+Absconditella annexa



Yüklə 3,49 Mb.
səhifə8/76
tarix27.08.2017
ölçüsü3,49 Mb.
1   ...   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   ...   76
§+§Bagliettoa marmorea (Scop.) Gueidan & Cl.Roux

[in Gueidan & al.] Mycol. Research: *, 2007 - Lichen marmoreus Scop., Fl. Carniol., 2: 367, 1772.

Syn.: Amphoridium marmoreum (Scop.) Baroni, Amphoridium marmoreum v. roseum (Kremp.) Syd., Amphoridium purpurascens (Hoffm.) A.Massal., Urceolaria wulfenii Ach., Verrucaria calciseda v. decipiens Trevis., Verrucaria marmorea (Scop.) Arnold, Verrucaria purpurascens Hoffm., Verrucaria purpurascens v. rosea A.Massal.

N - VG (Tretiach & Pecchiari 1995, Pinna & al. 1998, Castello 2002, Crisafulli & al. 2006, Piervittori & al. 2006, Martellos & Castello 2004, Bertuzzi & al. 2007), Frl, Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999, Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c, Nascimbene 2005c), TAA, Lomb, Emil, Lig. C - Tosc (Benesperi 2000a), Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Ravera & al. 2006), Laz, Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach, 1999, 2004), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: vr, C: rc, D: c, E: er, F: vc, G: rc, H: r/ PF: 1/ Note: on hard, compact limestone in natural habitats, optimum in the submediterranean belt, but reaching higher altitudes in the south.


+Bagliettoa parmigera (J.Steiner) Vězda & Poelt

[in Poelt & Vězda] Bibl. Lichenol., 16: 363, 1981 - Verrucaria parmigera J.Steiner, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 61: 34, 1911.

Syn.: Amphoridium caesiellum (Servít) Servít, Amphoridium saxivorum (Servít) Grummann, Protobagliettoa obscurata (Servít) Servít, Protobagliettoa parmigera (J.Steiner) Servít, Verrucaria caesiella Servít, Verrucaria calciseda f. caesia Anzi, Verrucaria calciseda v. calcivora A.Massal. ex Arnold, Verrucaria crassa f. croatica Servít, Verrucaria crassa f. geographica Servít, Verrucaria gyelnikii Servít, Verrucaria lactea (Arnold) Servít, Verrucaria saxivora Servít, Verrucaria subconcentrica (J.Steiner) Servít ?*check synonyms of Bagliettoa calciseda

N - VG (Castello 2002, Martellos & Castello 2004), Frl (Nimis & Salvadori 1998), Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA (Nascimbene 2005b), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Tosc, Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Garofalo & al. 1999, Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Garofalo & al. 1999, Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo 1998, Grillo & al. 2002, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 4-5, 2-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 1-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: r, C: c, D: ec, E: r, F: ec, G: rc, H: r/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mainly mild-temperate lichen, found on compact limestone and in exposed situations, with optimum in the submediterranean belt, albeit rarely, also present in disturbed habitats (e.g. on munuments in Rome).


+Bagliettoa parmigerella (Zahlbr.) Vězda & Poelt

[in Poelt & Vězda] Bibl. Lichenol., 16: 363, 1981 - Verrucaria parmigerella Zahlbr., Österr. bot. Z., 68: 64, 1919.

Syn.: Protobagliettoa bagliettoaeformis (Hazsl.) Servít, Protobagliettoa erumpens (Servít) Servít, Protobagliettoa parmigerella (Zahlbr.) Servít, Protobagliettoa sphinctrinella (Zschacke) Servít, Verrucaria harrimannii sensu Anzi, Verrucaria pinguis J.Steiner, Verrucaria sphinctrinella Zschacke

N - VG, Frl (TSB), Ven, TAA, Emil, Lig (Valcuvia & al. 2000). C - Marc (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Umbr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999, Ravera & al. 2006), Tosc, Laz (Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Abr (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Mol (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Sar. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003, 2003b, Nimis & Tretiach 2004), Pugl (Nimis & Tretiach 1999), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996), Si (Nimis & al. 1994, 1995, Ottonello & Salone 1994, Ottonello & al. 1994, Grillo & Caniglia 2004).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 1-3, 1-3, 1/ Alt: 1-5/ A: a, A1: er, B: r, C: vc, D: c, E: vr, F: c, G: rc, H: vr/ PF: 1-2/ Note: a mild-temperate lichen, found on compact limestone in sheltered situations (e.g. in forests), optimum in submediterranean areas, in the mediterranean belt confined to humid-shaded situations, reaching near treeline in the mountains of the south, forms from S Italy with a dark grey thallus are common, and deserve further study.


+Bagliettoa steineri (Kusan) Vězda

[in Poelt & Vězda] Bibl. Lichenol., 16: 363, 1981 - Verrucaria steineri Kusan, Acta Bot. Inst. Univ. Zagreb, 5: 28, 1930.

Syn.: Protobagliettoa steineri (Kusan) Servít

N - VG (Tretiach & Navarro-Rosinés 1996, Tretiach & Pecchiari 1995), Frl (TSB), Lomb, Lig. C - Umbr (Genovesi & Ravera 2001, Ravera & al. 2006).

Cr.end/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 5, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 1-3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: er, D: vr, E: a, F: vr, G: vr, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a rarely collected mild-temperate species of compact calcareous rocks, esp. limestone, in natural habitats, frequently confused with B. parmigera.


+Bellemerea alpina (Sommerf.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux

Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. sér., 15: 129, 1984 - Lecanora alpina Sommerf., Suppl. Flor. Lappon.: 91, 1826.

Syn.: Aspicilia alpina (Sommerf.) Arnold, Aspicilia cinereorufescens Körb. non (Ach.) A. Massal, Aspicilia cinereorufescens v. macrocarpa Anzi non Aspicilia calcarea v. alpina Anzi, Lecanora alpina v. ochracea Körb., Lecanora alpina v. sulphurata Th.Fr., Lecanora cinerea v. alpina (Sommerf.) Syd.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), Ven, TAA (Caniglia & al. 2002, Nascimbene 2003), Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & al. 2004).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-6/ A: rc, A1: r, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen of hard siliceous rocks wetted by rain, almost certainly restricted to the Alps in Italy.


+Bellemerea diamarta (Ach.) Hafellner & Cl.Roux

[in Clauzade & Cl.Roux] Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. sér., 15: 129, 1984 - Urceolaria diamarta Ach., Meth. Lich.: 151, 1803.

Syn.: Aspicilia cinerea v. oxydata Anzi, Aspicilia cinereorufescens (Ach.) A.Massal., Aspicilia diamarta (Ach.) Boistel, Aspicilia sanguinea Kremp., Bellemerea cinereorufescens (Ach.) Clauzade & Cl.Roux, Bellemerea sanguinea (Kremp.) Hafellner & Cl.Roux, Lecanora cinereorufescens (Ach.) Hepp, Lecanora cinereorufescens v. diamarta (Ach.) Nyl., Lecanora diamarta (Ach.) Vain., Lecanora ferruginata Harm., Lecanora sanguinea (Kremp.) Mig., Urceolaria cinereorufescens Ach.

N - Ven, TAA, Lomb, Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1999), Emil. C - Sar. S - Si.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: rc, A1: r, B: er, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ m/ Note: an arctic-alpine, circumpolar lichen, somehow more hygro- and less photophytic than B. alpina.


+Bellemerea subcandida (Arnold) Hafellner & Cl.Roux

[in Clauzade & Cl.Roux] Bull. Soc. Bot. Centre-Ouest, n. sér., 15: 130, 1984 - Aspicilia cinereorufescens f. subcandida Arnold, Verh. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 47: 223, 1897.

Syn.: Lecanora subcandida (Arnold) Lettau

N - Ven, TAA, Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Sax/ 3-4, 3-4, 3, 1-2/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably neglected and certainly more widespread, charactereistic lichen of base-rich, weakly calciferous siliceous rocks in the mountains, known from S Europe (Alps, Pyrenées).


+Bellemerea subsorediza (Lynge) R.Sant.

[in Moberg] Thunbergia, 5: 2, 1987 - Lecidea subsorediza Lynge [in A.E.Dahl, Lynge & Scholander] Skr. om Svalbard og Ishavet, 70: 22, 1937.

Syn.: Aspicilia alpina ssp. fraudans Räsänen, Aspicilia subsorediza (Lynge) R.Sant.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Sax/ 2, 4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rr, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on siliceous rocks in open lichen communities (i.e. near glaciers), probably more widespread in the Alps, but overlooked, being most often sterile.


+Belonia caudata (Vězda & Vivant) M.Jørg. & Vězda

[in Jørgensen, Vězda & Botnen] Lichenologist, 15, 1: 54, 1983 - Clathrophorina caudata Vězda & Vivant, Bull. Soc. Bot. France, 118: 288, 1971.



S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3-4, 1, 1-2/ Alt: 2/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: er, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ suboc/ Note: hitherto known only from the Pyréneés (France), and from Calabria on Quercus in a very humid site.


+Belonia incarnata Th.Fr.

[Th.Fr. & Graewe ex] Th.Fr., Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Öfv., 21: 274, 1865.

Syn.: Belonia russula v. terrigena (Eitner) Keissl., Belonia terrigena Eitner, Gongylia incarnata (Th.Fr.) Zahlbr., Gongylia macrospora Suza, Gongylia obducens K.G.W.Lang nom. nud.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Hafellner 2000), TAA.

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: r, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ p/ Note: an arctic-alpine species, found on soil rich in humus, often in rather disturbed habitats, such as on mountain track sides, mostly above treeline, easy to overlook and probably more widespread throughout the Alps. Belonia herculina (Rehm) Keissl. and B. nidarosiensis (Kindt) M.Jørg. & Vězda are known from the Alps of Slovenia and Austria, respectively.


+Belonia russula Nyl.

[Körb. ex] Nyl., Acta Soc. Linn. Bordeaux, 21: 346, 1856.

Syn.: Belonia fennica Vain., Beloniella cinerea Norman, Gyalecta bacidiospora (Eitner) Zahlbr., Secoliga bacidiospora Eitner

N - Frl, Emil (Benesperi & al. 2007, Tretiach & al. 2008).

Cr/ Tr/ S/ Terr-Sax/ 2-3, 3-4, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: vr, A1: er, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly arctic-alpine, probably circumpolar species, found on base-rich soil, often on bryophytes, and on steeply inclined or underhanging basic siliceous rocks, perhaps more widespread in the Alps.



§§§§§

+Biatora chrysantha (Zahlbr.) Printzen

[in V.Wirth] Stuttgarter Beitr. Naturk., A 517: 62, 1994 - Lecidea chrysantha Zahlbr., Ann. Mycol., 19: 236, 1921.

Syn.: Biatora epixanthoidiza auct. non (Nyl.) Räsänen, Biatora gyrophorica (Tønsberg) Coppins, Biatora vernalis v. incana (Ach. ex Sommerf.) Th.Fr., Lecidea epixanthoidiza auct. non Nyl., Lecidea epixanthoidiza v. incana (Sommerf.) Vain., Lecidea gyrophorica Tønsberg, Lecidea incana Ach. ex Sommerf. non (L.) Ach.

N - Ven (Trevisan Lichenoth. Ven. 59: Printzen 1995, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Nascimbene 2005, Nascimbene & al. 2006e), Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on epiphytic bryophytes in humid forests.


+Biatora efflorescens (Hedl.) Räsänen

Lich. Fenn. Exs. 133, 1935 - Lecidea helvola f. efflorescens Hedl., Bih. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 18, 3, 3: 61, 1892.

Syn.: Biatora epixanthoidiza (Nyl.) Räsänen, Lecidea efflorescens (Hedl.) Erichsen, Lecidea efflorescens v. ruissaloensis Vain., Lecidea epixanthoidiza Nyl.

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene 2003b, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), TAA (Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Lomb (Alessio & al. 1995). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph-Lign/ 2-3, 3, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rr, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably holacrctic lichen, found on a wide variety of trees with smooth bark, sometimes overgrowing mosses, rarely on lignum, certainly more widespread in the Alps.


+Biatora flavopunctata (Tønsberg) Hinteregger & Printzen

[in Hinteregger] Bibl. Lichenol., 55: 86, 1994 - Lecanora flavopunctata Tønsberg, Sommerfeltia, 14: 162, 1992.



N - Frl (Hinteregger 1994, Printzen 1995, in Austrian terr., near the border), Piem (TSB).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: r, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a recently-described perhaps boreal-montane species, found on twigs of subalpine shrubs, esp. Rhododendron ferrugineum, certainly much more widespread in the Alps.


+Biatora helvola Hellb.

[Körb. ex] Hellb., Öfv. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Acad. Handl., 24: 271, 1867.

Syn.: Lecidea helvola (Hellb.) Hedl., Lecidea vernalis ssp. helvola (Hellb.) Th.Fr.

N - Frl, Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2000, 2003c), TAA (Printzen 1995, Nascimbene & al. 2006e, Thor & Nascimbene 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: rc, B: a, C: rr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, circumpolar species, found on basal parts of trees in open forests, often with Parmeliopsis hyperopta, certainly much more widespread in the Alps.


+Biatora leprosula Arnold

Lich. Exs. 545, 1874.

Syn.: Lecidea leprosula (Arnold) Harm.

N - Frl (Hinteregger 1994, in Austrian terr., near the border).

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on twigs of subalpine shrubs, certainly more widespread in the Alps. According to Printzen (1995) the generic position of this taxon is not clear. See also notes on B. nylanderi, B. porphyrospoda, and B. rufofusca.


+Biatora mendax Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 1, 3: 153, 1862.

Syn.: Biatora propinquata (Nyl.) Arnold, Biatora subflavida (Nyl.) Arnold, Biatorina mendax (Anzi) Jatta, Catillaria mendax (Anzi) Lettau, Lecidea mendax (Anzi) Hue, Lecidea propinquata Nyl., Lecidea subflavida Nyl.

N - Frl (Tretiach & Carvalho 1995, Printzen 1995), TAA (Printzen 1995), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 168: Printzen 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 1-2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: er, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ Note: optimum in humid beech forests with Abies alba.


+Biatora nylanderi Anzi

Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 75, 1860.

Syn.: Lecidea nylanderi (Anzi) Th.Fr.

N - Ven (Caniglia & al. 1999), TAA, Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 1-2, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 2-4/ A: a, A1: r, B: a, C: vr, D: er, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a probably circumboreal-montane lichen, found on bark old conifers inside forests, much more rarely on lignum. Closely related to B. leprosula (Printzen 1995).


+Biatora ocelliformis (Nyl.) Arnold

Flora, 53: 476, 1870 - Lecidea ocelliformis Nyl., Flora, 48: 145, 1865.

Syn.: Biatora atroviridis (Arnold) Hellb., Biatorina subglobulosa (Nyl.) Arnold, Bilimbia ocelliformis (Nyl.) Branth & Rostr., Catillaria globulosa v. subglobulosa (Nyl.) Zahlbr., Catillaria prasina f. ocelliformis (Nyl.) Erichsen, Lecidea atroviridis (Arnold) Th.Fr., Lecidea atroviridis f. ocelliformis (Nyl.) Blomb. & Forssell, Lecidea ocellaris Vain., Lecidea subglobulosa Nyl., Lecidella turgidula v. atroviridis Arnold

N - TAA (Printzen 1995, Thor & Nascimbene 2007), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). S - Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a boreal-montane species, found on bark of deciduous and coniferous trees in forests.The record from Calabria, on Quercus ilex, requires confirmation.


+Biatora pontica Printzen & Tønsberg

Bibl. Lichenol., 86: 40, 2003.



N - Frl (Tretiach 2004).

Cr/Ch/ A.s/ Epiph/ 2, 2-3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3/ A: a, A1: a, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 0/ suboc/ Note: recently-described from Turkey, and also known from Scandinavia, Austria, Slovenia and E North America, this species occurs in humid montane forests.



+Biatora porphyrospoda Anzi

Comm. Soc. Critt. Ital., 2: 13, 1864.

Syn.: Lecidea porphyrospoda (Anzi) Th.Fr.

N - Lomb (Hinteregger 1994, Anzi Lich. Lang. 339: Printzen 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 2-3, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mainly boreal-montane, probably circumpolar lichen, found esp. on basal parts of trunks, on bark, sometimes on lignum. Perhaps not belonging into Biatora, this might be an earlier name for B. leprosula.


+Biatora rufidula (Graewe) S. Ekman & Printzen

[in Printzen] Bibl. Lichenol., 60: 115, 1995 - Bilimbia rufidula Graewe [in Hellb.] Oevf. Förh. K. Sv. Vetensk.-Akad, 24: 270, 1867.

Syn.: Bacidia rufidula (Graewe) Zahlbr., Lecidea rufidula (Graewe) Stizenb.

N - TAA (Printzen 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 1-2, 2-3, 3, 1/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a boreal-montane lichen, restricted to Picea abies in the oroboreal belt of the Alps, probably more widespread in the Alps, but perhaps declining.


+Biatora rufofusca Anzi

Flora, 52: 409, 1869 - Biatora rufofusca Anzi, Cat. Lich. Sondr.: 76, 1860.

Syn.: Biatora porphyroplaca Hinteregger & Poelt ?, Lecidea rufofusca (Anzi) Nyl.

N - Ven, TAA (Dalla Torre & Sarnthein 1902), Lomb.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Terr/ 1-2, 4, 2, 1/ Alt: 4-5/ A: er, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ #/ Note: on terricolous mosses and plant debris in siliceous areas. Closely related to B. leprosula (Printzen 1995), and doubtfully distinct from it.


+Biatora sphaeroidiza (Vain.) Printzen & Holien

[in Printzen] Bibl. Lichenol., 60: 119, 1995 - Lecidea sphaeroidiza Vain., Acta Soc. G: Fl. Fenn., 57, 2: 399, 1934.

Syn.: Biatora sphaeroidiza (Vain.) Koskinen comb. inval.

N - Frl (Printzen 1995).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2-3, 3, 2, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a boreal-montane species whose ecology is not clear to me, it occurs both on conifers and deciduous trees and shrubs (e.g. Alnus, Salix, Sorbus, Vaccinium) in rather humid areas. The indicator values are very tentative, the locality is in Slovenia, but very near the Italian border.


+Biatora subduplex (Nyl.) Printzen

[Räsänen ex] Printzen, Bibl. Lichenol., 60: 123, 1995 - Lecidea vernalis f. subduplex Nyl., Lich. Scand., 201, 1861

Syn.: Biatora subduplex (Nyl.) Räsänen comb. inval., Biatora vernalis f. subduplex (Nyl.) Arnold, Bilimbia sphaeroides v. subduplex (Nyl.) Branth & Grönlund, Catillaria subduplex (Nyl.) H.Olivier, Lecidea apochroeiza Nyl., Lecidea internectens Nyl., Lecidea subduplex (Nyl.) Nyl., Lecidea vernalis v. subduplex (Nyl.) Vain.

N - Fr (Arnold Lich. Exs. 835: Printzen 1995), TAA (Printzen 1995), Lomb (Anzi Lich. Lang. 179: Printzen 1995), Piem (Isocrono & al. 2004). C - Tosc (Benesperi & al. 2007).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Terr/ 2, 3-4, 2-3, 1-2/ Alt: 3-5/ A: rc, A1: vc, B: a, C: vr, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: one of the commonest Biatora-species in the Alps, esp. on plant remains and on basal parts of subalpine shrubs, overlooked, and certainly more widespread in the Alps. See also note on B. vernalis.


+Biatora subgilva (Arnold) Hinteregger

Bibl. Lichenol., 55: 112, 1994 - Biatora vernalis v. subgilva Arnold, Verh. K. K. zool.-bot. Ges. Wien, 46: 141, 1896.

Syn.: Biatora vernalis f. subgilva (Arnold) Arnold, Lecidea vernalis f. subgilva (Arnold) Zahlbr.

N - Frl.

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph/ 2, 3-4, 3, 1/ Alt: 4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: a, C: a, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: on old, decaying branches and stems of Rhododendron in siliceous areas, most of the records of this little-known, but well-distinguished species are from Austria, but near the Italian border (see Printzen 1995).


+Biatora vernalis (L.) Fr.

Kongl. Vetensk. Acad. Handl. 1822: 271, 1822 - Lichen vernalis L., Syst. Nat., ed. 12, 3: 234, 1768.

Syn.: Bacidia vernalis (L.) Clauzade & Rondon comb. inval., Biatora sphaeroides v. vernalis (L.) Rabenh., Bilimbia vernalis (L.) Trevis., Lecidea vernalis (L.) Ach., Patellaria vernalis (L.) Spreng., Pyrrhospora vernalis (L.) M.Choisy, Secoliga vernalis (L.) Norman

N - Frl (TSB), Ven (Nascimbene & Caniglia 2003c), TAA (Hinteregger 1994), Lomb, Piem (Tretiach 1997, Isocrono & al. 2003), VA (Piervittori & Isocrono 1997, 1999), Lig (Brunialti & al. 1999). C - Tosc (Printzen 1995, Printzen & Palice 1999, Benesperi & al. 2007), Laz (Ravera 2006), Abr. S - Camp (Aprile & al. 2003b), Bas, Cal (Puntillo 1996).

Cr/ Ch/ S/ Epiph-Terr/ 1-2, 3-4, 2-3, 1/ Alt: 3-4/ A: a, A1: vr, B: r, C: er, D: a, E: a, F: a, G: a, H: a/ PF: 1/ Note: a mostly boreal-montane, circumpolar species, ranging from N Scandinavia to the Alps, Pyrenèes and the Balkan mountains, becoming progressively rarer southwards. It is found on bryophytes, plant debris, soil and bark. Several records cold refer to B. subduplex.


+Biatorella fossarum (Fr.) Th.Fr.

Lichenogr. Scand., 2: 397, 1874 - Lecidea fossarum [Dufour ex] Fr., Lichenogr. Eur. Ref.: 364, 1831.

Syn.: Biatora rousselii Durieu & Mont., Biatorella rousselii (Durieu & Mont.) De Not.


Yüklə 3,49 Mb.

Dostları ilə paylaş:
1   ...   4   5   6   7   8   9   10   11   ...   76




Verilənlər bazası müəlliflik hüququ ilə müdafiə olunur ©azkurs.org 2020
rəhbərliyinə müraciət

    Ana səhifə