Additional tree species planted in safs, disaggregated for lifespan and principal use



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Table S8 Additional tree species planted in SAFS, disaggregated for lifespan and principal use.

Botanical family


Species name

Common local name

Strata

Life cycle

Use






















Timber

Food

Medicine

Other

Spacing

Planting density [ha-1]

Bixaceae

Bixa orellana

Achiote

LC

S II




× (natural colorant)

×

Cosmetics

4 m × 4 m

40*

Malvaceae

Ceiba sp.

Flor de mayo

C

S III

×










4 m × 4 m

40*

Myristicaceae

Otoba parvifolia

Sangre de toro / Gabú

C

P

× (high value)










4 m × 4 m

40*

Moraceae

Clarisia racemosa

Mascajo

E

P

× (high value)










4 m × 4 m

40*

Fabaceae

Stryphnodendron sp.

Toco colorado

C

S III

× (high value)







N-fixation

4 m × 4 m

40*

Fabaceae

Amburana cearensis

Roble

C

P

× (high value)




×

N-fixation

4 m × 4 m

40*

Juglandaceae

Juglans boliviana

Nogal

C

P

× (high value)










4 m × 4 m

40*

Combretaceae

Terminalia oblonga

Verdolago

C

S III

× (firewood)










4 m × 4 m

40*

Lauraceae

Nectandra sp.

Laurel

C

S III

× (firewood)










4 m × 4 m

40*

Celastraceae

Salacia impressifolia

Chuchuhuasi

U

P




× (fruit)

×




4 m × 4 m

40*

Rutaceae

Citrus sinensis

Naranja

U

S III




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Myrtaceae

Pimenta dioica

Pimienta gorda

U

P




× (spice)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Malpighiaceae

Bunchosia glandulifera

Mermelada

U

S II




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Eugenia stipitata

Eugenia stipitata

Arazá

FF-U

S III




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Arecaceae

Bactris gasipaes

Chima

E

S III




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Arecaceae

Oenocarpus bataua

Majo

LC

P




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Oxalidaceae

Averrhoa carambola

Carambola

U

S III




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Lecythidaceae

Bertholletia excelsa

Castaña

E

P




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Clusiaceae

Garcinia madruno

Ocoró

U

P




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Moraceae

Artocarpus heterophyllus

Yaca

U

P




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*

Anacardiaceae

Mangifera indica

Mango

U

P




× (fruit)







4 m × 4 m

40*




Total

























40

All trees were planted in addition to the tree species planted in AF systems (see Figure S3 and Table S7 in Supplementary Material); strata: Forest Floor – Understory (FF-U), Understory (U), Low Canopy (LC), Canopy (C), Emergent (E); life cycles: S I: < two years, S II: 2 – 15 years, S III: 15 – 80 years, P: >80 years; *all additional shade tree species in SAFS were sown in a mixture of three to four different species next to each banana tree at 4 m × 4 m spacing; later on, one particular tree was selected and left to grow aiming at a maximum level of diversity; step by step the trees will be thinned out, maintaining a final density of approximately 40 adult trees per ha in the Canopy and Emergent strata, respectively.

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