+Absconditella annexa



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N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb (Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Clerc & al. 1999), VA (Vitikainen 1994).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar pioneer species of base-rich mineral soil.


+Peltigera leucophlebia (Nyl.) Gyeln.

Magy Bot. Lapok, 24: 79, 1926 - Peltigera aphthosa v. leucophlebia Nyl., Syn. Lich.: 323, 1860.

Syn.: Peltidea aphthosa f. crispa Vain., Peltigera aphthosa v. complicata Th.Fr., Peltigera aphthosa v. variolosa A.Massal., Peltigera leucophlebia f. variolosa (A.Massal.) Gyeln., Peltigera leucophlebia v. complicata (Th.Fr.) Gyeln., Peltigera variolosa (A.Massal.) Gyeln., Peltigera variolosa f. crispa (Vain.) Gyeln., Peltigera variolosa f. dilaceratella Gyeln., Peltigera variolosa f. subalba Gyeln., Peltigera variolosa v. dactylodes Gyeln., Peltigera variolosa v. microphyllina Gyeln., Peltigera vrangiana Gyeln.

N - Frl (Vitikainen 1994, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Massalongo Lich. Ital. 12 and Trevisan Lich. Ven. 154: Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene 2001b, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 458 and Lich. Ital. 90: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil (Vitikainen 1994, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007b), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996), Laz (Ravera 2002b).

Fol.b/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: vc, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: this is the calciphilous vicariant of P. aphthosa, most common in the beech belt, to be looked for throughout the Apennines.


+Peltigera malacea (Ach.) Funck

Crypt. Gew., 33: 5, 1827 - Peltidea malacea Ach., Syn. Syn. Lich.: 240, 1814.

Syn.: Peltidea canina v. malacea (Ach.) Wahlenb., Peltigera canina v. malacea (Ach.) Branth & Rostr., Peltigera malacea f. crispa Gyeln., Peltigera malacea f. neoimbricata Gyeln., Peltigera malacea f. panniformis Vain., Peltigera malacea f. scabridifera Gyeln., Peltigera malacea v. dactylodes Gyeln., Peltigera malacea v. fusca Flot., Peltigera malacea v. imbricata Gyeln., Peltigera malacea v. scabriosoides Trass, Peltigera malacea v. subpulverulenta Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyloides f. fennica Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyloides f. imbricatoides Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyloides f. panniformis (Vain.) Gyeln.

N - Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Ital. 89 and Lich. Sondr. 55: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found in oligotrophic grasslands and shrublands near and above treeline, often amongst mosses, probably restricted to the Alps. The record from the deciduous belt of Basilicata, by Potenza & Fascetti (2005) and Potenza (2006) is dubious and requires confirmation.


+Peltigera membranacea (Ach.) Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 4, 1: 74, 1887 - Peltidea canina v. membranacea Ach., Lich. Univ.: 518, 1810.

Syn.: Peltigera canina v. membranacea (Ach.) Körb.

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil. C - Abr, Sar (Vitikainen 1994). S - Pugl, Bas, Cal, Si.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on mossy rocks and at the base of boles in old woodlands, on base-rich substrata.


+Peltigera monticola Vitik.

Acta Bot. Fennica, 152: 64, 1994.



N - Frl (Martellos 2005), Ven (Vitikainen 1994). C - Sar (Vitikainen 1994).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a recently-described and still rarely collected taxon, related to P. rufescens and P. ponojensis, found on soil and amongst mosses over calcareous substrata.


+Peltigera neckeri Müll.Arg.

[Hepp ex] Müll.Arg., Mém. Soc. Phys. Hist. Nat. Genève: 16, 2: 370, 1862.

Syn.: Peltigera horizontalis f. rubescens Trass, Peltigera polydactyla f. debilis Lettau, Peltigera polydactyla v. nervosa Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyla v. nigrovenosa Savicz & Rassad., Peltigera polydactyloides v. velebitica Gyeln. ?

N - Frl, Ven (Massalongo Lich. Ital. 260: Vitikainen 1994), TAA (Vitikainen 1994), Lomb (Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994), Emil (Vitikainen 1994, Benesperi 2001), Lig (Vitikainen 1994, Benesperi & al. 2001). C - Tosc (Vitikainen 1994, Benesperi 2001, Benesperi & Tretiach 2004), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2001, 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Vitikainen 1994, Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Vitikainen 1994, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Potenza 2006), Si (Vitikainen 1994).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: r, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on soil, on terricolous, epiphytic and silicicolous mosses, most frequent in humid-warm beech forests.


+Peltigera neopolydactyla (Gyeln.) Gyeln.

Rev. Bryol. Lichénol., n.s., 5: 71, 1933 - Peltigera polydactylon v. neopolydactyla Gyeln., Magyar Bot. Lapok, 31: 46, 1932.

Syn.: Peltigera occidentalis (A.E.Dahl) Kristinsson non sensu Kristinsson, Peltigera scabrosa v. occidentalis A.E.Dahl

N - Frl, Ven (Vitikainen 1994), TAA (Vitikainen 1994), Lomb (Vitikainen 1994), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a forest floor species, occurring amongst and over mosses, more rarely on rock or on bark, on basal parts of old trees.


+Peltigera polydactyla (Neck.) Hoffm.

Descr. Adumbr. Pl. Crypt. Lich., 1: 19, 1790 - Lichen polydactylon Neck., Meth. Muscor.: 85, 1771.

Syn.: Lichen caninus v. polydactylon (Neck.) Lightf., Peltidea canina v. glabra Ach., Peltidea polydactyla (Neck.) Ach., Peltigera canina v. attenuata Hall, Peltigera canina v. polydactyla (Neck.) Branth. & Rostr., Peltigera polydactyla f. microcarpa Ach., Peltigera polydactyla f. multilobata Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyla f. multisecta Gyeln., Peltigera polydactyla v. microcarpa (Ach.) Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens v. polydactyla (Neck.) Torss.

N - VG, Frl (Vitikainen 1994, Tretiach 1996, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Anzi Lich. Ital. 94 and Lich. Sondr. 58: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc, Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Vitikainen 1994). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Pugl, Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an ecologically wide-ranging species of both mineral and organic, often base-rich soil, and on basal parts of mossy trunks and stumps in open forests. Common in the Alps. Most of the old records from C and S Italy (see Nimis 1993: 500) need confirmation, although this species is likely to range through the Apennines to the mountains of Sicilia. Some records could refer to other species of the complex.


+Peltigera ponojensis Gyeln.

Medd. Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 7: 143, 1931.

Syn.: Peltigera plittii Gyeln., Peltigera plittii v. macrolobata Gyeln.

N - Frl (Vitikainen 1994), Ven (Vitikainen 1994), TAA (Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003b), VA (Valcuvia 2000, Piervittori & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007), Laz (Vitikainen 1994), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note:often confused with P. rufescens in the past, this lichen is probably more widespread, also along the Apennines.


+Peltigera praetextata (Sommerf.) Zopf

Ann. Chem., 364: 299, 1909 - Peltidea ulorrhiza v. praetextata [Flörke ex] Sommerf., Suppl. Fl. Lappon.: 123, 1826.

Syn.: Peltidea ulorrhiza v. praetextata Sommerf., Peltigera canina f. vivipara Hazsl., Peltigera canina ssp. praetextata (Sommerf.) Ozenda & Clauzade, Peltigera canina v. tectorum Delise in Duby, Peltigera canina v. ulorrhiza f. sorediata Schaer., Peltigera membranacea f. prolifera J.W.Thomson, Peltigera praetextata f. incusiuscula Gyeln., Peltigera praetextata v. prolifera (J.W.Thomson) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Peltigera praetextata v. subglabra Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens v. innovans Flot. ex Körb., Peltigera rufescens v. praetextata (Sommerf.) Th.Fr., Peltigera scutata v. squalida Delise in Duby, Peltigera subcanina Gyeln., Peltigera subcanina v. glabrescens Gyeln., Peltigera szatalae Gyeln.

N - VG (Vitikainen 1994), Frl (Vitikainen 1994, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Trevisan Lich. Ven. 150: Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Anzi Lich. Ital. 91, 92 and Lich. Sondr. 57: Vitikainen 1994, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Triebel & al. 1997, Isocrono & al. 2003b), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Triebel & al. 1997, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Vitikainen 1994, Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Vitikainen 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Vitikainen 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Loppi & al. 1997b, Benesperi 2000a, Benesperi & Tretiach 2004, Benesperi & al. 2007, Benesperi & Lastrucci 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Vitikainen 1994), Laz (Vitikainen 1994, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Vitikainen 1994, Zedda 1995, 2002). S - Pugl (Vitikainen 1994), Camp (Vitikainen 1994, Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Vitikainen 1994, Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Vitikainen 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1996, 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Terr-Epiph-Lign/ 2-4, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: r, C: c, D: r, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a holarctic, ecologically wide-ranging species, found both in open woodlands and in grasslands (but only in humid areas), on mosses, mineral or organic soil, lignum (on stumps) and bark (on basal parts of old trees), one of the most common species of the genus in Italy.


+Peltigera rufescens (Weiss) Humb.

Fl. Friberg.: 2, 1793 - Lichen caninus v. rufescens Weiss, Pl. Crypt. Fl. Goett.: 79, 1770.

Syn.: Lichen rufescens (Weiss) Neck., Peltidea canina v. crispa Ach., Peltidea canina v. inflexa Ach., Peltidea ulorrhiza Flörke, Peltigera canina v. crispa Kickx, Peltigera canina v. incusa Flot., Peltigera canina v. inflexa (Ach.) Delise in Duby, Peltigera canina v. palmata Delise in Duby, Peltigera canina v. phaeorrhiza Wallr., Peltigera canina v. rufescens (Weiss) Mudd, Peltigera rufescens f. albidula Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens f. complicata Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens f. dilacerato-crispa Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens f. incusa Flot. ex Körb., Peltigera rufescens v. gotthardiana Gyeln., Peltigera rufescens v. palmata (Delise in Duby) Gyeln., Peltigera spuria v. calcicola Räsänen

N - VG (Vitikainen 1994), Frl (Vitikainen 1994, Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nimis 1994, Vitikainen 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb (Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Hafellner & al. 2004, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Valcuvia 2000, Piervittori & al. 2004), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig. C - Tosc (Vitikainen 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar (Vitikainen 1994, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Bas, Cal (Vitikainen 1994, Puntillo 1996), Si (Vitikainen 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994).

Fol.b/ Cy./ S/ Terr/ 2-5, 4-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: c, A1: ec, B: c, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, most common in dry grasslands, esp. in upland areas, but also in the Mediterranean belt, where it is generally rare due to intensive grazing and trampling, one of the most common species of the genus throughout Italy, absent only from the plains of the north.


+Peltigera scabrosa Th.Fr.

Lich. Arct.: 45, 1860.

Syn.: Peltigera genuina Gyeln., Peltigera genuina f. minutella Gyeln., Peltigera pulverulenta auct. non (Taylor) Nyl., Peltigera sancti-stephanii Gyeln.

N - Lomb.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, mainly arctic-alpine lichen, found on mossy soil and rocks. There is only an old record from Italy, which needs confirmation, however, this lichen is already known from a few non-Italian localities in the Alps, and from the Carpathians.


+Peltigera venosa (L.) Hoffm.

Descr. Adumbr. Pl. Crypt. Lich., 1: 31, 1790 - Lichen venosus L., Sp. Pl.: 1148, 1753.

Syn.: Peltidea venosa (L.) Ach.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Massalongo Lich. Ital. 17: Vitikainen 1994, Nascimbene 2002, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Vitikainen 1994), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Ital. 95 and Lich. Sondr. 61: Vitikainen 1994), Piem (Vitikainen 1994, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2007), VA (Vitikainen 1994, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Vitikainen 1994), Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006, 2006b), Marc, Abr. S - Cal (Vitikainen 1994, Puntillo 1996).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found to on soil rich in humus in cold-humid sites, more frequent in the Alps, very rare in the south.


+Peltula euploca (Ach.) Poelt

[in Pisùt] Zbor. Slov. Nar. Muz. Prir. Vedy, 13, 2: 8, 1987 - Lichen euplocus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 141, 1799.

Syn.: Anema veronense (A.Massal.) Jatta, Endocarpon guepinii ("queppinii") Delise, Endocarpon maravignae Tornab., Heppia euploca (Ach.) Vain., Heppia guepinii (Delise) Nyl., Heppia ruinicola Nyl., Heppia tenebrata Nyl., Omphalaria veronensis A.Massal., Peltula guepinii (Delise) Gyeln., Peltula laciniata (Bagl. & Carestia) Poelt comb. inval. ?, Peltula mourettii de Lesd. ?, Peltula ruinicola (Nyl.) Gyeln., Thyrea veronensis (A.Massal.) A.Massal.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Piem (Clerc & al. 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), Emil (Tretiach 2004), Lig. C - Tosc (Pišút 1997), Laz, Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Fol.u/ Cy.h/ A.s/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: rr, H: rc/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a widespread species of warm-dry areas, found on steeply inclined seepage tracks of basic siliceous rocks.


+Peltula obscurans (Nyl.) Gyeln.

Repert. Spec. Nov. Regni Veg., 38: 308, 1935 - Endocarpiscon obscurans Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, 2, 6: 309, 1872.

Syn.: Acarospora collemacea Wedd., Heppia deserticola Zahlbr., Solorinaria collemacea (Wedd.) Gyeln.

N - TAA, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Fol.u/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a southern species, often found together with P. euploca, but much less frequent in Italy.


+Peltula omphaliza (Nyl.) Wetmore

Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard., 57: 194, 1970 - Heppia omphaliza Nyl. [in Eckfeldt] Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl., 16: 106, 1889.

Syn.: Heppia subguepinii Werner

C - Tosc, Sar.

Fol.u/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: more thermophytic than P. euploca, and much less common in Italy. N Amer


+Peltula patellata (Bagl.) Swinscow & Krog

Norw. J. Bot., 26: 221, 1979 - Acarospora patellata Bagl., N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 7: 245, 1875.

Syn.: Heppia polyspora Tuck., Peltula polyspora (Tuck.) Wetmore, Solorinaria abbatiana Faurel, Ozenda & Schotter ?

N - Lig. C - Sar.

Cr.pl/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on soil in dry grasslands over siliceous substrata, also known from Alpine dry valleys outside Italy.


+Peltula placodizans (Zahlbr.) Wetmore

Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard., 57: 196, 1970 - Heppia placodizans Zahlbr., Bull. Torrey Bot. Cl., 35: 299, 1908.



N - TAA. C - Sar.

Cr.pl/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: both in the Mediterranean belt and in warm-dry Alpine valleys, on steeply inclined seepage tracks of basic siliceous rocks.


+Peltula rodriguesii (Cromb.) Büdel

Lichenologist, 21, 3: 293, 1989 - Heppia rodriguesii Cromb., J. Linn. Soc. Bot., 15: 436, 1876.



N - Lig.

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ w/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks. The Italian record is the only one known from Europe.


+Pertusaria albescens (Huds.) M.Choisy & Werner

[in Werner] Cavanillesia, 5: 165, 1932 - Lichen albescens Huds., Fl. Angl., ed. 1: 445, 1762.

Syn.: Pertusaria albescens v. corallina (Zahlbr.) J.R. Laundon., Pertusaria communis f. plana Trevis., Pertusaria communis v. discoidea (Pers.) Garov., Pertusaria communis v. variolosa (Flot.) Schaer., Pertusaria dacica Erichsen, Pertusaria deschartresii Werner, Pertusaria discoidea (Pers.) Malme, Pertusaria globulifera (Turner) A.Massal., Pertusaria globulifera v. corallina Zahlbr., Pertusaria henrici sensu Erichsen, Pertusaria henricii f. saxicola Erichsen, Pertusaria henricii v. subglobulifera Erichsen, Pertusaria leprarioides Erichsen non auct., Pertusaria orbiculata (Schreb.) Zahlbr., Pertusaria scutellata Hue, Pertusaria sorediata auct. ital., Pertusaria tuberculata (Erichsen) Erichsen, Variolaria discoidea Pers.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, Loppi & al. 1995, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1998b, 1999a, Loppi 1995c, 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, 1996b, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Vězda Lich. Rar. Exs. 56, Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & al. 1996, 2002, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: c, D: r, E: er, F: rc, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread, mainly temperate lichen, found on bark, with optimum on old oaks, rare in agricultural areas and in the Mediterranean belt, most common in deciduous open woodlands.


+Pertusaria alpina H.E.Ahles

[Hepp ex] H.E.Ahles, Pertus. et Conotr.: 12, 1860.

Syn.: Pertusaria alpina v. abietina Erichsen, Pertusaria alpina v. occulta Erichsen, Pertusaria laevigata (Th.Fr.) Anzi non (Nyl.) Arnold, Pertusaria leioplaca v. laevigata Th.Fr.


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