+Absconditella annexa



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N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vc, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on horizontal to weakly inclined, hard siliceous rocks with a long snow-lie in cold situations.


+Rhizocarpon atroflavescens Lynge

Lich. Novaya Zemlya: 141, 1928.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon atroflavescens ssp. pulverulentum (Schaer.) Runemark, Rhizocarpon chiastomerum Lettau, Rhizocarpon geographicum v. contiguum f. calcicolum Anzi, Rhizocarpon pulverulentum (Schaer.) Räsänen

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: r, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras. Pertusaria flavicans/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, perhaps circumpolar species, found on steeply inclined, base-rich, or weakly calciferous siliceous rocks, common in the Alps, the record from Abruzzi is the southernmost one in Europe.


+Rhizocarpon badioatrum (Spreng.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 2: 613, 1874 - Lecidea badioatra [Flörke ex] Spreng., Neue Entdeck., 2: 95, 1821.

Syn.: Buellia badioatra auct., Catocarpus badioater (Spreng.) Arnold, Catocarpus badioater v. vulgaris (Körb.) Arnold, Rhizocarpon rivulare (Flot.) Körb.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Lecid. Exs. 277: Hertel 1992b, Caniglia & al. 2002 Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig. C - Tosc, Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: r, C: c, D: vr, E: er, F: vr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a holarctic early colonizer of siliceous pebbles and small boulders near the ground, common only in the Alps, but to be looked for in all siliceous mountains of the south.


+Rhizocarpon caeruleoalbum (Kremp.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 4: 331, 1927 - Rehmia caeruleoalba Kremp., Denkschr. K. Bayer. Bot. Ges., 4, 2: 211, 1861.



N - TAA, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax-4/ 3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on weakly calcareous or basic siliceous rocks, esp. calcareous schists.


+Rhizocarpon captans Poelt

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 29: 525, 1990.



S - Cal, Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: r, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Aspicilia spp./ Note: probably widespread in the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon carpaticum Runemark

Opera Bot., 2, 1: 133, 1956 a.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon intermediellum ssp. carpaticum (Runemark) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008)

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on siliceous rocks in underhangs protected from rain, in cold sites with frequent fog.


+Rhizocarpon copelandii (Körb.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 2: 615, 1874 - Buellia copelandii Körb., Zweite Deutsche Nordpolarfahrt, 2: 79, 1874.

Syn.: Catocarpus badioater f. copelandii (Körb.) Eitner, Catocarpus copelandii (Körb.) Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon cyclodes Hellb. ex Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon elevatum H.Magn., Rhizocarpon hyperboreum (Vain.) Vain.

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen of siliceous rocks, much more frequent in the Arctic zone than in the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon dinothetes Hertel & Leuckert

Herzogia, 5: 27, 1979.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Protoparmelia/ Note: certainly widespread also in the Alps, and to be looked for there.


+Rhizocarpon disporum (Hepp) Müll.Arg.

Rev. Mycol., 1: 170, 1879 - Lecidea dispora [Nägeli ex] Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 28, 1853.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon confervoides sensu A.Massal., Rhizocarpon disporum v. irriguum (Flot. ex Körb.) Zahlbr., Rhizocarpon disporum v. montagnei (Körb.) Zahlbr., Rhizocarpon montagnei Körb., Rhizocarpon montagnei v. areolatum (Fr.) Körb.

N - TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ p/ Note: a widespread, probably holarctic lichen of dry-continental areas, found on exposed basic siliceous rocks, most frequent in dry-continental Alpine valleys.


+Rhizocarpon distinctum Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 2: 625, 1874.

Syn.: Lecidea illota Nyl., Lecidea porphyrostrota Vain., Rhizocarpon ambiguum (Schaer.) Zahlbr., Rhizocarpon atroalbum sensu Arnold, Rhizocarpon distinctum f. cinereum (Körb.) Sandst., Rhizocarpon hyalescens Vain., Rhizocarpon illotum (Nyl.) Lettau, Rhizocarpon porphyrostrotum (Vain.) Vain.

N - Frl (TSB), TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000, Piervittori & al. 2001), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Camp, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-6/ A: vr, A1: r, B: er, C: rr, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ p/ Note: on basic siliceous rocks, often on brick and roofing tiles, certainly more widespread in the Alps, rarer along the Apennines, sometimes parasitic, when young, on Aspicilia caesiocinerea.


+Rhizocarpon effiguratum (Anzi) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 2: 613, 1874 - Buellia effigurata Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 90, 1860.

Syn.: Catocarpus anzianus Müll.Arg., Lecidea effigurata (Anzi) Stizenb., Rhizocarpon italicum Räsänen ?, Rhizocarpon sphaericum (Schaer.) Migula, Rhizocarpon superficiale v. rugulosum (Müll. Arg.) Zahlbr.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ paras Pleopsidium spp./ Note: a weak competitor found on underhanging or vertical siliceous rocks protected from rain.


+Rhizocarpon epispilum (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 4: 333, 1926 - Lecidea epispila Nyl., Bull. Soc. Linn. Normandie, sér. 2, 4: 292, 1872.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon superstratum J.Steiner

N - Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Pertusaria spp./ Note: on sheltered siliceous rocks wetted by rain, probably more widespread, but overlooked, throughout C and S Italy.


+Rhizocarpon eupetraeoides (Nyl.) Blomb. & Forssell

Enum. Pl. Scandin.: 93, 1880 - Lecidea eupetraeoides Nyl., Flora, 58: 12, 1875.



N - Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on weakly calciferous rocks, probably more widespread in the Alps.

+Rhizocarpon eupetraeum (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 53: 478, 1870 - Lecidea eupetraea Nyl., Flora, 53: 36, 1870.

Syn.: Lecidea parapetraea Nyl., Lecidea petraeiza Nyl., Rhizocarpon birgittae H.Magn., Rhizocarpon dissentiens Arnold, Rhizocarpon grande (Flörke ex Flot.) Arnold, Rhizocarpon grande f. eupetraeum (Nyl.) Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon endamyleum Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon intersitum Arnold ?, Rhizocarpon parapetraeum (Nyl.) Zahbr., Rhizocarpon petraeizum (Nyl.) Arnold

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Tosc, Marc, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-6/ A: r, A1:vr, B: er, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on acidic siliceous rocks, mostly sandstone, on inclined to vertical faces wetted by rain.


+Rhizocarpon ferax H.Magn.

Bot. Noptiser: 405, 1948.



N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens/ Note: on siliceous rocks, probably more widespread


+Rhizocarpon fratricida Poelt & Nimis

[in Nimis & Poelt] Studia Geobot., 7, suppl. 1: 203, 1987.



C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras yellow Rhizocarpon spp./ Note: on siliceous rocks, probably more widespread in the south.


+Rhizocarpon furax Poelt & V.Wirth

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 8: 194, 1970.



N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Lecidea lapicida s.lat./ Note: on mineral-rich siliceous rocks, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon furfurosum H.Magn. & Poelt

[in Poelt] Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 95: 112, 1955.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon obscuratum f. granulosum Schade

C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ Note: on metal-rich siliceous rocks, mostly on steeply inclined faces, easy to overlook, being mostly sterile, to be looked for in the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon geminatum Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 259, 1855.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon concretum (Ach.) Elenkin non (Schaer.) Zahlbr., Rhizocarpon disporum auct. non (Nägeli ex Hepp) Müll.Arg.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Valcuvia & Delucchi 2001, Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Tosc, Sar. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: r, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread lichen of dry-continental areas, found on steeply inclined faces of base-rich or weakly calciferous siliceous rocks, both in natural and man-made (e.g. on roofing tiles, walls) habitats, a chemically heterogeneous species, probably less termophilous than the closely related Rh. disporum.


+Rhizocarpon geographicum (L.) DC.

[in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., 3 éd., 2: 365, 1805 - Lichen geographicus L., Sp. Pl.: 1140, 1753.

Syn.: Lecidea atrovirens (L.) Ach., Lecidea atrovirens v. geographica (L.) Ach., Lecidea geographica (L.) Rabenh., Lecidea geographica v. atrovirens (L.) Schaer., Lichen atrovirens L., Rhizocarpon amphiboliticum Räsänen, Rhizocarpon arnoldii Räsänen, Rhizocarpon diabasicum Räsänen, Rhizocarpon geographicum ssp. diabasicum (Räsänen) Poelt & Vězda, Rhizocarpon geographicum v. atrovirens (L.) A.Massal., Rhizocarpon haeyrenii Räsänen, Rhizocarpon havaasii Räsänen, Rhizocarpon lindsayanum Räsänen, Rhizocarpon riparium Räsänen, Rhizocarpon riparium ssp. lindsayanum (Räsänen) J.W.Thomson, Rhizocarpon semilecanorinum Räsänen, Rhizocarpon tinei sensu Runemark excl. ssp. tinei, Rhizocarpon tinei ssp. diabasicum (Räsänen) Runemark, Rhizocarpon tinei ssp. vulgare Runemark

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b), Lomb (Rambold & al. 1998, Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006, Favero-Longo & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 1998, 2001, 2004), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Marc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Scarciglia & al. 2007), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 3-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 2-6/ A: vc, A1: ec, B: rc, C: c, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar, polymorphic lichen of siliceous rocks wetted by rain. Here I place all records of Rh. geographicum s.lat.: this taxon badly needs a revision worldwide.


+Rhizocarpon geographicum ssp. arcticum (Runemark) Hertel

[in Hertel & Ullrich] Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 12: 483, 1976 - Rhizocarpon tinei ssp. arcticum Runemark, Opera Bot., 2 1: 125, 1956.



N - VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 6/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen, found on siliceous, exposed rocks, restricted to the nival belt of the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon geographicum ssp. frigidum (Räsänen) Hertel

[in Hertel & Ullrich] Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 12: 483, 1976 - Rhizocarpon frigidum Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. Vanamo, 19: 9, 1944.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon tinei ssp. frigidum (Räsänen) Runemark

N - TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen, found on exposed siliceous rock above treeline, restricted to the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon geographicum ssp. prospectans (Räsänen) D.Hawksw. & Sowter

Trans. Leicester Lit. Phil. Soc., 63: 58, 1969 - Rhizocarpon prospectans Räsänen, Ann. Bot. Soc. Zool.-Bot. Fenn. Vanamo, 19: 8, 1944.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon tinei ssp. prospectans (Räsänen) Runemark

N - Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ #/ Note: on exposed base-rich siliceous rocks, a western lichen in Europe, which needs further study.


+Rhizocarpon hochstetteri (Körb.) Vain.

Acta Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 53, 1: 280, 1922 - Catillaria hochstetteri Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 195, 1861.

Syn.: Biatorina concreta auct. p.p. non (Ach.) A.Massal., Buellia chlorospora (Nyl.) Hellb., Buellia colludens (Nyl.) Arnold, Buellia hochstetteri (Körb.) Mong., Catillaria colludens (Nyl.) Jatta, Catillaria concreta auct. p.p. non (Ach.) A.Massal., Catocarpus applanatus (Fr. ex Th.Fr.) Arnold, Catocarpus koerberi Stein, Lecidea applanata (Fr.) Leight., Lecidea atroalba v. applanata Fr., Lecidea atroalba v. chlorospora Nyl., Lecidea colludens Nyl., Lecidea hochstetteri v. colludens (Nyl.) Vain., Rhizocarpon applanatum (Fr.) Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon concretum auct. p.p. non (Schaer.) Zahlbr. nec (Ach.) Elenkin, Rhizocarpon crenulatum H.Magn., Rhizocarpon koerberi (Stein) Klement, Rhizocarpon massalongoi sensu Malme non (Körb.), Rhizocarpon massalongii f. colludens (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Favero-Longo & al. 2006). C - Tosc, Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: er, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a widespread, probably northern holarctic lichen, found on mineral-rich siliceous rocks, in seepage tracks and near creeks, more common in the Alps, extremely rare in the mountains of the south.


+Rhizocarpon inarense (Vain.) Vain.

Hedwigia, 37: 86, 1898 - Lecidea inarensis Vain., Meddel. Soc. Fauna Flora Fenn., 10:124, 1883.



N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-3, 3-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a circumboreal species, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Rhizocarpon inimicum Poelt & Vězda

Herzogia, 6: 471, 1984.



S - Cal, Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Lecanora rupicola s. lat./ Note: a mostly south European species of siliceous rocks, probably more widespread in S Italy, to be looked for in Sardegna.


+Rhizocarpon lavatum (Fr.) Hazsl.

A Magyar Birod. Zuzmò-Flòraja: 206, 1884 non Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 90, 1887 - Lecidea atroalba v. lavata Fr., Nov. Sched. Crit.: 18, 1827.

Syn.: Lecidea lavata (Fr.) Nyl., Lecidea perluta Nyl., Rhizocarpon obscuratum f. lavatum (Fr.) Th.Fr., Rhizocarpon perlutum (Nyl.) Zahlbr. non auct., Rhizocarpon pseudorivulare Eitner, Rhizocarpon subcoeruleum Eitner, Rhizocarpon vierhapperi Zahlbr.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA (Dalle Vedove & al. 2003), Lomb, Piem (TSB), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). S - Cal (Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 2-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-6/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on perennially humid siliceous rocks, e.g. in mountain rivulets, or on small pebbles on moist ground, certainly more widespread in the Alps, closely related to Rh.obscuratum. According to Fryday (2000) the type of Rh. obscuratum is identical to that of Rh. lavatum, but the two species are different, the nomenclatural consequences of this discovery are heavy, in the hope that somebody will propose the conservation of both names, I still maintain here the current nomenclature.


+Rhizocarpon lecanorinum Anders

Hedwigia, 64: 261, 1923.

Syn.: Diplotomma geographicum f. lecanorinum (Anders) Jatta, Lecidea atrovirens v. lecanora Flörke, Lecidea geographica v. lecanora (Flörke) Nyl., Rhizocarpon atrovirens auct. p.p., Rhizocarpon geographicum v. lecanorum (Flörke) A.Massal., Rhizocarpon lecanora (Flörke) Lynge comb. inval.

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (TSB). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Panfili 2000, 2003, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, most common on snonewalls, dust-impregnated siliceous boulders, roofing tiles, but also found in natural habitats, e.g. with Umbilicaria deusta.


+Rhizocarpon leptolepis Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1: 158, 1862., nom. nud.



N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on steeply inclined, hard siliceous rocks in sheltered situations, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Rhizocarpon lusitanicum (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 53: 478, 1871 - Lecidea lusitanica Nyl., Flora, 47: 605, 1865.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Pertusaria spp./ Note: a S European species of siliceous rocks, to be looked for in other parts of Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Rhizocarpon macrosporum Räsänen

Feddes Rep., 52: 139, 1943.

Syn.: Rhizocarpon geographicum v. montblanca Räsänen, Rhizocarpon riparium v. helveticum Räsänen, Rhizocarpon sphaerosporum Räsänen

N - Frl (TSB), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). S - Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: vr, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a chemically heterogeneous species of dust-impregnated, exposed siliceous rocks.


+Rhizocarpon norvegicum Räsänen

Feddes Repert., 52, 2: 141, 1943.



N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a pioneer species of schistaceous, slightly calciferous or basic eruptive rocks.


+Rhizocarpon ochrolechiae (Poelt & Nimis) Hafellner

[in Kalb & Hafellner] Herzogia, 9: 86, 1992 - Rhizocarpon lusitanicum v. ochrolechiae Poelt & Nimis [in Nimis & Poelt] Studia Geobot., 7, suppl. 1: 205, 1987.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Ochrolechia parella/ suboc/ Note: on base-rich siliceous rocks, related to Rh. lusitanicum, but differing in the absence of a green thallus, perhaps more widespread in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Rhizocarpon oederi (Weber) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 232, 1861 - Lichen oederi Weber, Spicil. Fl. Goetting.: 182, 1778.

Syn.: Lecidea atroalba v. oxydata Fr., Lichen koenigii Retz., Rhizocarpon petraeum v. oederi (Weber) Körb.


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