrapha rupestris Pers.

Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 5: 20, 1794.

Syn.: Leciographa centrifuga (A.Massal.) Rehm, Leciographa parasitica A.Massal., Opegrapha centrifuga A.Massal., Opegrapha monspeliensis Nyl., Opegrapha parasitica (A.Massal.) H.Olivier, Opegrapha persoonii (Ach. ex Gray) Chevall. nom. illegit., Opegrapha rupestris v. garganica Jatta, Opegrapha saxatilis DC., Opegrapha saxicola Ach. non auct., Opegrapha saxigena Taylor, Opegrapha sbarbaronis de Lesd., Opegrapha semicincta Zahlbr., Opegrapha semicincta f. aggregata Werner

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 1-3, 1-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: vr, C: c, D: rc, E: er, F: c, G: rc, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: an ecologically wide-ranging species, found both in natural habitats (esp. shaded niches of calcareous rocks in woodlands), and in moderately disturbed situations (such as on north-facing walls), it often grows on other crustose lichens (esp. Bagliettoa and Verrucaria species). The true Leciographa parasitica A.Massal. is included here as a synonym because most of the Italian samples of this taxon proved to belong to this species, however, in its original circumscription, Leciographa parasitica grows on Aspicilia calcarea, and awaits further study.


+Opegrapha subelevata (Nyl.) Nyl.

Lich. Nov. Zeland.: 115, 1888 - Opegrapha varia v. subelevata Nyl., Ann. Sc. Nat. Bot., ser. 3, 20: 318, 1853.



N - Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on calcareous or basic siliceous rocks, sometimes on mortar walls, mostly near the coast, mainly Tyrrhenian.


+Opegrapha varia Pers.

Usteri's N. Ann. Bot. 1: 30, 1794.

Syn.: Opegrapha chlorina (Pers.) Jatta, Opegrapha cymbiformis Flörke, Opegrapha diaphora (Ach.) Ach., Opegrapha lichenoides Pers., Opegrapha lichenoides v. chlorina (Pers.) Redinger, Opegrapha lichenoides v. nigrocaesia Chevall., Opegrapha maroccana Müll.Arg., Opegrapha notha Ach., Opegrapha pitardi v. viridans Maheu & Werner, Opegrapha pollinii A.Massal., Opegrapha pulicaris auct. p.p. non Pers. ex Fr., Opegrapha rimalis Pers., Opegrapha varia f. subericola Jatta, Opegrapha varia v. confluens A.Massal., Opegrapha varia v. diaphora (Ach.) Fr., Opegrapha varia v. fagicola A.Massal., Opegrapha varia v. juglandis A.Massal., Opegrapha varia v. notha (Ach.) Jatta, Opegrapha violatra A.Massal., Opegrapha vulvella Ach.

N - VG (Castello 1996), Frl (TSB), Ven (Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c), TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: er, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen, found on old trees in humid areas, occasionally on basic siliceous rocks.


+Opegrapha variaeformis Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 160, 1862.

Syn: Opegrapha rosea de Lesd.

C - Tosc, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar (TSB). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: er/ suboc/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean-atlantic species, found on steeply inclined faces of calciferous rocks near the coast. The record from Molise, in the mountains, is exceptional.


+Opegrapha vermicellifera (Kunze) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 2: 139, 1963 - Pyrenothea vermicellifera Kunze [in Reichenb. & Schub.] Lich. Exs., n. 60, 1823.

Syn.: Opegrapha fuscella (Fr.) Almb., Opegrapha hapaleoides Nyl., Opegrapha leptospora Werner & M.Choisy, Opegrapha mehdiensis Werner, Pyrenothea vermicellifera auct.

N - Lomb (Valcuvia & Truzzi 2007), Piem (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b). C - Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on old trees in humid areas, esp. near large rivers, on faces seldom wetted by rain.


+Opegrapha viridis (Ach.) Behlen & Desberger

Natugesch. u. Beschr. Deutsch. Forst.-Kryptog.: 110, 1835 - Opegrapha rubella v. viridis [Pers. ex] Ach., Meth. Lich.: 22, 1803.

Syn.: Graphis involuta Wallr., Opegrapha involuta (Wallr.) Jatta, Sclerographa squalida Erichsen, Zwackhia involuta (Wallr.) Körb.

N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Hinteregger 1994), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995), Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread mild-temperate species, found on (mostly) broadleaved trees in woodlands, more common in the Tyrrhenian than in the Adriatic side of the peninsula.


+Opegrapha vulgata Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 20, 1803.

Syn.: Opegrapha cinerea Chevall., Opegrapha cinerea f. macrospora Erichsen, Opegrapha danica Erichsen, Opegrapha devulgata Nyl.

N - Frl (TSB), Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Hinteregger 1994), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi & al. 1999a, Putortì & Loppi 1999), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread, but not common temperate species, with optimum in humid forests, esp. on Abies.


+Opegrapha zonata Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ., 1855.

Syn.: Enterographa zonata (Körb.) Torrente & Egea, Lecanactis zonata (Körb.) A.Massal., Opegrapha horistica (Leight.) Stein, Verrucaria horistica Leight.

N - Frl (Tretiach 2004), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 1-2, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a temperate to S boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar lichen, found on vertical to underhanging, hard siliceous rocks in deep gorges or mature forests, very rarely on bark, mostly in the mountains. See also Sparrius (2004).


+Ophioparma rubricosum (Müll.Arg.) S. Ekman

Opera Botanica, 127: 133, 1996 - Patellaria rubricosa Müll.Arg., Hedwigia, 34: 142, 1895.



C - Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 4-5, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: the record from Sardinia is the first from Europe of this W North American species, however, the Sardinian samples are sorediate, and could belong to a still undescribed taxon.


+Ophioparma ventosum (L.) Norman

Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 7: 230, 1853 - Lichen ventosus L., Sp. Pl.: 1141, 1753.

Syn.: Haematomma ventosum (L.) A.Massal., Lecanora ventosa (L.) Ach., Lepadolemma ventosum (L.) Trevis., Zeora ventosa (L.) Flot.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil. C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008), Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rc, A1: er, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine circumpolar lichen, found on steeply inclined, siliceous rocks in wind-exposed situations.


+Orphniospora moriopsis (A.Massal.) D.Hawksw.

Lichenologist, 14: 135, 1982 - Catolechia moriopsis A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 85, n. 157, 1852.

Syn.: Buellia atrata (Sm.) Anzi, Buellia bahusiensis Degel. nom. nud., Buellia coracina Körb., Buellia moriopsis (A.Massal.) Th.Fr., Buellia subtenebrosa Malme, Orphniospora atrata (Sm.) Poelt

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine circumpolar lichen, found on hard siliceous rocks in cold habitats, probably restricted to the Alps.


+Orphniospora mosigii (Körb.) Hertel & Rambold

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 27: 122, 1988 - Lecidella mosigii Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 201, 1861.

Syn.: Aspicilia obscurissima (Nyl.) Maheu & A. Gillet, Lecidea mosigii (Körb.) Anzi, Lecidea obscurissima (Nyl.) Nyl., Lecidea tenebrosa v. obscurissima Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined, wind-exposed, hard siliceous rocks.


+Pachyphiale arbuti (Bagl.) Arnold

Flora, 54: 50, 1871 - Bacidiopsis arbuti Bagl., Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1: 22, 1861.

Syn.: Bacidia arbuti (Bagl.) Jatta

N - Lig. C - Sar.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a rare species of mediterranean humid forests, doubtfully distinct from P. carneola.


+Pachyphiale carneola (Ach.) Arnold

Flora, 54: 50, 1871 - Lecidea carneola Ach., Lich. Univ.: 194, 1810.

Syn.: Bacidia carneola (Ach.) Körb., Bacidia cornea (With.) A.Massal., Biatora carneola (Ach.) Fr., Gyalecta carneola (Ach.) Hellb., Gyalecta cornea (With.) Tuck., Pachyphiale cornea (With.) Poetsch

N - VG (TSB), Ven, Lomb, Piem, Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo & Vězda 1994, Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found in old, humid forests, very much declining, esp. in the north.


+Pachyphiale fagicola (Hepp) Zwackh

Flora, 45: 506, 1862 - Bacidia fagicola Hepp [in Arnold] Flora, 41: 504, 1858.

Syn.: Gyalecta corticola (Lönnr.) A.L.Sm., Gyalecta fagicola (Hepp) Kremp., Lecidea congruella Nyl., Pachyphiale corticola Lönnr.

N - Frl, Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: often confused with P. carneola, but certainly rare throughout the country, optimum in open deciduous forests or, in humid areas, also on isolated, old trees.


+Pannaria conoplea (Ach.) Bory

Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 13: 20, 1828 - Parmelia conoplea Ach., Lich. Univ.: 467, 1810.

Syn.: Pannaria coeruleobadia (Schleich. ex Lam.) A.Massal., Pannaria lanuginosa auct., Pannaria pityrea sensu Degel. non DC., Pannaria rubiginosa v. conoplea (Ach.) Körb., Pannaria rubiginosa v. lanuginosa auct. non (Hoffm.) Zahlbr., Trachyderma coeruleobadium (Lam.) Trevis.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & al. 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a Lobarion-species, most common on mossy bark in open, humid forests, sometimes on mossy siliceous rocks, declining, esp. in the north.


+Pannaria hookeri (Sm.) Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 5: 109, 1858 - Lichen hookeri [Borrer ex] Sm., English Bot., 32: 2283, 1811.

Syn.: Pannaria glacialis Anzi, Pannaria leucolepis (Wahlenb.) Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Sq/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax-Terr/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on slightly calciferous soil (mostly deriving from metamorphic rocks) in sites with periodical water seepage, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Pannaria rubiginosa (Ach.) Bory

Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 13: 20, 1828 - Lichen rubiginosus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 99, 1799.

Syn.: Lichen affinis Dicks., Lichen squamosus Hoffm. nom. illegit., Parmelia rubiginosa (Ach.) Ach.

N - Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Lig. C - Tosc, Marc, Sar. S - Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.n/ Cy.h/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: restricted to rainly-humid areas, mostly on old mossy trunks in forests, declining, esp. in the north. Records from Val d' Aosta and Emilia (see Nimis 1993: 467), being dubious, are not accepted here. N Amer


+Pannaria tavaresii M.Jørg.

Opera Bot., 45: 68, 1978.

Syn.: Pannaria rubiginosa f. isidiosa Tav.

N - Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Sq/ Cy.h/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a southwestern species in Europe, restricted to Lobarion communities.



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