+Absconditella annexa



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+Poeltinula cacuminum Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 54: 120, 2003.

Syn.: Encephalographa cerebrina ssp. cacuminum Asta, Clauzade & Cl.Roux nom. inval.

N - Frl.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on hard calciferous and dolomitic rocks in exposed, but not sunny situations, much overlooked, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Poeltinula cerebrina (DC.) Hafellner

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79: 330, 1984 - Opegrapha cerebrina DC. [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 2: 312, 1805.

Syn.: Encephalographa cerebrina (DC.) A.Massal., Encephalographa cerebrina ssp. parvocalcicola Asta & Cl.Roux nom. inval., Poeltinula cerebrina ssp. parvocalcicola Cl.Roux, Lecidea cerebrina (DC.) Schaer., Opegrapha cerebrina f. candida Anzi, Opegrapha cerebrina f. steriza Anzi

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Lig.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined faces of calciferous rocks, esp. Dolomite.


+Polyblastia albida Arnold

Flora, 41: 551, 1858.

Syn.: Amphoroblastia albida (Arnold) Servít, Amphoroblastia amota (Arnold) Servít ?, Amphoroblastia obsoleta (Arnold) Servít, Polyblastia abscondita (Nyl.) Arnold ?, Polyblastia alpina Metzler, Polyblastia amota Arnold ?, Polyblastia circularis Blomb., Polyblastia obsoleta Arnold, Polyblastia rodnensis Zschacke ?

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: vr, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on hard calciferous rocks, incl. dolomite, also within forests, frequent in the Alps, much rarer in the Apennines, where it is confined to high altitudes.


+Polyblastia ardesiaca (Bagl. & Carestia) Zschacke

Hedwigia, 55: 292, 1914 - Thelidium ardesiacum Bagl. & Carestia, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 84, 1864.

Syn.: Polyblastia sprucei (Anzi) Arnold, Sagedia sprucei Anzi, Verrucaria cryptarum v. detersa Garov., Polyblastia rivalis (Arnold) Zschacke ?, Polyblastia verrucosa f. hydrophila Asta, Clauzade & Cl.Roux nom. inval., Thelidium rivale Arnold ?

N - Fr, Ven, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: periodically submerged in mountain creeks, most frequent in the Alps.


+Polyblastia cinerea (A.Massal.) Jatta

Sylloge: 567, 1900 - Amphoridium cinereum A.Massal., Lotos, 6: 80, 1856.

Syn.: Verrucaria dictyospora Stizenb., Verrucaria lariana v. cinerea (A.Massal.) Garov.

N - Ven, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a critical taxon, which deserves further study.


+Polyblastia clandestina (Arnold) Jatta

Sylloge: 568, 1900 - Sporodictyon clandestinum Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 21: 1135, 1871.



N - Ven, TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calcareous rocks in sheltered situations, apparently restricted to the Alps, where it is probably more widespread.

+Polyblastia cupularis A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 148, n. 268, fig. 289, 1852.

Syn.: Polyblastia cupularis f. microcarpa Arnold, Polyblastia flavicans (Stizenb.) Müll.Arg., Polyblastia intercedens (Nyl.) Lönnr. non sensu Th.Fr., Polyblastia lutosa Zschacke, Polyblastia microcarpa (Arnold) Lettau, Polyblastia pallescens Anzi, Thelotrema acrocordiaeformis Anzi

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Favero-Longo & al. 2006), Emil. C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: vr, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal to arctic-alpine species, found on hard rocks, incl. dolomite and calciferous schist, most frequent in the Alps, much rarer along the Apennines. Here the species is treated in a broad sense. A dubious record from Campania (see Nimis 1993: 554) is not accepted here.


+Polyblastia deplanata Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 128, 1887.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on calcareous rocks, closely related to P. ventosa, poorly known and rarely collected.


+Polyblastia dermatodes A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 24, n. 69, 1854.

Syn.: Amphoroblastia dermatodes (A.Massal.) Servít, Amphoroblastia tyrolensis (Arnold) Servít, Polyblastia schraderi (Gray) A.L.Sm.

N - Ven, TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on shaded, inclined calcareous rocks (limestone, dolomite), often with Eiglera homalomorpha.


+Polyblastia evanescens Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 21: 1123, tab. 14, fig. 11, 1871.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bryophytes (Rhacomitrium, Distichum, Encalypta), very rarely collected, but perhaps more widespread in the Alps.


+Polyblastia forana (Anzi) Arnold

Flora, 45: 56, 1862 - Thelotrema foranum Anzi, Cat.: 105, 1860.

Syn.: Verrucaria pallidelutea Garov.

N - TAA, Lomb.

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 5/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: this rarely collected lichen of hard limestone and dolomite is worthy of further study.


+Polyblastia fuscoargillacea Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2, 1: 26, 1864.

Syn.: Polyblastia abstrahenda Arnold ?

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ p/ PF: 1/ Note: an early colonizer of calciferous rocks, incl. small pebbles on the ground.


+Polyblastia helvetica Th.Fr.

Bot. Notiser, 1865: 112, 1865.

Syn.: Amphoroblastia helvetica (Th.Fr.) Servít

N - Frl, Ven (TSB), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1:r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calciferous soil, often amongst bryophytes.


+Polyblastia intermedia Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., v. extra ord., 8: 24, 1877.

Syn.: Polyblastia kernstockii Zschacke ?

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine species of calciferous rocks, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.

+Polyblastia nidulans (Stenh.) Arnold

Ber. naturhist. Ver. Brandenburg, 14: 64, 1861 - Verrucaria nidulans Stenh., Oefv. K. Vetensk-Akad. Förh.: 121, 1857.



C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone and dolomite in sheltered situations. Related to P. deminuta, but with larger and more typically mural spores without a clear halo, probably occurring also in the Alps.


+Polyblastia philaea Zschacke

Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl., 9, 1, 1: §, 1933.

Syn.: Amphoroblastia philaea (Zschacke) Servít

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on soil, both on bare ground and amongst bryophytes. a very poorly known species.


+Polyblastia plicata (A.Massal.) Lönnr.

Flora, 41: 631, 1858 - Verrucaria plicata A.Massal., Lotos, 6: 80, 1856.

Syn.: Polyblastia singularis (Kremp.) Arnold ?

N - Ven, TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone and dolomite in shaded and humid situations.


+Polyblastia quinqueseptata (Arnold) Zschacke

Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl., 9, 1, 1: 436, 1933 - Thelotrema quinqueseptatum Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 18: 709, 1868.



N - Ven, TAA, Piem.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on shaded calcareous rocks in the mountains, closely related to P. sepulta.


+Polyblastia rouxiana Vězda & Vivant

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 120, 3-4: 154, 1973.



S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 4-5, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bare soil in clearings of garrigue and maquis vegetation over calcareous substrata.


+Polyblastia sendtneri Kremp.

Flora, 38: 67, 1855.

Syn.: Thelotrema sendtneri (Kremp.) Anzi

N - Frl (TSB),Ven (Nimis 1994, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2-4, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumpolar, arctic-alpine species, found on organic soil, mosses and plant debris, most common in the Alps.


+Polyblastia sepulta A.Massal.

Lotos, 6: 81, 1856.

Syn.: Amphoroblastia bavarica (Dalla Torre & Sarnth.) Servìt ?, Amphoroblastia calcivora (Lojka) Servít ?, Amphoroblastia pertusula (Nyl.) Servít, Amphoroblastia sepulta (A.Massal.) Servít, Polyblastia bavarica (Dalla Torre & Sarnh.) Zschacke ?, Polyblastia calcivora (Lojka) Croz., Polyblastia dominans (Arnold) Zahlbr., Polyblastia pertusula (Nyl.) Zschacke ?, Thelidium bavaricum Dalla Torre & Sarnth. ?, Thelidium dominans Arnold, Thelidium epipolaeum Arnold non sensu A.Massal.?, Verrucaria sepulta (A.Massal.) Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach 2004), Ven, TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on hard calciferous rocks, often on pebbles, most frequent in the Alps. The whole complex - see synonyms - is in need of revision.

+Polyblastia ventosa Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 19: 648, 1869.



N - Frl, Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996 (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: er, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone and dolomite in exposed situations, much more common in the Alps than in the Apennines.


+Polyblastia verrucosa (Ach.) Lönnr.

Flora, 41: 631, 1848 - Pyrenula verrucosa Ach., Lich. Univ.: 314, 1810.



N - Frl (TSB), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 5-6/ A: rr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: widespread in calcareous Alps, much rarer and localized in the Apennines.


+Polychidium muscicola (Sw.) Gray

Nat. Arrang. Brit. Pl.: 402, 1821 - Lichen muscicola Sw., N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., 4: 248, 1784.

Syn.: Collema muscicolum (Sw.) Ach., Leptogium muscicolum (Sw.) Fr., Polychidium kalkuense Räsänen

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig. C - Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: er, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a widespread, mild-temperate to S boreal lichen, found on soil and amongst bryophytes, more rarely on basal parts of ancient trees.


+Polysporina cyclocarpa (Anzi) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 13: 399, 1978 - Lithographa cyclocarpa Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 97, 1860.

Syn.: Acarospora cyclocarpa (Anzi) Jatta, Biatorella cyclocarpa (Anzi) Linds., Sarcogyne cyclocarpa (Anzi) J.Steiner

N - Ven, TAA (Kantvilas 1998), Lomb (Kantvilas 1998), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on dolomite and calcareous schist, more rarely on pure limestone, probably restricted to the Alps. Very closely related to P. urceolata.


+Polysporina ferruginea (Lettau) M.Steiner

[in] Kantvilas, Lichenologist, 30, 6: 557, 1998 - Sarcogyne simplex f. ferruginea Lettau, Feddes Repert., 57: 73, 1955.

Syn.: Polysporina simplex f. ferruginea (Lettau) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on slightly calciferous rocks, probably lichenicolous on an as yet unidentified host. Closely related to P. lapponica, but with smaller spores, perhaps more widespread, but restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Polysporina lapponica (Schaer.) Degel.

Acta R. Soc. Scient. Litt. Gothobur., Bot: 2: 103, 1982 - Lecidea lapponica [Ach. ex] Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Europ.: 125, 1850.

Syn.: Acarospora lapponica (Ach. ex Schaer.) Th.Fr., Acarospora lapponica v. siliciaca H.Magn. Acarospora sernanderi H.Magn., Acarospora silesiaca H.Magn., Acarospora siliciaca (H.Magn.) H.Magn., Acarospora sordida Wedd., Acarospora subfuscescens (Nyl.) H.Magn., Acarospora tromsoeënsis Norman, Polysporina dubia (H.Magn.) Vězda, Sarcogyne canasiacensis (Hue) H.Magn., Sarcogyne dubia H.Magn.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), TAA (Kantvilas 1998), VA (Favero-Longo & al. 2006), Lig (TSB). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Kantvilas 1998).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: r, D: rr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ paras Acarospora spp. and other crustose lichens/ Note: a widespread, mainly temperate to S boreal-montane, probably holarctic species, found on base rich, slightly calciferous siliceous rocks, often on walls or on faces near the ground, certainly much more widespread in the north. The relationship with P. simplex still needs clarification.


+Polysporina pusilla (Anzi)

M. Steiner [in Kantvilas] Lichenologist, 30, 6: 558, 1998 comb. inval.- Sarcogyne pusilla Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 157, 1862.

Syn.: Biatorella pusilla (Anzi) Zahlbr. ex Beck

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil. C - Tosc, Abr. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-6/ A: er, A1: vr, B: vr, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Clauzadea immersa and Protoblastenia incrustans/ Note: most frequent in upland areas. This species was invalidly and accidentally re-combined into Polysporina by M.Steiner in Kantvilas (1998: 558).


+Polysporina simplex (Davies) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 13: 399, 1978 - Lichen simplex Davies, Trans. Linn. Soc. London, 2: 283, 1793.

Syn.: Acarospora simplex (Davies) Nyl., Biatorella hymenogonia Zahlbr. ?, Biatorella simplex (Davies) Branth & Rostr., Polysporina simplex v. hymenogonia (Zahlbr.) N.S.Golubk. ?, Sarcogyne privigna v. decipiens A.Massal., Sarcogyne regularis v. decipiens (A.Massal.) N. S. Golubk. nomen sed non planta ?, Sarcogyne simplex (Davies) Nyl., Sarcogyne simplex v. minor de Lesd. ?

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Favero-Longo & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Abr, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: r, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a holarctic early colonizer of small cracks of siliceous, sometimes base-rich or slightly calciferous rocks.


+Polysporina urceolata (Anzi) Brodo

[in Ahti, Brodo & Noble] Mycotaxon, 28: 95, 1987 - Sarcogyne urceolata Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 157, 1862.

Syn.: Acarospora urceolata (Anzi) Jatta, Biatorella urceolata (Anzi) J.Steiner, Sarcogyne urceolata v. herpes Norman

N - Lomb. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: probably much more widespread, in the Alps and certainly rarer in the Apennines, closely related to P. cyclocarpa.


+Porina aenea (Wallr.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 1: 363, 1922 - Verrucaria aenea Wallr., Fl. Crypt. Germ., 3: 299, 1831.

Syn.: Porina carpinea (Ach.) Zahlbr., Porina chlorotica v. carpinea (Ach.) Keissl., Pseudosagedia aenea (Wallr.) Hafellner & Kalb, Pyrenula carpinea (Ach.) Trevis., Sagedia abietina Körb., Sagedia aenea (Wallr.) Körb., Sagedia carpinea (Ach.) A.Massal., Sagedia chloromelaena A.Massal., Sagedia decipiens A.Massal., Sagedia erumpens A.Massal., Spermatodium aeneum (Wallr.) Trevis., Spermatodium carpineum (Ach.) Trevis., Spermatodium chloromelaenum (A.Massal.) Trevis., Spermatodium erumpens (A.Massal.) Trevis., Trichothelium aeneum (Wallr.) R.C.Harris, Verrucaria erumpens (A.Massal.) Garov.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Sérusiaux 1998, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 1-2, 1-3, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: rc, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate to mediterranean-atlantic species, found on smooth bark of broad-leaved deciduous and evergreen trees and shrubs, mostly in woodlands and forests, common in shaded-humid Quercus ilex stands.


+Porina ahlesiana (Körb.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 8: 99, 1931 - Segestrella ahlesiana Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 324, 1865.

Syn.: Porina insiliens (Larb.) A.L.Sm., Porina septemseptata (Hepp ex Zwackh) Swinscow

N - Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 1-2, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a rare species of shaded-humid siliceous rocks, with a somehow western distribution in Europe.


+Porina austriaca (Körb.) Arnold

Flora, 65: 143, 1882 - Sagedia austriaca Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 356, 1863.

Syn.:Pseudosagedia austriaca (Körb.) Hafellner

N - TAA.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a poorly-known species of siliceous rocks, which needs further study.


+Porina borreri (Trevis.) D.Hawksw. & P.James

[in Hawksworth & al.] Lichenologist, 12: 107, 1980 - Spermatodium borreri Trevis., Consp. Verruc.: 11, 1860.

Syn.: Porina borreri v. leptospora (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Porina leptospora (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Porina olivacea auct. non (Pers.) A.L.Sm., Porina olivacea v. leptospora (Nyl.) Keissler, Pseudosagedia borreri (Trevis.) Hafellner & Kalb

N - Frl (Tretiach 2004). C - Tosc. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 1-2, 1-3, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on rough bark of deciduous trees in moist forests, probably more widespread, but certainly not common.


+Porina byssophila (Hepp) Zahlbr.

[in Engler & Prantl] Natürl. Pflanzenfam., 1, 1: 66, 1903 - Sagedia byssophila [Körb. ex] Hepp, Flecht. Eur., 12 (23-24): n. 695, 1860.

Syn.: Pseudosagedia byssophila (Hepp) Hafellner & Kalb, Spermatodium cinereorufescens Trevis.

N - TAA. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 1-3, 1-3, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species, found on calcareous rocks in damp and shaded habitats, e.g. in forests. Somehow rarer than the closely related P. linearis, and perhaps just a form of it (see Wirth 1995: 763).


+Porina chlorotica (Ach.) Müll.Arg.

Rév. Mycol., 6: 20, 1884 - Verrucaria chlorotica Ach., Lich. Univ.: 283, 1810.

Syn.: Porina chlorotella (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Porina tenuifera A.L.Sm., Pseudosagedia chlorotica (Ach.) Hafellner & Kalb, Pyrenula chlorotica (Ach.) Trevis., Sagedia athallina Bagl. & Carestia, Sagedia chlorotica (Ach.) A.Massal., Sagedia macularis v. suaveolens Anzi, Sagedia persicina v. chlorotica (Ach.) Jatta, Spermatodium maculare (Körb.) Trevis., Trichothelium chloroticum (Ach.) R.C.Harris


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