+Absconditella annexa



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N - VG, Frl (Henssen & Tretiach 1995), Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (TSB), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si.

Frut/ Cy.c/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: r, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ w/ Note: a mainly southern species in Europe, found on calcareous rocks, on steeply inclined faces with periodical water seepage, and often overgrowing the thalli of Mycobilimbia lurida.


+Syncesia myrticola (Fée) Tehler

Fl. Neotrop. Monogr., 75: 18, 1997 - Chiodecton myrticola Fée, Essai Cryptog. Ecorc. Offic., 1: 63, 1824.

Syn.: Chiodecton albidum (Taylor) Leight., Chiodecton petraeum Delise ex Duby, Syncesia albida Taylor

C - Tosc, Sar (Sundin & Tehler 1998). S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3-4, 3-4, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ coast/ Note: a humid subtropical to mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on bark and base-rich siliceous rocks in the most humid parts of Tyrrhenian Italy. Earlier records from Liguria (Nimis 1993: 221) refer to Schismatomma graphidioides.


+Teloschistes chrysophthalmus (L.) Th.Fr.

Gen. Heterolich.: 51, 1860 - Lichen chrysophthalmus L., Mantissa Plant., 2: 311, 1771.

Syn.: Borrera chrysophthalma (L.) Ach., Physcia chrysophtalma (L.) de Not., Tornabenia chrysophthalma (L.) A.Massal.

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach 1996), Ven, Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1998), Umbr (Ravera 2000, Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz. S - Camp, Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & al. 2006b).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: this is a lichen typical of situations with a dry climate with frequent spells of fog. It is found on twigs of shrubs and isolated trees in open habitats. It was much more common in the past, and presently it is extinct in many regions (esp. of the north).


+Teloschistes flavicans (Sw.) Norman

Nyt Mag. Naturvid., 7: 229, 1853 - Lichen flavicans Sw., Nov. Gen. Sp. Pl.: 147, 1788.

Syn.: Borrera flavicans (Sw.) Ach., Tornabenia flavicans (Sw.) A.Massal.

C - Sar. S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-5, 1, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a humid subtropical to mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on branches, bryophytes and rocks in a few warm-humid stands of Tyrrhenian Italy, mostly near the coast.


+Tephromela atra (Huds.) Hafellner v. atra

[in Kalb] Lich. Neotrop., 7: 297, 1983 - Lichen ater Huds., Fl. Angl., 1: 445, 1762.

Syn.: Lecanora atra (Huds.) Ach., Lecanora atra v. montana de Lesd. ?, Patellaria atra v. xylophila (Beltr.) Trevis. ?

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2001b, 2003), Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, Callegari & al. 2004, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Muggia & al. 2006, Tretiach & al. 2008), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Panfili 2000b, 2003, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999), Sar (Zedda & Sipman 2001, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Scarciglia & al. 2007), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-4, 1-2/ Alt: 1-6/ A: rc, A1: c, B: rc, C: rc, D: rr, E: er, F: c, G: rc, H: vr/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a widespread, holarctic, polymorphic and ecologically wide-ranging species, in the eu-Mediterranean belt it is restricted to sheltered situations, but elsewhere it occurs in sun-exposed habitats, albeit rarely, this taxon can also occur on bark.


+Tephromela atra v. calcarea (Jatta) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. sér., n. spéc. 7: 829, 1985 - Lecanora atra v. calcarea Jatta, N. Giorn. Bot. Ital., 12: 218, 1880.

Syn.: Lecanora atra f. pachythallina Th.Fr., Lecanora cypria Körb., Tephromela cypria (Körb.) Hafellner

N - Emil. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Muggia & al. 2006), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: rr, E: a, F: rc, G: c, H: rr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on calcifeorus rocks wetted by rain. Calcicolous specimens are common in S Italy, rarer in the north, perhaps they deserve to be treated at the rank of a forma.


+Tephromela atra v. torulosa (Flot.) Hafellner

[in Kalb & Hafellner] Herzogia, 9: 91, 1992 - Lecanora atra v. torulosa Flot., Deutsche Lich., 7: 12, 1821.

Syn.: Lecanora atra v. corticola (Hepp) Egeling

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Ven (TSB),TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (Giordani & al. 2002, Giordani 2006). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi 1996, Loppi & De Dominicis 1996, Loppi & al. 1996b, 1997, 1997b, 1998, 1998b, 1999a, Loppi & Nascimbene 1998, Tretiach & Ganis 1999, Muggia & al. 2006, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar (Loi & al. 2000). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: r, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ #/ Note: a temperate lichen, found on the bark of deciduous and evergreen broadleved trees. Tthis taxon deserves further study, corticolous forms of typical T. atra are not rare, but the most common morph differs in several respects from epiphytic samples of T. atra s.str. Several records of corticolous T. atra are filed here, but they need confirmation.


+Tephromela grumosa (Pers.) Hafellner & Cl.Roux

[in Clauzade & Cl.Roux] Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. sér., n. spéc. 7: 829, 1985 - Lichen grumosus Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 8: 36, 1795.

Syn.: Lecanora atra v. grumosa (Pers.) Ach., Lecanora grumosa (Pers.) Du Rietz

N - TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Tosc (Tretiach 2004, Muggia & al. 2006), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 1-2, 4-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly cool-temperate lichen, found on steeply inclined, acidic siliceous rocks. Earlier records from Marche and Sicilia accepted by Nimis (1993: 683), being dubious, are not accepted here.


+Tetramelas chloroleucus (Körb) A.Nordin

Lichenologist, 36, 6: 356, 2004 - Buellia chloroleuca Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 191, 1860.

Syn.: Buellia parasema v. saprophila (Ach.) Körb., Buellia poeltii T.Schauer, Tetramelas poeltii (T.Schauer) Kalb, Buellia punctata v. saprophila (Ach.) Anzi, Buellia zahlbruckneri J.Steiner sensu T.Schauer

N - Frl, Ven (Giralt & al. 2000, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Giralt & al. 2000, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Giralt & al. 2000), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil. C - Abr.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Lign/ 1-2, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane species found on lignum, esp. of conifers, see note on B. erubescens.


+Tetramelas geophilus (Sommerf.) §

§- Lecidea geophila [Flörke ex] Sommerf., Suppl. Fl. Lappon.: 157, 1826.

Syn.: Syn.: Buellia geophila (Sommerf.) Lynge, Buellia insignis v. muscorum Körb., Buellia trifracta J.Steiner, Lecidea triphragmia Nyl. non auct., Buellia triphragmia (Nyl.) Arnold non auct., Diplotomma geophilum (Sommerf.) D.D.Awasthi & S.R.Singh, Lecidea geophila Sommerf.

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane to arctic-alpine, crcumpolar lichen overgrowing terricolous and epilithic mosses on calciferous substrata, restricted to the Alps. A related species, "Buellia" trifracta J.Steiner, is known from the Alps of Austria.


+Tetramelas insignis (Hepp) Kalb

Bibl. Lichenol. 88: 323, 2004 - Lecidea insignis [Nägeli ex] Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 39, 1853.

Syn.: Buellia disciformis v. insignis (Hepp) Flagey, Buellia insignis (Hepp) Th.Fr., Buellia parasema v. albocincta Th.Fr., Buellia parasema v. muscorum (Schaer.) Th.Fr., Buellia epigaea v. cacuminum (A.Massal.) Jatta, Diploicia cacuminum A.Massal.,

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar lichen found on terricolous mosses and plant debris, rarely on rock, lignum and bark, esp. on basal parts of trunks. Perhaps resticted to the Alps in Italy.


+Tetramelas papillatus (Sommerf.) Kalb

Bibl. Lichenol, 88: 323, 2004 - Lecidea papillata Sommerf., Fl. Lapp.: 154, 1826.

Syn.: Buellia papillata (Sommerf.) Tuck., Buellia parasema v. papillata (Sommerf.) Th.Fr.

N - Frl, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4-5, 4, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine lichen of terricolous bryophytes, related to T. insignis.


+Tetramelas pulverulentus (Anzi) A.Nordin & Tibell

Lichenologist, 37: 497, 2005 - Abrothallus pulverulentus Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 116, 1860.

Syn.: Arthonia muscigenae (Anzi) "Jatta", Buellia convexa Th.Fr., Buellia pulverulenta (Anzi) Jatta, Karschia pulverulenta (Anzi) Körb., Leciographa muscigenae (Anzi) Rehm, Diplotomma pulverulentum (Anzi) D.Hawksw.

N - TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902), Lomb, VA (Hafellner 1979). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr-Sax-Epiph/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 2-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rc, A1: rr, B: vr, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras crustose and foliose lichens, esp. Physconia muscigena/ Note: a holarctic endoparasitical lichen (it grows inside the thalli of Physciaceae, but with its own photobiont), certainly more widespread in the Alps, but much overlooked in the past, descending below the oroboreal belt in dry-continental regions, rarer south of the central Apennines, but to be looked for in the mountains of Sicilia.


+Tetramelas triphragmioides (Anzi) A. Nordin & Tibell

Lichenologist, 37: 497 2005 - Buellia triphragmioides Anzi, Atti Soc. Ital. Sc. Nat. Milano, 11: 171, 1868.

Syn.: Buellia triphragmia v. rugulosa Bagl. & Carestia, Buellia triphragmioides v. lividescens Bagl. & Carestia, Diplotomma triphragmioides (Anzi) Szatala

N - TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb (Nordin 1996), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on smooth bark of Alnus, Populus tremula, Salix, etc., characterized by the yellowish thallus, and the C+ reaction of the medulla.


+Thamnolia vermicularis (Sw.) Schaer. v. vermicularis

[Ach. ex] Schaer., Enum. Crit. Lich. Eur.: 243, 1850 - Lichen vermicularis Sw., Meth. Musc. Illus.: 37, 1871.

Syn.: Cenomyce taurica (Wulfen) Röhl., Cenomyce vermicularis (Sw.) Röhl., Cladonia taurica (Wulfen) Hoffm., Cladonia vermicularis (Sw.) DC.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006), Lomb (Rivellini 1994), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, Hafellner & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Valcuvia 2000, Piervittori & al. 2004, Favero-Longo & al. 2006), Lig.

Frut/ Ch/ A.f/ Terr/ 2-4, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: ec, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on wind-exposed Alpine tundras, both on calcareous and siliceous substrata.


+Thamnolia vermicularis v. subuliformis (Ehrh.) Schaer.

Enum. Critic. Lich. Europ.: 243, 1850 - Lichen subuliformis Ehrh., Beitr. Naturk., 3: 82, 1788.

Syn.: Thamnolia subuliformis (Ehrh.) W.L.Culb., Thamnolia subvermicularis Asahina

N - Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003, 2003c), TAA (TSB), Lomb (TSB), Piem (TSB), VA (Valcuvia 2000, Piervittori & al. 2004).

Frut/ Ch/ A.f/ Terr/ 2-4, 4-5, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found in open, wind-exposed Alpine tundras, much rarer in the Italian Alps than the previous variety.


+Thelenella inductula (Nyl.) H.Mayrhofer

Bibl. Lichenol., 26: 38, 1987 - Verrucaria inductula Nyl. [in Hasse] Bull. Torrey Bot. Club, 24: 448, 1897.

Syn.: Microglaena sampaiana de Lesd., Microglaena inductula (Nyl.) Servit, Polyblastia inductula (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Thelenella sampaiana (de Lesd.) H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

S - Si (Ottonello & Puntillo 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mediterranean lichen, found on volcanic rocks, granite, schist in sheltered situations.


+Thelenella justii (Servít) H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

Herzogia 7, 1-2: 61, 1985 - Microglaena justii Servít [in Zschacke] Rabenhorsts’ Kryptogamenfl., 9,1: 665, 1934.



C - Laz (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, mainly western lichen, found on bark of broadleaved trees and shrubs.


+Thelenella melanospora Etayo & H.Mayrhofer

Nova Hedwigia, 77, 1-2: 111, 2003



C - Sar (Etayo & Mayrhofer 2003). S - Si (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ p/ Note: on the (mostly) smooth bark of shrubs (e.g. Pistacia). See also note on Th. modesta.


+Thelenella modesta (Nyl.) Nyl.

Mém. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 3: 193, 1855 - Verrucaria modesta Nyl., Bot. Notiser, 1853: 164, 1853.

Syn.: Dactyloblastus wallrothianus (Körb.) A.Massal., Luykenia modesta (Nyl.) Trevis., Microglaena modesta (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Microglaena wallrothiana Körb., Microglaena wallrothiana v. septentrionalis Th.Fr., Phlyctis norvegica Norman, Polyblastia modesta (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Verrucaria sericea v. wallrothiana (Körb.) Garov.

N - Ven, Lomb, Piem (Caniglia & al. 1992), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera 2001), Sar. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate, western lichen, found on bark of broadleaved trees and shrubs, mostly Tyrrhenian. Some earlier records from S Italy could refer to the strictly mediterranean Th. melanospora.


+Thelenella muscorum (Fr.) Vain.

1899§ - Verrucaria muscorum Fr., Syst. Orb. Veget.: 287, 1825.

Syn.: Chromatochlamys muscicola (Ach.) Trevis., Chromatochlamys muscorum (Fr.) H.Mayrhofer & Poelt , Microglaena macrospora de Lesd., Microglaena muscorum (Fr.) Th.Fr., Polyblastia muscorum (Fr.) Jatta, Weitenwebera muscorum (Fr.) Körb.

N - VG, Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Terr/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: rr, B: rr, C: rc, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a holarctic lichen, found on muribund pleurocarpous mosses on rocks and soil, when epiphytic, on basal parts of old trunks.


+Thelenella muscorum v. octospora (Nyl.) Coppins & Fryday

[in Fryday & Coppins] Lichenologist, 36, 2: 89-95, 2004 - Verrucaria muscicola v. octospora Nyl. [in Ohlert] Lich. Prov. Preussen: 43, 1870.

Syn.: Chromatochlamys muscorum v. octospora (Nyl.) H.Mayrhofer & Poelt

N - Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Terr/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly western lichen in Europe, found on muribund mosses on rocks and soil. The record from the Italian W Alps is somehow surprising.


+Thelenella pertusariella (Nyl.) Vain.

Acta Soc. Fauna Fl. Fenn., 49, 2: 155, 1921 - Verrucaria pertusariella Nyl., Flora, 47: 356, 1864.

Syn.: Microglaena pertusariella (Nyl.) Norman, Phlyctis submuriformis H.Magn.

N - TAA.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on smooth bark of small shrubs in the mountains (Daphne, Rhododendron, Salix, Sorbus). The record is from Austria, but close to the Italian border.




+Thelidium absconditum (Hepp) Rabenh.

Flecht. Eur.: n. 797, 1867 - Sagedia nigrella v. abscondita Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 698, 1860.

Syn.: Thelidium rodellense Lettau

N - TAA, Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on limestone, dolomite, calciferous schists. The relationship with Th. decipiens remains to be clarified, certainly more widespread in the Alps. The record from Venezia Giulia (see Nimis 1993: 685) is not accepted here, as it is far from the present border.


+Thelidium aeneovinosum (Anzi) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 18: 957, 1868 - Sagedia aeneovinosa Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2, 1: 25, 1864.

Syn.: Involucrothele aeneovinosa (Anzi) Servít, Involucrothele kutakii (Servít) Servít, Polyblastia kutakii (Servít) Servít, Thelidium aeneovinosum v. kutakii Servít, Thelidium diaboli A.Massal., Thelidium kutakii (Servít) Servít, Thelidium methorium (Nyl.) Hellb., Thelidium subrimulatum (Nyl.) Zschacke, Verrucaria subrimulata Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 1, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar lichen, found on periodically submerged siliceous rocks in Alpine to montane creeks.


+Thelidium antonellianum Bagl. & Carestia

Atti Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 326, 1880.

Syn.: Involucrothele antonelliana (Bagl. & Carestia) Servít

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3, 3, 1/ Alt: 5-6/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a poorly known species of crystalline, weakly calciferous schists. The type material, from the Italian Alps, was collected at 4.500 m.


+Thelidium cataractarum (Hepp) Lönnr.

[in Th.Fr.] K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Förh. 1858: 284, 1859 - Sagedia cataractarum Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: n. 442, 1857.

Syn.: Involucrothele cataractarum (Hepp) Servít, Thelidium fontigenum A.Massal.

N - Ven, Piem, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone, dolomite, calcareous sandstone, near creeks and waterfalls.


+Thelidium decipiens (Nyl.) Kremp.

Denkschr. K. Bayer. bot. Ges., 4, 2: 246, 1861 - Verrucaria pyrenophora v. decipiens Nyl., Mém. Soc. Imp. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 5: 137, 1858.

Syn.: Amphoridium crassum (Körb.) Servít, Amphoridium uberinum A.Massal., Thelidium amylaceum auct. non A.Massal., Thelidium cinerascens (Anzi) Servít, Thelidium coerulescens Jatta, Thelidium crassum A.Massal. ex Körb., Thelidium decipiens f. cinerascens (Anzi) Arnold, Thelidium hymenelioides Körb., Thelidium immersum (Leight.) Mudd, Thelidium leightonii M.Choisy, Thelidium pachysporum Zschacke, Thelidium umbrosum Arnold non (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Verrucaria crassa A.Massal., Verrucaria scrobicularis Garov.


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