+Absconditella annexa



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N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil (Nimis & al. 1996). C - Sar (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995, Zedda & Sipman 2001). S - Cal (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995, Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen, with optimum on basal parts of broad-leaved trees in open woodlands, sometimes on eutrophicated wood.


+Rinodina arnoldii H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Bibl. Lichenol., 12: 54, 1979.

Syn.: Rinodina milvina v. karelica Räsänen

N - TAA, Lomb. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on calciferous schists and sandstones in the mountains. For further details see Giralt & Llimona (1997).


+Rinodina aspersa (Borrer) J.R.Laundon

Lichenologist, 18: 175, 1986 - Lecanora aspersa Borrer [in Hook. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot. Suppl. 2: tab. 2728, 1832.

Syn.: Buellia aspersa (Borrer) P.James, Rinodina atrocinerea v. fatiscens (Th.Fr.) Malme, Rinodina fatiscens (Th.Fr.) Vain.

C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on hard siliceous rocks in cold-humid habitats, sometimes (but not in Italy) on walls.


+Rinodina atrocinerea (Hook.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 125, 1855 - Lecidea atrocinerea Hook., Engl. Fl., 5, 1: 174, 1833.

Syn.: Lecanora plumbella Nyl., Rinodina confragosa v. atrocinerea (Hook.) Stein, Rinodina plumbella (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Rinodina tympanelloides Arnold

N - Ven, Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on inclined to vertical, hard siliceous rocks.


+Rinodina beccariana Bagl. v. beccariana

N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 3: 239, 1871.

Syn.: Lecanora confragosa f. dispersa de Lesd., Lecanora confragosa f. glaucescens Nyl., Lecanora confragosa v. fumosa Wedd., Lecanora confragosa v. turgida Wedd., Lecanora subglaucescens Nyl., Rinodina beccariana v. cinerea Bagl., Rinodina beccariana v. tympanelloides Bagl., Rinodina bimarginata Zahlbr., Rinodina subglaucescens (Nyl.) Sheard

N - Lig (Mayrhofer & al. 1993). C - Tosc (Mayrhofer & al. 1993), Laz (Mayrhofer & al. 1993, Gigante & Petriccione 1995), Sar (Mayrhofer & al. 1993). S - Camp (Mayrhofer & al. 1993), Si (Mayrhofer & al. 1993, Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mediterranean-atlantic lichen of siliceous rocks, common, and often abundant, only in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Rinodina beccariana v. lavicola (J.Steiner) Matzer & H.Mayrhofer

[in H.Mayrhofer & al.] Nova Hedwigia, 57: 292, 1993 - Rinodina lavicola J.Steiner, Österr. bot. Z., 54: 361, 1904.

Syn.: Rinodina subglaucescens v. lavicola (J.Steiner) H.Mayrhofer

C - Sar (Mayrhofer & al. 1993). S - Si (Mayrhofer & al. 1993).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C:, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a mediterranean lichen of volcanic rocks, a well-distinguished variety, somehow less photo- and hygrophytic than the typical one.


+Rinodina bischoffii (Hepp) A.Massal. v. bischoffii

Framm. Lichenogr.: 26, 1855 - Psora bischoffii Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 81, 1853.

Syn.: Berengeria bischoffii (Hepp) Trevis., Lecanora subrubescens Vain., Microthelia leightonii Zahlbr., Rinodina bischoffii f. guttulata Servít & Nádv., Rinodina bischoffii f. lecideina (Nyl.) Boistel, Rinodina bischoffii f. obscurata J.Steiner, Rinodina bischoffii v. convexula Flagey, Rinodina bischoffii v. aegyptiaca Müll. Arg., Rinodina bischoffii v. protuberans Körb., Rinodina colletica sensu Lettau, Rinodina nigrella Müll.Arg., Rinodina orcularia H.Mayrhofer & Poelt, Rinodina subconfragosa auct. p.p., Rinodina subrubescens (Vain.) Zahlbr.

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Rambold & al. 1994), Lomb, Piem (TSB), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 3-4, 2-4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: rc, E: r, F: rc, G: rr, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a widespread early colonizer of calciferous or basic siliceous rocks, often found on walls, roofing tiles etc., exceptionally reaching the Alpine belt in dry-warm areas.


+Rinodina boleana Giralt & H.Mayrhofer

Mycotaxon, 40: 435, 1991.



N - Frl (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995). S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on evergreen broad-leaved trees in parklands, wayside situations and in open maquis or woodlands, recently described from NE Spain, this species is probably more widespread in Mediterranean Italy.


+Rinodina calcarea (Arnold) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 29: 362, 1879 - Rinodina caesiella v. calcarea Arnold, Flora, 43: 69, 1860.

Syn.: Lecanora calcarea v. ampsagana Stizenb., Lecanora confragosa v. glebulosa Harm., Rinodina calcarea v. ampsagana (Stizenb.) Zahlbr., Rinodina calcarea v. melanocarpa J.Steiner, Rinodina calcarea v. nummulitica Flagey, Rinodina confragosa v. glebulosa (Harm.) Zahlbr.

N - VG (TSB), Ven, TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (TSB). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999), Tosc. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: rc, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a southern species, found on the top of sun-exposed boulders of dolomite, limestone, calcareous schist.


+Rinodina cana (Arnold) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 30: 125, 1880 - Rinodina arenaria v. cana Arnold, Flora, 55: 289, 1872.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on steeply inclined, weakly calcareous schists and basic siliceous rocks, most frequent in dry-warm areas, certainly overlooked, and more frequent, at least in the Alps.


+Rinodina canariensis Matzer, H.Mayrhofer & P.Clerc

Nord. J. Bot., 14: 105, 1994.



C - Tosc (Matzer & al. 1994). S - Si (Matzer & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens/ Note: a mediterranean-macaronesian lichen, found on base-rich volcanic rocks, such as andesite and basalt, more or less confined to coastal localities and low coastal mountains, parasitic on several species, esp. Acarospora heufleriana, Caloplaca scoriophila, Lecanora schistina, Ochrolechia parella, Pertusaria pluripuncta.


+Rinodina capensis Hampe

[in A.Massal.] Mem. Ist. Ven. Sc., Lett. ed Arti, 10: 87, 1861.

Syn.: Rinodina corticicola (Arnold) Dalla Torre & Sarnth. non Rinodina exigua v. corticicola Anzi, Rinodina corticola (Arnold) Arnold, Rinodina teichophila v. corticola Arnold

N - Frl (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994), TAA (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994), Lomb (Rabenhorst Lich. Eur. 889: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994), Piem (TSB), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996). C - Tosc (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Puntillo 1996), Si (Caniglia & Grillo 2003, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: rc, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane lichen, a pioneer species mostly on smooth bark, but also on lignum.


+Rinodina castanomela (Nyl.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 121, 1887 - Lecanora castanomela Nyl., Flora, 69: 99, 1886.



N - TAA (Giralt & Llimona 1997).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar lichen, found under overhanging cliffs of weakly calcareous or basic siliceous rocks, marl and calciferous schist.


+ Rinodina castanomelodes H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Bibl. Lichenol., 12: 81, 1979.

Syn.: Rinodina bischoffii v. castanomelodes (H.Mayrhofer & Poelt) Giralt & Llimona

N - Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). S - Bas.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-6/ A: r, A1: rr, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar lichen, found on limestone, marl and calcareous schists in upland areas.


+Rinodina colobina (Ach.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 205, 1871 - Lecanora colobina Ach., Lich. Univ.: 358, 1810.

Syn.: Rinodina leprosa (Schaerer) A.Massal., Rinodina virella Körb.

N - Fr (Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995), Ven (Massalongo Lich. Ital. 293, 294 p.p.: Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995), TAA (Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 305: Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995), Piem (Rabenhorst Lich. Eur. 965: Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995, Isocrono & al. 2003), Lig (Rabenhorst Lich. Eur. 305 and ECI 190: Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995). C - Umbr (Ravera 1998, 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995, Puntillo 1996), Cal (Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3-4, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen, found on dust-impregnated bark of isolated trees, esp. Populus, Fraxinus, Juglans and Ulmus, and often found on basal parts of trunks, certainly declining, and presently extinct in several regions, probably due to the disappearence of unpaved roads during this century.


+Rinodina colobinoides (Nyl.) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 7: 499, 1931 - Lecanora colobinoides Nyl., Acta Soc. Sc. Fenn., 7: 444, 1863.

Syn.: Lecanora erysiphaea Nyl., Rinodina erysiphaea (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Rinodina sorediata H.Magn.

C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 3/ 4/ 3-4/ 3-4/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ A western species of base-rich bark, to be looked for further in Tyrrhenian Italy.

+Rinodina conchophylla H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Bibl. Lichenol., 12: 85, 1979.

Syn.: Rinodina violascens sensu Poelt (1975) non H.Magn.

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: on calcareous schist and basic siliceous rocks in warm-dry areas, perhaps more widespread in the dry Alpine valleys.


+Rinodina confinis Samp.

Bolet. Soc. Broter., ser. 2, 2: 19, 1924.



N - Lig (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: on rough bark of trees such as Olea and Quercus ilex, restricted to more or less coastal, warm-humid areas, and probably exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Rinodina confragosa (Ach.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 125, 1855 - Parmelia confragosa Ach., Meth. Lich.: 33, 1803.

Syn.: Lecanora atra v. confragosa (Ach.) Ach., Lecanora caesiella Flörke ex Spreng., Lecanora confragosa v. exterior Nyl., Lecanora confragosa v. extrusa Vain., Rinodina aggregata Bagl., Rinodina caesiella (Flörke ex Spreng.) Körb., Rinodina caesiella v. aggregata (Bagl.) Arnold, Rinodina confragosa v. exterior (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Rinodina crassescens (Nyl.) Arnold, Rinodina firma (Nyl.) Arnold, Rinodina metabolica v. saxicola Anzi, Rinodina romeana Müll.Arg., Rinodina samothrakiana Szatala

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp, Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: er, A1: r, B: a, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to borela-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on vertical or underhanging, hard siliceous rocks protected from rain, exceptionally reaching beyond treeline in dry-warm areas, chemically variable.


+Rinodina conradii Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 123, 1855.



N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (TSB), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2004, 2004b), Lomb, Piem, Lig. C - Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006, 2006b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: a, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a short-lived early colonizer of base-rich soil and terricolous bryophytes in open habitats, sometimes on mosses on basal parts of ancient trees.


+Rinodina cretica H.Mayrhofer

J. Hattori Bot. Lab., 55: 402, 1984.



C - Sar.

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: a mediterranean calcicolous species, probably somehow more widespread in S Italy.


+Rinodina dalmatica Zahlbr.

Oesterr. Bot. Z., 51: 348, 1901.

Syn.: Lecanora dalmatica (Zahlbr.) Croz.

C - Laz (Giralt & al. 1994, 1995), Sar (Zedda 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mediterranean species of acid bark (often on Pinus halepensis) in coastal situations, probaly more widespread in the south.


+Rinodina dubyana (Hepp) J.Steiner

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 69: 60, 1919 - Lecidea dubyana Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 322, 1857.

Syn.: Buellia dubyana (Hepp) Rabenh., Lecanora bischoffii v. aegyptica (Müll.Arg.) Stizenb., Lecanora bischoffii v. melanops (Müll.Arg.) Stizenb., Lecanora bischoffii v. mediterranea Stizenb., Lecanora mediterranea (Stizenb.) Harmand, Rinodina bischoffii v. aegyptica Müll.Arg., Rinodina bischoffii v. mediterranea (Stizenb.) Flagey, Rinodina bischoffii v. melanops Müll.Arg., Rinodina mediterranea (Stizenb.) Flagey

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Piem (TSB). C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on steeply inclined, sunny limestones and dolomite wetted by rain.


+Rinodina efflorescens Malme

Sv. Bot. Tidskr., 21: 251, 1927.

Syn.: Rinodina hueana (Harm.) H.Olivier nom. illegit. non Vain.

N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007). C - Tosc. S - Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on twigs and boles of deciduous trees, esp. Quercus and Fagus, in open, moist woodlands. To be looked for further in the Alps.


+Rinodina epimilvina H.Mayrhofer

J. Hattori Bot. Lab., 55: 408, 1984.



N - TAA (Giralt & Llimona 1997). C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Rinodina milvina/ Note: on acidic siliceous rocks wetted by rain, certainly much more widespread than the few records would suggest.


+Rinodina ericina (Nyl.) Giralt

Lichenologist, 32, 4: 312, 2000 - Lecidea ericina Nyl., Flora, 54: 452, 1878.

Syn.: Buellia disciformis v. ericina (Nyl.) Boistel, Buellia ericina (Nyl.) Jatta, Rinodina madeirensis Kalb & Hafellner

S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 3-5, 2, 2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ #/ Note: on acid bark and, more rarely, lignum, with a western distribution in S Europe. For further details see Giralt (2000).


+Rinodina exigua (Ach.) Gray

Nat. Arrang. Brit. Plants, 1: 450, 1821 - Lichen exiguus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 69, 1799.

Syn.: Berengeria exigua (Ach.) Trevis., Rinodina kornhuberi Zahlbr., Rinodina ramulicola Kernst. non Kernst. ex Arnold

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Lazzarin 2000, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000, Valcuvia & al. 2000b), Emil (Bassi 1995, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Savino 2000, Marconi & al. 2006), Lig. C - Abr (Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997b, 1998, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl, Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-5, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: er, F: c, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a temperate species, found on smooth bark of isolated trees, more rarely on rather eutrophicated wood, the species is certainly widespread throughout Italy, but many records need to be checked. The epithets “exigua” and “pyrina” are often used by those who work on biomonitoring for any Rinodina they encounter, without much regard to the several other epiphytic species occurring in Italy.


+Rinodina fimbriata Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 76, 1859.

Syn.: Rinodina exigua v. inundata Blomb. ex Th.Fr.

C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: on periodically inundated siliceous rocks in mountain creeks and rivers, a very rarely collected species, several stations might have disappeared as a consequence of environmental changes.


+Rinodina furfuracea H.Magn.

Medd. Göteb. Bot. Trädg., 17: 236, 1947.



C - Sar (Giralt & al. 1995). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic lichen, restricted to coastal localities with frequent humid, salt-loaden winds, e.g. on Juniperus on sand dunes.


+Rinodina furfurea H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Bibl. Lichenol., 12: 177, 1979.



N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 4-5, 2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: known only from the type collection, on exposed siliceous rocks in a very dry site.


+Rinodina gennarii Bagl.

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 1: 17, 1861.

Syn.: Buellia alocizoides (Leight.) A.L.Sm., Lecanora subexigua Nyl., Rinodina cinerascens J.Steiner, Rinodina demissa auct., Rinodina exigua v. obscurata H.Magn., Rinodina pallida H.Magn., Rinodina salina Degel., Rinodina subexigua (Nyl.) H.Olivier

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Savino 2000), Lig (Giralt & Llimona 1997). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Caniglia & Grillo 2003, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: c, E: vr, F: c, G: rr, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on base-rich or slightly calciferous siliceous substrata, e.g. calciferous schists and sandstone, often found in small urban settlements, on brick walls, mortar, and roofing tiles.


+Rinodina griseosoralifera Coppins

Lichenologist, 21, 2: 170, 1989.



N - Frl (TSB), Lig (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a recently-described species, easy to overlook, being mostly sterile, probably much more widespread throughout the country,


+Rinodina guzzinii Jatta

N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 23: 354, 1891.

Syn.: Rinodina bischoffii v. ochrata J.Steiner, Rinodina controversa v. terricola Flagey, Rinodina miocenensis Flagey


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