+Absconditella annexa



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C - Abr (Recchia & Villa 1996), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: rc, C: rr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras A. calcarea s. lat./ Note: a S European and mediterranean-montane, very characteristic but often overlooked species of steeply inclined calcareous rocks, described from Egypt. It is not rare in Italy, esp. in the Apennines and on the islands, and should be looked for in the north.


+Aspicilia cheresina v. justii (Servít) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 27: 54, 1974 - Lecanora justii Servít, Feddes Rep., 38: 65, 1935.



C - Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: r, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras A. calcarea s. lat./ Note: a chemical strain with stictic and norstictic acids, certainly more widespread, at least in the mountains of the south.


+Aspicilia cheresina v. microspora (Arnold) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Linn. Prov., 27: 54, 1974 - Aspicilia calcarea v. microspora Arnold [in Glow.],Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 20: 450, 1870.

Syn.: Aspicilia microspora (Arnold) Hue, Aspicilia subcaesiocinerea Werner

N - VG, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 2/ Alt: 2-5/ A: a, A1: a, B: r, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras A. calcarea s. lat./ Note: a chemical strain with norstictic acid only, probably more widespread in the south.


+Aspicilia cinerea (L.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 164, 1855 - Lichen cinereus L., Mantissa Pl., I: 132, 1767.

Syn.: Aspicilia cinerea v. vulgaris Schaer., Aspicilia cinerea v. vulgaris Schaer. f. lignicola Anzi, Aspicilia depressa (Ach.) Anzi, Aspicilia gibbosa v. lignicola (Anzi) Bagl. & Carestia, Lecanora cinerea (L.) Sommerf., Lecanora cinerea v. tigrina Ach., Lecanora excipularis H.Magn. nomen sed non planta, Lecanora illimata (Wahlenb.) Ach., Lecanora protrudens Malme ?, Parmelia cinerea (L.) Ach., Parmelia multipuncta Ach., Sagedia depressa Ach., Urceolaria cinerea (L.) Ach.

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl, Ven (Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2001b, 2003, 2005b), Lomb (Rico & al. 2007), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004, 2006), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Piervittori & al. 1998, 2001, 2004), Emil (Dalle Vedove & al. 2002), Lig. C - Tosc, Marc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002), Pugl, Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vc, A1: ec, B: vc, C: rc, D: r, E: er, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ #/ Note: on more or less basic siliceous rocks wetted by rain. Taken in the broadest sense, as here, this is a holarctic and probably bipolar lichen, widespread from subtropical to arctic areas. In the Alps it has been often confused with A. epiglypta (Roux, in litt.)*.


+Aspicilia contorta (Hoffm.) Kremp. ssp. contorta

Denkschr. Kgl. bayer. bot. Ges. 4, 2: 175, 1861 - Verrucaria contorta Hoffm., Descr. Adumbr. Pl. Crypt. Lich., 1: 97, 1790.

Syn.: Aspicilia caecula (Ach.) Th.Fr., Aspicilia calcarea f. bullosa (A.Massal.) Arnold, Aspicilia calcarea v. contorta (Hoffm.) Körb., Aspicilia calcarea v. contorta (Hoffm.) DC., Lecanora calcarea v. contorta (Flörke) Hepp, Lecanora contorta (Hoffm.) Nyl., Aspicilia contorta v. disseminata (J.Seiner) Szatala ?, Aspicilia contorta v. glaucopsis (Flörke) Szatala ?, Pachyospora calcarea v. contorta (Hoffm.) A.Massal., Parmelia contorta (Hoffm.) Spreng. non Bory



N - VG, Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA (Nascimbene 2001b, 2003, 2005b), Lomb (Valcuvia 2002, 2002b), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996, Dalle Vedove & al. 2002, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Poli & al. 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 4/ Alt: 1-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: r, C: rr, D: rr, E: vr, F: r, G: vr, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ p/ Note: a widespread lichen, which in Italy is much less frequent than ssp. hoffmanniana, and is generally bound to less disturbed situations. I have the impression that these two subspecies are worthy of being kept separate, but the complex needs a revision. Some records refer to A. contorta s.lat. See also note to ssp. hoffmanniana.


+Aspicilia contorta ssp. hoffmanniana S. Ekman & Fröberg

[in Fröberg] Calc. Lich. Öland: 39, 1989.



Syn.: Aspicilia caesioalba (Le Prévost) Hue, Aspicilia hoffmannii auct. non (Ach.) Flagey, Lecanora caesioalba Le Prévost, Lecanora calcarea v. hoffmannii (Ach.) Sommerf., Lecanora hoffmannii (Ach.) Müll.Arg., Pachyospora calcarea f. cinereovirens A.Massal. ?

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Nimis & Salvadori 1998), Ven, TAA, Lomb (Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar (TSB). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 3-4, 3-4, 3-5/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: vr, C: vc, D: ec, E: c, F: ec, G: vc, H: rc/ PF: 1-3/ p/ Note: an early colonizer of a wide variety of calciferous or base-rich substrata, from limestone and dolomite to brick, roofing tiles and mortar walls, one of the most frequent Aspicilia in Italy, occurring also inside large urban areas. See also notes to Aspicilia contorta ssp. contorta and to A. viridescens.


+Aspicilia coronata (A.Massal.) Anzi

Lich. Rar. Ven.: 51, 1863 - Pachyospora coronata A.Massal., Mem. Lichenogr.: 131, n. 308, f. 161, t. 24, 1853.

Syn.: Aspicilia calcarea v. coronata (A.Massal.) Körb., Aspicilia coronata v. petkae (Servìt) Szatala ?, Aspicilia laurensii de Lesd., Lecanora coronata (A.Massal.) Jatta, Lecanora laurensii (de Lesd.) Croz.

N - Ven. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: rc, C: c, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: related to A. contorta, but with an endolithic to hemiendolithic thallus, this is a mainly southern species in Europe, most common on hard dolomite. In Italy it is most frequent in upland areas, esp. in the south.


+Aspicilia crespiana V.J.Rico

Lichenologist, 31, 2: 130, 1999.



C - Sar (Rico 1999).

Frut/ Ch/ S/ Sax, Terr/ 2-3, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: this characteristic subfruticulose species growing amongst mosses on siliceous substrata is hitherto known only from Central Spain and Sardegna. It occurs on mosses and on exposed, more or less horizontal surfaces of granitic rocks.


+Aspicilia cupreoglauca de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 57: 32, 1910.

Syn.: Aspicilia cinerea v. rubicunda Bagl.

C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Si (Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: r, H: a/ PF:1/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen, found on base-rich siliceous rocks wetted by rain, mainly Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Aspicilia cupreogrisea (Th.Fr.) Hue

Nouv. Arch. Mus., sér. 5, 2: 10, 1912 - Lecanora cupreogrisea Th.Fr., Lich. Scand., 1: 278, 1871.



N - VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on siliceous rocks in the mountains, perhaps more widespread in the Alps.


+Aspicilia epiglypta (Nyl.) Hue

Nouvelles Archives du Museum d'Histoire Naturelle, Paris, 5 Série 2: 7, 1912 [1910] - Lecanora epiglypta [Norrl. ex] Nyl., Flora, 64: 4, 1881.



N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: rr, B: rr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: Certainly much more widespread, esp. in the Alps. See note on A. cinerea.


+Aspicilia esculenta (Pall.) Flagey

Cat. Lich. Algerie: 52, 1869 - Lichen esculentus Pall., Reise Prov. Russ. Reiches, 3, 1778.

Syn.: Aspicilia desertorum (Kremp.) Mereschk., Lecanora auricularis Werner, Lecanora desertorum Kremp., Lecanora toubkalensis Werner, Lecanora esculenta (Pall.) Eversm.

C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 5, 5, 2-3/ Alt: 5/ A: er, A1: a, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF:1/ subc/ Note: a xeric subtropical lichen of steeply inclined hard calcareous rocks and dolomite, limited to the oromediterranean belt in Italy, and probably absent from the Alps.


+Aspicilia farinosa (Flörke) Arnold

Flora, 67: 409, 1884 - Urceolaria calcarea v. farinosa Flörke, Ges. naturf. Fr. Berlin Mag., 4: 125, 1810.

Syn.: Aspicilia calcarea v. farinosa (Flörke) Hazsl., Lecanora farinosa (Flörke) Nyl., Pachyospora calcarea v. farinosa (Flörke) A.Massal., Pachyospora farinosa (Flörke) A.Massal.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Benesperi 2000a), Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr, Mol (Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (TSB), Si (Grillo 1998).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: c, C: rc, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly southern species in Europe, found on hard rocks, esp. on dolomite, with optimum in the montane belt. Arnold used the epithet "farinosa" for A. calcarea (Hafellner & Türk 2001): some old records from the Alps could refer to that species.


+Aspicilia gibbosa (Ach.) Körb.

Syst. Lich. Germ.: 163, 1855 - Urceolaria gibbosa Ach., Meth. Lich.: 144, 1803.

Syn.: Lecanora gibbosa (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora gibbosula H.Magn.

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on siliceous rocks wetted by rain in the mountains. The epithet "gibbosa" was frequently used by European authors for A. caesiocinerea. However, I have seen several old collections from Trentino-AltoAdige, Lombardia and Piemonte, which clearly belong to this taxon. However, this could well prove to be a chemical strain of A. caesiocinerea.


+Aspicilia glomerulans (Poelt) Poelt

Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 8: 202, 1970 - Lecanora glomerulans Poelt, Mitt. bot. Staatss. München, 4: 177, 1961.



C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 5/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a rarely-collected lichen described from the Central Alps, probably overlooked, being often sterile.


+Aspicilia grisea Arnold

Ber. bayer. bot. Gesell., 1: 62, 1891.

Syn.: Aspicilia insolata (H.Magn.) Hav., Lecanora grisea (Arnold) Lettau non Ach., Lecanora griseolans Zahlbr., Lecanora insolata H.Magn.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ p/ PF: 1/ Note: on small siliceous pebbles, certainly more widespread in the Alps, but very much overlooked.


+Aspicilia henrici de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 19: 686, 1912.



N - VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 3-4, 2/ Alt: 5/ A: vr, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very poorly-known taxon described from the Aosta Valley. It is similar to A. valpellinensis, but it reacts K-. Indicator values are tentative.


+Aspicilia hispida Mereschk.

Excurs. Lichenol. Stepp. Kirgis.: 35, 1911.

Syn.: Agrestia cyphellata J.W.Thomson, Agrestia hispida (Mereschk.) Hale & W.L.Culb., Lecanora hispida (Mereschk.) Zahlbr.

N - Piem (Hafellner & al. 2004).

Frut/ Ch/ A.f/ Terr/ 3-5, 4-5, 4-5, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ subc/ Note: a species of the steppes of C Asia, with a disjunct distribution in the most continental parts of the Iberian Peninsula, recently found in the mountains of Greece and in the W Alps (Hafellner & al. 2003).


+Aspicilia hydrocharis Poelt & Nimis

[in Nimis & Poelt] Studia Geobot., 7, suppl. 1: 44, 1987.



C - Sar.

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 3-4, 1, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a very characteristic species known only from the type locality, on periodically submerged basaltic rocks in a creek dry during summer. In spite of the placodiomorph thallus, its attribution to Lobotallia must await further study.


+Aspicilia inornata Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 27: 550, 1877.



N - Ven, TAA, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 1, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: vr, B: er, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: on periodically submerged schistose rocks along brooks. Most frequent in the Alps. According to Roux (in litt.) it is relatively frequent also in the Mediterranean region, which suggests that two distinct taxa might be involved.


+Aspicilia intermutans (Nyl.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 28: 98, 1887 - Lecanora intermutans Nyl., Flora, 55: 354, 1872.

Syn.: Aspicilia ammotropha Hue, Lecanora ammotropha (Hue) Zahlbr., Aspicilia reticulata Kremp. ?, Aspicilia trachytica Flagey non (A.Massal.) Arnold, Aspiciliella intermutans (Nyl.) M. Choisy

N - VG, Ven, TAA, Lomb (De Vita & Valcuvia 2004, Delucchi & Valcuvia 2004, Valcuvia & al. 2003), Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Laz (Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: vc, G: c, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on more or less base-rich siliceous rocks wetted by rain. This is one of the most frequent silicicolous Aspicilia of Mediterranean Italy, rare or absent only along the Adriatic side of the Peninsula, mainly because of the scarcity of suitable substrata. The record from Val d'Aosta (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999) at 3000 m, being almost certainly wrong, is not accepted here. Most of the other records from the Alps, especially those from high altitudes, are likely to be due to confusion with A. cinerea and A. epiglypta.*


+Aspicilia laevata (Ach.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 37: 98, 1887 - Sagedia laevata Ach., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.: 164, 1809.

Syn.: Aspicilia cinerea v. laevata (Ach.) Körb., Aspicilia gibbosa v. laevata (Ach.) Stein, Aspicilia lusca (Nyl.) de Lesd., Aspicilia sylvatica Arnold, Aspicilia vitrea Anzi, Lecanora distinguenda Zahlbr., Lecanora gibbosa v. laevata (Ach.) Th.Fr., Lecanora laevata (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora lusca Nyl., Lecanora sylvatica (Arnold) Sandst.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb (Isocrono & al. 2004), Piem, Emil. C - Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: a, A1: rr, B: r, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar species found on periodically submerged rocks, sometimes also in humid forests. Most frequent in the Alps, but extending southwards along the Apennines to Calabria.


+Aspicilia laevatoides (H.Magn.) Oksner

Handbook Lich. U.S.S.R., 1: 159, 1971 - Lecanora laevatoides H.Magn., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 3 ser., 17, 5, 1939.



N - TAA, Lomb (Nascimbene 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ #/ Note: a poorly-known species described from South Tyrol, apparently ranging from S Scandinavia to the mountains of N Africa on periodically submerged siliceous rocks along brooks.

+Aspicilia mashiginensis (Zahlbr.) Oksner

Handbook of the Lichens of the USSR, 1: 211, 1971 - Lecanora mashiginensis Zahlbr., Rep. Sci. Res. Norweg. Exped. Novaya Zemlya: 20, tab.3, fig.2, 1921

Syn.: Aspicilia cinerea f. papillata Arnold, Aspicilia mastrucata auct. eur. merid. non (Wahlenb.) Ach.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Piem (TSB).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 4-6/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on crystalline siliceous rocks in humid-shaded situations, to be looked further throughout the Alps. For further information see Tretiach & Hafellner (1998).


+Aspicilia moenium (Vain.) G.Thor & Timdal

Graphis Scripta, 4, 2: 66, 1992 - Endocarpon moenium Vain., Acta Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 49, 2: 83, 1921.

Syn.: Aspicilia excavata G.Thor & Timdal

N - VG (!), Frl, TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 5, 3, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 2/ p/ Note: a mainly temperate, inconspicuous lichen, certainly more widespread in the north on man-made substrata (mortar, cement, etc.), more rarely on calciferous schists, on steeply inclined faces, very much overlooked. The record from VG is from the wall of a private house in the village of S. Lorenzo near Trieste (vidi sed non legi!).


+Aspicilia polychroma Anzi

Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 59, 1860.

Syn.: Aspicilia lyndsayi Walt.Watson ?, Aspicilia polychroma ssp. hypertrophica Asta & Cl.Roux ?, Aspicilia polychroma v. perradiata (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux ?, Aspicilia polychroma v. rubrireagens Asta & Cl.Roux nom. inval., Lecanora polychroma (Anzi) Nyl., Aspicilia polychroma v. ochracea Anzi ?

N - Ven, TAA (Nascimbene 2005), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (TSB), Emil (Tretiach & al. 2008). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3-4, 1-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: vr, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine, perhaps circumpolar, chemically and morphologically variable species with optimum on calciferous siliceous rocks. The record from Campania by Nimis & Tretiach (2004) was due to a misidentification.


+Aspicilia recedens (Taylor) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 46: 107, 1896 - Lecidea recedens Taylor [in J. Mackay] Fl. Hibern., 2: 117, 1836.

Syn.: Aspicilia bohemica Körb., Aspicilia polygonia v. dedalaea (Schaer.) A.Massal. ?, Aspicilia polygonia v. pantherina A.Massal.?, Lecanora bohemica (Körb.) H.Magn., Lecanora griseola Th.Fr., Lecanora subcinerea Nyl., Lecanora recedens (Taylor) Nyl., Urceolaria cinerea v. alba f. dedalaea Schaer. ?

N - Ven, TAA (Nascimbene 2005), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a lichen ranging from the boreal zone to the mediterranean mountains, found on periodically wetted but rapidly drying siliceous rocks. Ecologically similar to Lasallia pustulata, probably more widespread in the Alps.


+Aspicilia simoënsis Räsänen

Meddel. Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 1: 39, 1925.

Syn.: Lecanora bahusiensis H.Magn., Lecanora isidiata (H.Magn.) H.Magn., Lecanora simoënsis (Räsänen) Zahlbr., Lecanora simoënsis v. isidiata H.Magn.

N - Ven (Nascimbene 2003), TAA (Nascimbene 2004), VA (Favero-Longo & al. 2006), Emil. C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 3/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: described from Finland and relatively frequent in the mountains of C Europe, this isidiate-blastidiate lichen is certainly more widespread in the Italian Alps. The record from Sicilia suggests that it should be looked for more intensively along the Apennines, in areas with siliceous substrata.


+Aspicilia supertegens Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 17: 567, 1877.

Syn.: Aspicilia prinii de Lesd., Lecanora supertegens (Arnold) Zahlbr.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: vr, A1: r, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a boreal-montane to arctic-alpine, perhaps circumpolar, variable lichen, found on lime-free but base-rich rocks, often on mica-schist in humid situations (near brooks, melting snow, etc.), probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Aspicilia valpellinensis de Lesd.

Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 59: 686, 1912.

Syn.: Aspicilia cinerea v. chiodectonoides Anzi, Lecanora valpellinensis (de Lesd.) Zahlbr.

N - Lomb, VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a very poorly-known species (see Nimis 1993: 106), found on calciferous schists, only known from the Alps and Scandinavia. Indicator values are tentative.


+Aspicilia verruculosa Kremp.

Denkschr. bot. Ges. Regensburg, 4, 2: 283, 1861, non Aspicilia verruculosa sensu H.Magn.

Syn.: Aspicilia calcarea v. concreta f. lobulata Anzi, Lecanora effigurans Zahlbr., Lecanora krempelhuberi Jatta non Schaer., Lecanora permutata Zahlbr., Lecanora verruculosa sensu H.Magn.

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on weakly calciferous rocks. A critical taxon, known only from the S European mountains (see Nimis 1993: 106).


+Aspicilia viridescens (A.Massal.) Hue

Nouv. Arch. Muséum, ser. 5, 2: 117, 1912 (1910) - Pachyospora viridescens A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 46, 1852.



N - Ven (Massalongo 1852), TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902). C - Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (TSB), Si (Nimis & al 1994, 1995, Ottonello & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: rc, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: on limestone, dolomite, base-rich hard siliceous rocks (e.g. basalt), most frequent in the south. In my opinion this is a well-distinguished species, differing from typical A. contorta and its ssp. hoffmanniana. Several south Italian records of Aspicilia contorta s. lat. reported by Nimis (1993: 100) could refer to this taxon.


+Aspilidea myrinii (Fr.) Hafellner

[in Hafellner & Türk] Stapfia, 76: 149, 2001 - Parmelia myrinii Fr. [in Myrin], Skandia 6: 25, 1835.

Syn.: Aspicilia adunans (Nyl.) Arnold, Aspicilia cinerea v. alpina (Fr.) Körb., Aspicilia glacialis (Arnold) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Aspicilia myrinii (Fr.) Stein, Lecanora adunans Nyl., Lecanora myrinii (Fr.) Tuck.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 1-2, 4, 3-4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine, circumpolar species, found on crystalline schists and acid siliceous rocks, probably restricted to, and more widespread in the Alps in Italy. For the record from South Tyrol see Nimis (1993: 103-104).

§§§FINQUI

+Bacidia absistens (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 53: 472, 1870 - Lecidea absistens Nyl., Flora, 52: 295, 1869.

Syn.: Bacidia intermissa (Nyl.) Malme, Lecidea intermissa Nyl.



C - Tosc, Laz (Ravera 2006). S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species, found on base-rich substrata, in clearings of ancient forests, sometimes on epiphytic bryophytes, mainly Tyrrhenian, but to be looked for also in humid parts of the Alps.


+Bacidia arceutina (Ach.) Arnold

Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 19: 624, 1869 - Lecidea luteola v. arceutina Ach., Meth. Lich.: 61, 1803.

Syn.: Bacidia arceutina v. hypnaea (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Bacidia effusa (Sm.) Trevis. non auct., Bacidia leightoniana (Larbal. ex Leight.) H.Olivier, Lecidea arceutina (Ach.) Gray

N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera & al. 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002, Zedda & al. 2001). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: a/ suboc/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species, found on bark of broad-leaved treees (esp. Acer, Fraxinus and Populus) in open woodlands near rivers, very rarely calcicolous or muscicolous.


+Bacidia auerswaldii (Stizenb.) Mig.

Krypt. -Fl. Deutschl., Deutsch-Österreich, Schweiz, 4, 2: 267, 1931 - Lecidea auerswaldii [Hepp ex] Stizenb., Ber. Thät. St. Gall. naturw. Ges. 1880-81: 416, 1882.

Syn.: Bacidia effusa (Auersw. ex Rabenh.) Lettau nom. illegit. non (Sm.) Trevis. nec auct., Bacidia effusella Zahlbr., Bilimbia effusa Auersw. ex Rabenh., Lecidea effusa (Rabenh.) Stizenb.

S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a a mild-temperate to humid subtropical, mainly subatlantic species of humid open forests, also known from the Alps of Austria.


+Bacidia bagliettoana (A.Massal. & De Not.) Jatta

Sylloge Lich. Ital.: 421, 1900 - Scoliciosporum bagliettoanum A.Massal. & De Not. [in Massal.] Mem. Lichenogr.: 126, n. 295, fig. 166, t. 25, 1853.

Syn.: Bacidia atrosanguinea v. muscorum (Sw.) Th.Fr., Bacidia muscorum (Sw.) Mudd, Bacidia muscorum v. viridescens (A.Massal.) Arnold, Bacidia pezizoidea sensu Anzi, Bacidia viridescens (A.Massal.) Norman, Bilimbia sphaeroides v. lignaria Flot., Heterothecium viridescens A.Massal., Lecidea muscorum (Sw.) Ach. non (Th.Fr.) Dalla Torre & Sarnth., Rhaphiospora viridescens (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Scoliciosporum viridescens (A.Massal.) A.Massal.

N - Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr-Sax/ 3-5, 3-4, 4, 1-3/ Alt: 2-5/ A: rc, A1: c, B: rc, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, cicumpolar lichen of muribund bryophytes and plant debris in dry grasslands, or in fissures of calcareous rocks and dolomite. The record from Venezia Giulia (Nimis 1993: 108), being from Slovenia and far from the border, is not accepted here.


+Bacidia beckhausii Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 134, 1860.

Syn.: Bacidia bacillifera v. minuscula (Anzi) Arnold, Bacidia beckhausii v. obscurior Th.Fr., Bacidia beckhausii v. poliaena (Nyl.) Arnold, Bacidia minuscula Anzi, Bacidia stenospora (Hepp) Arnold, Lecidea denigrata v. bacidiella Vain., Micarea beckhausii (Körb.) Vězda, Micarea minuscula (Anzi) Vězda

N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, Loppi & Putortì 2001), Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate lichen, found on bark of broad-leaved trees (esp. Fraxinus) in open, humid, mostly montane woodlands. The species is related to de Scoliciosporium pruinosum (P.James) Vězda, and noes not belong to Bacidia.


+Bacidia circumspecta (Vain.) Malme

Bot. Notiser, 1895: 140, 1895 - Lecidea bacillifera v. circumspecta [Nyl. in Norrl. & Nyl. ex] Vain., Medd. Soc. F. Fl. Fenn., 10: 22, 1883.

Syn.: Bacidia bacillifera (Nyl.) Arnold p.p., Bacidia quercicola (Nyl.) Vain., Lecidea circumspecta (Vain.) Hedl.

N - VG (Carvalho 1997). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Ravera & al. 1999, 2000, 2002, Munzi & al. 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1998, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 2, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on old trees in open, humid woodlands, more rarely on primarily acid, but nutrient-enriched bark.


+Bacidia colchica Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon. 15: 206, 1979.



S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Puntillo 2000. Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Foliic/ 2-3, 2-3, 1, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a humid subtropical lichen described from Caucasus, and also reported from the Pyrenées, known from a single locality in Italy, a very humid gorge near the Tyrrhenian coast.


+Bacidia crozalsiana (H.Olivier) Zahlbr.

Cat. Lich. Univ., 4: 108, 1927 - Lecania crozalsiana H.Olivier, Bull. Acad. Intern. Géogr. Bot., 14: 205, 1905.



S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: a humid subtropical lichen of more or less isolated trees in warm-humid areas, exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Bacidia fraxinea Lönnr.

Flora, 41: 612, 1858.

Syn: Bacidia fallax (Körb.) Lettau, Bacidia rubella v. fallax Körb.

C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate, probably mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on deciduous trees, esp.Acer, in open, humid woodlands, mainly Tyrrhenian in Italy. Some earlier records from Lazio (Castelporziano, see Nimis 1993: 110) refer to B. parathalassica.


+Bacidia friesiana (Hepp) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol., 2: 133, 1860 - Biatora friesiana Hepp, Flecht. Eur.: nr. 288, 1857.



N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc, Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, most frequent on Sambucus, or near the base of trees with nutrient-rich bark.


+Bacidia fuscoviridis (Anzi) Lettau

Hedwigia, 52: 132, 1912 - Bilimbia fuscoviridis Anzi, Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 16, 1864.

Syn.: Biatorina albidocarnea (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Bilimbia albocarnea (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Toninia albidocarnea (Nyl.) Guillaumot, Lecidea albidocarnea Nyl.

N - Frl, Lomb. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 3-4, 3, 2, 3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on calciferous and basic siliceous rocks in sheltered and humid situations, rarely collected, being often sterile.


+Bacidia herbarum (Stizenb.) Arnold

Flora, 68: 569, 1865 - Secoliga herbarum Stizenb., N. Acta Leopoldin. -Carolin., 30, 3: 46, 1863.

Syn.: Bacidia fraterna Anzi, Mycobilimbia herbarum (Stizenb.) Rehm

N - Frl, TAA, Lomb, Piem (TSB), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006, 2006b). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996)

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 3-4, 4, 4, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: vr, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a cool-temperate to arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar lichen, found on plant remains and muribund bryophytes on calciferous ground, probably more widespread in Italy, also along the Apennines.


+Bacidia igniarii (Nyl.) Oksner

Flora Lis. Ukrajini, 2: 166, 1968 - Lecidea igniarii Nyl., Flora, 50: 328, 1867.

Syn.: Bacidia abbrevians (Nyl.) Th.Fr.

N - TAA, Lomb. C - Tosc, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: a northern species of smooth bark, very rarely found on lignum, a critical taxon, which needs revision.


+Bacidia incompta (Hook.) Anzi

Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 70, 1860 - Lecidea incompta [Borrer ex] Hook. [in Hook. & Sowerby] Engl. Bot., Suppl. 2, pl. 2699, 1834.

Syn.: Bacidia atrosanguinea (Schaer.) Anzi, Bacidia subinundata (Nyl.) Blomb. & Forssell, Bacidia viridula Erichsen, Lecidea atrosanguinea (Schaer.) Th.Fr. non (Hoffm.) Nyl., Scoliciosporum molle A.Massal.

N - Ven, TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Sar (Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate species of base-rich bark, esp. of Ulmus, near wounds of the trunk, certainly declining in Italy. The generic position is not clear.


+Bacidia laurocerasi (Duby) Zahlbr.

[Vain. ex] Zahlbr., Cat. Lich. Univ., 4: 213, 1926 - Patellaria laurocerasi [Delise ex] Duby, Bot. Gall., 2: 653, 1830.

Syn.: Bacidia atrogrisea (Hepp) Körb. non Th.Fr., Bacidia elevata Körb., Bacidia endoleuca auct. non (Nyl.) J. J. Kickx f., Bacidia subacerina Vain., Bacidia subacerina ssp. laurocerasi (Duby) Vain., Bacidia violacea (Arnold) Arnold non "(Crouan) Arnold", Biatora atrogrisea (Hepp) Körb., Lecidea atrogrisea (Hepp) Samp.

N - Frl, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA, Lomb. C - Tosc, Umbr (Ravera 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Sar (Loi & al. 2000, Zedda 2001, 2002). S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo 1996, Sérusiaux 1998), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a humid subtropical to mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on smooth bark of broad-leaved trees in open humid forests, mostly Tyrrhenian.

+Bacidia parathalassica Llop & Gomez-Bolea

Mycotaxon, 72: 80, 1999.



C - Laz (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a recently-described, probaby mediterranean-atlantic species, related to B. fraxinea and B. rubella, but bound to coastal, humid situations, on littoral shrubs, esp. Juniperus. See also note to B. fraxinea.


+Bacidia polychroa (Th.Fr.) Körb.

Parerga Lichenol.: 131, 1860 - Biatora polychroa Th.Fr., öfvers. K. Vetensk.-Acad. Förh. 12, 1: 17, 1855.

Syn.: Bacidia acerina (Ach.) Arnold non auct., Bacidia anceps Anzi, Bacidia fuscorubella (Ach.) Bausch, Bacidia fuscorubella v. phaea (Stizenb.) Th.Fr., Bacidia polysita (Stirt.) A.L.Sm., Lecidea acerina Ach., Lecidea luteola v. fuscorubella Ach., Secoliga fuscorubella (Ach.) Stizenb., Verrucaria fuscorubella Hoffm. nom. inval.

N - TAA, Lomb. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical lichen, found on broad-leaved trees in open, humid forests.


+Bacidia rosella (Pers.) De Not.

Giorn. Bot. Ital., 2, 1, 1: 190, 1846 - Lichen rosellus Pers., Usteri's N. Ann. Bot., 7: 25, 1794.

Syn.: Biatora alabastrina (Ach.) W.Mann, Lecidea alabastrina Ach., Lecidea alabastrina v. anceps Ach.

N - Ven, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Umbr (Panfili 2000, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Massari & Ravera 2003), Abr, Sar (Loi & al. 2000, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Potenza 2006), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 1-2, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean-atlantic lichen found on deciduous trees (esp. Acer and Fraxinus, but also on Quercus ilex), in humid, open forests and in woodlands along rivers, declining and perhaps extinct in the north, but still locally abundant in suitable habitats of the south.


+Bacidia rubella (Hoffm.) A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 118, 1852 - Verrucaria rubella Hoffm., Deutschl. Flora, 2: 174, 1796.

Syn.: Bacidia luteola auct., Bacidia rubella v. luteola (Schrad.) Th.Fr., Bacidia rubella v. porriginosa (Turner) Hazsl., Bacidia rubella v. vulgaris Körb., Biatora luteola auct., Lecidea luteola auct. Ach., Lichen luteolus Schrad. nom. illeg.

N - VG (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Castello 1996, Carvalho 1997), Frl, Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Bassi 1995, Gasparo & Tretiach 1996, Nimis & al. 1996), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Loppi & Putortì 1995, Loppi & al. 1995, 1997, 1998, 1998b, Loppi 1996, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004, Ravera 2002, Massari & Ravera 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Abr (Recchia & al. 1993, Olivieri & Pacioni 1996, Olivieri & al. 1997, 1997b, Loppi & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar (Zedda & al. 2001, Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Cristaudo 1995, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004, 2006).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: er, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a temperate lichen, found on old trees, esp. oaks, still widespread, but probably declining, almost extinct in the Po-plain, optimum in the submediterranean belt.


+Bacidia subincompta (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 53: 472, 1870 - Lecidea subincompta Nyl., Flora, 48: 147, 1865.

Syn.: Bacidia affinis (Stizenb.) Vain., Bacidia atrosanguinea v. corticola Th.Fr., Bacidia intermediella Vězda, Biatora atrosanguinea v. hegetschweileri Hepp, Bacidia hegetschweileri (Hepp) Vain. non auct., Bacidia separabilis (Nyl.) Arnold, Lecidea hegetschweileri Hepp nom.nud., Lecidea separabilis Nyl.

N - Frl (Hinteregger 1994), Ven (Nascimbene 2004, Nascimbene & al. 2005b, 2006c), TAA (Hinteregger 1994, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b), Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: r, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate lichen found on bark of old broad-leaved trees (esp. Fagus and Quercus) in open, humid woodlands. For nomenclatural problems see Ekman (1996).


+Bacidia trachona (Ach.) Lettau

Hedwigia, 52: 133, 1912 - Verrucaria trachona Ach., Meth. Lich. Suppl.: 16, 1803.

Syn.: Bacidia intercedens (Arnold) Zahlbr. ?, Biatora trachona (Ach.) Körb., Biatorina seposita Th.Fr., Bilimbia trachona (Ach.) Trevis.

N - Frl, TAA. C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp, Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ u/ Note: on steeply inclined to underhanging faces of calciferous or basic siliceous rocks, exceptionally on bark in deep crevices at the base of trunks. All the Italian samples need revision: according to Lop & Ekman (2004) the true Bacidia trachona does not belong into Bacidia and has an oceanic distribution in Europe from Portugal to Scandinavia, wehereas mediterranean samples attributed to this taxon should be named Bacidia coprodes (Körb.) Lettau, basionym Bilimbia coprodes Körb. (syn.: Bacidia granosa (Tuck.) Zahlbr). The record from Venezia Giulia in Nimis (1993: 114) has been excluded, being from Slovenia.


+Bacidia vermifera (Nyl.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 1: 363, 1874 - Lecidea vermifera Nyl., Bot. Notiser 1853: 98, 1853.

Syn.: Bacidia hegetschweileri auct. non (Hepp) Vain., Bacidia rhodopsis Th.Fr. & Almq., Biatora atrosanguinea f. hegetschweileri auct. non Hepp, Bilimbia lecideoides (Hazsl.) Th.Fr., Scoliciosporum vermiferum (Nyl.) Arnold

N - TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: For nomenclatural problems see Ekman (1996).


+Bacidina aphianica (Müll.Arg.) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 25: 432, 1991 - Patellaria aphianica Müll.Arg., Lichenes Epiphylli Novi: 9, 1890.

Syn.: Bacidia aphianica (Müll.Arg.) Zahlbr., Woessia aphianica (Müll.Arg.) Sérus.

C - Tosc (Puntillo & Ottonello 1997, Puntillo 2000). S - Camp, Cal (Puntillo & Vězda 1994, Puntillo 1995, 1996, 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Foliic/ 2, 2-3, 1, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: a foliicolous pan- to subtropical species, in Italy restricted to very humid and warm forests near the coast.


+Bacidina arnoldiana (Körb.) V.Wirth & Vězda

[in V.Wirth] Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk., Ser. A 517: 62, 1994 - Bacidia arnoldiana Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 134, 1860.

Syn.: Lecidea larbalestieri Cromb., Woessia arnoldiana (Körb.) Sérus. & Diederich, Woessia fusarioides D.Hawksw., Poelt & Tscherm-Woess

N - VG, Frl, Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lig. C - Tosc (Tretiach & al. 2008), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp, Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 3-5, 2-3, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen found on calciferous rocks, esp. in open woodlands, rarely on basal parts of old trees with base-rich bark, often sterile, and much overlooked.


+Bacidina assulata (Körb.) S. Ekman

Opera Bot., 127: 116, 1996 - Bacidia rubella v. assulata Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 131, 1860.

Syn.: Bacidia anomala A.Massal., Bacidia assulata (Körb.) Vězda, Bacidia effusa auct., Bacidia intermedia (Hepp ex Stizenb.) Arnold nom. illegit. non Hampe, Secoliga arceutina f. intermedia Hepp ex Stizenb.

N - TAA, Lomb. C - Tosc, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: according to Ekman (1996) Italian material does not belong to this species, and still awaits a formal description.


+Bacidina chloroticula (Nyl.) Vězda & Poelt

[in Vězda] Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 25: 432, 1990 - Lecidea chloroticula Nyl., Flora, 60: 504, 1878.

Syn: Bacidia chloroticula (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Bacidia lehriana Erichsen, Bacidia neglecta Vězda, Bacidia paulula Erichsen, Bacidina neglecta (Vězda) Vězda, Bacidia subchlorotica (Nyl.) Flagey, Lecidea subchlorotica Nyl., Woessia chloroticula (Nyl.) Sérus. & Diederich

N - Ven (Thor & Nascimbene 2007). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax-Lign-Epiph-Foliic/ 2-4, 2-3, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mainly temperate to S boreal species, found on base-rich bark, sometimes on plant debris, calcareous stones, etc., mostly near the ground, certainly overlooked, and perhaps more common in Italy, incl. the Alps.


+Bacidina delicata (Leight.) V.Wirth & Vězda

[in V.Wirth] Stuttg. Beitr. Naturk., ser. A: 517, 1994 - Lecidea effusa v. delicata [Larbal. ex] Leight., Lich. Fl. Gr. Brit., 3 ed.: 371, 1879.

Syn.: Bacidia arceutinella Zahlbr., Bacidia delicata (Leight.) Coppins, Biatora arceutinoides Anzi nom. nud., Bilimbia arceutinoides Anzi, Woessia delicata (Leight.) Sérus. & Diederich

N - Ven (Anzi Lich. Lang. 434: Printzen 1995). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Laz. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Sax/ 3, 3, 2, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic to humid subtropical species, found on bark, esp. of Sambucus and Salix and - but only in very humid areas - on roofing tiles and plant debris.


+Bacidina egenula (Nyl.) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 25: 432, 1991 - Lecidea egenula Nyl., Flora, 48: 147, 1865.

Syn.: Bacidia egenula (Nyl.) Arnold, Bacidia epiphylla Wheldon & Travis, Bacidia genuensis de Lesd., Bacidia mediterranea de Lesd., Bacidia sbarbaronis de Lesd.

N - Lig. C - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 1-2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical species, found esp. on pebbles near moist ground in areas with siliceous substrata, certainly overlooked and probably more widespread in Tyrrhenian Italy.


+Bacidina inundata (Fr.) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 25: 432, 1991 - Biatora inundata Fr., K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl.: 270, 1822.

Syn.: Bacidia arnoldiana v. inundata (Fr.) Körb., Bacidia inundata (Fr.) Körb., Bacidia inundata ssp. allecta (Nyl.) A.L.Sm., Woessia inundata (Fr.) Sérus. & Diederich

N - TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax-Lign/ 2-3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: vr, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ l/ Note: apparently a holarctic lichen, found on periodically inundated or otherwise moist rocks, but also on lignum, in humid-shaded situations.


+Bacidina phacodes (Körb.) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 25: 432, 1991 - Bacidia phacodes Körb., Parerga Lichenol.: 130, 1860.

Syn.: Bacidia albescens (Stizenb.) Bausch, Bacidia chlorotica (Nyl.) Sandst. non sensu Th.Fr.

N - Frl (TSB), TAA, Lig. C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994), Laz, Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2002, 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Bartoli & Puntillo 1998, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Lign/ 2, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: r, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical lichen found on bark of broad-leaved trees, more rarely on rock, often on dry undersides of thick branches of ancient trees, in the mediterranean belt confined to humid evergreen forests, sometimes on silicicolous mosses.


+Bacidina vasakii (Vězda) Vězda

Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 25, 4: 432 1991 (1990) - Bacidia vasakii Vězda, Folia Geobot. Phytotaxon., 18: 64, 1983.

Syn.: Woessia vasakii (Vězda) Sérus.

S - Camp (Puntillo & al. 2000, Puntillo 2000), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996, 2000, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Foliic/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ oc/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid pantropical species described from the Caucasus and also known from the Pyrénées, in Italy it is restricted to warm-humid situations and undisturbed stands of the Tyrrhenian region.


+Bactrospora dryina (Ach.) A.Massal.

Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 133, 1852 - Lichen dryinus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 16, 1799.

Syn.: Arthonia dryina (Ach.) Jatta, Lecanactis dryina (Ach.) Vain., Lecanactis dryophila Lettau, Lecidea dryina (Ach.) Ach., Lecidea dryina v. lilacina Ach.

N - Ven, Piem, Lig (Giordani & Brunialti 2000). C - Tosc, Laz. S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: er, E: a, F: er, G: er, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean-atlantic species, found on bark of old, isolated deciduous trees, esp. oaks, on faces which are seldom wetted by rain. Mainly Tyrrhenian, perhaps exctinct in the plains of the north, and certainly declining.


+Bactrospora patellarioides (Nyl.) Almq. v. patellarioides

Skandin. Artern Schismatomma, Opegrapha och Bactrospora: 24, 1869 - Opegrapha patellarioides Nyl., Mém. Soc. Sc. Nat. Cherbourg, 2: 333, 1854.

Syn.: Lecanactis patellarioides (Nyl.) Vain.

N - Lig (Giordani & al. 2002, Brunialti & Giordani 2003). C - Tosc, Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Carfì 1997, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 4-5, 2, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ u/ Note: a mild-temperate to humid subtropical, mediterranean-atlantic lichen, found on acid bark of mature, isolated, mostly broad-leaved trees, esp. Quercus and Olea, occasionally on siliceous rocks, often near the coast in Tyrrhenian Italy. Some records could refer to v. convexa.


+Bactrospora patellarioides v. convexa (de Lesd.) Egea & Torrente

Lichenologist, 25, 3: 249, 1993 - Lecanactis patellarioides v. convexa de Lesd., Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 20: 281, 1922.

Syn.: Raphiospora doriae Bagl.

N - Lig. C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1997c, 1999a, Putortì & Loppi 1999, Senese & Critelli 2000). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 4-5, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: rr, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ u/ Note: most frequent in Tyrrhenian Italy, esp. on Olea. I am not sure whether this variety is worthy of any taxonomic recognition.


+Baeomyces carneus Flörke

Deutschl. Lich., 8: 16, 1821.

Syn.: Baeomyces caprinus (Th.Fr.) H.Magn., Baeomyces fuscorufescens Vain., Baeomyces byssoides v. carneus (Flörke) Hepp, Baeomyces rufus v. carneus (Flörke) Nyl., Sphyridium byssoides v. carneum (Flörke) Rabenh., Sphyridium fungiforme v. carneus (Flörke) Flot.

N - TAA (Nascimbene 2005), Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, perhaps circumpolar lichen, found on soils high in clay and on weathered siliceous rocks. Certainly restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Baeomyces placophyllus Ach.

Meth. Lich.: 323, 1803.

Syn.: Ludovicia placophylla (Ach.) Trevis.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA ( Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an arctic-alpine to boreal-montane, probably circumpolar lichen, found on sandy-clay soil in open stands (e.g. montane-subalpine grasslands), often in moderately disturbed habitats, sometimes reaching the Alpine belt. Probably restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Baeomyces rufus (Huds.) Rebent.

Prodr. Flor. Neomarch.: 315, 1804 - Lichen rufus Huds., Fl. Angl.: 443, 1762.

Syn.: Baeomyces byssoides (L.) Fr., Baeomyces rufus f. rupestris (Pers.) Pers., Baeomyces rupestris Pers., Biatora byssoides (L.) Fr., Biatora byssoides v. microcarpa Opiz, Gongylia glareosa Körb., Gongylia viridis Sm., Lichen fungiformis Scop., Rinodina humilis H.Magn., Sphyridium byssoides (L.) Beltr., Sphyridium fungiforme (Scop.) Flot., Tubercularia rufa (Huds.) Kuntze

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Hafellner 1995, Caniglia & al. 2002), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Emil, Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz (Ravera 2006), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003b), Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr-Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: rr, A1: rc, B: r, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: a holarctic early colonizer of acid soils with high clay content and of weathered siliceous rocks, often found in disturbed sites, mostly sterile in upland areas. The var. callianthus (Lettau) Anders is known from the Austrian Alps.


+Bagliettoa baldensis (A.Massal.) Vězda

[in Poelt & Vězda] Bibl. Lichenol., 16: 363, 1981 - Verrucaria baldensis A.Massal. Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 173, n. 328, fig. 349, 1852.

Syn.: Amphoridium baldense (A.Massal.) A.Massal., Protobagliettoa exesa (Servít) Servít, Protobagliettoa kutakiana Servít, Verrucaria subconcentrica f. genovensis Servít

N - VG (Tretiach 1997, Pinna & al. 1998, Crisafulli & al. 2006, Piervittori & al. 2006), Frl, Ven, TAA, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), Emil (Nimis & al. 1996), Lig. C - Tosc, Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & al. 1995, Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: vr, C: rc, D: ec, E: vr, F: ec, G: vc, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate species of compact calcareous rocks in natural, sheltered situations, with optimum in the submediterranean belt.

§+§Bagliettoa calciseda (DC.) Gueidan & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 58: 187, 2007 – Verrucaria calciseda DC. [in Lam. & DC.] Fl. Franç., éd. 3, 2: 317, 1805.

Syn.: Amphoridium calcisedum (DC.) Servít, Protobagliettoa inaequata (Servít) Servít, Verrucaria calciseda f. interrupta Anzi ex Arnold, Verrucaria hiascens (Ach.) Hepp non auct., Verrucaria inaequata Servít, Verrucaria interrupta (Arnold) J.Steiner

N - VG, Frl, Ven, Lomb. C - Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: a, F: rr, G: vr, H: er/ PF: 1/ Note: on limestone and dolomite, more rarely on other calciferous rocks, often associated with Aspicilia calcarea.

+Bagliettoa cazzae (Zahlbr.) Vězda & Poelt

[in Poelt & Vězda] Bibl. Lichenol., 16: 363, 1981 - Verrucaria cazzae Zahlbr., Annal. Mycol., 12: 335, 1914.

Syn.: Protobagliettoa alocyza (Arnold) Servít, Protobagliettoa cazzae (Zahlbr.) Servít, Verrucaria subrosea Servít, Verrucaria cazzae v. graeca Servít

N - VG, Lomb. C - Umbr (Genovesi & al. 2002, Ravera & al. 2006), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: vr, E: a, F: r, G: rr, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a chiefly mediterranean lichen of steeply inclined, hard calcareous rocks, absent from non-natural habitats. Easily confused with Verrucaria marmorea.


+Bagliettoa limborioides A.Massal.

Mem. Lichenogr.: 147, n. 361, fig. 168, tav. 25, 1853.

Syn.: Bagliettoa sphinctrina auct. non (Ach.) Körb., Protobagliettoa grummannii (Servít) Servít, Verrucaria bosniaca Servít ?, Verrucaria ceracea J.Steiner, Verrucaria grummannii Servít, Verrucaria limborioides (A.Massal.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Verrucaria sphinctrina auct. p.p. non Ach., Verrucaria suzaeana Servít

N - Ven, TAA, Lig. C - Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: r, H: vr/ PF: 1/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean lichen, found on steeply inclined faces of compact calcareous rocks, probably more widespread, but overlooked, or confused with similar species.



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