+Absconditella annexa



Yüklə 3,49 Mb.
səhifə5/76
tarix27.08.2017
ölçüsü3,49 Mb.
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   76

N - VG (TSB). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008).

LF/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: vr, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ paras Physconia spp./ Note: commensalistic or parasitic, certainly overlooked and more widespread, but never common.


+Arthonia excentrica Th.Fr.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 7, 2: 46, 1867.

Syn. Allarthonia excentrica (Th.Fr.) Zahlbr.

N - Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008).

LF/ §/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax-Lign/ 1-2, 2-4, 2-4, 1-2/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: A, G: A, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a non-lichenised lichenicolus fungus on Lepraria species. Probably more widespread, but overlooked.


+Arthonia excipienda (Nyl.) Leight.

Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit.: 393, 1871 - Arthonia astroidea v. excipienda Nyl., Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn., 4: 252, 1859.

Syn.: Arthonia cytisi v. meridionalis Zahlbr., Arthonia dispersa v. excipienda (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Arthonia hibernica Nyl.

N - TAA, Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001). C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1999, Ravera & al. 2006).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: on smooth bark of deciduous trees and shrubs in riparian montane woodlands, probably overlooked, or confused with A. punctiformis.


+Arthonia fuliginosa (Turner & Borrer) Flot.

Bot. Z., 8: 569, 1850 - Spiloma fuliginosum Turner & Borrer [in Schaer.] Naturw. Anz. Allg. Schweiz. Ges. Naturw., 5: 33, 1821.



N - Frl, TAA.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen of acid bark, esp. of Abies, in humid montane forests.


+Arthonia galactites (DC.) Dufour

J. Phys. Hist. Nat., 87: 203, 1818 - Verrucaria galactites DC. [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 2: 315, 1805.

Syn.: Arthonia marginella Dufour ex Nyl., Arthonia punctiformis v. galactina Ach. non Arthonia cinereopruinosa v. galactina sensu A.Massal. (= Arthonia cinereopruinosa), Arthonia galactites v. depuncta Nyl., Coniangium galactites sensu Bagl. ?

N - VG (Sundin 1999), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Abr, Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ p/ Note: a mild-temperate species, with optimum on the smooth bark of Fraxinus ornus, but also on Populus and even Pistacia, probably overlooked or/and confused with other species, but certainly not common, and perhaps mostly coastal or Tyrrhenian. Most records - esp. those from N Italy - need confirmation.


+Arthonia glaucella Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 4: 97, 1856.

Syn.: Arthonia epipastoides v. galactitella Nyl., Arthonia oleandri Rabenh. in Bagl.

C - Sar (Sundin 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a mainly mediterranean-atlantic European species growing on the smooth bark of broad-leaved trees and shrubs. Perhaps non-lichenised. The synonymy with A. griseoalba (Nimis 1993: 82), and hence the record from Lombardia, are not certain (see Sundin 1999).


+Arthonia granosa de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 53: 518, 1906.



C - Laz (Ravera 2002b), Sar (Sundin 1999, Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 1-2, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ coast/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic lichen restricted to coastal situations with humid maritime winds, generally on Juniperus. Perhaps non-lichenised.


+Arthonia ilicina Taylor

Fl. Hibern., 2: 105, 1836.

Syn.: Arthothelium ilicinum (Taylor) P.James

S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ suboc/ PF: 0/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic species of humid woodlands, in Italy known from a single locality in the mountains of Calabria.


+Arthonia intexta Almq.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 17: 60, 1880.

Syn.: Arthonia intexta v. pauperrima Almq., Bacidia arthoniza (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Bacidia wettersteinensis Poelt

N - Ven, TAA. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar.

LF/ §/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 3, 3-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: r, C: rc, D: rr, E: a, F: rc, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ paras Lecidella spp., apothecia/ Note: a holarctic lichenicolus fungus, certainly much overlooked and ranging throughout the country.


+Arthonia lapidicola (Taylor) Branth & Rostr.

Bot. Tidskr., 3: 245, 1869 - Lecidea lapidicola Taylor [in J. Mackay] Fl. Hibern., 2: 124, 1869.

Syn.: Allarthonia lapidicola (Taylor) Zahlbr., Allarthonia lapidicola v. ruderella (Nyl.) de Lesd. ?, Allarthonia fusca (A.Massal.) Sandst., Arthonia fusca (A.Massal.) Hepp, Arthonia koerberi (J.Lahm ex Arnold) Malbr., Arthonia vagans Almq. v. koerberi (J.Lahm ex Arnold) Almq., Catillaria ooliticola Walt.Watson, Catillaria fusca A.Massal., Coniangium fuscum (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Coniangium rupestre Körb.

N - Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Tosc, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: vr, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a holarctic species of calcareous rocks and mortar, most frequent on pebbles, but also on walls, roofing tiles etc., less frequent in the eu-mediterranean belt, where it is replaced by A. calcicola.


+Arthonia lepidophila (Anzi) Clauzade, Diederich & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, n. sér., 1, 1989, comb. inval., validated here - Abrothallus lepidophilus Anzi, Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. Milano, 11: 177, 1868*.

Syn.: Celidium lepidophilum (Anzi) Arnold, Buellia lepidophila (Anzi) Jatta

N - Lomb.

LF/ §/ S/ Terr/ §/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Cladonia pyxidata s. lat. ?/ #/ Note: known only from the type collection, this taxon is worthy of further study.


+Arthonia leucopellaea (Ach.) Almq.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 17, 6: 28, 1880.- Spiloma melaleucum v. leucopellaeum Ach., Lich. Univ.: 138, 1810.

Syn.: Arthonia marmorata Nyl., Arthonia melaleuca sensu Malme, Arthonia schaereri A.Massal., Melaspilea associata Norman, Trachylia leucopellaea (Ach.) Eitner

N - Frl.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: on twigs and branches of trees in humid montane forests. See also Nimis (1993: 80).


+Arthonia mediella Nyl.

Not. Sällsk. F. Fl. Fenn. Förh., 1: 238, 1859.

Syn.: Arthonia globulosiformis (Hepp) Arnold, Arthonia sordaria Körb.

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1999, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003)

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar, early colonizer of acid bark, most often of conifers, found both in humid Abies-Fagus forests and in open Larix stands, certainly more widespread in the subalpine belt of the Alps and extending to Calabria along the Apennines.


+Arthonia medusula (Pers.) Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 5: 132, 1858 - Opegrapha medusula Pers., Ann. Wetterauisch. Ges., 2: 15, 1811.



N - Ven. C - Laz.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate, suboceanic lichen found on old oaks, in dry parts of the trunks seldom wetted by rain in parklands and open woodlands. *RED LIST The record from Veneto (Nimis 1993: 80) requires confirmation.


+Arthonia melanophthalma Dufour

[in Nyl.] Mém. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 2: 336, 1854.

Syn.: Arthonia coniangioides Bagl.

C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 2-3, 1-2, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ coast/ Note: a southern lichen found on smooth bark in humid, coastal situations, most often with Dirina ceratoniae and Thelopsis isiaca. Mostly Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Arthonia meridionalis Zahlbr.

Ann. Mycol., 12: 336, 1914.



C - Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ coast/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic species found on limestone and dolomite in sheltered situations, often with Opegrapha durieui. Mainly Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Arthonia molendoi (Frauenf.) R.Sant.

Thunbergia, 3: 2, 1986 - Tichothecium molendoi [Heufl. ex] Frauenf. [in Arnold] Flora, 52: 266, 1869.



N - Frl (vidi!). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

LF/ §/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 4/ Alt.: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: v, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Xanthoria spp., esp. X. elegans, and Caloplaca spp./ Note: a widepread, holarctic and bipolar lichenicolous fungus, certainly overlooked, and more widespread, esp. in upland areas, but not very common in Italy.


+Arthonia muscigena Th.Fr.

Bot. Notiser: 182, 1865.

Syn.: Arthonia leucodontis (Poelt & Döbbeler) Coppins, Arthonia microsticta auct. (foliicolous specimens), Bryostigma leucodontis Poelt & Döbbeler

C - Tosc (Puntillo & Ottonello 1997). S - Cal (Puntillo & Vězda 1994, Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Ottonello 1997, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph-Foliic/ 2-3, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species found on mosses (Leucodon, Hypnum, Isothecium, etc.) and leaves of broad-leaved trees and shrubs in very humid areas. Italian samples are all foliicolous, but the species should be looked for also on mosses, esp. in the Alps. For the synonymies see Sérusiaux (1996).


+Arthonia patellulata Nyl.

Bot. Notiser, 1853: 95, 1853.

Syn.: Allarthonia patellulata (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Arthonia betuleti Nyl., Coniangium krempelhuberi A.Massal.

N - Ven, Lomb, Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar species found on smooth bark, mostly of Populus tremula.


+Arthonia peltigerina (Almq.) H.Olivier

Bull. Geogr. Bot., 27: 213, 1917 - Arthonia vagans v. peltigerina Almq., K. Svensk Vetensk.-Handl. 17, 6: 50, 1880.



N - Frl (Hafellner 1999).

LF/ §/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Peltigera spp./ Note: a lichenicolous fungus, probably more widespread, esp. in the Alps.


+Arthonia phaeophysciae Grube & Matzer

Bibl. Lichenol., 68: 10, 1997.



N - VG (TSB).

LF/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: vr, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ paras Phaeophyscia spp., esp. Ph. orbicularis/ Note: a lichenicolus fungus, commensalistic or weakly parasitic, certainly more widespread throughout Italy.


+Arthonia phlyctidicola (Vouaux) Clauzade, Diederich & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, nr. spéc.1: 29, 1989 [comb. inval.] - Celidium phlyctidicola Vouaux [in Pitard & Harm.] Bull. Soc. Bot. France, Mém. 22, 1911.



C - Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001)

LF/ §/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ paras Phlyctis argena/ PF: 1/ Note: a lichenicolous fungus. The identification of the Sardinian samples, by R. Sundin, is not certain, as the specimen has unusually small spores.


+Arthonia pinastri Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 159, 1862.

Syn.: Arthonia dalmatica Zahlbr., Arthonia neglecta Bagl. in Rabenh.

N - Lig, Emil, Lig (Sundin 1999). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a mainly mediterranean early colonizer of acid bark, esp. on conifers, but also reported from Ficus, perhaps non-lichenised.


+Arthonia pruinata (Pers.) A.L.Sm.

Monogr. Brit. Lich., 2: 214, 1911 - Patellaria pruinata Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 1: 28, 1794.

Syn.: Arthonia algarbica Samp., Arthonia impolita (Hoffm.) Borrer, Arthonia pruinosa Ach., Arthonia pruinosa v. spilomatica Fr., Pachnolepia impolita (Hoffm.) A.Massal.

N - Ven, Lomb, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on isolated, old deciduous trees, esp. oaks, in parts of the boles seldom wetted by rain, restricted to humid areas, presently extremely rare in the north, more frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy. The record from Venezia Giulia cited by Nimis (1993: 82) was due to a misidentification.


+Arthonia punctiformis Ach.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 29: 130, 1808.

Syn.: Arthonia armoricana f. saltelii de Lesd., Arthonia astroidea f. fraxinea Bagl., Arthonia atomaria A.Massal., Arthonia atomaria v. depressa A.Massal., Arthonia betulicola A.Massal. non sensu Anzi, Arthonia celtidis A.Massal., Arthonia insinuata Stirt., Arthonia griseoalba Anzi ?, Arthonia orbicularis Garov. (in herb. Müll.Arg.), Arthonia populina A.Massal., Arthonia punctiformis f. oleandri (Rabenh.) Redgr., Arthonia punctiformis v. glaucescens Ach., Arthonia punctiformis v. olivacea Ach., Arthonia quadriseptata (Ohlert) Lettau, Naevia atomaria (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Naevia celtidis (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Naevia populina (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Opegrapha atra v. abbreviata auct. hisp. p. max. p.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Sundin & Tehler 1998, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA, Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr, Tosc (Ravera 2006b, Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Sundin 1999, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: rc, D: rc, E: vr, F: rc, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar early colonizer of smooth bark, esp. of twigs, rare in dry areas, doubtfully lichenised.


+Arthonia radiata (Pers.) Ach.

K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 29: 131, 1808 - Opegrapha radiata, Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 1: 29, 1794.

Syn.: Arthonia astroidea Ach., Arthonia astroidea f. minor Mereschk., Arthonia astroidea f. robusta Mereschk., Arthonia astroidea v. cinerascens Trevis., Arthonia astroidea v. swartziana (Ach.) Körb., Arthonia astroidea v. tynnocarpa Ach., Arthonia betulicola sensu Anzi non A.Massal., Arthonia montellica A.Massal., Arthonia sorbina Körb., Arthonia subcembrina Anzi ?, Arthonia swartziana Ach., Arthonia vulgaris Schaer., Arthonia vulgaris v. astroites (Ach.) A.Massal., Arthothelium subcembrinum (Anzi) Rehm ?, Coniangium vulgare (Schaer.) Fr., Lichen astroites Ach., Opegrapha astroidea v. radiata (Pers.) Ach., Opegrapha atra v. macularis auct. hisp.

N - VG (Castello 1996), Frl (Badin & Nimis 1996), Ven (Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Sundin & Tehler 1998, Caniglia & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2007), TAA (Hinteregger 1994, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Valcuvia & Gianatti 1995, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Arosio & al. 2000, 2003), Piem (Arosio & al. 1998, Isocrono & al. 2003, Castino 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Bassi 1995, Nimis & al. 1996, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003, Giordani 2006). C - Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, Loppi & al. 1995, 1999a, Senese & Critelli 2000, Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Sundin 1999, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: rc, D: c, E: r, F: c, G: rr, H: vr/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a mainly temperate, incompletely holarctic lichen, the only Arthonia found in non-natural habitats, such as in settlements, parks, etc., even in moderately polluted situations.


+Arthonia reniformis (Pers.) Röhl.

§ - Opegrapha reniformis Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 7: 31, 1794.

Syn.: Arthonia gyrosa Ach., Arthonia obscura Ach. ex Körb., Arthonia vulgaris v. obscura (Ach. ex Körb.) Schaer., Naevia gyrosa (Ach.) A.Massal.

N - Ven, TAA. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen of smooth bark, esp. of Carpinus in humid woodlands.


+Arthonia spadicea Leight.

Ann. Mag. Nat. Hist., ser. 2, 13: 442, 1854.

Syn.: Arthonia lurida Ach. non auct. ital. p.p., Arthonia lurida v. spadicea (Leight.) Nyl., Arthonia spadicea v. subspadicea (Nyl.) Redinger ?, Arthonia sublurida Anzi ?, Arthonia subspadicea Nyl. ?, Coniangium spadiceum (Leight.) Arnold

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Lig. C - Abr, Tosc, Laz (Ravera 2006). S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Sérusiaux 1998, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen found on smooth bark in humid forests (e.g. on Ilex in the southern mountains), but also on basal parts of old oaks inside humid forests.


+Arthonia stellaris Kremp.

Denkschr. K. Bayer. Bot. Ges., 4, 2: 296, 1861.

Syn.: Arthonia armoricana Leight.

C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on smooth bark, e.g. of Corylus, and in Abies-Fagus forests, mainly Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Arthonia subastroidea Anzi

Symb. lich. rar. nov. Ital. sup.: 22, 1864.

Syn.: Arthothelium subastroideum (Anzi) Rehm

N - Lomb (Sundin 1999).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4, 4, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane early colonizer of smooth bark, e.g. of Pinus cembra and Fagus in the Alps. Perhaps non-lichenised.


+Arthonia tenellula Nyl.

Flora, 47: 488, 1864.

Syn.: Allarthonia tenellula (Nyl.) de Lesd., Arthonia horaria Norman

C - Umbr (Ravera 1998, 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002b). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ #/ Note: on smooth bark and lignum. The complex of A. apatetica-A. exilis deserves further study.


+Arthonia varians (Davies) Nyl.

Lichenes Scand.: 260, 1861 - Lichen varians Davies, Transact. Linn. Soc., Bot., 2: 284, 1794.

Syn.: Arthonia glaucomaria (Nyl.) Nyl. non Lecidea glaucomaria Nyl., Celidium sordidum Anzi, Celidium varians ("Nyl. ") Arnold, Lecidea glebulosa Clemente, Leciographa glaucomaria (Nyl.) A.L.Sm.


Yüklə 3,49 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   2   3   4   5   6   7   8   9   ...   76




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə