+Absconditella annexa



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N - Frl, TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902), Lomb, Emil. C - Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas, Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on smooth bark of deciduous trees, esp. on twigs and branches, descending to the Mediterranean belt in very humid areas.


+Pertusaria amara (Ach.) Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 288, 1873 - Variolaria amara Ach., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. N. Handl., 30, 3: 163, 1809.

Syn.: Pertusaria amara f. pulvinata (Erichsen) Almb., Pertusaria amara v. szalatai (Erichsen) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Pertusaria communis v. amara (Ach.) Rabenh., Pertusaria faginea auct. ital. p.p., Pertusaria pulvinata Erichsen, Pertusaria szalatai Erichsen

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2002c, Lazzarin 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006, 2006c, 2006e, 2007), TAA (Hinteregger 1994, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Marconi & al. 2006, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1995, 1996c, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1998b, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Ravera & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-3, 2-4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: r, C: vc, D: c, E: vr, F: vc, G: c, H: vr/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a widespread holarctic lichen, certainly the most common epiphytic species of the genus throughout Italy, with a wide ecological range, it often behaves as an aggressive competitor, being able to overgrow other crustose lichens and sometimes even bryophytes.


+Pertusaria amara v. flotowiana (Flörke) Erichsen

Feddes Rep., 35: 383, 1934 - Pertusaria ocellata v. flotowiana Flörke [in Körb.] Syst. Lich. Germ.: 383, 1855.



C - Tosc (TSB), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (TSB). S - Cal (TSB), Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very critical taxon, which badly needs revision, perhaps just a saxicolous form of P. amara.


+Pertusaria amarescens Nyl.

Flora, 57: 311, 1874.

Syn.: Pertusaria affinis Erichsen, Pertusaria fallax v. sulphurea f. variolosa Anzi

N - Ven, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz (TSB), Sar. S - Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ #/ Note: a poorly known and often misunderstood temperate taxon, some records could refer to P. flavicans, others to P. aspergilla. Here, except the recent record from Sicilia, only records checked by Hanko (1983) and by myself are accepted.


+Pertusaria apennina A.Massal.

[Bagl. ex] A.Massal., Misc. Lichenol.: 25, 1856.



N - Lig. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate saxicolous lichen which on the whole is very poorly known. The indicator values are only tentative.

§§§

+Pertusaria aspergilla (Ach.) J.R.Laundon



Taxon, 41, 4: 744, 1992 - Variolaria aspergilla Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr., 1798 (1799).

Syn: Pertusaria albescens v. subflotowiana (Erichsen), Pertusaria dealbata auct. non (Ach.) Nyl., Pertusaria dealbescens auct. non Erichsen, Pertusaria leucosora Nyl.



N - TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004, Delucchi & Valcuvia 2004, Nascimbene 2006), Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Valcuvia & Delucchi 2001), Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Nöske & al. 2000). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on steeply inclined siliceous rocks.


+Pertusaria bryontha (Ach.) Nyl.

Lichenes Scand.: 178, 1861 - Parmelia subfusca v. bryontha Ach., Meth. Lich., 2: 167, 1803.



N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on mosses and plant debris, mostly on calcareous substrata, probably widespread throughout the Alps.


+Pertusaria caesioalba (Flot.) Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 3: 180, 1855 - Phlyctis caesioalba Flot., Bot. Z., 8: 572, 1850.

Syn.: Pertusaria corinthiaca Erichsen, Pertusaria ilicicola Harm., Pertusaria inquinans (Ach.) Th.Fr., Pertusaria macrospora Hepp, Thelotrema pruinosum auct.

C - Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ #/ Note: a mainly mediterranean lichen, widespread, but rare in the Mediterranean region, mostly on smooth bark.


+Pertusaria carneopallida (Nyl.) Anzi

[in Nyl.] Flora, 51: 478, 1868 - Lecanora carneopallida Nyl., Bot. Notiser, 1853: 183, 1853.

Syn.: Cryptolechia carneolutea auct. non (Turner) A.Massal., Pertusaria carneolutea sensu Zahlbr. non (Turner) Anzi, Pertusaria leptocarpa Anzi, Pertusaria protuberans (Th.Fr.) Th.Fr.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995), Ven (TSB), TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane lichen, found on smooth-barked hardwoods. Earlier records from Toscana and Campania (see Nimis 1993: 508), being very dubious, are not accepted here.


+Pertusaria chiodectonoides A.Massal.

[Bagl. ex] A.Massal., Misc. Lichenol.: 26, 1855.

Syn.: Pertusaria anaequata (Ach.) Th.Fr., Pertusaria aspicilioides Samp., Pertusaria inquinata (Ach.) Th.Fr., Pertusaria inquinata f. nolens (Nyl.) Boistel, Pertusaria nolens Nyl.

N - TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Marc, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean species of basic siliceous rocks, total distribution very poorly known.


+Pertusaria coccodes (Ach.) Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 5: 116, 1858 - Lichen coccodes Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 10, 1799.

Syn.: Pertusaria ceuthocarpa Fr., Pertusaria communis v. coccodes (Ach.) Körb., Pertusaria phymatodes (Ach.) Erichsen, Pertusaria polycarpiza M.Choisy & Werner

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997), Lomb, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1998, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Frati & al. 2004), Laz (Ravera 2001, 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, locally common, esp. along the Apennines, mostly on old oaks or beech trees in open situations, with optimum in open oak woodlands.


+Pertusaria constricta Erichsen

Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl., 9, 5, 1: 432, 1936.



N - Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: esp. on smooth bark of Fagus, probably more widespread.


+Pertusaria corallina (L.) Arnold

Flora, 44: 658, 1861 - Lichen corallinus L., Mantissa Plant., 1: 131, 1767.

Syn.: Pertusaria corallina v. verruculosa Erichsen, Pertusaria subdubia Nyl., Variolaria corallina (L.) Ach.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Abr, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane lichen, found on steeply inclined siliceous rocks in rainy areas, sometimes very abundant, most frequent in the Alps, much rarer elsewhere.


+Pertusaria coronata (Ach.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 321, 1871 - Porina coronata Ach., Lich. Univ.: 310, 1810.

Syn.: Pertusaria coronata v. isidiifera (Erichsen) Almb., Pertusaria coronata v. soralifera Erichsen, Pertusaria isidiifera Erichsen

N - Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007), VA (Valcuvia 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on bark of deciduous trees. Easily mistaken with the chemically different P. coccodes, and perhaps more widespread.


+Pertusaria digrediens Nyl.

Actes Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, 53: 91, 1898.



N - TAA, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Sar (TSB). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (TASB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: closely related to P. aspergilla, but regularly fruiting, a taxon which deserves further study.


+Pertusaria erumpens Erichsen

Acta F. Flor. Univ., ser. 2, Bot. 1, 17: 1, 1935.



N - Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very poorly known taxon, also reported from Romania and Austria, closely related to P. aspergilla. The indicator values are tentative.


+Pertusaria excludens Nyl.

Flora, 68: 296, 1885.

Syn.: Pertusaria inopinata Erichsen ?

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Lig. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate species of sheltered siliceous rocks, probably more widespread in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Pertusaria flavicans Lamy

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 25: 427, 1878.

Syn.: Pertusaria coudercii Harm., Pertusaria flavicans v. coudercii (Harm.) Erichsen, Pertusaria flavicans v. schistosa Erichsen ?

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Pišút 1997, Tretiach & al. 2008), Laz, Sar. S - Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rc, A1: vc, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ suboc/ Note: on lime-free but mineral-rich rocks, mostly on sheltered, steeply inclined faces, chemically variable and in need of further study.


+Pertusaria flavida (DC.) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 2, 2: 144, 1963 - Variolaria flavida DC. [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., 3, 6 éd.: 177, 1815.

Syn.: Pertusaria fallax v. isidioidea Anzi, Pertusaria lutescens (Hoffm.) Lamy nom.illegit. non (Eschw.) Kremp., Pertusaria sorediana Nyl., Pertusaria wulfenii v. lutescens (Hoffm.) Th.Fr., Pertusaria wulfenii v. variolosa Fr.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl (TSB), Ven (Lazzarin 1997), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & al. 1997b, Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, Zedda & Sipman 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean species, with optimum in open oak forests, mostly on old trees, rarer in the north, still common along the Apennines. Epiphytic records of P. flavicans from Lombardia, by Zocchi et al. (1997) and from Basilicata by Potenza (2006) probably refer to this species.


+Pertusaria geminipara (Th.Fr.) Brodo

[C. Knight ex] Brodo, The Bryologist, 87: 105, 1984 - Lecanora geminipara Th.Fr., Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 236, 1871.

Syn.: Ochrolechia geminipara (Th.Fr.) Vain.

N - Ven (Nascimbene 2003, 2004), TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: c, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on mosses, plant debris and soil over acid substrata, certainly more widespread in the Alps, but overlooked, confused with other species, and undercollected in the past.


+Pertusaria glomerata (Ach.) Schaer.

Lich. Helv. Spicil., 2: 66, 1826 - Porina glomerata [Schleich. ex] Ach., Lich. Univ.: 310, 1810.

Syn.: Pertusaria verrucosa v. pertusaria Tornab.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil. C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007)

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen, found on soil rich in humus and plant debris in sites with a long snow-lie.


+Pertusaria graeca Erichsen

Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl., 9, 5, 1: 624, 1936.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: an eu-mediterranean species known from Corsica, Sardegna and Greece, much misunderstood in the past, whose ecology and distribution are very poorly known. The indicator values reflect the situation observed in Sardegna.


+Pertusaria hemisphaerica (Flörke) Erichsen

Hedwigia, 72: 85, 1932 - Variolaria hemisphaerica Flörke, Deutsche Lich., 2, 2: 6, 1815.

Syn.: Lecanora pallescens f. variolosa (Wallr.) Jatta, Lecanora parella f. variolosa (Wallr.) Anzi, Ochrolechia pallescens f. variolosa (Wallr.) Jatta, Parmelia parella v. variolosa Wallr., Pertusaria hibernica Erichsen, Pertusaria speciosa Høeg

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, Nascimbene 2006b), Lomb, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Giordani & al. 2002, Giordani 2006). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Loppi & al. 1997b, 1998, Senese & Critelli 2000), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on old deciduous trees, esp. oaks, in open forests.


+Pertusaria heterochroa (Müll.Arg.) Erichsen

Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl. 9, 5, 1: 490, 1936 - Pertusaria pustulata v. heterochroa Müll.Arg., Flora, 67: 285, 1884.

Syn.: Pertusaria maximiliana Klem.

N - Lig. C - Tosc (Putortì & Loppi 1999), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: rr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a mainly mediterranean-atlantic species, with optimum coastal situations, on smooth bark (e.g. twigs of shrubs in garrigue vegetation), mostly Tyrrhenian. Pertusaria maximiliana differs in the more yellowish thallus and the slightly smaller spores, but is probably just a morph of this species.


+Pertusaria hymenea (Ach.) Schaer.

Lich. Helv. Spicil., 7: 353, 1836 - Lichen hymeneus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 80, 1799.

Syn.: Pertusaria fallax (Ach.) Howitt, Pertusaria fallax f. fertilis Garov., Pertusaria fallax v. corticicola Anzi, Pertusaria lecanorodes Erichsen, Pertusaria sublecanorodes Werner, Pertusaria wulfenii DC., Pertusaria wulfenii v. fallax (Ach.) Th.Fr., Porina fallax Ach. Porina rugosa Ach.

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi 1995c, 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & al. 1997, 1997b, 1998b, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001, 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate lichen, rare in the north, still common in the Apennines, with optimum on old oaks in open stands, in the beech belt of the south it is confined to isolated trees in sunny situations.


+Pertusaria jurana Erichsen

Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl., 9, 5, 1: 677, 1936.



N - Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a species of humid beech forests, known from several stations in the Mediterranean mountains.


+Pertusaria lactea (L.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 22: 283, 1872 - Lichen lacteus L., Mantissa Pl., 1: 132, 1767.

Syn.: Lecanora pallescens v. variolosa sensu Anzi non Jatta, Lecanora rimosa v. sorediifera (Schaer.) Rabenh., Ochrolechia lactea (L.) Matzer & Hafellner, Pertusaria lactea v. confluens Erichsen, Variolaria lactea (L.) Pers.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Matzer 1993, Hinteregger 1994, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2002c, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b), Piem, VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: optimum on steeply inclined, lime-free siliceous rocks in humid areas.


+Pertusaria leioplaca DC.

[in Lam. & DC.] Flore Française, ed. 3, 5/6: 173, 1815.

Syn.: Pertusaria creatomma (Norman) Zahlbr., Pertusaria leioplaca v. massalongiana (Beltr.) Jatta, Pertusaria leioplaca v. leucostoma (Bernh.) Anzi, Pertusaria leioplaca v. polystigma Erichsen ?, Pertusaria leucostoma (Bernh.) A.Massal., Pertusaria massalongiana Beltr., Pertusaria plena Anzi, Porina leioplaca Ach. nom. illeg., Porina leucostoma (Bernh.) Ach., Sphaeria leucostoma Bernh.


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