+Absconditella annexa



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N - Frl, Piem (TSB), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Giralt & Llimona 1997).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4-5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: r, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: rr/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: an Irano-Turanian-mediterranean species of weakly calciferous rocks, most frequent in dry-warm areas.


+Rinodina immersa (Körb.) Zahlbr.

Sitzunsber. K. Akad. Wiss. Wien, 141, 1: 522, 1906 - Rinodina bischoffii v. immersa Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 75, 1859.

Syn.: Rinodina bischoffii v. exigua Müll.Arg., Rinodina bischoffii v. intermedia Müll. Arg., Rinodina bischoffii v. ochracea Müll.Arg., Rinodina bischoffii v. perexigua Müll.Arg.

N - VG (Tretiach & Pecchiari 1995, Pinna & al. 1998, Crisafulli & al. 2006, Piervittori & al. 2006), Frl (TSB), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c), TAA, Lomb, Lig (TSB). C - Tosc, Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-5, 3-5, 1-2/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: r, C: rc, D: vc, E: vr, F: c, G: rc, H: r/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly southern species, found on steeply inclined limestones and (more rarely) dolomite wetted by rain, in natural habitats, but also on pebbles, exceptionally reaching the Alpine belt.


+Rinodina insularis (Arnold) Hafellner

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 62: 87, 1979 - Buellia saxatilis f. insularis Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 46: 119, 1896.



N - TAA (Rambold & al. 1994, Giralt & Llimona 1997).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Lecanora rupicola s.lat./ Note: to be looked for in other parts of the country.


+Rinodina intermedia Bagl.

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital. 1: 313, 1863.

Syn.: Rinodina conimbricensis Samp., Rinodina lusitanica Arnold, Rinodina turfacea f. ligustica Rabenh.

N - TAA, Lomb, Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3, 3-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-macaronesian species, found on soil and mosses over basic siliceous substrata, in open grasslands and garrigue vegetation.


+Rinodina isidioides (Borrer) H.Olivier

Mém. Soc. Nat. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 37: 186, 1909 - Parmelia isidioides Borrer [in Hook. & Sowerby] Suppl. Engl. Bot., 3: tab. 2808, 1843.



C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, probably mediterranean-atlantic species found on rough bark, more rarely on epiphytic mosses, in ancient, undisturbed forests.


+Rinodina kalbii Giralt & Matzer

Lichenologist, 26, 4: 328, 1994.



C - Sar (Giralt & Matzer 1994, Rambold & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic lichen, restricted to coastal localities with frequent humid, salt-loaden winds, e.g. on Juniperus on sand dunes.


+Rinodina lecanorina (A.Massal.) A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 19, 1854 - Mischoblastia lecanorina A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 41, n. 64, f. 70, 1852.

Syn.: Berengeria lecanorina (A.Massal.) Trevis., Lecanora controversa v. numida Stizenb., Lecanora ocellata (Hoffm.) Nyl., Lecanora sophodes v. pictavica Wedd., Lecidea lecanorina (A.Massal.) Nyl., Placodium ocellatum (Hoffm.) Duby, Rinodina controversa v. numida (Stizenb.) Zahlbr., Rinodina ocellata (Hoffm.) Arnold non (Flot.) Branth & Rostr., Rinodina sophodes v. pictavica (Wedd.) Zahlbr., Verrucaria ocellata Hoffm.

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb (Giralt & Llimona 1997), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Garofalo & al. 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Pugl, Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: r, C: rc, D: c, E: er, F: c, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: on the top of isolated boulders of limestone and dolomite.


+Rinodina luridata (Körb.) H.Mayrhofer, Scheid. & Sheard

Bibl. Lichenol., 38: 346, 1990 - Buellia luridata Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 188, 1860.

Syn.: Rinodina iodes H.Mayrhofer & Poelt, Rinodina iodes v. immersa H.Mayrhofer & Cl.Roux

S - Bas, Cal.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: r, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on sun-exposed calcareous outcrops in upland areas, certainly present also in the Alps.


+Rinodina luridescens (Anzi) Arnold

Flora, 55: 39, 1872 - Buellia luridescens Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 158, 1862.

Syn.: Buellia coniopta (Nyl.) Malme, Lecanora coniopta Nyl., Lecanora sciodes Nyl., Rinodina coniopta (Nyl.) Hav., Rinodina luridescens v. bithynica J.Steiner, Rinodina sciodes (Nyl.) H.Olivier

C - Tosc, Sar. S - Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on hard siliceous rocks subject to frequent humid winds, often near the coast, not uncommon in some parts of Mediterranean Italy, e.g. in Sardegna, on Nuraghes.


+Rinodina malangica (Norman) Arnold

Flora, 64: 196, 1881 - Rinodina leprosa v. malangica Norman, K. Norske Vid. Selsk. Skr., 5: 343, 1868.

Syn.: Rinodina pyrina f. rhododendri ("Hepp") Arnold, Rinodina rhododendri Hepp ex H.Magn., Rinodina sophodes v. malangica (Norman) Th.Fr.

N - Frl, TAA, Piem (Tretiach 1997).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on shrubs (often on Rhododendron) in the subalpine belt, esp. on basal parts of stems, where it can be very abundant, sometimes on lignum, certainly widespread, and even common, throughout the Alps.


+Rinodina milvina (Wahlenb.) Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 224, 1861 - Parmelia milvina Wahlenb. [in Ach.] Meth. Lich. Suppl.: 34, 1803.

Syn.: Lecanora sophodes v. scopulina Nyl., Lecanora subconfragosa Nyl., Rinodina sophodes f. saxicola Kernst., Rinodina subconfragosa (Nyl.) Flagey

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (TSB), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc, Sar. S - Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 2-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: c, A1: vc, B: rc, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens when young/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on siliceous boulders: often, but not always parasitic.


+Rinodina mniaraea (Ach.) Körb. v. mniaraea

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 126, 1855 - Lecanora mniaraea Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 339, 1814.

Syn.: Diploicia muscorum sensu A.Massal., Rinodina mniaraea f. ammiocola (Ach.) Arnold, Rinodina mniaraea v. normalis Th.Fr.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nimis 1994), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (TSB). C- Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vc, A1: rc, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on soil, mosses, plant debris, in tundra-like environments.


+Rinodina mniaraea v. cinnamomea Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., 3, 3: 228, 1861.

Syn.: Rinodina cinnamomea (Th.Fr.) Räsänen, Rinodina mniaraea v. aurantiaca Timpe, Rinodina mniaraea v. chrysopasta (Lettau) Zahlbr.

N - Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c), TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Umbr (Ravera & Di Toma 2003, Ravera & al. 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on soil, mosses, plant debris, in tundra-like environments.


+Rinodina mniaraea v. mniaraeiza (Nyl.) H.Magn.

Acta Hort. Gothoburg., 17: 256, 1947 - Lecanora mniaraeiza Nyl., Flora, 53: 33, 1947.

Syn.: Rinodina mniaraeiza (Nyl.) Arnold

N - TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 3-5, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on soil, mosses, plant debris, in tundra-like environments.


+Rinodina nimisii Giralt & H.Mayrhofer

[in Giralt & al.] Lichenologist, 27, 1: 16, 1995.



C - Sar (Giralt & al. 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C:a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ suboc/ Note: restricted to coastal localities with frequent humid, salt-loaden winds, e.g. on Juniperus in sites with sand dunes.


+Rinodina nivalis H.Mayrhofer

J. Hattori Bot. Lab., 55: 442, 1984.



N - TAA.

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 5/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a recently-described species, only known from the E Alps, on dolomite. Indicator values are tentative.


+Rinodina obnascens (Nyl.) H.Olivier

Bull. Acad. Int. Géogr. Bot., 12: 380, 1903 - Lecanora obnascens Nyl., Flora, 69: 462, 1886.



N - Lig. C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Pišút 1995, Iacolino & Ottonello 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1/ suboc/ paras Aspicilia spp. and other crustose lichens/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on weakly inclined siliceous rocks wetted by rain, mostly Tyrrhenian in Italy, esp. on Aspicilia intermutans, but sometimes on other lichens, e.g. Rhizocarpon species.


+Rinodina occulta (Körb.) Sheard

Lichenologist, 3: 349, 1967 - Buellia occulta Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 186, 1860.

Syn.: Lecanora tegulicola Nyl., Rinodina diplocheila Vain. ex H.Magn., Rinodina tegulicola (Nyl.) J.Steiner, Rinodina verrucarioides H.Magn.

N - VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999) Lig. C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: on vertical to underhanging, hard siliceous rocks, probably overlooked, and to be looked for more intensively, esp. in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Rinodina oleae Bagl.

Mem. R. Accad. Sci. Torino, ser. 2, 17: 403, 1857.

Syn.: Rinodina agavicola Erichsen, Rinodina exigua v. glauca H.Magn.

N - Lig (Anzi Lich. Lang. 304 and E.C.I. 35: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995). C - Sar (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995 (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995), Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a mainly coastal, mediterranean species, mostly Tyrrhenian in Italy, which was overlooked, or confused with similar species in the past.


+Rinodina olivaceobrunnea C.W.Dodge & G.E.Baker

Am. Miss. Bot. Geol. 15, 2: 659, 1938.

Syn.: Rinodina archaea f. minuta Anzi ex Arnold, Rinodina archaeoides H.Magn., Rinodina laxa H.Magn., Rinodina soredicola Degel.

N - Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000), TAA, Lomb. C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on soil, bryophytes and plant debris in tundra-like environments, certainly widespread throughout the Alps.


+Rinodina orculata Poelt & M.Steiner

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 8: 191, 1970.

Syn.: Rinodina exigua v. corticicola Anzi, Rinodina trevisanii auct. non (Hepp) Körb.

N - Frl (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: especially common on Rhododendron, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Rinodina oxydata (A.Massal.) A.Massal.

Geneac. Lich.: 19, 1854 - Mischoblastia oxydata A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 42, n. 65, fig. 73, 1852.

Syn.: Berengeria oxydata (A.Massal.) Trevis., Buellia discolor (Hepp) Anzi, Buellia discolor v. candida (Schaer.) Anzi, Lecanora confragosa v. lecideotropa Nyl., Lecanora contribuens Nyl., Lecanora dissentanea Nyl., Lecanora griseofusca Nyl., Lecanora intuta Nyl., Lecidea discolor Hepp, Lecidea griseonigra Nyl., Rinodina aequalis (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Rinodina biatorina Körb., Rinodina candida (Schaer.) Arnold, Rinodina concava de Lesd., Rinodina contribuens (Nyl.) Boistel, Rinodina discolor (Hepp) Arnold, Rinodina dissimilis Anzi, Rinodina griseofusca (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Rinodina griseonigra (Nyl.) Zahlbr, Rinodina intuta (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Rinodina lecideotropa (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Rinodina oxydata v. squamulosa Bagl., Rinodina subarenaria A.L.Sm.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Sar (Rambold & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on seepage tracks of (mostly) base-rich, hard, smooth metamorphic rocks, often along mountain creeks.


+Rinodina parasitica H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Bibl. Lichenol., 12: 137, 1979.

Syn.: Rinodina milvina v. amphibolitica Räsänen

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose lichens/ Note: easy to overlook, certainly more widespread.


+Rinodina pityrea Ropin & H.Mayrhofer

Bibl. Lichenol., 58: 374, 1995.

Syn.: Rinodina leprosa v. lecideina A.Massal., Rinodina leprosa v. lecideina f. capniochroa A.Massal., Rinodina leprosa v. lecideina f. fuliginea A.Massal.

N - Emil (Ropin & Mayrhofer 195). C - Sar (Ropin & Mayrhofer 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 3, 3-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: r, H: a/ PF: 2-3/ suboc/ Note: a temperate species found on asbestos-cement and mortar, often on walls, certainly more widespread, but easy to overlook, being often sterile.


+Rinodina plana H.Magn.

Acta Horti Gothob., 17: 298, 1947.



N - Lig (Rabenhorst Lich. Eur. 508: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995). C - Sar (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995, Zedda 2002). S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4-5, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an early colonizer of smooth bark, esp. of young twigs.


+Rinodina polyspora Th.Fr.

N. Acta Reg. Soc. Sc. Upsal., ser. 3, 3: 226, 1861.

Syn.: Berengeria polyspora (Th.Fr.) Trevis., Buellia polysporella (Nyl.) Arnold, Lecanora polyspora (Th.Fr.) Nyl, Lecanora sophodes sensu A.Massal. non Lichen sophodes Ach., Lecanora sophodes v. coerulescens (“Hepp”) Trevis., Lecidea polysporella Nyl.

N - TAA (Massalongo Lich. It. 237: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994), Ven (Trevisan Lichenoth. Ven. 21: Rinaldi 1994), Lomb (Anzi Lich. It. 221: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Arosio & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a temperate species found on smooth bark, esp.of Fraxinus, Sorbus and Carpinus in open woodlands, probably declining.


+Rinodina polysporoides Giralt & H.Mayrhofer

Herzogia, 10: 33-34, 1994.



N - TAA (Arnold Lich. Exs. 1654 p.p.: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a temperate species found on smooth bark of trunks and branches of deciduous, more rarely of evergreen broad-leaved trees, esp.on Juglans and Fraxinus, certainly more widespread.


+Rinodina pruinella Bagl.

Nuovo Giorn. Bot. Ital., 11: 79, 1879

Syn.: Lecanora pruinella (Bagl.) Samp., Lecanora pruinella v. cintrana Samp., Rinodina heufleriana Müll.Arg., Rinodina magnussoniana Reichert & Galun, Rinodina maroccana H.Magn., Rinodina pruinella f. laevigata H.Magn., Rinodina turgescens H.Magn.

C - Tosc (Putortì & Loppi 1999), Laz (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994), Sar (Baglietto 1879: Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Zedda 2002). S - Si (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Giralt & al. 1994, Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic species, found on twigs of trees and shrubs near the sea, mainly Tyrrhenian.


+Rinodina pyrina (Ach.) Arnold

Flora, 64: 196, 1881 - Lichen pyrinus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 52, 1799.

Syn.: Berengeria exigua v. maculiformis (Hepp) Trevis., Rinodina exigua v. maculiformis (Hepp) Bagl., Rinodina exigua v. pyrina (Ach.) Th.Fr., Rinodina maculiformis (Hepp) Arnold

N - VG (Castello 1996), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2006), TAA (Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Brusoni & al. 1997, Zocchi & al. 1997, Brusoni & Valcuvia 2000, Arosio & al. 2000), Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992, ECI 421:Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & Maffei 2001), Emil (Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996, Valcuvia & Savino 2000), Lig (Giordani 2006). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, 1996b, 1997b, 1998, Loppi 1996, Loppi & Putortì 2001), Marc (Gasparo & al. 1989, Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Recchia & Villa 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, 2000, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1995, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Merlo 1993, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: vr, F: rc, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a temperate to S boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar species, an early colonizer of the smooth bark of deciduous trees, often found on twigs and branches, with a broad ecological amplitude. Several - even recent - records are probably wrong, and need confirmation (see note on R. exigua).


+Rinodina rinodinoides (Anzi) H.Mayrhofer & Scheid.

Nordic J. Bot., 12, 3: 454, 1992 - Buellia rinodinoides Anzi, Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. Milano, 9: 253, 1866.

Syn.: Lecidea rinodinoides (Anzi) Stizenb., Rinodina melanocarpa Müll.Arg., Rinodina serpentini H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

N - TAA, Lomb (Giralt & Llimona 1997), Emil. C - Sar. S - Cal.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on very hard siliceous rocks.


+Rinodina roboris (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 64: 197, 1881 - Lecanora roboris [Dufour ex] Nyl., Flora, 52: 412, 1869.

Syn.: Rinodina metabolica v. roboris (Nyl.) Bagl. & Carestia

N - Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Laz (Giralt & Mayrhofer 1994, Massari & Ravera 2003), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate species, found on dry bark of ancient, more or less isolated trees, esp. oaks, in relatively undisturbed, open, humid woodlands. The record by Bassi (1996) from Emilia is dubious, that from Venezia Giulia by Nimis (1993: 636) is wrong (!).


+Rinodina roscida (Sommerf.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 137, 1887 - Lecanora roscida Sommerf., Suppl. Fl. Lappon.: 97, 1826.

Syn.: Berengeria turfacea v. microcarpa (Hepp) Trevis., Rinodina turfacea v. microcarpa (Hepp) Körb.

N - Frl (TSB), Ven (Nimis 1994, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar species found on soil, bryophytes and plant debris over calcareous substrata in tundra-like habitats.


+Rinodina santorinensis J.Steiner

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 69: 55, 1919.



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