+Absconditella annexa



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N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2002c, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007, Benesperi & al. 2007), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vc, B: vr, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: ecology and distribution resemble those of P. ambigua, but this lichen is slightly less photo- and more hygrophytic.


+Parmotrema arnoldii (Du Rietz) Hale

Phytologia, 28: 335, 1974 - Parmelia arnoldii Du Rietz, Nyt. Mag. Naturvid., 62: 80, 1924.



N - Frl (Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Lazzarin 1997).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a cool-temperate lichen, restricted to beech forests with frequent fog. A dubious old record from Val d' Aosta (see Piervittori & Isocrono 1999) is not accepted here.


+Parmotrema crinitum (Ach.) M.Choisy

Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 21: 175, 1952 - Parmelia crinita Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 196, 1814.

Syn.: Imbricaria ciliata f. excrescens Arnold, Parmelia ciliata Nyl., Parmelia excrescens (Arnold) Hav., Parmelia excrescens v. pilosella (Hue) Lynge, Parmelia pilosella Hue, Parmelia proboscidea Taylor, Parmelia urceolata sensu Jatta

N - VG (Tretiach 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Lazzarin 1997), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Tosc (Loppi & Putortì 2001), Laz (Ravera 2001, Massari & Ravera 2003).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a cool-temperate lichen, found on bark in open humid montane forests, rarely on epilithic bryophytes, exceptionally descending into the submediterranean belt in very humid areas.


+Parmotrema hypoleucinum (J.Steiner) Hale

Phytologia, 28, 4: 336, 1974 - Parmelia hypoleucina J.Steiner, Österr. bot. Z., 67: 282, 1918.

Syn.: Parmelia gattefossei (M.Choisy) Zahlbr., Parmelia hypotropa auct., Parmelia subincana (Maheu & A. Gillet) Maheu & A. Gillet, Parmelia werneri (M.Choisy) Zahlbr., Parmotrema gattefossei M.Choisy, Parmotrema werneri M:Choisy



C - Tosc, Laz (Ravera & al. 2003, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar. S - Bas (Potenza & Fascetti 2005, Fascetti & al. 2006, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Czeczuga & al. 1999, Caniglia & al. 2005).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on twigs of trees and shrubs in undisturbed Mediterranean maquis along the coast, exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Parmotrema perlatum (Huds.) M.Choisy

Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 21: 175, 1952 - Lichen perlatus Huds. Flora Anglica: 448, 1762.

Syn.: Imbricaria perlata (Huds.) Körb., Lichen chinensis Osbeck Parmelia coniocarpa Laurer, Parmelia perlata Ach. nom. illegit., Parmelia perlata v. trichotera (Hue) Parmelia trichotera Hue, Parmotrema perlatum (Eschw.) M.Choisy, Parmotrema chinense (Osbeck) Hale & Ahti

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Caniglia & al. 2005), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Lazzarin 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Benco & al. 2004, Giordani 2006, Malaspina & al. 2007). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, 2001, Loppi & al. 1995, 1996c, 1997, 1998, 1998b, 1999a, Loppi 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Pišút 1997, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Senese & Critelli 2000, Del Guasta 2001, Baruffo & Tretiach 2005, Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008), Marc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera & al. 2003, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr, Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Puntillo & al. 2000, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Ottonello 2005, Ottonello & al. 2006b).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: rr, E: er, F: vc, G: vc, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate lichen, found on bark and mossy rocks, on isolated trees only in humid areas, otherwise in light woodlands, restricted to the mossy base of trunks, exceptionally reaching the dry-continental Alpine valleys in sheltered situations (see note to P. tiliacea). This, the most common species of the genus in Italy, is extremely rare along the E side of the peninsula.


+Parmotrema reticulatum (Taylor) M.Choisy

Bull. Mens. Soc. Linn. Lyon, 21: 175, 1952 - Parmelia reticulata Taylor [in J. Mackay] Fl. Hibern., 2: 148, 1836.

Syn.: Parmelia cetrata auct. p. max. p., Parmelia pseudoreticulata Tav., Parmotrema pseudoreticulatum (Tav.) Hale, Rimelia reticulata (Taylor) Hale & A.Flechter

N - VG, Lomb, Piem, Lig (Modenesi 1993, Brunialti & Giordani 2000, 2003, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, 2003b, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995, Ravera 2001, Massari & Ravera 2003), Abr, Mol (Frati & al. 2004), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: rr, G: rc, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic to mild-temperate lichen, found on bark, rarely on mossy siliceous rocks, declining, presently mostly Tyrrhenian and coastal, almost extinct in the north.


+Parmotrema robustum (Degel.) Hale

Phytologia, 28, 4: 338, 1974 - Parmelia robusta Degel., Göteb. K. Vetensk. Vitterh. Samh. Handl., ser. B, 1, 7: 33, 1941.

Syn.: Parmelia dilatata auct.

N - Lig. C - Tosc. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ oc/ PF: 0/ Note: a mainly humid subtropical species found on broadleved trees in humid-warm situations, exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Parmotrema stuppeum (Taylor) Hale

Phytologia, 28, 4: 339, 1974 - Parmelia stuppea Taylor, London J. Bot., 6: 175, 1847.

Syn.: Parmelia claudelii (Harm.) Vain., Parmelia maxima Hue, Parmelia trichotera v. claudelii (Harm.) Du Rietz



N - Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000, Giordani & al. 2001, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Putortì & Loppi 1999, Senese & Critelli 2000), Laz. S - Si (TSB).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate species, found in open woodlands with frequent fog, mostly on ancient trees, but also on epilithic bryophytes, certainly declining in Italy.


+Paulia glomerata Henssen & Tretiach

Nova Hedwigia, 60, 1-2: 298, 1995.



N - Frl (Henssen & Tretiach 1995).

Frut/ Cy.c/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined calcareous rocks in rainy areas, mostly starting its life-cycle in fissures of the rocks, to be looked for further in the Alps.


+Peccania coralloides (A.Massal.) A.Massal.

Atti Ist. Ven. Sc. Lett. Arti, 3, 5: 355, 1860 - Corinophorus coralloides A.Massal., Flora, 14: 213, 1856.



N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2000a), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Frut/ Cy.c/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: on steeply inclined seepage tracks of calciferous rocks, certainly widespread throughout the country, but much overlooked.


+Peccania tiruncula (Nyl.) Henssen

[in Henssen & Jørgensen] Lichenologist, 22, 2: 143 - Omphalaria tiruncula Nyl., Flora, 61: 338, 1878.

Syn.: Thyrea tiruncula (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Frut/ Cy.c/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a poorly known species of exposed calcareous rocks, which deserves further study.


+Peltigera aphthosa (L.) Willd.

Fl. Berolin. Prodr.: 347, 1787 - Lichen aphthosus L., Sp. Pl.: 1148, 1753.

Syn.: Lichen verrucosus Weber, Peltidea aphthosa (L.) Ach., Peltidea aphthosa v. verrucosa Ach., Peltigera aphthosa v. microthallina Gyeln., Peltigera aphthosa v. phymatodes Wallr.,

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 458: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Rivellini 1994, Vitikainen 1994, Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001, Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Benesperi & al. 2007), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Marc, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Fol.b/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: c, B: vr, C: rc, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on terricolous mosses and soil rich in humus, mostly in forests. An acidophytic vicariant of P. leucophlebia, common in the Alps, much rarer in the Apennines. The record from Campania reported by Nimis (1993: 496) is dubious, and probably refers to P. leucophlebia.


+Peltigera canina (L.) Willd.

Fl. Berol. Prodr.: 347, 1787 - Lichen caninus L., Sp. Pl.: 1149, 1753.

Syn.: Lichen caninus v. cinereus Weiss, Lichen terrestris Lam., Peltidea canina (L.) Willd., Peltidea canina v. albescens Wahlenb., Peltidea leucorrhiza Flörke ex Hepp, Peltigera canina v. cinerea (Weiss) Gyeln., Peltigera canina v. vulgaris Duby, Peltigera leucorrhiza (Hepp) Flörke, Peltigera suomensis Gyeln., Peltigera suomensis v. norrlandica Gyeln.

N - VG (Vitikainen 1994), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene 2001b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Philippi 1983, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (E.C.I. 1, 516: Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Siniscalco 1995, Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Marc, Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Vitikainen 1994, Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b), Pugl, Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rc, B: r, C: rc, D: vr, E: er, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread holarctic species, found on terricolous mosses and soil in open forests, sometimes on bark on basal parts of old trees, certainly rarer than P. praetextata, with which it was often confused in the past.


+Peltigera collina (Ach.) Schrad.

J. Bot., 1: 78, 1803 - Lichen collinus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 162, 1799.

Syn.: Peltidea scutata Ach., Peltidea scutata v. collina (Ach.) Ach., Peltigera limbata Delise ex Hepp, Peltigera molesta Delise in Duby, Peltigera perfida Gyeln., Peltigera propagulifera (Flot. ex Körb.) Stein, Peltigera scutata (Dicks.) Duby, Peltigera scutata f. alba Gyeln., Peltigera scutata f. isidiata-sorediosa Gyeln., Peltigera scutata f. nuda Gyeln., Peltigera scutata v. collina (Ach.) Gyeln., Peltigera scutata v. propagulifera Flot. ex Körb., Peltigera scutata v. subscabrosa Gyeln., Peltigera scutata v. subscutata (Gyeln.) Trass, Peltigera scutata v. typica Gyeln., Peltigera sibirica Gyeln., Peltigera subscutata Gyeln., Peltigera subscutata v. spitsbergensis Gyeln.

N - Frl (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 25: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil (Vitikainen 1994, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Vitikainen 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Vitikainen 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz (Ravera 2001, 2002), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999), Sar (Vitikainen 1994, Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Vitikainen 1994, Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a typical Lobarion-species of the mossy bark of deciduous trees in humid, open forests, sometimes on epilithic mosses.


+Peltigera degenii Gyeln.

Magy. Bot. Lapok, 25: 253, 1927.

Syn.: Peltigera canina f. nitens Anders, Peltigera degenii f. nitens (Anders) Oksner, Peltigera degenii v. nitens (Anders) Trass, Peltigera nitens (Anders) Gyeln., Peltigera polydactylon v. submembranacea Nyl., Peltigera praetextata v. nitens (Anders) Szatala, Peltigera virescens (J.Steiner) Gyeln.

N - Frl (Vitikainen 1994), Ven (Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), Lomb (Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Vitikainen 1994, Benesperi & Tretiach 2004, Benesperi & al. 2007), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a temperate to S boreal species, found on terricolous bryophytes, on soil rich in humus and on mossy rocks, sometimes on bark at the basal parts of of trunks.


+Peltigera didactyla (With.) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 16, 3: 217, 1984 - Lichen didactylus With., Bot. Arrang. Veget. Gr. Brit., 1, 2: 718, 1776.

Syn.: Lichen caninus v. pellucidus Weber, Lichen spurius Ach., Peltidea canina v. spuria (Ach.) Ach., Peltigera canina v. crispata J. Kicks. f., Peltigera canina v. notata Th.Fr., Peltigera canina v. pusilla Fr., Peltigera canina v. spuria (Ach.) Schaer., Peltigera erumpens (Taylor) Elenkin, Peltigera hazslinszky Gyeln., Peltigera leptoderma auct., Peltigera monophylla Opiz, Peltigera pellucida (Weber) Gyeln., Peltigera pusilla (Fr.) Körb., Peltigera rufescens v. spuria (Ach.) Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens v. vulnerata Müll.Arg., Peltigera sorediata Fink, Peltigera spuria (Ach.) DC., Solorina sorediifera Nyl.

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Roux & Triebel 1994, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (E.C.I., 2, 843: Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Vitikainen 1994), Marc, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.s/ Terr/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: er, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, ephemeral lichen of disturbed mineral soil, most common in the Alps, becoming much rarer, and restricted to upland areas in the south.


+Peltigera elisabethae Gyeln.

Botanik Közlemények, 24: 135, 1927.

Syn.: Peltigera elisabethae f. allagaeuensis Gyeln., Peltigera elisabethae f. complicata Gyeln., Peltidea horizontalis v. lophyra Ach., Peltigera mauritzii Gyeln., Peltigera mauritzii v. stuckenbergiae Dombr., Peltigera microphylla (Anders) Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyla f. microphylla Anders, Peltigera polydactyla v. microphylla (Anders) Trass

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene 2000, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Valcuvia & Delucchi 2001, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Delucchi & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004). S - Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on terricolous bryophytes and soil rich in humus.


+Peltigera horizontalis (Huds.) Baumg.

Fl. Lips.: 562, 1790 - Lichen horizontalis Huds., Fl. Angl.: 453, 1762.

Syn.: Lichen horizontalis v. nebulosus Vill., Peltidea horizontalis (Huds.) Ach., Peltigera horizontalis v. muscorum Schaer., Peltigera horizontalis f. lacinulata Gyeln., Peltigera horizontalis f. scabrida Oksner, Peltigera horizontalis v. pallidovenosa Savicz & Rassad., Peltigera horizontalis v. ticinensis De Not., Peltigera horizontalis v. zopfii (Gyeln.) Trass, Peltigera ticinensis (De Not.) Jatta ?, Peltigera zopfii Gyeln., Peltigera zopfii v. parisiensis Gyeln.

N - VG, Frl (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Massalongo Lich. Ital. 214: Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene 2001b), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Ital. 93 and Lich. Sondr. 60: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Triebel & al. 1997, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Vitikainen 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Loppi & al. 1997b, Benesperi & Tretiach 2004, Benesperi & al. 2007, Benesperi & Lastrucci 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Vitikainen 1994), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal, Si.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-3, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on mosses (also epiphytic and epilithic) and humous soil in the openings of humid forests.


+Peltigera hymenina (Ach.) Delise

[in Duby] Bot. Gall, 2: 579, 1830 - Peltidea hymenina Ach., Meth. Lich.: 284, 1803.

Syn.: Lichen polydactylus With. nom. illegit., Peltigera lactucifolia auct. non (With.) J.R.Laundon, Peltigera polydactylon f. hymenina (Ach.) Flot., Peltigera polydactyla v. crassoides Gyeln.

N - Frl, TAA, Piem (Vitikainen 1994), Lig. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1997b). S - Bas (Potenza 2006).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on mineral soil in open, but never fully sun-exposed habitats, often associated with mosses.


+Peltigera kristinssonii Vitik.

Ann. Bot. Fennici, 22: 291, 1985.

Syn.: Peltigera occidentalis sensu Kristinsson

N - Lomb (Vitikainen 1994, in Switzerland, near the border), VA (Vitikainen 1994, in France, near the border). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a slightly calciphilous species, probably more widespread, both in the Alps and the Apennines.


+Peltigera lepidophora (Vain.) Bitter

Ber. dtsch. bot. Ges., 22: 251, 1904 - Peltigera canina v. lepidophora [Nyl. ex] Vain., Medd. Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 2: 49, 1878.

Syn.: Peltigera lepidophora f. helvetica Gyeln., Peltigera lepidophora f. nudiuscula Gyeln. ?, Peltigera lepidophora v. dalecarlica Gyeln.


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