+Absconditella annexa



Yüklə 3,49 Mb.
səhifə56/76
tarix27.08.2017
ölçüsü3,49 Mb.
1   ...   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   ...   76

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2002c, 2003c, Lazzarin 1997, 2000, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2006c), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006e), Lomb (Zocchi & al. 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995b, Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, 1996b, Loppi & al. 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1999a, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Senese & Critelli 2000, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002, Ravera & al. 2003, Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Munzi & al. 2007), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Loi & al. 2000, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Merlo 1993, Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-5, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: c, D: rc, E: er, F: rc, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a widespread, mainly temperate lichen, found on broad-leaved, more rarely coniferous trees in open stands, still common throughout Italy, but almost extinct in the plains of the north, some morphs from humid beech forests of the south deserve further study.


+Ramalina fraxinea (L.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 602, 1810 - Lichen fraxineus L., Sp. Pl., 2: 1146, 1753.

Syn.: Ramalina calicaris v. fraxinea (L.) Mont., Ramalina canaliculata v. apenninica Sambo, Ramalina fraxinea v. ampliata Ach., Ramalina fraxinea v. angulosa (A.Massal.) Motyka, Ramalina fraxinea v. calicariformis (Nyl.) Hue, Ramalina fraxinea v. crispa Motyka, Ramalina fraxinea v. fastuosa (A.Massal.) Motyka, Ramalina fraxinea v. taeniata (Ach.) Rabenh., Ramalina polymorpha v. angulosa A.Massal., Ramalina polymorpha v. calycula A.Massal., Ramalina polymorpha v. fastuosa A.Massal.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Lazzarin 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002, Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1995, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1998b, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Benesperi & al. 2007), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Ravera 1998, 1999, Panfili 2000, 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rc, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate lichen, found on isolated deciduous trees, locally abundant in the Apennines, much rarer in the north, and extinct in the Po-plain.


+Ramalina implectens Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 4: 116, 1870.



C - Sar (Zedda 1995, 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-macaronesian species, found on branches of evergreen trees and shrubs in open, but very humid stands in Tyrrhenian Italy. This is perhaps the primary, sexually reproducing species of R. farinacea.


+Ramalina implexa (Nyl.) Krog

Acta Bot. Fennica, 150: 103, 1994 - Ramalina scopulorum v. implexa Nyl., Syn. Lich.: 293, 1980.

Syn.: Ramalina arabum auct. eur., Ramalina usnea auct. eur.

C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar (Krog 1994). S - Si (Krog 1994).

Frut/ Ch/ A.f/ Sax/ 2-4, 3-4, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a mainly mediterranean lichen, found on siliceous, much more rarely calcareous rocks in coastal sites with frequent fog and/or exposed to humid maritime winds, widespread and locally abundant in the small mediterranean siliceous islands (stunted specimens in TSB are from limestone).


+Ramalina lacera (With.) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 16, 3: 221, 1984 - Lichen lacerus With., Bot. Arrang. Veget. Gr. Brit.: 716, 1776.

Syn.: Desmazieria evernioides auct., Ramalina duriaei (De Not.) Bagl., Ramalina evernioides auct. non Nyl.

C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Fascetti & al. 2006, Potenza 2006), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo 1998, Czeczuga & al. 1999, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 1-2, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on twigs, more rarely on rocks in maquis vegetation near the coast, mostly coastal and Tyrrhenian. An earlier record from Emilia (see Nimis 1993: 600), being dubious, is not accepted here.


+Ramalina lusitanica H.Magn.

Bot. Notiser, 109: 149, 1956.



C - Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Laz, Camp.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on twigs of evergreen shrubs and small trees in open situations, a typically mediterranean species of coastal maquis vegetation subject to humid maritime winds.


+Ramalina maciformis (Delile) Bory

Dict. Class. Hist. Nat., 14: 458, 1828 - Parmelia maciformis Delile, Flor. Egypte: 144, 1813.

Syn.: Ramalina evernioides Nyl. non auct.

C - Tosc. S - Bas, Si.

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a mediterranean species of coastal siliceous rocks, probably occurring also in Sardegna and in some of the small islands of the south.


+Ramalina obtusata (Arnold) Bitter

Pringsheim Jahrb. wiss. Bot., 36: 435, 1901 - Ramalina minuscula v. obtusata Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 25: 472, 1875.

Syn.: Ramalina baltica Lettau

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Nascimbene 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2006, 2006e). C - Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b).

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: a cool-temperate to S boreal species found on old conifers, more rarely on deciduous trees and shrubs in cold-moist, but open montane forests, probably more widespread, but never common, in the mountains.


+Ramalina panizzei De Not.

Giorn. Bot. Ital., 1: 211, 1846.



N - Frl (Groner & La Greca 1997), Ven, Lig (Groner & La Greca 1997). C - Tosc, Abr (Groner & La Greca 1997). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b ),Cal (Puntillo 1996, Groner & La Greca 1997), Si.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on bark in humid montane forests, frequently confused with R. fastigiata, but differing, among other characters, by the presence of sekikaic homosekikaic acids.


+Ramalina pollinaria (Westr.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 608, 1810 - Lichen pollinarius Westr., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 16: 56, 1795.

Syn.: Ramalina farinacea v. bolcana A.Massal., Ramalina intermedia auct. non (Delise ex Nyl.) Nyl., Ramalina pollinaria v. humilis Ach.

N - Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c, 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz, Abr, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Bas, Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ subc/ u/ Note: a widespread, cool-temperate to subarctic-subalpine, circumpolar lichen, found on ancient isolated trees, on vertical to underhanging, base-rich or slightly calciferous rocks, widespread, but never common in Italy, except in dry-warm valleys of the C-W Alps, where it mosty occurs on rocks.


+Ramalina polymorpha (Lilj.) Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 600, 1810 - Lichen calicaris v. polymorphus Lilj., Utkast Svensk Flora: 426, 1798.

Syn.: Ramalina grappae Sambo, Ramalina tinctoria auct. ital. p.p.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Frut/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2-3, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: c, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on the top of isolated siliceous boulders manured by birds, e.g. in grasslands and pastures, common only wherever suitable substrata are present, esp. in the mountains of the south (e.g. Sila Massif in Calabria, siliceous mountains of Sardegna).


+Ramalina pusilla Duby

[Le Prèvost ex] Duby, Bot. Gall., 2: 614, 1830.



C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 1-2, 2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-macaronesian lichen, found on twigs and small branches, esp. of evergreen shrubs and trees in open stands, restricted to undisturbed, open coastal forests and maquis with frequent humid winds or fog, and exclusivey Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Ramalina requienii (De Not.) Jatta

Sylloge: 64, 1900 - Ramalina polymorpha v. requienii De Not., Giorn. Bot. Ital., 2, 1: 215, 1846.

Syn.: Ramalina colubariensis Llimona nom. nud., Ramalina pollinaria v. cetrarioides Bagl.

N - Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: mediterranean species found on coastal siliceous rocks subject to humid maritime winds, exceptionally found far from the coast, and then in sheltered, but light-rich situations.


+Ramalina roesleri (Schaer.) Hue

Rev. Bot., 6: 151, 1887 - Ramalina fraxinea v. roesleri [Höchst. ex] Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 9, 1850.

Syn.: Fistulariella roesleri (Schaer.) Bowler & Rundel, Ramalina pollinariella (Nyl.) Nyl.

N - Ven, TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902). C - Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 4-5, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: found both in open humid beech forests and in very humid mediterranean maquis vegetation, perhaps extinct in the north. Very abundant on shrubs on the island of Marettimo, at ca. 300-400 m, in a belt dominated by Teloschistes chrysophthalmus with very variable air humidity conditions (frequent alternance between fog and sun).


+Ramalina rosacea (A.Massal.) Hepp

Flecht. Eur.: n. 356, 1857 - Ramalina polymorpha v. rosacea [Schaer. ex] A.Massal., Sched. Crit., 11: 157, n. 288, 1856.

Syn.: Ramalina bourgeana auct. ital. non Mont.

C - Sar. S - Si.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a mediterranean species found on coastal siliceous rocks subject to maritime winds. Related to R. bourgeana, but chemically different.


+Ramalina siliquosa (Huds.) A.L.Sm.

Monogr. Brit. Lich., 1: 172, 1918 - Lichen siliquosus Huds., Fl. Angl.: 460, 1762.

Syn.: Ramalina crassa (Delise ex Nyl.) Motyka, Ramalina cribrosa De Not., Ramalina druidarum W. L. Culb., Ramalina incrassata (Nyl.) Motyka, Ramalina kullensis Zopf, Ramalina scopulorum (Retz.) Ach., Ramalina scopulorum v. connata Moris & De Not., Ramalina scopulorum v. incrassata Nyl., Ramalina siliquosa v. druidarum (W. L. Culb.) D.Hawksw.

C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar. S - Camp, Si.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 4-5, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ suboc/ Note: a mainly atlantic species of coastal siliceous rocks, in Italy it is evidently rare, and restricted to the Tyrrhenian region.


+Ramalina sinensis Jatta

N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., n. ser., 9: 462, 1902.

Syn.: Ramalina calicaris f. fibrillosa Th.Fr., Ramalina calicaris v. nervosa Nyl., Ramalina landroensis Zopf, Ramalina nervosa (Nyl.) Räsänen

N - TAA.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on twigs of trees and shrubs in montane forests, this species is abundant in Picea obovata stands along rivers in Central Asia (e.g. in the Altay Mnts., Burjatja, the Baikal region, TSB). I have never seen a sample from Italy, but the old record from Trentino might be correct, while that from Campania (see Nimis 1993: 604), being very dubious, is not accepted here.


+Ramalina subfarinacea (Cromb.) Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 6: 258, 1872 - Ramalina scopulorum v. subfarinacea [Nyl. ex] Cromb., J. Bot. London, 10: 74, 1872.

Syn.: Ramalina angustissima (Anzi) Vain., Ramalina farinacea v. angustissima Anzi, Ramalina farinacea v. bolcana A.Massal., Ramalina farinacea v. rubescens Räsänen, Ramalina farinacea v. saxicola Jatta

N - Ven, Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Abr, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp, Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Czeczuga & al. 1999, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006, Ottonello & al. 2006d).

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on siliceous and weakly calcareous rocks in humid, but very open situations. I doubt that this saxicolous taxon deserves to be separated from R. farinacea at species level.


+Ramalina subgeniculata Nyl.

Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 4: 167, 1870.

Syn.: Ramalina panizzei auct. non De Not.

C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995, Ravera 2002), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Fascetti & al. 2006, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-macaronesian species, found on twigs of shrubs and young trees in warm-humid Mediterranean areas, generally near the coast, almost exclusively Tyrrhenian. The record from inland Basilicata, from a humid oak forest, is somehow surprising.


+Ramalina thrausta (Ach.) Nyl.

Syn. Lich., 1: 296, 1860 - Alectoria thrausta Ach., Lich. Univ.: 596, 1810.

Syn.: Alectoria crinalis Ach., Alectoria sarmentosa v. crinalis (Ach.) H.Olivier, Bryopogon ochroleucum v. crinalis (Ach.) Rabenh., Bryopogon sarmentosum v. crinalis (Ach.) Körb., Ramalina crinalis (Ach.) Gyeln.

N - Frl (Nascimbene & al. 1998), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2003c, Nascimbene 2003b), TAA (Nascimbene 2006b, Nascimbene & al. 2006e). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si.

Frut/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-5, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a cool-temperate to S boreal lichen, found on branches and twigs of conifers and deciduous trees in montane forests with frequent fog, occasionally lignicolous and saxicolous.


+Ramalina aff. tingitana Nyl.

[Salzm. ex] Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 4: 160, 1870.



C - Tosc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar. S - Si.

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ coast/ #/ Note: a mediterranean-macaronesian lichen found on coastal siliceous rocks, exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy. A still poorly known taxon, which badly needs revision (see Nimis 1993: 606).


+Ramboldia elabens (Fr.) Kantvilas & Elix

Lichenologist, 38, 2: 139, 2007 - Lecidea elabens Fr., Vet. Akad. Handl.: 256, 1822.

Syn.: Lecidea enteroleuca f. microcarpa Jatta, Lecidea melancheima Tuck., Lecidea sabuletorum v. microspora A.Massal. ?, Lecidella elabens (Fr.) Körb., Pyrrhospora elabens (Fr.) Hafellner

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Sar (Hafellner 1993, Zedda & Sipman 2001).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-5, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a subarctic-subalpine to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar species, found on hard wood, often with Cyphelium tigillare.


+Ramboldia insidiosa (Th.Fr.) Hafellner

[in Hafellner & Türk] Carinthia, 2, 185/105: 624, 1995 - Lecidea insidiosa Th.Fr., Bot. Notiser 1867: 153, 1867.

Syn.: Nesolechia erichsenii Räsänen

N - Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Lecanora varia/ Note: obligately lichenicolous, on hard lignum, more rarely on smooth, hard bark, most frequent in the Alps, the material from Sardegna, on Lecanora muralis, is worthy of further study.


+Ramboldia petraeoides (C. Bab. & Mitten) Kantvilas & Elix

The Bryologist, 97: 298, 1994 - Lecidea petraeoides [Nyl. ex] C. Bab. & Mitten [in Hook.] Fl. Tasman., 2: 352, 1859.

Syn.: Lecidea aspidula Kremp., Lecidea myoplaca Zahlbr., Lecidea subtenebrosa Nyl., Protoparmelia petraeoides (C. Bab. & Mitten) Hertel, Pyrrhospora petraeoides (C. Bab. & Mitten) Hafellner

C - Sar (Kantvilas & Elix 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on siliceous rocks in exposed, dry situations, the collection from Sardegna is the only one known from the Northern Hemisphere.


+Ramonia calcicola Canals & Gómez-Bolea

Lichenologist, 24, 3: 308, 1992.



N - VG (Tretiach 1997, Tretiach & Rinino 2006).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on sheltered calcareous rocks.


+Ramonia chrysophaea (Pers.) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon. Bohemosl., 1: 166, 1966 - Peziza chrysophaea Pers., Icon.


Descr. Fung. 2: 17, tab.8, fig. 1-2, 1798

Syn.: Gyalecta cupularis v. chrysophaea (Pers.) Boistel, Lecidea chrysophaea (Pers.) Nyl., Stictis chrysophaea (Pers.) Pers.



N - Frl (Gambera & Tretiach 2003, Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 2, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic species, found on the soft bark of old trees, esp. Ulmus, incospicuous and easily overlooked, but certainly not common.


+Ramonia luteola Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 2: 311, 1967.



C - Tosc (Senese & Critelli 2000).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 2, 1, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: hitherto known from humid areas of Austria, the Balkan Peninsula, the Carpathians, and Scotland.


+Requienella lichenopsis (A.Massal.) Boise

Mycologia, 78: 40, 1986 - Sphaeria lichenopsis A.Massal., Flora, 38: 242, 1855.



N - Ven.

F/ §/ S/ Epiph/ §/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: §.


+Requienella seminuda (Pers.: Fr.) Boise

Mycologia, 78: 38, 1986 - Sphaeria seminuda Pers.: Fr., Syn. Meth. Fung.: 70, 1801.

Syn.: Sphaeria olearum Castagne

N - Ven.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: an early colonizer on the branches of Prunus, perhaps facultatively lichenised.


+Rhizocarpon alpicola (Anzi) Rabenh.

Lich. Eur. Exs.: n. 618, 1861 - Buellia alpicola Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr: 90, 1860.

Syn.: Catocarpus chionophilus (Th.Fr.) Stein, Catocarpus oreites (Vain.) Eitner, Buellia alpicola v. soluta Bagl. & Carestia, Diplotomma geographicum f. conglomeratum (Fr.) Jatta, Lecidea atrovirens v. alpicola (Anzi) Wahlenb., Lecidea geographica v. alpicola (Anzi) Schaer., Rhizocarpon chionophilum Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon conglomeratum (Fr.) Räsänen comb. inval., Rhizocarpon geographicum f. conglomeratum (Fr.) A.Massal., Rhizocarpon geographicum v. alpicola (Anzi) A.Massal., Rhizocarpon geographicum v. geronticum (Ach.) Räsänen, Rhizocarpon geronticum (Ach.) H.Magn. comb. inval., Rhizocarpon oreites (Vain.) Zahlbr., Rhizocarpon oreites v. solutum (Bagl. & Carestia) Räsänen, Rhizocarpon ridniense Räsänen


Yüklə 3,49 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   52   53   54   55   56   57   58   59   ...   76




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə