+Absconditella annexa



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N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig.

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably arctic-alpine species, found on hard limestone and dolomite in the mountains. A dubious record from Campania (see Nimis 1993: 669) is not accepted here.


+Staurothele solvens (Anzi) Zschacke

Hedwigia, 54: 195, tab. 3, fig. 16, 1913 - Polyblastia solvens Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2, 1: 27, 1864.

Syn.: Staurothele meylanii de Lesd. ?

N - Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 5/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on limestone and dolomite, only known from the south European mountains (Alps, Pyrenées).


+Staurothele succedens (Arnold) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 30: 149, 1880 - Polyblastia succedens [Rehm ex] Arnold, Flora, 53: 17, 1870.



N - TAA, Piem, Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: on basic siliceous to calcareous rocks with frequent seepage of water, often near creeks, in gorges, etc.


+Staurothele terricola (Bagl.) Poelt & Nimis

[in Nimis & Poelt] Studia Geobot., 7, suppl. 1: 226, 1987 - Polyblastia terricola Bagl., N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 11: 113, 1879.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3, 4, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: vr/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: known only from clearings of garrigues in Sardegna, this taxon needs further study.


+Steinia geophana (Nyl.) Stein

[in Cohn] Krypt.-Fl. von Schlesien, 2: 209, 1879 - Lecidea geophana Nyl., Lichenes Scand.: 212, 1861.

Syn.: Biatora geophana (Nyl.) Th.Fr., Biatorella geophana (Nyl.) Rehm, Lecidea boreella Nyl., Lecidea trichogena Norman, Pleolecis geophana (Nyl.) Clem., Steinia luridescens Körb.

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr-Lign/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: an ephemeral lichen of moist, slightly calciferous soil, rotten wood, small pebbles, terricolous Peltigeras and plant debris, often found in rather disturbed habitats as on earth banks along white roads and on track sides, perhaps overlooked, at least in the Alps, but certainly never common.


+Stenhammarella turgida (Ach.) Hertel

Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 24: 125, 1967 - Biatora turgida Ach., Lich. Univ.: 273, 1810.

Syn.: Lecidea albocaerulescens v. turgida (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea calcaria v. turgida (Ach.) Schaer., Lecidea turgida (Ach.) D.Dietr., Stenhammara turgida (Ach.) Körb.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a specialist of of rocks which contain a low percentage of calcium carbonate, mostly found on steeply inclined, north-exposed faces, probably restricted to the Alps. The record from Toscana (Nimis 1993: 671) is dubious, but is still accepted here, as the presence of this species in the N Apennines is not impossible.


+Stereocaulon alpinum Laurer

[in Funck] Crypt. Gewächse, 33: 6, 1827.

Syn.: Stereocaulon alpinum v. erectum Frey ?, Stereocaulon paschale v. alpinum (Laurer) Du Rietz, Stereocaulon tomentosum v. alpinum (Funck) Th.Fr.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, Valcuvia 2000, Piervittori & al. 2004).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: r, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar early colonizer of mineral soil, esp. gravel and sand in the vicinity of glaciers, restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Stereocaulon botryosum Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 581, 1810 - em. Frey, Rabenhorst's Krypt.-Fl., 9, 4: 120, 1932.

Syn.: Stereocaulon alpinum v. botryosum (Ach.) Laurer, Stereocaulon evolutum f. fastigiatum (Anzi) Anders, Stereocaulon evolutum v. fastigiatum (Anzi) Th.Fr., Stereocaulon fastigiatum Anzi

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar lichen, foundon steeply inclined siliceous rocks in humid-shaded situations, restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Stereocaulon condensatum Hoffm.

Deutschl. Flora, 2: 130, 1796.



N - Ven, Lomb (Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 2001).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on sandy to gravelly, often disturbed soil in open situations, probably restricted to the Alps in Italy, and often associated with Pycnothelia papillaria. The record from Campania (Nimis 1993: 673), being dubious, is not accepted here


+Stereocaulon coniophyllum I.M. Lamb

1961


N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on siliceous rocks. To be looked for further in the Alps.


+Stereocaulon dactylophyllum Flörke

Deutsch. Lich., 4: 13, 1819.

Syn.: Stereocaulon coralloides Fr., Stereocaulon coralloides v. dactylophyllum (Flörke) Th.Fr., Stereocaulon spissum Nyl. ex Hue

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on siliceous rocks, esp. on large boulders, probably widespread throughout the Alps.


+Stereocaulon glareosum (Savicz) H.Magn.

Göteb. K. Vetensk. Samh. Handl., 30: 60, 1928 - Stereocaulon tomentosum f. glareosum Savicz, Bull. Jard. Imp. Pierre le Grand, 14: 121, 1914.



N - Ven.

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar lichen, found on sandy or gravelly ground, such as on banks of streams, in snow-beds, forming low, compact mats, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Stereocaulon incrustatum Flörke

Deutsch. Lich., 4: 12, 1819.

Syn.: Stereocaulon abduanum Anzi, Stereocaulon incrustatum v. abduanum (Anzi) Frey

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem, Lig.

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on mineral, nutrient-poor soil, in Pinus-woodlands, in the vicinity of glaciers and by rivers, restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Stereocaulon nanodes Tuck.

Am. J. Sc. Arts, 2, 28: 201, 1859.

Syn.: Stereocaulon alpinum v. tyroliense (Nyl.) Arnold, Stereocaulon carinthiacum Frey, Stereocaulon hypopetraeum Vain., Stereocaulon nanodes f. tyroliense (Nyl.) I.M.Lamb, Stereocaulon ostrobothniae H.Magn., Stereocaulon tyroliense (Nyl.) Lettau

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA (Nascimbene 2003), Ven (Nascimbene 2002), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006), Piem (TSB).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ A.s/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-6/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ m/ p/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on mineral-rich rocks, also under overhanging faces, on pebbles and large boulders, often on metal-rich substrata, and in rather disturbed habitats, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Stereocaulon pileatum Ach.

Lich. Univ.: 582, 1810.

Syn.: Stereocaulon saxonicum Bachm.

N - Ven, Lomb (Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig.

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-3, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, an early colonizer of mineral-rich siliceous rocks, incl. roofing tiles, restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Stereocaulon rivulorum H.Magn.

Göteb. K. Vetensk. Samh. Handl., 30: 63, 1926.



N - Frl (TSB), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 5/ A: rr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen, found on gravel and sand in snow-beds or on banks of streams near glaciers, sometimes on weakly calciferous schists, restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Stereocaulon tomentosum Fr.

Sched. Crit.: 20, 1824.

Syn.: Stereocaulon botryocarpum H.Magn., Stereocaulon tomentosum v. alpestre Flot., Stereocaulon tomentosum v. campestre Körb.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb (Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Valcuvia 2000).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Terr/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: er, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen, found on mineral soil in open habitats, such as clearings of Pinus-stands.


+Stereocaulon vesuvianum Pers.

Ann. Wetterauisch. Ges., 2: 19, 1811.

Syn.: Stereocaulon denudatum Flörke, Stereocaulon denudatum v. compactum Flot., Stereocaulon vesuvianum v. depressum (H.Magn.) I.M. Lamb ?, Stereocaulon denudatum v. pulvinatum (Schaer.) Flot., Stereocaulon vesuvianum v. nodulosum (Wallr.) I.M.Lamb

N - TAA, Lomb (Rivellini & Valcuvia 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Sar. S - Camp (Adamo & al. 2003, 2004, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Aprile & al. 2002, 2005), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Czeczuga & al. 1999, Adamo & al. 2000, Merlo & Mazzola 2001, Aprile & al. 2005).

Frut/ Ch-Cy.h/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: a, A1: er, B: er, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on (mostly) acid volcanic rocks, abundant on the Vesuvium, but buch rarer elsewhere in Italy, due to the scarcity of suitable substrata. Most records from the Alps need confirmation.


+Sticta canariensis Delise f. dufourii (Delise)

§ - Sticta dufourii [Bory ex] Delise, Hist. Lich., Sticta: 114, tab. 11, fig. 45, 1825.

Syn.: Stictina dufourii (Delise) Nyl.

C - Tosc. S - Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a humid subtropical lichen, found on bark and epiphytic mosses in very moist forests, sometimes on mossy rocks. The morph with cyanobacteria is the only one occurring in Italy. Presently, probably restricted to a few localities in W Calabria (the records from Toscana date back to the previous century).


+Sticta fuliginosa (Hoffm.) Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 280, 1803 - Lobaria fuliginosa Hoffm., Deutschl. Flora, 2: 109, 1796.

Syn.: Sticta sylvatica v. fuliginosa (Hoffm.) Hepp, Stictina fuliginosa (Hoffm.) Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Nascimbene & al. 1998, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003, Tretiach 2004), Ven (Nascimbene 2003b, Nascimbene & al. 2007), TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Epiph-Sax/ 2, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a western species in Europe, found on bark, more rarely on mossy rocks in semi-natural forests, most records date back to the previous century.


+Sticta limbata (Sm.) Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 280, 1803 - Lichen limbatus Sm. [in Sm. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot., 16: tab. 1104, 1803.

Syn.: Stictina limbata (Sm.) Nyl.

N - Frl (Nascimbene & al. 1998, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003), Ven (Nascimbene 2003b), Lig. C - Tosc, Laz. S - Cal (TSB), Si.

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.s/ Epiph-Sax/ 2, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a humid subtropical to mediterranean-atlantic species, found on bark, often associated with bryophytes, on mossy rocks and soil in very humid situations, certainly in danger of extinction in Italy.


+Sticta sylvatica (Huds.) Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 231, 1803 - Lichen sylvaticus Huds., Fl. Angl.: 453, 1762.

Syn.:Stictina sylvatica (Huds.) Nyl.

N - Frl (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003), Ven, TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2007), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig. C - Tosc, Laz (Ravera 2001, Massari & Ravera 2003). S - Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.b/ Cy.h/ A.i/ Epiph-Sax/ 2, 3, 1, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a western species in Europe, found on mossy trunks and on epilithic bryophytes in natural forests , Most of the Italian records are old: the species is menaced of extinction.


+Strangospora deplanata (Almq.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. sér., n. spéc. 7: 829, 1985 - Biatorella deplanata Almq., Bot. Notiser, 1866: 69, 1866.



C - Abr.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 3, 2/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on Fraxinus, Salix, Populus, and other trees with base-rich bark.


+Strangospora moriformis (Ach.) Stein

[in Cohn] Krypt.-Fl. von Schlesien, Flecht.: 176, 1879 - Arthonia moriformis Ach., Syn. Meth. Lich.: 5, 1814.

Syn.: Biatorella improvisa (Nyl.) Almq. ?, Biatorella moriformis (Ach.) Th.Fr., Biatorella nitens Th.Fr.

N - TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Nascimbene 2006, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Lig. C - Marc, Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Falco Scampatelli 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 2, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on bark of conifers, rarely of deciduous trees, on basal parts of old trunks, and on hard lignum (e.g. on wooden poles).


+Strangospora pinicola (A.Massal.) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 173, 1860 - Sarcogyne pinicola A.Massal., Lotos, 6: 78, 1856.

Syn.: Biatorella pinicola (A.Massal.) Anzi

N - Frl, Lomb. C - Umbr (Ravera 1999, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 1-2, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on hard lignum (e.g. on poles) and on acid bark, esp. of conifers, more widespread in the Alps.


+Strigula affinis (A.Massal.) R.C.Harris

[in D.Hawksw. & al.] Lichenologist, 12: 107, 1980 - Sagedia affinis A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 138, n. 322, fig. 169, t. 25, 1853.

Syn.: Arthopyrenia affinis (A.Massal.) Boistel, Porina affinis (A.Massal.) Zahlbr.

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Fornasier & al. 2005, Ravera 2006), Abr, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas (Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly temperate species, found on the smooth bark of deciduous trees, esp. Juglans.


+Strigula buxi Chodat

[in Nahas] Etude biologique sur le Phoma buxi et le Strigula buxi: 50, 1933.

Syn.: Strigula elegans auct. eur. non (Fée) Müll.Arg., Strigula smaragdula auct. eur. non Fr.

S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Puntillo 2000, Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Roux & Sérusiaux 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Foliic/ 2, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a foliicolous subcuticular, atlantic-macaronesian species, also known from the Pyrenées and W France. The only Italian station is from a warm-humid coastal gorge.


+Strigula calcarea Bricaud & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. linn. Prov., 42: 13, 1991.



N - VG (Tretiach 1997, Tretiach & rinino 2006).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone in open submediterranean woodlands, recently-described, and perhaps more widespread.


+Strigula endolithea Cl.Roux & Bricaud

[in Roux & Sérusiaux] Bibl. Lichenol., 90: 88, 2004.



N - VG (Tretiach & Rinino 2006).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 1-2, 2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: a recently-described species, hitherto known from S France (anamorph) and the Park of the Miramare Castle near Trieste (teleomorph), on shaded calcareous rocks near the coast.


+Strigula glabra (A.Massal.) V.Wirth

Flechtenflora: 531, 1980 - Sagedia glabra A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 161, n. 293, fig. 313, 1852.

Syn.: Arthopyrenia glabra (A.Massal.) J. Nowak & Tobol., Porina glabra (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Pyrenula nectrospora Nägeli, Sagedia candida Anzi, Sagedia garovaglii A.Massal., Sagedia phillyreae Jatta, Sagedia thuretii v. glabella Garov., Spermatodium glabrum (A.Massal.) Trevis., Spermatodium heterosporum Trevis.

N - Ven, Lomb (Roux & Sérusiaux 2004). S - Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Caniglia & Grillo 2003).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on smooth bark, esp. in humid woodlands along rivers and creeks.


+Strigula minor (Vězda) Cl.Roux & Sérus.

[in Puntillo & al.] Cryptogamie, Mycol., 31, 3: 175, 2000 - Raciborskiella minor Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 18: 49, 1983.



S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Puntillo 2000, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 2000, Roux & Sérusiaux 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Foliic/ 2, 2-3, 1, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean-atlantic species with subtropical affinities, described from Georgia, and also known from the Pyrenées, in Italy it was found on evergreen leaves, and on cladodes of Ruscus in warm-humid stands.


+Strigula porinoides Canals, Boqueras & Gómez-Bolea

Mycotaxon, 55: 391, 1995



S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Canals & al. 1995, Roux & Sérusiaux 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Sax/ 5, 1-2, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on calcareous rocks, rarely on smooth bark, mostly in forests, the species is hitherto known only from the island of Marettimo and from Catalunia in Spain.


+Strrigula stigmatella (Ach.) R.C.Harris

[in D.Hawksw. & al.] Lichenologist, 12: 107, 1980 - Lichen stigmatellus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 15, 1799.

Syn.: Arthopyrenia faginea (Schaer.) Swinscow, Arthopyrenia faginea v. alpestris (Vězda) Swinscow, Arthopyrenia stigmatella (Ach.) A.Massal., Opegrapha thuretii Hepp, Porina faginea (Schaer.) Arnold, Porina faginea v. alpestris Vězda, Porina illinita Nyl., Porina muscorum A.Massal., Porina thuretii (Hepp) Lindau, Porina tenebricosa A.Massal., Pyrenula muscorum v. faginea (Schaer.) Garov., Sagedia illinita (Nyl.) Hav., Sagedia tenebricosa (A.Massal.) Jatta, Segestrella illinita (Nyl.) Körb., Segestria muscorum (A.Massal.) Trevis., Strigula alpestris (Vězda) Hafellner, Verrucaria stigmatella (Ach.) Ach., Verrucaria thuretii v. vulgaris Garov.

N - Frl (Roux & Sérusiaux 2004), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig. C - Tosc. S - Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a temperate species, found on bark and on epiphytic mosses on basal parts of trunks of deciduous trees, esp. Fagus.


+Strigula ziziphi (A.Massal.) Cl.Roux & Sérus.

Bibl. Lichenol., 90: 55, 2004 - Sagedia ziziphi A.Massal., Miscell. Lichenol., 30:60, 1856.

Syn.: Porina schizospora Vain., Strigula mediterranea Etayo

N - VG (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Carvalho 1997), TAA (Roux & Sérusiaux 2004), Lomb (Roux & Sérusiaux 2004). C - Tosc, Laz (Ravera 2006), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on bark of deciduous trees in open woodlands (e.g. on Quercus, Castanea), probably more widespread, but not commmon, esp. in S Italy. The record of Strigula taylorii s.lat. from Sicilia, by Nimis & al. (1994) refers to this species.


+Synalissa symphorea (Ach.) Nyl.

Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, 21: 264, 1856 - Lichen symphoreus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 135, 1799.

Syn.: Collema synalyssum (Ach.) Ach., Synalissa ramulosa auct. non (Hoffm.) Körb.


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