+Absconditella annexa



Yüklə 3,49 Mb.
səhifə48/76
tarix27.08.2017
ölçüsü3,49 Mb.
1   ...   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   ...   76

N - VG (TSB), Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2005b), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Giordani & al. 2002, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Loppi & al. 1997b, 1998, 1999a, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Loppi & Putortì 2001, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vc, D: rr, E: er, F: c, G: rr, H: vr/ PF: 1-/ p/ Note: a holarctic, mainly temperate, early colonizer of smooth bark, found on a wide variety of (mostly) broad-leaved trees, in the Mediterranean belt it is restricted to humid situations.


+Pertusaria mammosa Harm.

Lich. France, 5: 1141, 1913.

Syn.: Pertusaria etrusca Erichsen

C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly coastal, mediterranean species, often found together with P. pluripuncta.


+Pertusaria melanochlora (DC.) Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 289, 1872 - Isidium melanochlorum DC. [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., 3 éd., 2: 326, 1805.



C - Tosc, Laz (Tretiach 2004), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ #/ Note: a probably mediterranean-atlantic, very poorly known and often misunderstood taxon (e.g. confused with P. mammosa). Several records reported by Nimis (1993: 516) are not accepted here.


+Pertusaria monogona Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 289, 1872.

Syn.: Pertusaria ceuthocarpa v. variolosa Mudd, Pertusaria clementeana auct.

C - Tosc (Pišút 1997), Sar (Pišút 1997).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks near the coast, probably restricted to Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Pertusaria multipuncta (Turner) Nyl.

Lichenes Scand.: 179, 1861 - Variolaria multipuncta Turner, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 9: 137, 1808.

Syn.: Pertusaria leptospora Nitschke ex J.Lahm, Pertusaria sorediata (Fr.) Fr.

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on smooth bark of deciduous trees (esp. Carpinus and Fagus) in open, humid, woodlands.


+Pertusaria oculata (Dicks.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 307, 1871 - Lichen oculatus Dicks., Fasc. Pl. Crypt. Brit., 2: 17, 1790.

Syn.: Lecanidium oculatum (Dicks.) A.Massal., Lecanora oculata (Dicks.) Ach.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Terr/ 2, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine lichen, found on soil and plant remains, mostly above treeline, restricted to the Alps and the N Apennines in Italy.


+Pertusaria ophthalmiza (Nyl.) Nyl.

Flora, 48: 354, 1865 - Pertusaria multipuncta v. ophthalmiza Nyl., Lichenes Scand.: 180, 1861.

Syn.: Pertusaria multipuncta auct. p.p. non (Turner) Nyl.

N - Frl (Martellos 2005), TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to S boreal lichen, with optimum on bark of coniferous trees (Abies, Picea), both on boles and twigs in humid-cold situations (e.g. in in gorges, dolinas), certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Pertusaria pertusa (Weigel) Tuck.

Enum. N. America Lich.: 56, 1845 - §

Syn.: Pertusaria chioneoides Erichsen, Pertusaria colliculosa Körb., Pertusaria communis DC., Pertusaria communis v. obducens H.Olivier, Pertusaria communis v. pertusa (L.) Körb., Pertusaria leioterella Erichsen, Pertusaria pertusa v. leiotera (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Pertusaria pertusa v. meridionalis Zahlbr., Porina pertusa (L.) Ach., Variolaria communis (DC.) Ach.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007), TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Chiappetta & al. 2005), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996b, Loppi & al. 1997, 1997b, 1999a, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Del Guasta 2001, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vc, D: r, E: a, F: rc, G: rc, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: amainly temperate species, with optimum on smooth bark in the deciduous forest belts, and in natural habitats, almost extinct in the plains of the north, and very rare in the eu-Mediterranean belt, except in humid, mostly coastal areas.


+Pertusaria pertusa v. rupestris (DC.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth.

Die Flechten von Tyrol: 309, 1902 - Pertusaria communis v. rupestris DC. [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., 3 éd., 2: 162, 1805.

Syn.: Pertusaria areolata (Ach.) A.Massal., Pertusaria chionea Ach., Pertusaria rupestris (DC.) Schaer., Pertusaria rupestris f. subfarinosa (Anzi) Erichsen, Pertusaria rupestris v. subfarinosa Anzi, Porina pertusa v. areolata Ach.

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Marc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on base-rich siliceous rocks, often near the coast, but also found in the coastal mountains of Tyrrhenian Italy. the relationship with the epiphytic form could be best understood by a DNA study. Temp.


+Pertusaria pluripuncta Nyl.

Flora, 66: 532, 1883.



Syn.: Pertusaria gallica de Lesd., Pertusaria gallica v. dealbata Llimona, Pertusaria gallica v. isidiata Egea, Rowe & Hern.-Padr., Pertusaria rupicola v. bispora Werner

C - Tosc, Sar. S - Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: rc, H: vr/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a characteristic species of coastal communities on base- or mineral-rich siliceous rocks, where it can be very abundant, exclusively Tyrrhenian. For synonymies see Lumbsch & al. (1993).


+Pertusaria pseudocorallina (Lilj.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 84, 1887 - Lichen pseudocorallinus Lilj., K. Svensk Vetensk.-Akad. Handl.: 129, 1791.



Syn.: Pertusaria ceuthocarpa f. microstictica (Sm.) Cromb., Pertusaria ceuthocarpoides v. microstictica (Sm.) Zahlbr., Pertusaria ceuthocarpoides Zahlbr., Pertusaria concreta Nyl., Pertusaria ludovicae Werner, Pertusaria microstictica (Sm.) Erichsen, Pertusaria pseudocorallina (Lilj.) Arnold, Pertusaria westringii (Ach.) Leight. ?

N - TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on inclined siliceous rocks wetted by rain.


+Pertusaria pupillaris (Nyl.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 305, 1871 - Lecanora pupillaris Nyl., Lichenes Scand.: 167, 1861.



N -TAA (Nascimbene 2005, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007). C - Tosc. S - Cal (Boom & Giralt 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Lign-Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a temperate to S boreal-montane, perhaps holarctic lichen, found on hard lignum and smooth bark, overlooked, being almost always sterile, perhaps more widespread, albeit never common, in upland areas of Italy, to be looked for throughout the Alps.


+Pertusaria pustulata (Ach.) Duby

Bot. Gall., 2, 2: 673, 1830 - Porina pustulata Ach., Lich. Univ.: 309, 1810.

Syn.: Pertusaria melaleuca (Turner & Borrer) Duby, Pertusaria wulfenii v. cerasi Jatta, Pertusaria wulfenii v. glabrata Anzi

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc, Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate species found on deciduous trees with smooth bark, esp. Carpinus and Fagus, more rarey on deciduous oaks in moist woodlands, most frequent in the north and in upland areas in the south, but also occurring near the coast in humid situations.


+Pertusaria rhodiensis Erichsen

Rev. Mycol. (Paris), 3: 103, 1938.



S - Bas.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very poorly known species of smooth bark.


+Pertusaria rupicola (Fr.) Harm.

Bull. Soc. Sc. Nancy, sér. 2: 32, 1897 - Pertusaria wulfenii v. rupicola Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 424, 1831.

Syn.: Pertusaria fallax v. rupicola f. sterilis Garov., Pertusaria rupicola v. coralloidea (Anzi) Croz., Pertusaria sulphurea A.Massal. non Schaer., Pertusaria sulphurea v. coralloidea (Anzi) Jatta

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: rr, G: rc, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen of siliceous rocks, most frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy, near the coast, but also occurring in the mountains of Tyrrhenian Italy. Isidiate and fruiting specimens are often found together, and intermediate specimens are frequent, the isidiate morphs are better treated at the rank of a forma: Pertusaria rupicola f. coralloidea (Anzi) comb. nov., basyonym: Pertusaria fallax v. coralloidea Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 165, 1862.


+Pertusaria schaereri Hafellner

[in Hafellner & Türk], Preslia, 76: 155, 2001, nom. nov. - Spiloma isidioides Schaer. Naturw. Anz. Alllg. Schweiz Ges. Gesamt. Naturwiss., 5: 34, 1821.

Syn.: Pertusaria isidioides (Schaer.) Arnold non (Borrer) Hook. f.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: r, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on base- or mineral-rich rocks in rainy areas, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Pertusaria slesvicensis Erichsen

Feddes Rep., 35: 391, 1934.



C - Tosc, Laz (Ravera 2001, 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly mediterranean lichen, related to P. amara, but regularly fruiting, and restricted to eu-Mediterranean areas. A DNA study could better clarify it status.


+Pertusaria sommerfeltii (Sommerf.) Fr.

Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 423, 1831 - Endocarpon sommerfeltii [Flörke ex] Sommerf., Suppl. Fl. Lappon.: 134, 1826.

Syn.: Pertusaria angusticollis Anzi, Pertusaria melastoma Nyl., Pertusaria sommerfeltii v. melastoma (Nyl.) Th.Fr.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: rc, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, subarctic-subalpine to boreal-montane lichen, found on smooth bark of subalpine shrubs, rarer in the Apennines.


+Pertusaria stenhammarii Hellb.

Öfv. Förh. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad., 22: 463, 1866.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a very rarely collected, apparently panboreal-montane species, found on bark of conifers. Normally fertile, but the v. elatina Erichsen, described from the Alps, is sorediate.


+Pertusaria trachythallina Erichsen

Ark. Bot., 30 A, 1: 36, 1940.

Syn.: Pertusaria laevigata (Nyl.) Arnold non (Th.Fr.) Anzi

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a cool-temperate, perhaps circumpolar lichen, found on smooth bark of deciduous trees, esp. Fagus, in humid montane forests.


+Pertusaria velata (Turner) Nyl.

Lichenes Scand.: 179, 1861 - Parmelia velata Turner, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 9: 143, 1808.



C - Sar (Loi & al. 2000, Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a chemically variable, mild-temperate to humid subtropical lichen, certainly rare, and mostly coastal in Italy, it should be looked for in other parts of the Tyrrhenian region. See note on P. conglobata (dubious taxa).


+Petractis clausa (Hoffm.) Kremp.

Denkschr. bayer. bot. Ges., 4, 2: 254, 1861 - Lichen clausus Hoffm., Enum. Lich.: 48, 1784.

Syn.: Gyalecta clausa (Hoffm.) A.Massal., Gyalecta exanthematica (Sm.) Fr., Lecidea exanthematica (Sm.) Nyl., Petractis exanthematica (Sm.) Fr., Thelotrema clausum (Hoffm.) Schaer.

N - VG (Tretiach & Pecchiari 1995, Pinna & al. 1998, Crisafulli & al. 2006, Mathieu & al. 2006, Piervittori & al. 2006), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.end/ Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 5, 1-3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: c, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a temperate species found on limestone in humid-shaded situations, such as in gorges, woodlands, etc.


+Phaeographis dendritica (Ach.) Müll.Arg.

Flora, 65: 382, 1882 - Opegrapha dendritica Ach., Meth. Lich.: 31, 1803.

Syn.: Graphis dendritica (Ach.) Ach., Graphis scripta v. dendritica (Ach.) A.Massal.

N - VG, Ven, Lomb, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Abr, Laz. S - Camp, Bas.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species, found on smooth bark of deciduous and evergreen trees in very humid, open woodlands, strongly declining in Italy and presently extinct in several regions, esp. in the north.


+Phaeographis inusta (Ach.) Müll.Arg.

Flora, 65: 383, 1882 - Graphis inusta Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 85, 1814.



S - Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid suptropical, western species in Europe, known from a single station in Italy.


+Phaeographis smithii (Leight.) de Lesd.

Rech. Lich. Dunkerque: 218, 1910 - Graphis smithii Leight. Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., 2, 13: 278, 1854.



S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid suptropical, western species in Europe, known from a single station in Italy.


+Phaeophyscia cernohorskyi (Nádv.) Essl.

Mycotaxon, 7: 294, 1978 - Physcia cernohorskyi Nádv., Stud. Bot. Cech., 8: 98, 1947.

Syn.: Physcia hirsuta v. echinella Poelt, Physcia setosa v. albociliata de Lesd., Physcia strigosa Poelt & Buschardt, Phaeophyscia strigosa (Poelt & Buschardt) N.S.Golubk.

N - VG, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Clerc & al. 1999), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1995, 1997 1998b,), Marc, Laz, Abr (Recchia & al. 1993), Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread, often misunderstood species, chiefly epilithic in the northern part of its range, but found on a wide variety of substrata in the south, optimum in dry-warm areas. The relationships with Ph. hirsuta await further study: the latter species is rather frequent throughout submediterranen Italy, whereas Ph. cernohorskyi is common and abundant only in dry-warm areas, esp. in Alpine valleys, several records from Tyrrhenian Italy, and esp. Tuscany, are therefore dubious.


+Phaeophyscia chloantha (Ach.) Moberg

Bot. Notiser, 131: 259, 1978 - Parmelia chloantha Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 217, 1814.

Syn.: Physcia luganensis Mereschk., Physcia obscura v. chloantha (Ach.) Rabenh., Physcia pragensis Nádv., Physciella chloantha (Ach.) Essl.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Nimis & Salvadori 1997), Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Zocchi & al. 1997, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Clerc & al. 1999, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000, Giordani & al. 2002). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997c), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995, Ravera & al. 1999, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Marc (Frati & al. 2004), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993), Mol (Frati & al. 2004). S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-5, 3-4, 3, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: rr, E: er, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate, typically submediterranean species occurring on a wide range of substrata (mostly on bark of isolated trees, but also on limestone in open woodlands), but never common in heavily disturbed habitats, rare along the E side of the peninsula.


+Phaeophyscia ciliata (Hoffm.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 30, 1977 - Lichen ciliatus Hoffm., Enum. Lich.: 69, 1784.

Syn.: Lichen ulothrix Ach. non Hoffm., Parmelia obscura v. ciliata (Hoffm.) Schaer., Physcia ciliata (Hoffm.) Du Rietz, Physcia concrustans Nyl., Physcia norrlinii Vain., Physcia obscura auct. non (Ehrh. ex Humb.) Fürnr., Physcia ulothrix (Ach.) Nyl.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.n/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate to S boreal lichen, most frequent on Fraxinus and Juglans in montane valleys, much less common than the closely related Ph. orbicularis, being absent from heavily disturbed areas and from eu-Mediterranean vegetation, and with narrower ecological requirements.


+Phaeophyscia constipata (Norrl. & Nyl.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 33, 1977 - Physcia constipata Norrl. & Nyl., Herb. Lich. Fenn.: n. 218, 1882.

Syn.: Physcia pulverulenta v. tenuis (Körb.) Th.Fr.


Yüklə 3,49 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   44   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   ...   76




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə