+Absconditella annexa



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§+§Verrucula arnoldiaria Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58:152, 2007.



CSar (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: vr, C: vr, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/paras Caloplaca arnoldii/ Note: a recently-described parasite of Caloplaca arnoldii, certainly more widespread in Italy.


§+§Verrucula biatorinaria (Zehetl.) Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58:153, 2007 – Verrucaria biatorinaria Zehetl., Nova Hedwigia, 29: 721, 1978.



NVen (Navarro-Rosinés & al. 2007), TAA, Piem (TSB). C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 3-4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: rr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca biatorina/ Note: certainly more widespread in the Alps and along the Apennines.


§+§Verrucula clauzadaria Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58:154, 2007.



C - Abr (TSB).

Cr.pl/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4-5, 2-3/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: r, H: vr/ w/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca clauzadeana/ Note: a recently-described parasite on Caloplaca clauzadeana, probably more widespread in Italy.


§+§Verrucula elegantaria (Zehetl.) Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58:156, 2007 – Verrucaria elegantaria Zehetl., Nova Hedwigia, 29: 729, 1978.



NFrl (vidi!), Ven (vidi!), TAA (Navarro-Rosinés & al. 2007), Piem (vidi!).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-5, 4-5, 4, 4/ Alt: 3-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Xanthoria elegans/ Note: certainly more widespread in the Alps.


§+§Verrucula granulosaria (Clauz. & Zehetl.) Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 157, 2007 – Verrucaria granulosaria Clauz. & Zehetl., Nova Hedwigia, 29: 725, 1978.



C - Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999). S - Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 4-5/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: a, H: r/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca granulosa/ Note: on Caloplaca granulosa, certainly more widespread.


§+§Verrucula helvetica (de Lesd.) Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 158, 2007.

Nova Hedwigia, 29: 725, 1978.

Syn.: Dermatocarpon helveticum (de Lesd.) Frey, Dermatocarpon helveticum (de Lesd.) Frey non Verrucaria helvetica de Lesd., Verrucaria helveticorum Zehetl.



N - VG (Navarro-Rosinés & Roux 1994, Navarro-Rosinès & al. 2007). S - Si (Nimis & al. 1994).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-4, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: r, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca cirrochroa/ Note: certainly much more widespread throughout the country.


§+§Verrucula inconnexaria Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 160, 2007.



N - VG (Navarro-Rosinès & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: vr, C: vr, D: rr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: r/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca inconnexa/ Note: recently-described and certainly more widespread in Italy.


§+§Verrucula latericola (Erichsen) Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 161, 2007 – Verrucaria latericola Erichsen., Ann. Mycol., 41: 198, 1943.



NVG (Navarro-Rosinès & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 4-5, 4, 4-5/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: r, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca pusilla/ Note: on Caloplaca pusilla, perhaps more widespread.


§+§Verrucula polycarparia Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 163, 2007.



NVG (vidi!).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3, 2-3, 1-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca polycarpa/ Note: recently-described and probably more widespred in Italy.


§+§Verrucula protearia (Zehetl.) Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 164, 2007.



NTAA (Navarro-Rosinès & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: r, B: vr, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca proteus/ Note: the record is from Austria, near the border.


§+§Verruculopsis flavescentaria Gueidan, Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 166, 2007.



NVG (vidi!).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 3-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: r, E: a, F: r, G: rr, H: rr/ PF: 1-2/ paras Caloplaca flavescens/ Note: recently-described and certainly more widespread, especially in Mediterranean Italy.


§+§Verruculopsis lecideoides (A.Massal.) Gueidan & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 58: 174, 2007 - Thrombium lecideoides A.Massal., Ric. Auton. Lich. Crost.: 157, n. 285, 1852.

Syn.: Catapyrenium lecideoides (A.Massal.) Arnold, Dermatocarpon lecideoides (A.Massal.) Zahlbr., Verrucaria fraudulosa Nyl., Verrucaria lecideoides (A.Massal.) Trevis., Verrucaria lecideoides v. flavovirens Bagl.?, Verrucula lecideoides (A.Massal.) J.Steiner, incl. Verrucaria polysticta Borrer

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem, Emil, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Laz, Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: rr, D: rc, E: er, F: vc, G: rr, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on calcifeorus rocks, mostly limestone and dolomite, but also on base-rich siliceous substrata, in exposed situations (e.g. on the top of isolated boulders).


§+§Verruculopsis poeltiana (Clauzade & Cl.Roux) Gueidan, Nav.-Ros. & Cl.Roux

[in Navarro Rosinés & al.] Bull. Soc. linn. Provence, 168: 166, 2007 - Verrucaria poeltiana Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Beih. Nova Hedwigia, 79: 196, 1984.



N – Lig (Navarro-Rosinès & al. 2007). C - Sar.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 4-5, 3-4, 3-4/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ paras Caloplaca aurantia/ Note: an obligately lichenicolous species, perhaps more widespread.


+Vězdaea aestivalis (Ohlert) Tscherm.-Woess & Poelt

[in Brown & al. (eds.)] Lichenology: Progress and Problems: 91, 1976 - Lecidea aestivalis Ohlert, Schr. phys- ökon. Ges. Königsb., 10: 16, 1870.

Syn.: Biatora aestivalis (Ohlert) Lindau, Catillaria byssacea Vězda, Pachyascus byssaceus (Vězda) Vězda

N - Frl. S - Cal (Nimis & Puntillo 2003).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr-Epiph/ 3-4, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 2-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ p/ Note: a mild-temperate to mediterranean-atlantic, ephemeral species, found on epiphytic bryophytes, mosses, plant debris, soil, much more rarely on mossy trunks of deciduous trees with a base-rich bark. Being inconspicuous, and likely to be confused with the much more common Bilimbia sabuletorum, this species might be more widespread - albeit not common - in Italy.


+Vulpicida juniperinus (L.) J.E.Mattsson & M.J.Lai

Mycotaxon, 46: 427, 1993 - Lichen juniperinus L., Sp. Pl., 2: 1147, 1753.

Syn.: Cetraria juniperina (L.) Ach., Tuckermannopsis juniperina (L.) Hale

N - Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-5, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: this mainly subarctic-subalpine to boreal-montane species is known from a few isolated sites in the mountains of S Europe, mostly on the twigs of shrubs. Although the name “Cetraria juniperina” was often used in the past to designate V. pinastri, the record from Piemonte, by Baglietto and Carestia (1865, 1880) is accompanied by the note “è fruttifera” (it bears fruits).


+Vulpicida pinastri (Scop.) J.E.Mattsson & M.J.Lai

Mycotaxon, 46: 427, 1993 - Lichen pinastri Scop., Flora Carniol., 2, 2: 382, 1772.

Syn.: Cetraria caperata sensu Vain., Cetraria juniperina v. pinastri (Scop.) Ach., Cetraria pinastri (Scop.) Gray, Platysma pinastri (Scop.) Frege, Tuckermannopsis pinastri (Scop.) Hale

N - VG, Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2000b, 2002c, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene 2005c, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, 2007), TAA (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000b, 2002c, Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003, 2005b, Nascimbene & al. 2005, 2006, 2006b, 2006e), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Alessio & al. 1995, Arosio & Rinaldi 1995, Zocchi & al. 1997, Valcuvia & al. 2003, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004, 2006, 2007), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999, Ghiraldi 2003, Isocrono & al. 2005), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002). C - Tosc (Loppi & al. 1994, Tretiach & Nimis 1994, Benesperi & al. 2007), Umbr (Ravera 1998, Ravera & al. 2006), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 3-5, 3, 1/ Alt: 2-5/ A: vr, A1: ec, B: er, C: rr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a subarctic-subalpine to boreal-montane, circumpolar species, found on basal parts of trunks, esp.of conifers, and on twigs with long snow-covering, often associated with Parmeliopsis, common only in the Alps, much rarer, and mostly confined to Castanea or conifers stands in the Apennines.


+Vulpicida tubulosus (Schaer.) J.E.Mattsson & M.J.Lai

Mycotaxon, 46: 427, 1902 - Cetraria juniperina v. tubulosa Schaer., Lich. Helv. Spicil., 7: 372, 1832.

Syn.: Cetraria alvarensis (Wahlenb.) Vain. in Lynge, Cetraria juniperina (L.) Ach. v. alvarensis (Wahlenb.) Torss., Cetraria juniperina v. alvarensiformis Du Rietz, Cetraria juniperina v. campestris Stenh., Cetraria juniperina v. pseudopinastri Du Rietz, Cetraria juniperina v. terrestris auct. non Schaer., Cetraria tilesii auct. non Ach., Cetraria tubulosa (Schaer.) Zopf

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 1997, 2003c, Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Nascimbene & al. 2006), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Borlandelli & al. 1996, Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.f/ Terr/ 4-5, 4, 4, 1/ Alt: 5-6/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, found on calciferous mineral soil in dry Alpine grasslands and on wind-exposed ridges. Almost certainly absent from the Apennines.


+Wadeana dendrographa (Nyl.) Coppins & P.James

Lichenologist, 10: 203, 1978 - Lithographa dendrographa Nyl., Flora, 47: 488, 1864.



C - Tosc.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 3, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 1-2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a humid subtropical to mediterranean-atlantic lichen, reaching as far north as the British Isles, found on rough, base-rich bark of mature trees in semi-natural habitats.


+Waynea adscendens V. J. Rico

Rivasgodaya, 6: 130, 1991.



S - Cal (Puntillo 1995, 1996).

Sq/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2-3, 4, 1-2, 1-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a meciterranean-atlantic species, found on the bark of more or less isolated, old broadleaved trees in very humid areas.


+Waynea stoechadiana (Abassi & Cl.Roux) Cl.Roux & P.Clerc

Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 42: 123, 1991 - Hypocenomyce stoechadiana Abassi & Cl.Roux, Bull. Soc. Linn. Provence, 35: 191, 1985.



C - Tosc, Laz (Roux & al. 1995, Ravera & al. 1999, 2000, 2003, Munzi & al. 2007), Sar (Zedda 2002). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996, Puntillo & Puntillo 2004, Llop 2006).

Sq/ c/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 4, 2-3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: er, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: a mediterranean-atlantic species, found on ancient specimens of Olea and Q. ilex in warm-humid areas, exclusively Tyrrhenian in Italy.


+Xanthoparmelia angustiphylla (Gyeln.) Hale

Mycotaxon, 33: 401, 1988 - Parmelia conspersa v. angustiphylla Gyeln., Feddes Rep., 30: 153, 1931.

Syn.: Parmelia angustiphylla (Gyeln.) Gyeln., Parmelia conspersa v. panniculosa Erichsen, Parmelia subconspersa f. marusica Gyeln.

N - Lig (Giordani & al. 2002b, Rizzi & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Benesperi 2007b). S - Si (Giordani & al. 2002b).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: r/ PF: 1/ Note: a southern species in Europe, found on siliceous boulders wetted by rain, perhaps more widespread in Mediterranean Italy.


+Xanthoparmelia conspersa (Ach.) Hale

Phytologia, 28: 485, 1974 - Lichen conspersus Ach., Lich. Suec. Prodr.: 118, 1799.

Syn.: Imbricaria conspersa (Ach.) Körb., Imbricaria conspersa v. coralloidea Hazsl., Imbricaria conspersa v. isidiata Anzi, Imbricaria conspersa v. munda Hazsl., Parmelia bakonyensis Gyeln., Parmelia bohemica Gyeln., Parmelia atlantica Gyeln., Parmelia centrifuga v. conspersa (Ach.) Schaer., Parmelia conspersa (Ach.) Ach., Parmelia conspersa f. dispersa Mereschk., Parmelia conspersa f. heteroclyta Mereschk., Parmelia conspersa f. munda (Hazsl.) Zahlbr., Parmelia conspersa v. corallina Kremp., Parmelia conspersa ssp. digitulata Nyl., Parmelia conspersa v. isidiata (Anzi) Stiz., Parmelia conspersa v. subplana Tosco, Parmelia conspersa v. tatrensis Suza, Parmelia isidiata (Anzi) Gyeln., Parmelia lojkana Gyeln., Parmelia subconspersa Nyl., Parmelia subconspersa v. portugalica Gyeln.

N - VG (Giordani & al. 2002b, Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Giordani & al. 2002b), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002b), TAA (Triebel & Rambold 1995, Hafellner 2001, Giordani & al. 2002b, Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb (Rivellini 1994, Giordani & al. 2002b, Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004), Piem (Isocrono & Falletti 1999, Giordani & al. 2002b, Isocrono & al. 2003, 2004), VA (Piervittori & al. 1998, 2001, Piervittori & Isocrono 1999, Giordani & al. 2002b), Emil (Giordani & al. 2002b, Tretiach & al. 2008), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2002b). C - Tosc (Adamo & al. 1993, Giordani & al. 2002b), Marc, Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995, Giordani & al. 2002b), Sar (Triebel & Rambold 1995, Zedda 2001, 2002, Giordani & al. 2002b). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, Giordani & al. 2002b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996, Giordani & al. 2002b), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & al. 1996, Grillo 1998, Czeczuga & al. 1999, Clocchiatti & al. 2002, Giordani & al. 2002b, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.i/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-5/ A: r, A1: rc, B: rr, C: vc, D: rc, E: er, F: rr, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on siliceous rocks wetted by rain, incl. pebbles near the ground, restricted to upland areas in the south, less frequent than the vicariant X. tinctina in the Mediterranean belt.

+Xanthoparmelia cumberlandia (Gyeln.) Hale

Phytologia, 28: 487, 1974 - Parmelia subconspersa v. cumberlandia Gyeln., Feddes Rep., 36: 164, 1934.



N - Lig (Giordani & al. 2002b). C - Sar (Giordani & al. 2002b).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-5, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: vr, H: r/ PF: 1/ Note: on siliceous rocks wetted by rain, perhaps more widespread in Mediterranean Italy.


+Xanthoparmelia delisei (Duby) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Taxon, 53: 967 2004 - Parmelia olivacea v. delisei Duby [in DC.] Bot. Gall., 2 éd., 2: 602, 1830.

Syn.: Neofuscelia delisei (Duby) Essl., Parmelia delisei (Duby) Nyl., Parmelia prolixa v. perlata Sambo, Parmelia pulla v. delisei (Duby) H.Magn., Parmelia samboana Gyeln.

N - VG (Giordani & al. 2003), TAA (Giordani & al. 2003), Lomb (Giordani & al. 2003), Piem (Giordani & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & al. 2001), Emil (Giordani & al. 2003), Lig (Giordani & al. 2003, Rizzi & al. 2006). C - Tosc (Giordani & al. 2003), Marc (Giordani & al. 2003), Laz (Giordani & al. 2003), Sar (Giordani & al. 2003). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Giordani & al. 2003), Si (Giordani & al. 2003).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4, 3-4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: rr, E: a, F: rr, G: r, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ Note: on base-rich siliceous rocks Perhaps this is the primary, sexually reproducing species of N. loxodes, chemically different from N. pulla, and probably often confused with it in earlier Italian literature.


+Xanthoparmelia glabrans (Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Taxon, 53: 967, 2004 - Parmelia glabrans Nyl., Flora, 58: 15, 1875.

Syn.: Neofuscelia glabrans (Nyl.) Essl., Parmelia pulla ssp. glabrans (Nyl.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - TAA (Giordani & al. 2003).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 3, 2-3/ Alt: 1/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: rr, H: er/ PF: 1-2/ suboc/ Note: on siliceous rocks. Differing from N. pulla for the presence of collatolic and alectoronic acids. Despite the purported preference for a mediterranean climate, the only Italian record is from a continental alpine valley. Earlier records from Liguria, Sardegna and Puglia are dubious.


+Xanthoparmelia loxodes (Nyl.) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Taxon, 53: 967, 2004 - Parmelia loxodes Nyl., Flora, 55: 426, 1872.

Syn.: Neofuscelia loxodes (Nyl.) Essl., Parmelia glabrizans Flagey, Parmelia isidiotyla Nyl.

N - VG (Crisafulli & al. 2004, Giordani & al. 2003), Frl, TAA (Giordani & al. 2003), Lomb (Valcuvia & Delucchi 2001, Valcuvia & al. 2003, De Vita & Valcuvia 2004, Delucchi & Valcuvia 2004), Emil (Giordani & al. 2003), Lig (Giordani & al. 2003, Rizzi & al. 2006). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Giordani & al. 2003), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Giordani & al. 2003), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999), Tosc (Benesperi 2000a, Giordani & al. 2003), Umbr (Panfili 2000b, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Gigante & Petriccione 1995, Giordani & al. 2003), Sar (Giordani & al. 2003). S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2002, Giordani & al. 2003, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Giordani & al. 2003), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & al. 1994, Nimis & al. 1996b, Grillo 1998, Giordani & al. 2003, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Fol.b/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2-4, 3-4, 3-4, 3-5/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: rr, D: vc, E: vr, F: ec, G: vc, H: rc/ PF: 1-3/ Note: a mainly temperate, common species of basic siliceous rocks, occurring also in urban areas (e.g. well into the outskirts of Rome), with a slightly suboceanic distribution in Europe.


+Xanthoparmelia luteonotata (J.Steiner) O.Blanco, A.Crespo, Elix, D.Hawksw. & Lumbsch

Taxon, 53: 968, 2004 - Parmelia luteonotata J.Steiner, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 12: 472, 1902.

Syn.: Neofuscelia luteonotata (J.Steiner) Essl., Parmelia pulla ssp. luteonotata (J.Steiner) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

N - TAA (Giordani & al. 2003), Lig (Giordani & al. 2003). C - Tosc (Giordani & al. 2003), Laz (Giordani & al. 2003), Sar (Giordani & al. 2003). S - Cal (Giordani & al. 2003), Si (Giordani & al. 2003).

Fol.b/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 4-5, 4, 2-3/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: vr, G: r, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly mediterranean species of sun-exposed siliceous rocks wetted by rain, occurring also in the dry-warm valleys of the Alps, not always distinguished from N. pulla in the Italian literature, hence total distribution poorly known.


+Xanthoparmelia mexicana (Gyeln.) Hale

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