+Absconditella annexa



Yüklə 3,49 Mb.
səhifə49/76
tarix27.08.2017
ölçüsü3,49 Mb.
1   ...   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   ...   76

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Fol.n/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a a mainly circumboreal-montane species found on mosses and plant debris on basic siliceous substrata, sometimes on soil, in Italy probably restricted to the Alps, in dry-warm situations.


+Phaeophyscia endococcina (Körb.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 35, 1977 - Parmelia endococcina Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 150, 1866.

Syn.: Hagenia obscura v. muscicola (Schaer.) Bagl., Parmelia obscura v. endococcina (Körb.) Anzi, Phaeophyscia endococcina v. decolor Kashiw., Physcia endochroidea Nyl., Physcia endococcina (Körb.) Th.Fr., Physcia lithotodes Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 1-3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: r, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to circumboreal-montane lichen, found near creeks and brooks, but also along seepage tracks in warm-dry Alpine valleys, specimens without the red pigment in the medulla are relatively frequent in the Alps, mostly at low elevations.


+Phaeophyscia endophoenicea (Harm.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 38, 1977 - Physcia obscura v. endophoenicea Harm., Lich. de France: 645, "1909" (1910).

Syn.: Physcia endophoenicea (Harm.) Sántha, Physcia labrata sensu Frey, Physcia labrata f. minor Mereschk., Physcia labrata v. endophoenicea (Harm.) Mereschk., Physcia ocellata Erichsen

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (TSB), Emil (Bassi 1995), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & Brunialti 2000, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Benco & al. 2004). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (TSB).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on epiphytic bryophytes and bark in open, humid woodlands, specimens without the red pigment in the medulla, which are not rare, can be easily confused with other species.


+Phaeophyscia hirsuta (Mereschk.) Essl.

Mycotaxon, 7, 2: 302, 1978 - Physcia hirsuta Mereschk., Ann. Cons. J. Bot. Genève, 121: 181, 1919.

Syn.: Physcia labrata Mereschk. non sensu Frey

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Nimis & Salvadori 1998), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Lazzarin 2000), TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1994, 1995, 1997, 1997e, 1998, 1998b, Benesperi 2000a, Del Guasta 2001), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc, Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999), Mol (Frati & al. 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b) Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: er, F: rr, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen found on isolated trees, more rarely on rock, most common in Tyrrhenian Italy. Some older records could refer to Ph. cernohorskyi.


+Phaeophyscia hispidula (Ach.) Essl.

Mycotaxon, 7, 2: 305, 1978 - Parmelia hispidula Ach., Lich. Univ.: 468, 1810.

Syn.: Parmelia speciosa v. atricapilla Anzi, Physcia hispidula (Ach.) Frey, Physcia setosa (Ach.) Nyl.

N - TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Terr-Epiph-Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly circumboreal-montane species, mostly found on terricolous or saxicolous bryophytes, restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Phaeophyscia insignis (Mereschk.) Moberg

Bot. Notiser, 131: 261, 1978 - Physcia insignis Mereschk., Ann. Cons. J. Bot. Genève, 121: 191, 1919.

Syn.: Physcia ticinensis (Mereschk.) Frey

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997, Arosio & al. 2003). C - Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 3, 3/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: r, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate species found on isolated trees with base-rich, soft bark, certainly more widespread albeit never common, perhaps confused with stout specimens of Hyperphyscia adglutinata.


+Phaeophyscia kairamoi (Vain.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 40, 1977 - Physcia kairamoi Vain., Acta Soc. Fl. Fenn., 46: 3, 1921.

Syn.: Physcia karakorina Poelt ?, Physcia nadvornikii Frey & Poelt, Phaeophyscia nadvornikii (Frey & Poelt) N.S.Golub.

N - Frl, TAA.

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on base-rich bark, more rarely on calciferous schistose rocks, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Phaeophyscia nigricans (Flörke) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 42, 1977 - Lecanora nigricans Flörke, Deutsch. Lich., Anm., 5 Lief.: 10, 1819.

Syn.: Physcia leptothallina (Vain.) Zahlbr., Physcia nigricans (Flörke) Stizenb., Physcia nigricans v. sciastrella (Nyl.) Lynge, Physcia nigricans v. tremulicola (Nyl.) Lynge, Physcia obscura v. nigricans (Flörke) Hazsl., Physcia obscura v. pulvinata (Körb.) Stein, Physcia sciastrella (Nyl.) Harm., Physcia tremulicola Nyl., Physcia tribacella Nyl.

N - Frl (TSB), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Chiappetta & al. 2005, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001), Emil, Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 4/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: rr, E: vr, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a mainly temperate, perhaps holarctic lichen, found on a wide variety of substrata, not unfrequent but overlooked on isolated trees in the northeastern plain, optimum in submediterranean areas, but reaching much higher altitudes in the Alps. The record from Friuli in Nimis (1993: 527) was wrong (TSB!).


+Phaeophyscia orbicularis (Neck.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 44, 1977 - Lichen orbicularis Neck., Delic. Gallo-Belg.: 509, 1768.



Syn.: Parmelia cycloselis (Ach.) Ach., Parmelia obscura v. cycloselis (Ach.) Schaer., Parmelia obscura v. orbicularis (Neck.) Eschw., Phaeophyscia orbicularis v. hueiana (Harm.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Physcia cycloselis (Ach.) Vain., Physcia hueiana (Harm.) Räsänen, Physcia obscura (Ehrh. ex Humb.) Fürnr. non auct., Physcia obscura v. hueiana (Harm.) H.Olivier, Physcia obscura v. saxicola (A.Massal.) Stein, Physcia obscura v. virella (Ach.) Nyl., Physcia orbicularis (Neck.) Poetsch, Physcia orbicularis v. glaucina (Zahlbr.) Sántha, Physcia orbicularis v. virella (Ach.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Physcia virella (Ach.) Flagey, Physcia virella v. hueiana (Harm.) Sántha

N - VG (Carvalho 1997, Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Nimis & Salvadori 1997), Ven (Lazzarin 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Zieger & al. 2003, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Valcuvia & Brusoni 1996, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Casarini & al. 2000, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Picco & al. 2005), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Clerc & al. 1999, Buzio 2003, Castino & Ropolo 2003, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000b, Piervittori & Maffei 2001, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach 1997, Valcuvia & Savino 2000, Marconi & al. 2006), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, Loppi & al. 1995, 1996b, 1997, 1997e, 1998, 1998b, Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Benesperi 2000a, Del Guasta 2001, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Merlo 1993, Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & al. 1996, 2002, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Poli & al. 1997, Grillo 1998, Caniglia & Grillo 2004, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 2-5, 3-5, 3-4, 4-5/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: ec, E: c, F: ec, G: rc, H: rr/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: a holarctic, very polymorphic, ecologically wide-ranging and common species, common also within settlements on a wide variety of substrata. Some morphs, in my opinion, deserve further study.


+Phaeophyscia poeltii (Frey) Nimis

The Lichens of Italy: 528, 1993 - Physcia poeltii Frey, Ber. Schweiz. bot. Ges., 73: 490, 1963.



N - VG (TSB), Frl (TSB), Ven (Anzi Lich. Ven. 22: Moberg 1994, Lazzarin 2000), TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001). C - Tosc (Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & al. 1996b), Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Moberg 1994). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate species, found on isolated deciduous trees with nutrient-rich bark, esp. in montane valleys. For further information see Moberg (1994).


+Phaeophyscia pusilloides (Zahlbr.) Essl.

Mycotaxon, 7: 313, 1978 - Physcia pusilloides Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ., 7: 678, 1931.

Syn.: Physcia pusilla Mereschk., Physcia suzai Nádv.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven, Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Arosio & al. 2003), Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz, Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate species, found on isolated deciduous trees with nutrient-rich bark, esp. Juglans and Fraxinus in montane valleys, absent from urban areas, somehow less frequent in semi-natural stands, often confused, in the past, with other species. The record from Rome by Munzi & al. (2007) needs confirmation.


+Phaeophyscia sciastra (Ach.) Moberg

Symb. Bot. Upsal., 22, 1: 47, 1977 - Parmelia sciastra Ach., Meth. Lich. Suppl.: 49, 1803.

Syn.: Hagenia obscura v. sciastra (Ach.) Bagl. & Carestia, Physcia lithotea auct., Physcia sciastra (Ach.) Du Rietz

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 3-5, 3-5, 2-5, 3-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: er, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a holarctic lichen with a wide altitudinal and longitudinal range, found on the top of exposed calciferous boulders, sometimes on siliceous rocks, lignum, epilithic mosses, etc.


+Phaeorrhiza nimbosa (Fr.) H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Nova Hedwigia, 30: 785 - Parmelia nimbosa Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 129, 1831.

Syn.: Rinodina nimbosa (Fr.) Tr. Fr., Rinodina nimbosa f. nuda (Bagl. & Carestia) H.Magn., Rinodina nimbosa f. pruinosa (Bagl. & Carestia) H.Magn., Rinodina phaeocarpa (Sm.) Vain.

N - Frl, Ven (Nimis 1994, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Dupla Graec. Lich. 64: Obermayer 1999), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Hafellner & al. 2004), VA (TSB), Lig (TSB). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: c, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine species found on naked earth, dead mosses and plant debris on calciferous ground, often in wind-exposed situations, common in the Alps, much rarer in the Apennines.


+Phlyctis agelaea (Ach.) Flot.

Bot. Zeit., 8: 574, 1850 - Lichen agelaeus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 30, 1799.

Syn.: Thelotrema variolariodes v. agelaeum (Ach.) Ach.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & al. 1997b, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera 2002, Ravera & al. 2003, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Vězda Lich. Rar. Exs. 448: Vězda 2000, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen, found on acid-barked trees (esp. Quercus ilex) in slightly sheltered but not very shaded situations, most frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy, much rarer in the north and along the E side of the peninsula. The recent record from N Lombardy by Valcuvia (2002, 2002b) is very dubious.


+Phlyctis argena (Spreng.) Flot.

Bot. Zeit., 8: 572, 1850 - Parmelia argena Spreng., Caroli Linnaei Syst. Veget., 4, 1: 300, 1827.

Syn.: Pertusaria reducta Stirt., Phlyctis erythrosora Erichsen, Thelotrema variolarioides Ach.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Philippi 1983, Nascimbene 2005b, 2006b), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (TSB), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi & al. 1995, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1998b, 1999a, Loppi 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, 1996b, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Senese & Critelli 2000, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002, Ravera & al. 2003, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vc, D: c, E: er, F: vc, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a subtropical to S boreal-montane, holartic lichen, an aggressive colonizer of smooth bark (e.g. of Carpinus), with optimum in the deciduous forest belts.


+Phylliscum demangeonii (Moug. & Mont.) Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 3: 166, 1855 - Collema demangeonii Moug. & Mont. [in Mont.] Ann. Sc. Bot., 3 sér., 12: 291, 1849.

Syn.: Endocarpon phylliscum Wahl. ex Ach., Phylliscum endocarpoides (Ach.) Nyl., Phylliscum silesiacum Stein

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Fol.u/ Cy.c/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar lichen, found on steeply inclined seepage tracks of siliceous rocks, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Phylloblastia inexpectata Sérus., Coppins & Lücking

Lichenologist, 39: 104, 2007.



S - Camp (Sérusiaux & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Foliic/ 2, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a foliicolous, atlantic-macaronesian species, also known from the British Isles and Madeira. The only Italian station is from a warm-humid coastal gorge.


+Phyllopsora rosei Coppins & P.James

Lichenologist, 11: 166, 1979.



S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Sq/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a western European species with humid subtropical affinities, the single Italian collection is from the acid bark of Pinus leucodermis.


+Physcia adscendens (Fr.) H.Olivier

Flore Analit. et Dich. Lich. de l' Orne, 1: 79, 1882 - Parmelia stellaris v. adscendens Fr., Summa Veg. Scand., sect. 1: 105, 1845.

Syn.: Physcia stellaris v. adscendens (Fr.) Rabenh., Physcia stellaris v. radiata (Ach.) Nyl.

N - VG (Castello 1996, 2002, Carvalho 1997, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996, Tretiach 1996, Nimis & Salvadori 1997), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2003c, Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Caniglia & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Zieger & al. 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Philippi 1983, Rivellini 1994, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Valcuvia & Brusoni 1996, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Roella 1999, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004, Picco & al. 2005), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Bari & al. 2000, Griselli & al. 2000, Ricchiardone & al. 2002, Buzio 2003, Castino & Ropolo 2003, Castino 2004, Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Grieco 1995, Tretiach 1997, Valcuvia & Savino 2000, Marconi & al. 2006, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Castello & al. 1994, Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Giordani & al. 2001, 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1992, 1995, 1996, 1996b, 1996c, 1997, 1997e, 1998, 1998b, 1999a, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Corsini 1995, Loppi & Putortì 1995, 1995b, Loppi 1995c, 1996, 1996b, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi 2000a, Senese & Critelli 2000, Bettini 2001, Del Guasta 2001, Benesperi & al. 2007), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995, Bartoli & al. 1998, Ravera & al. 1999, Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Merlo 1993, Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Fol.n/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-5/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: rr, C: rc, D: ec, E: rc, F: ec, G: vc, H: c/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: a widespread, holarctic lichen, one of the most common species of the genus throughout the country, mostly on isolated trees, but also on walls, and eutrophicated calciferous rocks. See note on Ph. vitii.


+Physcia aipolia (Humb.) Fürnrh.

Natur. Topogr. Regensburg, 2: 249, 1839 - Lichen aipolius [Ehrh. ex] Humb., Fl. Friburg. Specim.: 19, 1793.

Syn.: Parmelia aipolia (Humb.) Ach., Parmelia stellaris v. aipolia (Humb.) Hazsl., Physcia aipolia v. acrita (Ach.) Hue, Physcia aipolia v. anthelina (Ach.) Vain., Physcia aipolia v. cercidia (Ach.) Nyl., Physcia stellaris v. aipolia (Humb.) Th.Fr., Physcia stellaris v. cercidia (Ach.) Th.Fr.


Yüklə 3,49 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   45   46   47   48   49   50   51   52   ...   76




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə